Mormonism in the 20th century
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This is a timeline of major events in Mormonism in the 20th century.
- April 19 – Reed Smoot is ordained an apostle.
- April 10: Daughters of Utah Pioneers founded.
- October 10: Lorenzo Snow dies, leaving Joseph F. Smith to lead the church.
- January – Reed Smoot, an apostle, is elected by the state legislature to the 58th congress as a U.S. Senator. Controversy over his election arises immediately.
- February – Despite allegations and controversy, Reed Smoot is allowed to be seated in the Senate.
- March – Reed Smoot takes the senatorial oath and formally becomes a member of the senate.
- Samoan edition of the Book of Mormon.
- January – Reed Smoot submits carefully prepared rebuttals to allegations against him and his church.
- March – The Reed Smoot Hearings begin, evaluating whether Reed Smoot should be allowed to be a senator.
- April 6 – Joseph F. Smith issues the "Second Manifesto," which reinforces the 1890 Manifesto and prescribes excommunication for those who continued to practice plural marriage.
- April – John W. Taylor resigns from the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles due to disagreements with church policy regarding polygamy.
- October 28 – Matthias F. Cowley follows John W. Taylor and resigns from the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles due to disagreements with church policy regarding polygamy.
- Turkish edition of Book of Mormon; first in an Asian language.
- February 20 – After more than two years of hearings, the Smoot Hearings are resolved by a vote. The republican majority overturns objections to his seating. Reed Smoot serves another 26 years.
- The church becomes debt-free.
- The First Presidency issues an official statement regarding questions concerning the Creation of the earth and the theories of evolution and the origin of man.
- Japanese translation of Book of Mormon, the first in an east Asian language.
- April 14: Daughters of the Utah Handcart Pioneers founded.
- April–May: Mexican Revolution. The Battle of Ciudad Juárez brings war to the doorstep of the Mormon Colonies in Mexico in the Casas Grandes valley.
- August: James E. Talmage denounces the Michigan relics as fakes.
- September 16: The Salt Lake Tribune published an account of individuals who had secretly taken photographs of the interior of the Salt Lake Temple while it was undergoing renovation. The photographers had written to the First Presidency of the LDS Church in an attempt to blackmail the church: the church was offered the photographs for $100,000; if it refused, the photographers would publicly display the photographs. Church President Joseph F. Smith was outraged and refused to deal with the photographers.
- October: A Victim of the Mormons (Danish: Mormonens Offer) a 1911 Danish silent film directed by August Blom is released. The film was controversial for demonizing the Mormon religion, and its box-office success is cited for initiating a decade of anti-Mormon propaganda films in America.
- John W. Taylor is excommunicated for performing a plural marriage despite the Second Manifesto issued by church president Joseph F. Smith. With this excommunication, the practice of new polygamous marriages is believed to be finally abolished. Polygamists who were married prior to 1905, continue to remain in good standing with the LDS Church including, but not limited to, the church's president, Joseph F. Smith
- Utah Hotel Company, predecessor of Temple Square Hospitality is founded.
- Mexican Revolution: Mormon colonies in Mexico evacuated due to anti-American sentiment and many of their citizens left for the United States and never returned. Some colonists did eventually return to their settlements, but today only Colonia Juárez and Colonia Dublan in the Casas Grandes river valley remain active.
- Publication of Riders of the Purple Sage, by Zane Grey. It is his best known novel and played a significant role in shaping the formula of the popular Western genre. However it contains unflattering portrayals and stereotyping of Mormon polygamists.
- Talmage's The House of the Lord published. It is the first book to have official photographs of temple interiors.
- October 1 – Joseph F. Smith dedicates the Seagull Monument in the Temple Square of Salt Lake City, Utah.
- One Hundred Years of Mormonism
- October 25 The Life of Nephi, a church financed film. It has since been lost.
- Jesus the Christ by James E. Talmage published. It remains popular to this day.
- October 4: Joseph F. Smith receives D&C 138 by revelation, concerning the afterlife and the ministry of Jesus Christ in that world during his three days death.
- October 31: The Quorum of the Twelve and the Patriarch of the Church unanimously accept Smith's revelation as official church canon.
- November 19: Joseph F. Smith passes away, and Heber J. Grant leads the church.
- November 27: Laie Hawaii Temple first outside continental United States, and thus also arguably first outside North America and first in Polynesia.
- John Williamson, Sr. died.
- February 7: Zions Securities founded.
- May 6: KSL radio goes on air.
- Trapped by the Mormons (also released as The Mormon Peril), a 1922 silent British anti-Mormon film directed by H. B. Parkinson, is released.
- August 26: Cardston Alberta Temple, first outside United States, and first in another country.
- January: Lorin C. Woolley excommunicated from the LDS Church in January 1924 for alleging that church president Heber J. Grant and apostle James E. Talmage had taken plural wives in the "recent past". Woolley claimed that he had learned of such behavior because he was employed by the United States Secret Service to spy on LDS Church leaders. The official reason for his excommunication was that he was "found guilty of pernicious falsehood." Grant publicly denied Woolley's claims in a general conference of the church in April 1931.
- The First Presidency issues another official statement regarding questions concerning the Creation of the earth and the theories of evolution and the origin of man.
- Arizona Temple was dedicated.
- Good Neighbor Policy adopted. The reforms were primarily intended to remove from church literature, sermons, and ceremonies any explicit or implicit suggestion that Latter-day Saints should seek vengeance on the citizens or government of the United States for past persecutions of the church and its members, and in particular for the assassinations of church founder Joseph Smith, Jr. and his brother Hyrum.
- July 15 – Using a single microphone for the speaker, organ, and choir, Music and the Spoken Word performs its first radio broadcast. Richard L. Evans is the speaker.
- Young Woman's Journal ceases publication.
- LDS High School closed.
- Sons of Utah Pioneers founded.
- Hill Cumorah Pageant established.
- Genealogical Society of Utah began to microfilm records which contained genealogical data from around the world, and today this microfilm makes up much of the library's collection. Genealogical Society of Utah is now more commonly known as FamilySearch, and is currently working on digitizing many of its microfilm collections to be shared online.
- Portuguese translation of Book of Mormon.
- September 27: Theatrical release of Brigham Young, a Hollywood biopic, featuring Dean Jagger as Brigham Young, and Vincent Price as Joseph Smith. Though the film is commercially unsuccessful, it brings Mormon history to a wider international audience.
- LDS Church apostle Richard R. Lyman was discovered to be cohabitating with a woman other than his legal wife, in a relationship which he defined as a polygamous marriage. Lyman was excommunicated on November 12, 1943 at age 73, on grounds of a violation of the law of chastity, which any practice of post-Second Manifesto polygamy constituted. He was later rebaptized and died in the church. He is the most recent apostle to be excommunicated.
- April 12: Mormon Tabernacle Choir performs at funeral of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
- May 14: Heber J. Grant, the last LDS Church president to have practiced polygamy, dies. George Albert Smith becomes the next president of the church.
- The publication of No Man Knows My History: The Life of Joseph Smith, by Fawn Brodie. Brodie's most notable Mormon critic, Brigham Young University professor Hugh Nibley, published a scathing 62-page pamphlet entitled No, Ma'am, That's Not History, asserting that Brodie had cited sources supportive only of her conclusions while conveniently ignoring others. Brodie considered Nibley's pamphlet to be "a well-written, clever piece of Mormon propaganda" but dismissed it as "a flippant and shallow piece." Brodie's book becomes a best seller, and has not got out of print yet.
- Raid on the Short Creek Community, prefiguring that of 1953.
- May: Fawn Brodie is excommunicated.
- May 22: Western Bad Bascomb released, about an outlaw who joins a Mormon wagon train.
- Tongan edition of Book of Mormon.
- Indian Placement Program initiated.
- LDS Church membership approaches the million mark.
- George Albert Smith is said to have petitioned the Lord to lift the ban on blacks receiving the priesthood. He claims he is denied. The ban was not lifted until 1978.
- August 8: George F. Richards, president of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, dies.
- October 5: Delbert L. Stapley is ordained to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
- Deseret Ranches established.
- April 4: George Albert Smith dies on his birthday. David O. McKay becomes president.
- October 11: Marion G. Romney is ordained to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
- November 12: Paint Your Wagon by Lerner and Loewe becomes a hit on Broadway, but includes unflattering stereotypes of Mormon characters.
- February 3: Joseph F. Merrill dies.
- April 6: LeGrand Richards is ordained to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
- November 20: John A. Widtsoe dies.
- Construction of Church College of New Zealand began.
- April 9: Adam S. Bennion is ordained to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
- July 15: Albert E. Bowen dies.
- July 26: Short Creek raid, a mass arrest of polygamists at the Short Creek Community in the Arizona Strip. At the time it was described as "the largest mass arrest of men and women in modern American history."
- October 8: Richard L. Evans is ordained to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
- Independent Latter Day Saint congregations in Nigeria develop in response to ban on black priesthood.
- Membership of LDS Church goes over a million.
- Breakaway FLDS formed.
- September 11: Bern Switzerland Temple opened. The first temple outside North America, and in Europe.
- September 26: Church College of Hawaii established.
- February 11: Adam S. Bennion dies after serving only five years.
- April 10: Hugh B. Brown is ordained to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
- April 20: Hamilton New Zealand Temple opens the first in Oceania/Polynesia (excluding Hawaii)
- April 26: Church College of New Zealand founded.
- September: London England Temple, the first in UK opened.
- Mormon Doctrine by Bruce McConkie published.
- Priesthood opened up to black Melanesian males (Fijians, Papuans, Negritos etc.).
- BYU Studies magazine commences publication.
- October 6: J. Reuben Clark dies.
- December 2: Gordon B. Hinckley is ordained to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
- April 23: George Q. Morris passes away.
- October 11: N. Eldon Tanner is ordained to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
- September 18: Henry D. Moyle dies.
- October 4: Thomas S. Monson is ordained to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
- October: N. Eldon Tanner, after having been an apostle for only one year, is called as second counselor to David O. McKay in the First Presidency. He spends the rest of his life serving in the First Presidency.
- October 12: Polynesian Cultural Center founded.
- November 24: Mormon Tabernacle Choir performs at funeral of John F. Kennedy.
- The Genealogical Society of Utah's microfilm collection is moved to the newly completed Granite Mountain Records Vault for long-term preservation.
- Joseph W. B. Johnson, in Ghana, claims he was told by Jesus to preach the Book of Mormon and the Joseph Smith story to the Ghanaians. Over time, he converts 1,000 people, all who cannot hold priesthood in the church until the revelation received in 1978.
- Centro Escolar Benemérito de las Américas established.
- Independent Latter Day Saint congregations in Ghana develop in response to ban on black priesthood.
- LDS Church membership surpasses two million.
- Chinese language edition of Book of Mormon, retranslated 2007.
- Establishment of Deseret Management Corporation
- Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought the oldest independent journal in Mormon Studies is established.
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- Fragments of the Joseph Smith Papyri, described as having been used in preparing the Book of Abraham, are identified in the Metropolitan Museum of Art collections.
- Brigham Young High School closes.
- Upon hearing news of Billy Johnson's work in Ghana and others in Africa, David O. McKay petitions the Lord to lift the ban on blacks receiving the priesthood. He says that it is denied. It is not until 1978 that the ban is lifted.
- Mormon Youth Symphony and Chorus established.
- January 18: David O. McKay dies and Joseph Fielding Smith becomes president.
- April 9: Boyd K. Packer is ordained to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
- Improvement Era, Millennial Star cease publication.
- January: Ensign, New Era, and Friend magazines are first published; the Relief Society Magazine is discontinued.
- February: One Bad Apple released by The Osmonds reaches No. 1 in Billboard's Hot 100 Chart and stayed there for five weeks; it also reached No. 6 on the R&B chart. The members of the Osmonds are devout LDS, and their religion was discussed in many popular media outlets.
- June 8: The Genesis Group is formed. It becomes an official church auxiliary dedicated to serving the needs of black members, who cannot hold the priesthood at this time.
- November 1: Richard L. Evans dies.
- December 2: Marvin J. Ashton is ordained to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
- Church building provided in Jerusalem for large numbers of LDS tourists.
- July 2: After serving for two years as president, Joseph Fielding Smith dies and Harold B. Lee becomes president.
- Bruce R. McConkie is ordained to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
- Aaronic Priesthood MIA Young Women established.
- Afrikaans edition of Book of Mormon, first in an African language.
- December 26: After serving for little more than a year as president, Harold B. Lee dies. Spencer W. Kimball becomes president.
- The Plan, a concept album by the Osmonds is released. Although it is not one of their more successful albums, it explicitly deals with Mormon theology, including the plan of salvation.
- April 11: L. Tom Perry is ordained to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
- July: The LDS Church implements a major reorganization, including standardized naming of missions and stakes.
- August: Love Me for a Reason by the Osmonds reaches No. 1 in the UK Singles Charts.
- November: Washington D.C. Temple opens, in a prominent position on the beltway.
- Aaronic Priesthood MIA Young Women disbanded.
- Sunstone an independent and controversial magazine is published.
- October 3: George P. Lee becomes first Native American general authority. He is excommunicated in the 1990s.
- November 11 – November 12 – Spencer W. Kimball rededicates the St. George Utah Temple after renovation.
- December 2: Hugh B. Brown dies.
- January 8: David B. Haight is ordained to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
- January 23: First airing of Donny & Marie show on American TV.
- April 1: Western The Duchess and the Dirtwater Fox released starring Goldie Hawn and George Segal. The storyline involves the main characters seek refuge from outlaws by joining a wagon train of Mormons.
- July 4: Mormon Tabernacle Choir performs at the United States Bicentennial.
- The Mormon sex in chains case becomes a major scandal in the UK, after a missionary is abducted in Surrey. The coverage was extensive in part because the case was considered so anomalous, involving as it did the issue of rape of a man by a woman.
- June 1: Spencer W. Kimball receives confirmation and revelation after supplicating the Lord regarding blacks and the priesthood. Moved by the exceeding faith of the Genesis Group, and moved by the dedication and perseverance of the mulattos in Brazil in building the São Paulo Brazil Temple, he takes the matter before the Lord, as many previous presidents of the church have done.
- June 9: Spencer W. Kimball, after receiving the revelation, and discussing the matter with the Quorum of the Twelve and the First Quorum of the Seventy, announces that the ban on blacks receiving the priesthood has been lifted, and all males may receive the priesthood according to their worthiness, regardless of race. Despite previous understanding that blacks were not to receive the priesthood until the millennium, the members of the church receive the announcement with jubilation and it gains worldwide press attention.
- June 23: Joseph Freeman, Jr., 26, the first black man to gain the priesthood in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, went in the Salt Lake Temple with his wife and 5 sons for sacred ordinances. Thomas S. Monson, a member of the church's Quorum of Twelve Apostles, conducted the marriage and sealing ordinances. This event shows that blacks not only are able to gain the priesthood, but are able to interracially marry in the temple with the church's blessing. (Salt Lake Tribune, June 24, 1978)
- August 19: Delbert L. Stapley dies.
- September 30: N. Eldon Tanner reads Official Declaration—2 in General Conference, and it is unanimously adopted as the word and will of the Lord. This is the declaration released publicly earlier in 1978, allowing blacks to receive the priesthood.
- October 1: James E. Faust is ordained to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
- October 30: São Paulo Brazil Temple opened, the first in South America, Latin America and in Brazil.
- Battlestar Galactica airs on American television. It is produced by church member Glen A. Larson, and he incorporated many themes from Mormon theology into the shows.
- Gospel Principles, an official church text released.
- The leading apologetic organisation Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS) is founded.
- Sunstone Symposium begins.
- New LDS edition of the Bible issued, with cross-references to other LDS scriptures.
- Spencer W. Kimball visits Jerusalem and dedicates Orson Hyde Park.
- October: Tokyo Japan Temple opens, the first in Asia, and in Japan.
- LDS Church membership surpasses four million.
- July 23: Gordon B. Hinckley is called as third counselor in the First Presidency due to the physical weakness of Spencer W. Kimball, N. Eldon Tanner, and Marion G. Romney. Hinckley is referred to in the press as the "acting president of the church" because Kimball, Tanner, and Romney are largely out of the public eye.
- July 23: Neal A. Maxwell is ordained to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles to fill the vacancy left by Hinckley's call to the First Presidency.
- New edition of Book of Mormon with cross-references to other LDS scriptures, footnotes and index; Russian & Polish editions published. Sections 137 & 138 added to the Doctrine and Covenants.
- June 1: Ground broken for construction of the Triad Center on June 1, 1982 by Essam Khashoggi, chairman of Triad America.
- November 27: N. Eldon Tanner dies. Consequently, Marion G. Romney is named as First Counselor, and Gordon B. Hinckley is named as Second Counselor.
- The God Makers, an anti-Mormon work by Ed Decker is published and filmed. However, the work is so controversial that opponents of the church, including Jerald and Sandra Tanner and Bob Passantino, say that it grossly misrepresents Mormonism, dilutes his message, and offends Mormons without attracting them to evangelical Christianity. The Anti-Defamation League of the B'nai B'rith publicly presented their concerns of the film which they described as "Mormon bashing" and "invidious and defamatory". Rhonda M. Abrams, Regional Director, stated:
I sincerely hope that people of all faiths will similarly repudiate The God Makers as defamatory and untrue, and recognize it for what it truly represents – a challenge to the religious liberty of all.
—Rhonda M. Abrams
- LDS Church membership surpasses five million.
- January 11: LeGrand Richards dies.
- México City México Temple opens, the first in Mexico, and Central America.
- August 5 Apia Samoa Temple opens, the first in the smaller Pacific island groups.
- Q'eqchi' (Quiche) translation of the Book of Mormon. The first in an Amerindian language.
- January 11: Mark E. Petersen dies.
- April 12: Russell M. Nelson is ordained to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
- May 3: Dallin H. Oaks is ordained to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
- July 12: Broadcast house of Triad Center opened.
- September: Sydney Australia Temple, the first in Australia; Manila Philippines Temple the first in the Philippines.
- November: Taipei Taiwan Temple, the first in a mainly Chinese speaking territory.
- Carol Lynn Pearson's estranged gay husband returned to live with her and their children after being diagnosed with AIDS in 1984, and she cared for him until his death. Her book Goodbye, I Love You is about their life together. It is considered a landmark in discussions about homosexuality and Mormonism, and Pearson remains an advocate of tolerance towards gay church members.
- April 19: Bruce R. McConkie dies.
- June 7: Groundbreaking for Triad 1 of the Triad Center. It is not finished, but it would have been the highest building in Utah.
- June 29: Freiberg Germany Temple opened in East Germany, the first and only temple behind the Iron Curtain, and the oldest in Germany.
- August: Johannesburg South Africa Temple, the first temple in Africa. The country is still under apartheid at this time creating controversy.
- October 10: M. Russell Ballard is ordained to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
- November 5: Spencer W. Kimball dies. Ezra Taft Benson becomes the 13th president of the church.
- The novel Ender's Game is published by Orson Scott Card, an active church member. The novel won the Nebula Award for best novel in 1985, and the Hugo Award for best novel in 1986, considered the two most prestigious awards in science fiction. Ender's Game was also nominated for a Locus Award in 1986.
- New hymnal released.
- October 9: Joseph B. Wirthlin is ordained to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
- Arabic edition of Book of Mormon.
- Protests against BYU president in Jerusalem by Jewish groups, shouting slogans such as "Conversion is Murder!" and "Mormons, stop your mission now".
- Mormon Tabernacle Choir performs at the US Constitution's bicentennial celebration at Independence Hall in Philadelphia.
- Seagull Book book founded.
- May 20: Marion G. Romney, president of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, dies.
- October 1: Richard G. Scott is sustained to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
- Hebrew edition of Book of Mormon, later withdrawn.
- May: Brigham Young University Jerusalem Center dedicated.
- September 1: George P. Lee, the first Native American general authority is excommunicated. He is the most recent GA to have been excommunicated.
- April: Wording of endowment and temple ceremony altered, and wording changed to remove penalty oaths.
- Helvécio Martins becomes first black general authority.
- LDS Church membership surpasses seven million.
- Collapse of the USSR, end of Cold War and start of CIS. Missionaries prepared to enter region.
- LDS Church membership surpasses eight million.
- October 3: Gordon B. Hinckley announces Harrison New York Temple. Construction never started and all efforts for this project were eventually suspended; it was removed from the list on the LDS Church's official temple website soon after the dedication of the Manhattan New York Temple.
- The semi-official Encyclopedia of Mormonism is published.
- February 7: Howard W. Hunter taken hostage while preparing to speak at a fireside in the Brigham Young University Marriott Center. Cody Judy rushed onto the rostrum and threatened Hunter and the audience of 15,000–17,000, claiming the briefcase he held contained a bomb. Judy demanded that Hunter read a document over the pulpit, which Hunter refused to do. The audience spontaneously sang We Thank Thee, O God, for a Prophet, during which students from the audience, and then security personnel, overtook Judy.
- September: The September Six are excommunicated. They include the feminist Lavina Fielding Anderson and historian D. Michael Quinn.
- Steve Benson, publicly stated that his grandfather, church president Ezra Taft Benson, was suffering from senility which was being concealed by church leadership. Later that year, Steve Benson publicly left the church.
- February 25: Marvin J. Ashton dies.
- April 7: Robert D. Hales is ordained to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
- May 3: True and Living Church of Jesus Christ of Saints of the Last Days founded in response to a perceived apostasy in the LDS Church. As with many Mormon fundamentalist groups, they object to what they perceive as unauthorized changes to church doctrine and practices.
- May 30: Ezra Taft Benson dies. Howard W. Hunter becomes president.
- June 23: Jeffrey R. Holland is ordained to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
- Audio and internet versions of Book of Mormon launched.
- March 3: Howard W. Hunter dies after serving only nine months as president. Gordon B. Hinckley becomes his successor.
- April 1: Henry B. Eyring is ordained and set apart in the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
- May: Liahona magazine commences publication.
- September 23: The Family: A Proclamation to the World published.
- After a controversy, a deal is struck between the Jewish and LDS communities to "Remove from the International Genealogical Index in the future the names of all deceased Jews who are so identified if they are known to be improperly included counter to Church policy." 
- April: Gordon B. Hinckley announces plans for the LDS Conference Center
- Indian Placement Program ends.
- Hong Kong China Temple opened, it is the first "high rise" temple due to land shortages.
- LDS Church membership surpasses ten million.
- June 1: The St. Louis Missouri Temple is dedicated and becomes the church's 50th operating temple.
- July 1: Hong Kong is transferred to the People's Republic of China. This makes the Hong Kong China Temple the first temple on PRC territory (although there are still heavy restrictions on the church in other parts of China). Due to the disintegration of East Germany, it is the only temple in a Communist run country.
- October 23: Orgazmo, a film critical of Mormonism, gains theatrical release.
- November: Foundation for Apologetic Information & Research (FAIR) founded
- November 2: The Vernal Utah Temple is dedicated; it is the first temple to utilize a previously existing building.
- Teachings of Presidents of the Church book series began.
- January 14: 24-year old De-Kieu Duy, entered the Triad Center's broadcast house and began shooting.
- April: A second shooting incident, this time at the SLC Family History Library, a block away from the January shooting. During that shooting a truck with a suspicious note was found parked near the Triad Center, leading to the Triad Center being evacuated.
- August 11: A tornado damages SLC historic sites, delays work on LDS Conference Center and narrowly misses the Salt Lake Temple. It occurred during an unusually strong summer monsoon season. It was the second tornado to hit in Utah that resulted in a fatality (the other occurring in 1884).
- December: Zions Cooperative Mercantile Institution sold.
- Mormon Youth Symphony and Chorus disbanded.
- Orchestra at Temple Square created.
- Brian C. Hales, "'I Love to Hear Him Talk and Rehearse': The Life and Teachings of Lorin C. Woolley", Mormon History Association, 2003.[unreliable source?]
- James E. Talmage Correspondence File, January 18, 1924, LDS Church Archives, Salt Lake City[non-primary source needed]
- Church Update: Joseph W. B. Johnson – Ghana's Face of Light
- The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints OFFICIAL DECLARATION—2
- Whitburn, Joel (2004). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942–2004. Record Research. p. 445.
- Tanner, Jerald and Sandra (1993). Problems in The God Makers II. Salt Lake City, UT: UTLM.
- adl.org, Anti-Defamation League, ADL Condemns "Mormon-Bashing" DVD
- lightplanet.com, Rhonda M Abrams, statement on The Godmakers film.
- Statement by Rhonda M. Abrams, May 25, 1984, Regional Director of Anti-Defamation League of the Bnai B’rith.
- Mann, Laurie (November 22, 2008). "SFWA Nebula Awards". dpsinfo.com. Archived from the original on December 20, 2008. Retrieved January 3, 2009.
- "The Hugo Awards By Year". World Science Fiction Society. December 9, 2005. Archived from the original on July 31, 2008. Retrieved January 3, 2009.
- "The Locus Index to SF Awards: About the Hugo Awards". Locus Publications. Archived from the original on January 26, 2009. Retrieved January 13, 2009.
- "The Locus Index to SF Awards: About the Nebula Awards". Locus Publications. Archived from the original on January 14, 2009. Retrieved January 13, 2009.
- "1986 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved July 15, 2009.
- Agreement with the LDS Church
- "Library shooting incident -- the key events A chronology from 10:30 a.m. to just after 5". Deseret News. 16 April 1999. Retrieved 10 November 2010.
- Clayton Brough, Dan Brown, David James, Dan Pope, Steve Summy (2007-06-26). "Utah's Tornadoes & Waterspouts - 1847 to the present". National Weather Service. Retrieved 2007-08-04.