219 BC

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Centuries: 4th century BC3rd century BC2nd century BC
Decades: 240s BC  230s BC  220s BC  – 210s BC –  200s BC  190s BC  180s BC
Years: 222 BC 221 BC 220 BC219 BC218 BC 217 BC 216 BC
219 BC in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 219 BC
Ab urbe condita 535
Armenian calendar N/A
Assyrian calendar 4532
Bahá'í calendar −2062 – −2061
Bengali calendar −811
Berber calendar 732
English Regnal year N/A
Buddhist calendar 326
Burmese calendar −856
Byzantine calendar 5290–5291
Chinese calendar 辛巳(Metal Snake)
2478 or 2418
    — to —
壬午年 (Water Horse)
2479 or 2419
Coptic calendar −502 – −501
Discordian calendar 948
Ethiopian calendar −226 – −225
Hebrew calendar 3542–3543
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −162 – −161
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2883–2884
Holocene calendar 9782
Igbo calendar −1218 – −1217
Iranian calendar 840 BP – 839 BP
Islamic calendar 866 BH – 865 BH
Japanese calendar N/A
Juche calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 2115
Minguo calendar 2130 before ROC
Thai solar calendar 325

Year 219 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Paullus and Salinator (or, less frequently, year 535 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 219 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


Roman Republic[edit]

  • The Romans extend their area of domination around the head of the Adriatic Sea as far as the peninsula of Histria by the conquest of peoples who dwell to the east of the Veneti. Thus, with the exception of Liguria and the upper valley of the Po River, all Italy south of the Alps is brought within the Roman sphere.


  • Hannibal lays siege to Saguntum[1] thus initiating the Second Punic War between Carthage and Rome. Saguntum is an independent Iberian Peninsula city south of the Ebro River. In the treaty between Rome and Carthage concluded in 226 BC, the Ebro has been set as the northern limit of Carthaginian influence in the Iberian Peninsula. Saguntum is south of the Ebro, but the Romans have "friendship" with the city and regard the Carthaginian attack on it as an act of war. The siege of Saguntum lasts eight months, and in it Hannibal is severely wounded. The Romans, who send envoys to Carthage in protest, demand the surrender of Hannibal.


  • The Roman Senate sends the consul Lucius Aemilius Paullus, with an army to Illyria. Upon discovering Rome's intent, the Illyrian leader Demetrius of Pharos puts to death those Illyrians who oppose his rule, fortifies Dimale and goes to Pharos. After a siege of seven days by the Roman fleet under Lucius Aemilius Paulus, Dimale is taken by direct assault. From Dimale the Roman navy goes onto Pharos where the Roman forces rout the Illyrians. Demetrius flees to Macedonia where he becomes a trusted councilor at the court of King Philip V.
  • The Cretan city of Kydonia joins the Aetolian alliance.[2]





  1. ^ Gavin De Beer, Hannibal: Challenging Rome's Supremacy, 1969, Viking Press, 319 pages
  2. ^ C. Michael Hogan, Cydonia, The Modern Antiquarian, January 23, 2008