20th Canadian Parliament

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The initial seat distribution of the 20th Canadian Parliament
William Lyon Mackenzie King was Prime Minister during the first three years of the 20th Canadian Parliament.
Louis St. Laurent was Prime Minister during the final year of the 20th Canadian Parliament.

The 20th Canadian Parliament was in session from September 6, 1945 until April 30, 1949. The membership was set by the 1945 federal election on June 11, 1945, and it changed only somewhat due to resignations and by-elections until it was dissolved prior to the 1949 election.

It was controlled by a Liberal Party minority first under Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King and the 16th Canadian Ministry, and later a majority under Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent and the 17th Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was the newly named Progressive Conservative Party, led first by John Bracken and later by George Drew.

The Speaker was Gaspard Fauteux. See also List of Canadian electoral districts 1933-1947 for a list of the ridings in this parliament.

In this parliament, the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, led by M.J. Coldwell, overtook the Social Credit as third largest party.

There were five sessions of the 20th Parliament:

Session Start End
1st September 6, 1945 December 18, 1945
2nd March 14, 1946 August 31, 1946
3rd January 30, 1947 July 17, 1947
4th December 5, 1947 June 30, 1948
5th January 29, 1949 April 30, 1949

List of members[edit]

Following is a full list of members of the twentieth Parliament listed first by province, then by electoral district.

Electoral districts denoted by an asterisk (*) indicates that district was represented by two members.

Alberta[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Acadia Victor Quelch Social Credit
Athabaska Joseph Miville Dechene Liberal
Battle River Robert Fair Social Credit
Bow River Charles Edward Johnston Social Credit
Calgary East Douglas Harkness Progressive Conservative
Calgary West Arthur LeRoy Smith Progressive Conservative
Camrose James Alexander Marshall Social Credit
Edmonton East Patrick Harvey Ashby Social Credit
Edmonton West James Angus MacKinnon Liberal
Jasper—Edson Walter Frederick Kuhl Social Credit
Lethbridge John Horne Blackmore Social Credit
Macleod Ernest George Hansell Social Credit
Medicine Hat William Duncan Wylie Social Credit
Peace River Solon Earl Low Social Credit
Red Deer Frederick Davis Shaw Social Credit
Vegreville Anthony Hlynka Social Credit
Wetaskiwin Norman Jaques Social Credit

British Columbia[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Cariboo William Irvine C.C.F.
Comox—Alberni John Lambert Gibson Independent Liberal
Fraser Valley George Cruickshank Liberal
Kamloops Davie Fulton Progressive Conservative
Kootenay East James Herbert Matthews C.C.F.
Kootenay West Herbert Wilfred Herridge Independent C.C.F.
Nanaimo George Pearkes Progressive Conservative
New Westminster Thomas Reid Liberal
Skeena Harry Archibald C.C.F.
Vancouver—Burrard Charles Merritt Progressive Conservative
Vancouver Centre Ian Alistair Mackenzie (until January 19, 1948 Senate appointment) Liberal
Rodney Young (by-election of June 8, 1948) C.C.F.
Vancouver East Angus MacInnis C.C.F.
Vancouver North James Sinclair Liberal
Vancouver South Howard Charles Green Progressive Conservative
Victoria Robert Mayhew Liberal
Yale Grote Stirling (resigned October 21, 1947) Progressive Conservative
Owen Jones (by-election of May 31, 1948) C.C.F.

Manitoba[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Brandon James Ewen Matthews Liberal
Churchill Ronald Stewart Moore C.C.F.
Dauphin Fred Zaplitny C.C.F.
Lisgar Howard Waldemar Winkler Liberal
Macdonald William Gilbert Weir Liberal-Progressive
Marquette James Allison Glen (resigned November 4, 1948) Liberal
Stuart Garson (by-election of December 20, 1948) Liberal
Neepawa John Bracken Progressive Conservative
Portage la Prairie Harry Leader (died May 9, 1946) Liberal
Calvert Charlton Miller (by-election of October 21, 1946) Progressive Conservative
Provencher René Jutras Liberal
Selkirk William Bryce C.C.F.
Souris J. Arthur Ross Progressive Conservative
Springfield John Sinnott Liberal
St. Boniface Fernand Viau Liberal
Winnipeg North Alistair Stewart C.C.F.
Winnipeg North Centre Stanley Knowles C.C.F.
Winnipeg South Leslie Mutch Liberal
Winnipeg South Centre Ralph Maybank Liberal

New Brunswick[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Charlotte A. Wesley Stuart Liberal
Gloucester Clovis-Thomas Richard Liberal
Kent Aurel Léger Liberal
Northumberland John William Maloney Liberal
Restigouche—Madawaska Benoît Michaud Liberal
Royal Alfred Johnson Brooks Progressive Conservative
St. John—Albert King Hazen Progressive Conservative
Victoria—Carleton Heber Harold Hatfield Progressive Conservative
Westmorland Henry Read Emmerson Liberal
York—Sunbury Hedley Francis Gregory Bridges (died in office) Liberal
Milton Fowler Gregg (by-election of October 20, 1947) Liberal

Nova Scotia[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Antigonish—Guysborough J. Ralph Kirk Liberal
Cape Breton North and Victoria Matthew MacLean Liberal
Cape Breton South Clarence Gillis C.C.F.
Colchester—Hants Frank Thomas Stanfield Progressive Conservative
Cumberland Percy Chapman Black Progressive Conservative
Digby—Annapolis—Kings James Lorimer Ilsley (resigned October 27, 1948) Liberal
George Nowlan (by-election of December 13, 1948) Progressive Conservative
Halifax* Gordon Benjamin Isnor Liberal
William Chisholm Macdonald (died November 19, 1946) Liberal
John Dickey (by-election of July 14, 1947, replaces Macdonald) Liberal
Inverness—Richmond Moses Elijah McGarry Liberal
Pictou Henry Byron McCulloch Liberal
Queens—Lunenburg Robert Winters Liberal
Shelburne—Yarmouth—Clare Loran Ellis Baker Liberal

Ontario[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Algoma East Thomas Farquhar (until September 10, 1948 Senate appointment) Liberal
Lester B. Pearson (by-election of October 25, 1948) Liberal
Algoma West George E. Nixon Liberal
Brantford City William Ross Macdonald Liberal
Brant John A. Charlton Progressive Conservative
Broadview Thomas Langton Church Progressive Conservative
Bruce Andrew Ernest Robinson Progressive Conservative
Carleton George Russell Boucher (resigned November 1, 1948) Progressive Conservative
George Drew (by-election of December 20, 1948) Progressive Conservative
Cochrane Joseph-Arthur Bradette Liberal
Danforth Joseph Henry Harris Progressive Conservative
Davenport John Ritchie MacNicol Progressive Conservative
Dufferin—Simcoe William Earl Rowe Progressive Conservative
Durham Charles Elwood Stephenson Progressive Conservative
Eglinton Donald Fleming Progressive Conservative
Elgin Charles Delmer Coyle Progressive Conservative
Essex East Paul Joseph James Martin Liberal
Essex South Murray Clark Liberal
Essex West Donald Ferguson Brown Liberal
Fort William Dan McIvor Liberal
Frontenac—Addington Wilbert Ross Aylesworth Progressive Conservative
Glengarry William MacDiarmid (resigned June 22, 1945) Liberal
William Lyon Mackenzie King (by-election of August 6, 1945) Liberal
Greenwood Denton Massey Progressive Conservative
Grenville—Dundas Arza Clair Casselman Progressive Conservative
Grey—Bruce Walter Harris Liberal
Grey North W. Garfield Case Progressive Conservative
Haldimand Mark Senn Progressive Conservative
Halton Hughes Cleaver Liberal
Hamilton East Thomas Hambly Ross Liberal
Hamilton West Colin Gibson Liberal
Hastings—Peterborough George Stanley White Progressive Conservative
Hastings South George Henry Stokes Progressive Conservative
High Park William Alexander McMaster Progressive Conservative
Huron North Elston Cardiff Progressive Conservative
Huron—Perth William Henry Golding Liberal
Kenora—Rainy River William Moore Benidickson Liberal
Kent Earl Desmond Progressive Conservative
Kingston City Thomas Kidd Progressive Conservative
Lambton—Kent Robert James Henderson Progressive Conservative
Lambton West Joseph Warner Murphy Progressive Conservative
Lanark William Gourlay Blair Progressive Conservative
Leeds George Webb Progressive Conservative
Lincoln Norman Lockhart Progressive Conservative
London Park Manross Progressive Conservative
Middlesex East Harry Oliver White Progressive Conservative
Middlesex West Robert McCubbin Liberal
Muskoka—Ontario James Macdonnell Progressive Conservative
Nipissing Léoda Gauthier Liberal
Norfolk Theobald Butler Barrett Progressive Conservative
Northumberland Earle Drope Progressive Conservative
Ontario W. E. N. Sinclair (died in office) Liberal
Arthur Henry Williams (by-election of June 8, 1948) C.C.F.
Ottawa East Jean-Thomas Richard Liberal
Ottawa West George McIlraith Liberal
Oxford Kenneth Daniel Progressive Conservative
Parkdale Herbert Alexander Bruce (until resignation) Progressive Conservative
Harold Timmins (by-election of October 21, 1946) Progressive Conservative
Parry Sound Wilfred McDonald Liberal
Peel Gordon Graydon Progressive Conservative
Perth Albert James Bradshaw Progressive Conservative
Peterborough West Gordon Fraser Progressive Conservative
Port Arthur Clarence Decatur Howe Liberal
Prescott Élie-Oscar Bertrand Liberal
Prince Edward—Lennox George Tustin Progressive Conservative
Renfrew North Ralph Warren Liberal
Renfrew South James Joseph McCann Liberal
Rosedale Harry Jackman Progressive Conservative
Russell Joseph-Omer Gour Liberal
St. Paul's Douglas Ross Progressive Conservative
Simcoe East William Alfred Robinson Liberal
Simcoe North Julian Ferguson Progressive Conservative
Spadina David Croll Liberal
Stormont Lionel Chevrier Liberal
Timiskaming Walter Little Liberal
Trinity Larry Skey Progressive Conservative
Victoria Clayton Hodgson Progressive Conservative
Waterloo North Louis Orville Breithaupt Liberal
Waterloo South Karl Kenneth Homuth Progressive Conservative
Welland Humphrey Mitchell Liberal
Wellington North Lewis Menary Progressive Conservative
Wellington South Robert Gladstone Liberal
Wentworth Frank Lennard Progressive Conservative
York East Robert Henry McGregor Progressive Conservative
York North Jack Smith Liberal
York South Alan Cockeram Progressive Conservative
York West Agar Rodney Adamson Progressive Conservative

Prince Edward Island[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
King's Thomas Vincent Grant Liberal
Prince John Watson MacNaught Liberal
Queen's* James Lester Douglas Liberal
Chester McLure Progressive Conservative

Quebec[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Argenteuil Georges Héon Independent Progressive Conservative
Beauce Ludger Dionne Liberal
Beauharnois—Laprairie Maxime Raymond Bloc populaire canadien
Bellechasse Louis-Philippe Picard Liberal
Berthier—Maskinongé Aldéric Laurendeau Liberal
Bonaventure Bona Arsenault Independent
Brome—Missisquoi Maurice Hallé Liberal
Cartier Fred Rose (seat declared vacant January 30, 1947 by House of Commons) Labor-Progressive
Maurice Hartt (by-election of March 31, 1947) Liberal
Chambly—Rouville Roch Pinard Liberal
Champlain Hervé-Edgar Brunelle Liberal
Chapleau David Gourd Liberal
Charlevoix—Saguenay Frédéric Dorion Independent
Châteauguay—Huntingdon Donald Elmer Black Liberal
Chicoutimi Paul-Edmond Gagnon Independent
Compton Joseph-Adéodat Blanchette Liberal
Dorchester Léonard Tremblay Liberal
Drummond—Arthabaska Armand Cloutier Liberal
Gaspé Léopold Langlois Liberal
Hochelaga Raymond Eudes Liberal
Hull Alphonse Fournier Liberal
Jacques Cartier Elphège Marier Liberal
Joliette—l'Assomption—Montcalm Georges-Émile Lapalme Liberal
Kamouraska Eugène Marquis Liberal
Labelle Maurice Lalonde (politician) Liberal
Lake St-John—Roberval Joseph-Alfred Dion Independent Liberal
Laurier Ernest Bertrand Liberal
Laval—Two Mountains Liguori Lacombe (resigned July 12, 1948) Independent
Léopold Demers (by-election of December 20, 1948) Liberal
Lévis Maurice Bourget Independent Liberal
Lotbinière Hugues Lapointe Liberal
Maisonneuve—Rosemont Sarto Fournier Liberal
Matapédia—Matane Philéas Côté Independent Liberal
Mégantic—Frontenac Joseph Lafontaine Liberal
Mercier Joseph Jean Liberal
Montmagny—L'Islet Jean Lesage Liberal
Mount Royal Fred Whitman Liberal
Nicolet—Yamaska Lucien Dubois (died November 8, 1948) Independent Liberal
Renaud Chapdelaine (by-election of February 7, 1949) Progressive Conservative
Outremont Édouard Rinfret Liberal
Pontiac Wallace McDonald (died May 2, 1946) Liberal
Réal Caouette (by-election of September 16, 1946) Social Credit
Portneuf Pierre Gauthier Liberal
Québec—Montmorency Wilfrid Lacroix Independent Liberal
Quebec East Louis St. Laurent Liberal
Quebec South Charles Gavan Power Liberal
Quebec West and South Charles Parent Independent Liberal
Richelieu—Verchères Arthur Cardin (died October 21, 1946) Independent
Gérard Cournoyer (by-election of December 23, 1946) Liberal
Richmond—Wolfe James Patrick Mullins Liberal
Rimouski Gleason Belzile Liberal
St. Ann Thomas Healy Liberal
St. Antoine—Westmount Douglas Abbott Liberal
St. Denis Azellus Denis Liberal
St. Henry Joseph-Arsène Bonnier Liberal
St. Hyacinthe—Bagot Joseph Fontaine Liberal
St. James Roland Beaudry Liberal
Saint-Jean—Iberville—Napierville Alcide Côté Liberal
St. Lawrence—St. George Brooke Claxton Liberal
St. Mary Gaspard Fauteux Liberal
St-Maurice—Laflèche René Hamel Bloc populaire canadien
Shefford Marcel Boivin Liberal
Sherbrooke Maurice Gingues Liberal
Stanstead John Thomas Hackett Progressive Conservative
Témiscouata Jean-François Pouliot Independent Liberal
Terrebonne Lionel Bertrand Liberal
Trois-Rivières Wilfrid Gariépy Independent
Vaudreuil—Soulanges Louis-René Beaudoin Liberal
Verdun Paul-Émile Côté Liberal
Wright Léon Raymond Liberal

Saskatchewan[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Assiniboia Edward McCullough C.C.F.
Humboldt Joseph William Burton C.C.F.
Kindersley Frank Jaenicke C.C.F.
Lake Centre John Diefenbaker Progressive Conservative
Mackenzie Alexander Malcolm Nicholson C.C.F.
Maple Creek Duncan John McCuaig C.C.F.
Melfort Percy Wright C.C.F.
Melville James Garfield Gardiner Liberal
Moose Jaw W. Ross Thatcher C.C.F.
North Battleford Frederick Townley-Smith C.C.F.
Prince Albert Edward LeRoy Bowerman C.C.F.
Qu'Appelle Gladys Strum C.C.F.
Regina City John Probe C.C.F.
Rosetown—Biggar Major James Coldwell C.C.F.
Rosthern Walter Tucker (resigned June 8, 1948) Liberal
William Albert Boucher (by-election of October 25, 1948) Liberal
Saskatoon City Roy Knight C.C.F.
Swift Current Thomas John Bentley C.C.F.
The Battlefords Max Campbell C.C.F.
Weyburn Eric McKay C.C.F.
Wood Mountain Hazen Argue C.C.F.
Yorkton George Hugh Castleden C.C.F.

Yukon[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Yukon George Black Progressive Conservative

By-elections[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Nicolet—Yamaska February 7, 1949 Lucien Dubois      Independent Liberal Renaud Chapdelaine      Progressive Conservative Death No
Carleton December 20, 1948 G. Russell Boucher      Progressive Conservative George A. Drew      Progressive Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Drew Yes
Laval—Two Mountains December 20, 1948 Liguori Lacombe      Independent Léopold Demers      Liberal Resignation No
Marquette December 20, 1948 James Allison Glen      Liberal Stuart Sinclair Garson      Liberal Resignation Yes
Digby—Annapolis—Kings December 13, 1948 James Lorimer Ilsley      Liberal George Clyde Nowlan      Progressive Conservative Resignation No
Algoma East October 25, 1948 Thomas Farquhar      Liberal Lester B. Pearson      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
Rosthern October 25, 1948 Walter Adam Tucker      Liberal William Albert Boucher      Liberal Resignation Yes
Ontario June 8, 1948 W. E. N. Sinclair      Liberal Arthur Henry Williams      C. C. F. Death No
Vancouver Centre June 8, 1948 Ian Alistair Mackenzie      Liberal Rodney Young      C. C. F. Called to the Senate No
Yale May 31, 1948 Grote Stirling      Progressive Conservative Owen Lewis Jones      C. C. F. Resignation No
York—Sunbury October 20, 1947 H. Francis G. Bridges      Liberal Milton Gregg      Liberal Death Yes
Halifax July 14, 1947 William Chisholm Macdonald      Liberal John Dickey      Liberal Death Yes
Cartier March 31, 1947 Fred Rose      Labour Progressive Maurice Hartt      Liberal Seat declared vacant by resolution of the House of Commons No
Richelieu—Verchères December 23, 1946 Pierre-Joseph-Arthur Cardin      Independent Gérard Cournoyer      Liberal Death No
Parkdale October 21, 1946 Herbert A. Bruce      Progressive Conservative Harold Timmins      Progressive Conservative Resignation Yes
Portage la Prairie October 21, 1946 Harry Leader      Liberal Calvert Charlton Miller      Progressive Conservative Death No
Pontiac September 16, 1946 Wallace Reginald McDonald      Liberal Réal Caouette      Social Credit Death No
Glengarry August 6, 1945 William B. MacDiarmid      Liberal William Lyon Mackenzie King      Liberal Resignation to provide a seat for Mackenzie King Yes


References[edit]

  • Government of Canada. "16th Ministry". Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation. Privy Council Office. Retrieved November 9, 2006. 
  • Government of Canada. "17th Ministry". Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation. Privy Council Office. Retrieved November 9, 2006. 
  • Government of Canada. "20th Parliament". Members of the House of Commons: 1867 to Date: By Parliament. Library of Parliament. Retrieved November 30, 2006. 
  • Government of Canada. "Duration of Sessions". Library of Parliament. Retrieved May 12, 2006. 
  • Government of Canada. "General Elections". Library of Parliament. Retrieved May 12, 2006. 
  • Government of Canada. "Key Dates for each Parliament". Library of Parliament. Retrieved May 12, 2006. 
  • Government of Canada. "Leaders of the Opposition in the House of Commons". Library of Parliament. Retrieved May 12, 2006. 
  • Government of Canada. "Prime Ministers of Canada". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on April 27, 2006. Retrieved May 12, 2006. 
  • Government of Canada. "Speakers". Library of Parliament. Retrieved May 12, 2006. 

Succession[edit]