20th Army Corps (Russian Empire)
|20th Army Corps|
|Allegiance||Imperial Russian Army|
|Engagements||World War I|
This unit fought in the Second Battle of the Masurian Lakes under General Bulgakov. On the February 7, in the middle of a snowstorm, Fritz von Below's German Eighth Army had launched a surprise attack, advancing 70 miles (110 km) within one week. Severe casualties were inflicted on the Russians, resulting in a disorderly withdrawal with many Russians taken prisoner. The greatest loss came when the 20th Army Corps was surrounded by the German Tenth Army in the Augustow Forest, although many broke out, the remnants surrendered on February 21 the entire corps surrendered. A large number of Latvian soldiers were killed, wounded or captured during this battle. This influenced the decision of the Imperial Russian Army to establish the Latvian Rifles.
At the outbreak of World War I, 20th Army Corps comprised the following units:
28th Infantry Division
- 28th Artillery Brigade
29th Infantry Division
- 1st Brigade
- 113th Infantry Regiment Old
- 114th Infantry Regiment Novotorzhsky
- 1st Brigade
- 2nd Brigade
- 29th Artillery Brigade
- 1st Separate Cavalry Brigade
- 20th Howitzer Artillery Battalion
- 1st Heavy Artillery Battalion
- 20th Sapper Battalion, 1st Pontoon Battalion
- 2nd Pontoon Battalion
- 2nd Cadre Supply-Train Battalion
- 1st Siege Engineer Park.
- 1899-1901 - Lieutenant-General Richard Troyanovich Meves.
- 28.07.1908-12.1914 - General of Infantry Vladimir Smirnov.
- 12.1914-02.1915 - Lieutenant-General Pavel Ilich Bulgakov.
- 03.1915-04.1917 - Alexander Iosafovich Ievreinov.
- 04.1917-? 04.1917-? - A. Y. Elshin.
- Leonard, Raymond (2007). From War through Revolution: The Story of the Latvian Rifles. Nebraska, CO: 32nd Annual European Studies Conference.
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