21st Canadian Parliament

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The initial seat distribution of the 21st Canadian Parliament
Louis St. Laurent was Prime Minister during the 21st Canadian Parliament.

The 21st Canadian Parliament was in session from September 15, 1949 until June 13, 1953. The membership was set by the 1949 federal election on June 27, 1949, and it changed only somewhat due to resignations and by-elections until it was dissolved prior to the 1953 election.

It was controlled by a Liberal Party majority under Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent and the 17th Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was the Progressive Conservative Party, led by George Drew.

The Speaker was William Ross Macdonald. See also List of Canadian electoral districts 1947-1952 for a list of the ridings in this parliament.

There were seven sessions of the 21st Parliament:

Session Start End
1st September 15, 1949 December 10, 1949
2nd February 16, 1950 June 30, 1950
3rd August 29, 1950 January 29, 1951
4th January 30, 1951 October 9, 1951
5th October 9, 1951 December 29, 1951
6th February 28, 1952 November 20, 1952
7th November 20, 1952 May 14, 1953

List of members[edit]

Following is a full list of members of the twenty-first Parliament listed first by province, then by electoral district.

Electoral districts denoted by an asterisk (*) indicates that district was represented by two members.

Alberta[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Acadia Victor Quelch Social Credit
Athabaska Joseph Miville Dechene Liberal
Battle River Robert Fair Social Credit
Bow River Charles Edward Johnston Social Credit
Calgary East Douglas Harkness Progressive Conservative
Calgary West Arthur LeRoy Smith (resigned 5 July 1951) Progressive Conservative
Carl Olof Nickle (by-election of 1951-12-10) Progressive Conservative
Camrose Hilliard Beyerstein Social Credit
Edmonton East Albert Frederick Macdonald Liberal
Edmonton West George Prudham Liberal
Jasper—Edson John William Welbourn Liberal
Lethbridge John Horne Blackmore Social Credit
Macleod Ernest George Hansell Social Credit
Medicine Hat William Duncan Wylie Social Credit
Peace River Solon Earl Low Social Credit
Red Deer Frederick Davis Shaw Social Credit
Vegreville John Decore Liberal
Wetaskiwin Ray Thomas Social Credit

British Columbia[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Burnaby—Richmond Tom Goode Liberal
Cariboo George Matheson Murray Liberal
Coast—Capilano James Sinclair Liberal
Comox—Alberni John Lambert Gibson Independent
Fraser Valley George Cruickshank Liberal
Kamloops Edmund Davie Fulton Progressive Conservative
Kootenay East Jim Byrne Liberal
Kootenay West Herbert Wilfred Herridge C.C.F.
Nanaimo George Randolph Pearkes Progressive Conservative
New Westminster Thomas Reid (until 7 September 1949 Senate appointment) Liberal
William Mott (by-election of 1949-10-24) Liberal
Skeena Edward Applewhaite Liberal
Vancouver—Burrard John Lorne Macdougall Liberal
Vancouver Centre Ralph Campney Liberal
Vancouver East Angus Macinnis C.C.F.
Vancouver Quadra Howard Charles Green Progressive Conservative
Vancouver South Arthur Laing Liberal
Victoria Robert Mayhew Liberal
Yale Owen Lewis Jones C.C.F.

Manitoba[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Brandon James Ewen Matthews (died 24 November 1950) Liberal
Walter Dinsdale (by-election of 1951-06-25) Progressive Conservative
Churchill George Dyer Weaver Liberal
Dauphin William John Ward Liberal
Lisgar Howard Waldemar Winkler Liberal
Marquette Stuart Garson Liberal
Norquay Robert James Wood Liberal
Portage—Neepawa William Gilbert Weir Liberal-Progressive
Provencher René Jutras Liberal
Selkirk William Bryce C.C.F.
Souris James Arthur Ross Progressive Conservative
Springfield John Sylvester Aloysius Sinnott Liberal
St. Boniface Fernand Viau Liberal
Winnipeg North Alistair McLeod Stewart C.C.F.
Winnipeg North Centre Stanley Knowles C.C.F.
Winnipeg South Leslie Alexander Mutch Liberal
Winnipeg South Centre Ralph Maybank (resigned 30 April 1951) Liberal
Gordon Churchill (by-election of 1951-06-25) Progressive Conservative

New Brunswick[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Charlotte Andrew Wesley Stuart Liberal
Gloucester Clovis-Thomas Richard (until 5 March 1952 emoulment appointment) Liberal
Albany M. Robichaud (by-election of 1952-05-26) Progressive Conservative
Kent Aurel D. Léger Liberal
Northumberland George Roy McWilliam Liberal
Restigouche—Madawaska Benoît Michaud Liberal
Paul-Léon Dubé (by-election of 1949-10-24) Independent Liberal
Royal Alfred Johnson Brooks Progressive Conservative
St. John—Albert Daniel Aloysius Riley Liberal
Victoria—Carleton Heber Harold Hatfield Progressive Conservative
Gage Montgomery (by-election of 26 May 1952) Progressive Conservative
Westmorland Edmund William George Liberal
York—Sunbury Milton Fowler Gregg Liberal

Newfoundland[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Bonavista—Twillingate Frederick Gordon Bradley Liberal
Burin—Burgeo Chesley William Carter Liberal
Grand Falls—White Bay Thomas Gordon William Ashbourne Liberal
Humber—St. George's William Richard Kent Liberal
St. John's East Gordon Higgins Progressive Conservative
St. John's West William Joseph Browne Progressive Conservative
Trinity—Conception Leonard Stick Liberal

Northwest Territories[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Yukon—Mackenzie River James Aubrey Simmons Liberal

Nova Scotia[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Annapolis—Kings Angus Alexander Elderkin (until election voided 6 March 1950) Liberal
George Nowlan (by-election of 1950-06-19) Progressive Conservative
Antigonish—Guysborough James Ralph Kirk Liberal
Cape Breton North and Victoria Matthew MacLean Liberal
Cape Breton South Clarence Gillis C.C.F.
Colchester—Hants Frank Thomas Stanfield Progressive Conservative
Cumberland Percy Chapman Black Progressive Conservative
Digby—Yarmouth Thomas Andrew Murray Kirk Liberal
Halifax* John Horace Dickey (until 2 May 1950 Senate appointment) Liberal
Gordon Benjamin Isnor Liberal
Samuel Rosborough Balcom (by-election of 1950-06-19, replaces Dickey) Liberal
Inverness—Richmond William F. Carroll Liberal
Lunenburg Robert Winters Liberal
Pictou Henry Byron McCulloch Liberal
Queens—Shelburne Donald Smith Liberal

Ontario[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Algoma East Lester B. Pearson Liberal
Algoma West George Ewart Nixon Liberal
Brantford William Ross Macdonald Liberal
Brant—Wentworth John Alpheus Charlton Progressive Conservative
Broadview Thomas Langton Church (died 7 February 1950) Progressive Conservative
George Hees (by-election of 1950-05-15) Progressive Conservative
Bruce Donald Buchanan Blue Liberal
Carleton George Drew Progressive Conservative
Cochrane Joseph-Arthur Bradette Liberal
Danforth Joseph Henry Harris Progressive Conservative
Davenport Paul Hellyer Liberal
Dufferin—Simcoe William Earl Rowe Progressive Conservative
Durham John Mason James Liberal
Eglinton Donald Fleming Progressive Conservative
Elgin Charles Delmer Coyle Progressive Conservative
Essex East Paul Joseph James Martin Liberal
Essex South Stuart Murray Clark Liberal
Essex West Donald Ferguson Brown Liberal
Fort William Daniel McIvor Liberal
Frontenac—Addington Wilbert Ross Aylesworth Progressive Conservative
Glengarry William Joseph Major Liberal
Greenwood John Ernest McMillin (died 20 August 1949) Progressive Conservative
James MacKerras Macdonnell (by-election of 1949-10-24) Progressive Conservative
Grenville—Dundas Arza Clair Casselman Progressive Conservative
Grey—Bruce Walter Harris Liberal
Grey North Colin Emerson Bennett Liberal
Haldimand A. Earl Catherwood Progressive Conservative
Halton Hughes Cleaver Liberal
Hamilton East Thomas Hambly Ross Liberal
Hamilton West Colin Gibson (until 18 January 1950 judicial appointment) Liberal
Ellen Fairclough (by-election of 1950-05-15) Progressive Conservative
Hastings—Peterborough George Stanley White Progressive Conservative
Hastings South Frank Sidney Follwell Liberal
High Park Pat Cameron Liberal
Huron North Lewis Elston Cardiff Progressive Conservative
Huron—Perth Andrew Young McLean Liberal
Kenora—Rainy River William Moore Benidickson Liberal-Labour
Kent Edward Blake Huffman Liberal
Kingston City William James Henderson Liberal
Lambton—Kent Hugh Alexander Mackenzie Liberal
Lambton West Joseph Warner Murphy Progressive Conservative
Lanark William Gourlay Blair Progressive Conservative
Leeds George Taylor Fulford Liberal
Lincoln Harry Peter Cavers Liberal
London Alexander Haley Jeffery Liberal
Middlesex East Harry Oliver White Progressive Conservative
Middlesex West Robert McCubbin Liberal
Nipissing Jack Garland Liberal
Norfolk Raymond Elmer Anderson Liberal
Northumberland Frederick Greystock Robertson Liberal
Ontario Walter Thomson (until resignation) Liberal
Michael Starr (by-election of 1952-05-26) Progressive Conservative
Ottawa East Jean-Thomas Richard Liberal
Ottawa West George McIlraith Liberal
Oxford Alexander Clark Murray Liberal
Parkdale John William Gordon Hunter Liberal
Parry Sound—Muskoka Wilfred Kennedy "Bucko" McDonald Liberal
Peel Gordon Graydon Progressive Conservative
Perth James Neilson Corry Liberal
Peterborough West Gordon Knapman Fraser Progressive Conservative
Port Arthur Clarence Decatur Howe Liberal
Prescott Raymond Bruneau Independent Liberal
Prince Edward—Lennox George James Tustin Progressive Conservative
Renfrew North Ralph Melville Warren Liberal
Renfrew South James Joseph McCann Liberal
Rosedale Charles Henry Liberal
Russell Joseph-Omer Gour Liberal
St. Paul's James Rooney Liberal
Simcoe East William Alfred Robinson Liberal
Simcoe North Julian Harcourt Ferguson Progressive Conservative
Spadina David Croll Liberal
Stormont Lionel Chevrier Liberal
Sudbury Léoda Gauthier Liberal
Timiskaming Walter Little Liberal
Timmins Karl Eyre Liberal
Trinity Lionel Conacher Liberal
Victoria Clayton Wesley Hodgson Progressive Conservative
Waterloo North Louis Orville Breithaupt (until resignation to become Ontario Lieutenant-Governor) Liberal
Norman Schneider (by-election of 1952-05-26) Liberal
Waterloo South Karl Kenneth Homuth (died in office) Progressive Conservative
Howie Meeker (by-election of 1951-06-25) Progressive Conservative
Welland Humphrey Mitchell (died 1 August 1950) Liberal
William Hector McMillan (by-election of 1950-10-16) Liberal
Wellington North Arnold Darroch Liberal
Wellington South Henry Alfred Hosking Liberal
Wentworth Frank Exton Lennard Progressive Conservative
York East Robert Henry McGregor Progressive Conservative
York North John Eachern (Jack) Smith Liberal
York South Joseph William Noseworthy C.C.F.
York West Agar Rodney Adamson Progressive Conservative

Prince Edward Island[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
King's Thomas Joseph Kickham Liberal
Prince John Watson Macnaught Liberal
Queen's* James Lester Douglas (died 30 September 1950) Liberal
Winfield Chester Scott McLure Progressive Conservative
John Angus Maclean (by-election of 1951-06-25, replaces Douglas) Progressive Conservative

Quebec[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Argenteuil—Deux-Montagnes Philippe Valois Liberal
Beauce Raoul Poulin Independent
Beauharnois Robert Cauchon Liberal
Bellechasse Louis-Philippe Picard Liberal
Berthier—Maskinongé Joseph Langlois Liberal
Bonaventure Bona Arsenault Liberal
Brome—Missisquoi Henri A. Gosselin (died 27 January 1952) Liberal
Joseph-Léon Deslières (by-election of 26 May 1952) Liberal
Cartier Maurice Hartt (died 15 March 1950) Liberal
Leon David Crestohl (by-election of 19 June 1950) Liberal
Chambly—Rouville Roch Pinard Liberal
Champlain Joseph Irenée Rochefort Liberal
Chapleau David Gourd Liberal
Charlevoix Auguste Maltais Liberal
Châteauguay—Huntingdon—Laprairie Donald Elmer Black Liberal
Chicoutimi Paul-Edmond Gagnon Independent
Compton—Frontenac Joseph-Adéodat Blanchette Liberal
Dorchester Léonard-David Sweezey Tremblay Liberal
Drummond—Arthabaska Armand Cloutier Liberal
Gaspé J. G. Léopold Langlois Liberal
Gatineau Léon Raymond (appointed House of Commons Clerk on 5 August 1949) Liberal
Joseph-Célestin Nadon (by-election of 24 October 1949) Liberal
Hochelaga Raymond Eudes Liberal
Hull Alphonse Fournier Liberal
Îles-de-la-Madeleine Charles-Arthur Dumoulin Cannon Liberal
Jacques Cartier Elphège Marier (until 24 August 1949 judicial appointment) Liberal
Edgar Leduc (by-election of 4 October 1949) Independent
Joliette—l'Assomption—Montcalm Georges-Émile Lapalme (resigned 23 June 1950) Liberal
Maurice Breton (by-election of 3 October 1950) Liberal
Kamouraska Eugène Marquis (until 24 August 1949 judicial appointment) Liberal
Arthur Massé (by-election of 24 October 1949) Independent Liberal
Labelle Henri Courtemanche Progressive Conservative
Lac-Saint-Jean André Gauthier Liberal
Lafontaine J.-Georges Ratelle Liberal
Lapointe Jules Gauthier Liberal
Laurier Ernest Bertrand (until 24 August 1949 emoulment appointment) Liberal
J.-Eugène Lefrançois (by-election of 24 October 1949) Liberal
Laval Léopold Demers Liberal
Lévis Maurice Bourget Liberal
Lotbinière Hugues Lapointe Liberal
Maisonneuve—Rosemont Sarto Fournier Liberal
Matapédia—Matane Antoine-Philéas Côté Liberal
Mégantic Joseph Lafontaine Liberal
Mercier Joseph Jean (until 24 August 1949 emoulment appointment) Liberal
Marcel Monette (by-election of 24 October 1949) Liberal
Montmagny—L'Islet Jean Lesage Liberal
Mount Royal Alan Aylesworth Macnaughton Liberal
Nicolet—Yamaska Maurice Boisvert Liberal
Notre-Dame-de-Grâce Frederick Primrose Whitman Liberal
Outremont—St-Jean Édouard Rinfret Liberal
Romuald Bourque (by-election of 6 October 1952) Liberal
Papineau Camillien Houde Independent
Pontiac—Témiscamingue John Hugh Proudfoot Liberal
Portneuf Pierre Gauthier Liberal
Québec—Montmorency Wilfrid Lacroix Liberal
Quebec East Louis St. Laurent Liberal
Quebec South Charles Gavan Power Liberal
Quebec West Charles Eugène Parent Liberal
Richelieu—Verchères Gérard Cournoyer (resigned 5 July 1952) Liberal
Lucien Cardin (by-election of 6 October 1952) Liberal
Richmond—Wolfe Ernest-Omer Gingras Liberal
Rimouski Gleason Belzile (died 25 July 1950) Liberal
Joseph Hervé Rousseau (by-election of 16 October 1950) Independent Liberal
Roberval Joseph-Alfred Dion (until 8 April 1952 emoulment appointment) Liberal
Paul-Henri Spence (by-election of 26 May 1952) Progressive Conservative
Saguenay Lomer Brisson Liberal
St. Ann Thomas Patrick Healy Liberal
St. Antoine—Westmount Douglas Abbott Liberal
St-Denis Azellus Denis Liberal
St-Henri Joseph-Arsène Bonnier Liberal
Saint-Hyacinthe—Bagot Joseph Louis Rosario Fontaine Liberal
St. James Roland Beaudry Liberal
Saint-Jean—Iberville—Napierville Alcide Côté Liberal
St. Lawrence—St. George Brooke Claxton Liberal
St. Mary Gaspard Fauteux (resigned 18 August 1950) Liberal
Hector Dupuis (by-election of 16 October 1950) Liberal
Saint-Maurice—Laflèche Joseph-Adolphe Richard Liberal
Shefford Marcel Boivin Liberal
Sherbrooke Maurice Gingues Liberal
Stanstead Louis-Édouard Roberge Liberal
Témiscouata Jean-François Pouliot Liberal
Terrebonne Lionel Bertrand Liberal
Trois-Rivières Léon Balcer Progressive Conservative
Vaudreuil—Soulanges Louis-René Beaudoin Liberal
Verdun—La Salle Paul-Émile Côté Liberal
Villeneuve Armand Dumas Liberal

Saskatchewan[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Assiniboia Hazen Argue C.C.F.
Humboldt Joseph Ingolph Hetland Liberal
Kindersley Frederick Hugo Larson Liberal
Lake Centre John Diefenbaker Progressive Conservative
Mackenzie Gladstone Mansfield Ferrie Liberal
Maple Creek Irvin William Studer Liberal
Meadow Lake John Hornby Harrison Liberal
Melfort Percy Ellis Wright C.C.F.
Melville James Garfield Gardiner Liberal
Moose Jaw Wilbert Ross Thatcher C.C.F.
Moose Mountain John James Smith Liberal
Prince Albert Francis Heselton Helme Liberal
Qu'Appelle Austin Edwin Dewar Liberal
Regina City Emmett Andrew McCusker Liberal
Rosetown—Biggar Major James Coldwell C.C.F.
Rosthern William Albert Boucher Liberal
Saskatoon Robert Ross (Roy) Knight C.C.F.
Swift Current Harry B. Whiteside Liberal
The Battlefords Arthur James Bater Liberal
Yorkton Alan Carl Stewart Liberal

By-elections[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Outremont—St-Jean October 6, 1952 Édouard-G. Rinfret      Liberal Romuald Bourque      Liberal Appointed a Judge of the Court of Queen's Bench of Quebec Yes
Richelieu—Verchères October 6, 1952 Gérard Cournoyer      Liberal Lucien Cardin      Liberal Resignation Yes
Ontario May 26, 1952 Walter Cunningham Thomson      Liberal Michael Starr      Progressive Conservative Resignation No
Gloucester May 26, 1952 Clovis-Thomas Richard      Liberal Albany M. Robichaud      Progressive Conservative Resignation No
Victoria—Carleton May 26, 1952 Heber Harold Hatfield      Progressive Conservative Gage W. Montgomery      Progressive Conservative Death Yes
Brome—Missisquoi May 26, 1952 Henri A. Gosselin      Liberal Joseph-Léon Deslières      Liberal Death Yes
Roberval May 26, 1952 Joseph-Alfred Dion      Liberal Paul-Henri Spence      Progressive Conservative Appointed a Superior Court Judge of Quebec No
Waterloo North May 26, 1952 Louis Orville Breithaupt      Liberal Norman C. Schneider      Liberal Appointed Lieutenant Governor of Ontario Yes
Calgary West December 10, 1951 Arthur LeRoy Smith      Progressive Conservative Carl Olof Nickle      Progressive Conservative Resignation Yes
Brandon June 25, 1951 James Ewen Matthews      Liberal Walter Dinsdale      Progressive Conservative Death No
Queen's June 25, 1951 J. Lester Douglas      Liberal J. Angus MacLean      Progressive Conservative Death No
Waterloo South June 25, 1951 Karl Homuth      Progressive Conservative Howie Meeker      Progressive Conservative Death Yes
Winnipeg South Centre June 25, 1951 Ralph Maybank      Liberal Gordon Churchill      Progressive Conservative Resignation No
Rimouski October 16, 1950 Gleason Belzile      Liberal Joseph-Hervé Rousseau      Independent Liberal Death No
St. Mary October 16, 1950 Gaspard Fauteux      Liberal Hector Dupuis      Liberal Resignation Yes
Welland October 16, 1950 Humphrey Mitchell      Liberal William H. McMillan      Liberal Death Yes
Joliette—L'Assomption—Montcalm October 3, 1950 Georges-Émile Lapalme      Liberal Maurice Breton      Liberal Resignation Yes
Annapolis—Kings June 19, 1950 Angus Alexander Elderkin      Liberal George Clyde Nowlan      Progressive Conservative Election declared void No
Cartier June 19, 1950 Maurice Hartt      Liberal Leon David Crestohl      Liberal Death Yes
Halifax June 19, 1950 Gordon B. Isnor      Liberal Sam Balcom      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
Broadview May 15, 1950 Thomas Langton Church      Progressive Conservative George Hees      Progressive Conservative Death Yes
Hamilton West May 15, 1950 Colin W. G. Gibson      Liberal Ellen Fairclough      Progressive Conservative Appointed a Judge of the Supreme Court of Ontario No
Gatineau October 24, 1949 Léon-Joseph Raymond      Liberal Joseph-Célestin Nadon      Liberal Appointed Clerk of the House of Commons Yes
Kamouraska October 24, 1949 Eugène Marquis      Liberal Arthur Massé[1]      Independent Liberal Appointed a Superior Court Judge of Quebec No
Laurier October 24, 1949 Ernest Bertrand      Liberal J.-Eugène Lefrancois      Liberal Appointed a Judge of the Court of King's Bench of Quebec Yes
Mercier October 24, 1949 Joseph Jean      Liberal Marcel Monette      Liberal Appointed a Judge of the Supreme Court of the District of Montreal Yes
Greenwood October 24, 1949 J. Ernest McMillin      Progressive Conservative James Macdonnell      Progressive Conservative Death Yes
New Westminster October 24, 1949 Tom Reid      Liberal William Malcolm Mott      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
Restigouche—Madawaska October 24, 1949 Benoît Michaud      Liberal Paul-Léon Dubé      Independent Liberal Death No
Jacques Cartier October 4, 1949 Elphège Marier      Liberal Edgar Leduc      Independent Appointed a Superior Court Judge of Quebec No


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Massé defeated the official Liberal candidate.

References[edit]

Succession[edit]