20th National Film Awards

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20th National Film Awards
20th NFA.png
20th National Film Awards
Awarded for Best of Indian cinema in 1972
Presented by Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
Official website dff.nic.in
Highlights
Best Feature Film Swayamvaram
Most awards Swayamvaram (4)
 < 19th National Film Awards 21st > 

The 20th National Film Awards, presented by Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, India to felicitate the best of Indian Cinema released in the year 1972.[1]

With this year, new award category is introduced for the feature films made in Manipuri language. This newly introduced category includes President's Silver Medal for Best Feature Film in Manipuri.[1]

Juries[edit]

Six different committees were formed based on the film making sectors in India, mainly based in Bombay, Calcutta and Madras along with the central committee for all India level. For 20th National Film Awards, central committee was headed by Romesh Thapar.[1]

  • Jury Members: Short Films
    • S. K. Kooka (Chairperson) • B. D. Garga • Prasanta Sanyal • Gerson Da Cunha • Aruna Vasudeva • Bishamber Khanna • Revati Saran Sharma • Din Dayal

Awards[edit]

Awards were divided into feature films and non-feature films.

President's Gold Medal for the All India Best Feature Film is now better known as National Film Award for Best Feature Film, whereas President's Gold Medal for the Best Documentary Film is analogous to today's National Film Award for Best Non-Feature Film. For children's films, Prime Minister's Gold Medal is now given as National Film Award for Best Children's Film. At the regional level, President's Silver Medal for Best Feature Film is now given as National Film Award for Best Feature Film in a particular language. Certificate of Merit in all the categories is discontinued over the years.

Lifetime Achievement Award[edit]

Name of Award Awardee(s) Awarded As Awards
Dadasaheb Phalke Award Pankaj Mullick Music Director INR11,000, a shawl and a plaque

Feature films[edit]

Feature films were awarded at All India as well as regional level. For 20th National Film Awards, a Malayalam film Swayamvaram won the President's Gold Medal for the All India Best Feature Film along with winning the maximum number of awards (four). Following were the awards given in each category:[1]

All India Award[edit]

Following were the awards given:[1]

Name of Award Name of Film Language Awardee(s) Awards
Best Feature Film Swayamvaram Malayalam Producer: Kulathoor Bhaskaran Nair Gold Medal and INR40,000
Director: Adoor Gopalakrishnan INR10,000 and a plaque
Second Best Feature Film Calcutta 71 Bengali Producer: D. S. Sultania INR15,000 and a medal
Director: Mrinal Sen INR5,000 and a plaque
Best Feature Film on National Integration Achanum Bappayum Malayalam Producer: C. C. Baby INR30,000 and a medal
Director: K. S. Sethumadhavan INR10,000 and a plaque
Best Direction Swayamvaram Malayalam Adoor Gopalakrishnan INR 5,000 and a plaque
Best Cinematography (Black and White) Swayamvaram Malayalam Mankada Ravi Varma INR5,000 and a plaque
Best Cinematography (Color) Maya Darpan Hindi K. K. Mahajan INR5,000 and a plaque
Best Screenplay Koshish Hindi Gulzar INR 5,000 and a plaque
Best Actor (Bharat Award) Koshish Hindi Sanjeev Kumar A figurine
Best Actress (Urvashi Award) Swayamvaram Malayalam Sharada A figurine
Best Child Artist Ranur Pratham Bhag Bengali Neera Mallya A plaque
Best Female Playback Singer Parichay
("Beeti Naa Bitaai Raina")
Hindi Lata Mangeshkar A plaque
Best Male Playback Singer Achanum Bappayum Malayalam K. J. Yesudas A plaque
Best Music Direction Zindagi Zindagi Hindi Sachin Dev Burman INR 5,000 and a plaque
Lyric Writer of the Best Film Song on National Integration Achanum Bappayum Malayalam Vayalar Ramavarma INR 5,000 and a plaque

Regional Award[edit]

The awards were given to the best films made in the regional languages of India. For feature films in English, Kashmiri, Oriya and Punjabi language, President's Silver Medal for Best Feature Film was not given.[1]

Name of Award Name of Film Awardee(s) Awards
Best Feature Film in Assamese Upaja Sonar Maati Producer: M/s Pragati Cine Productions INR5,000
Director: Brajen Barua Silver Medal
Best Feature Film in Bengali Strir Patra Producer: Dhrupadi INR5,000
Director: Purnendu Patri Silver Medal
Best Feature Film in Gujarati Gun Sundarino Ghar Sansar Producer: Ramesh H. Saraiya, Jayant Malaviya and Chandulal Gnadhi INR5,000
Director: Govind Saraiya Silver Medal
Best Feature Film in Hindi Maya Darpan Producer and Director: Kumar Shahani INR5,000 and Silver Medal
Best Feature Film in Kannada Sharapanjara Producer: C. S. Rajah INR5,000
Director: Puttanna Kanagal Silver Medal
Best Feature Film in Malayalam Panitheeratha Veedu Producer: K. S. R. Moorthy INR5,000
Director: K. S. Sethumadhavan Silver Medal
Best Feature Film in Manipuri Matamgi Manipur Producer: Karam Manmohan Singh INR5,000
Director: Deb Kumar Bose Silver Medal
Best Feature Film in Marathi Pinjra Producer and Director: V. Shantaram INR5,000 and Silver Medal
Best Feature Film in Tamil Pattikada Pattanama Producer and Director: P. Madhavan INR5,000 and Silver Medal
Best Feature Film in Telugu Pandanti Kapuram Producer: G. Hanumantha Rao INR5,000
Director: Lakshmi Deepak Silver Medal

Non-Feature films[edit]

Following were the awards given:[1]

Short films[edit]

Name of Award Name of Film Language Awardee(s) Awards
Best Information Film (Documentary) The Inner Eye English Producer and Director: Satyajit Ray INR5,000 and a medal
Best Film on Social Documentation Transcedence English Producer: Pramod Patil for Films Division INR5,000
Director: K. Vishwanath for Films Division INR2,000
Best Promotional Film (Commercial) Destination India English Producer: Cinerad Communications Silver Medal
Director: Zafar Hai A plaque
Best Animation Film You Said It English Producer: Prasad Productions INR5,000
Director: Ram Mohan INR2,000

Awards not given[edit]

Following were the awards not given as no film was found to be suitable for the award:[1]

References[edit]

External links[edit]