21st National Film Awards

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21st National Film Awards
21st NFA.png
21st National Film Awards
Awarded for Best of Indian cinema in 1973
Awarded by Prime Minister of India
(Indira Gandhi)
Presented by Directorate of Film Festivals
Presented on October 1974 (1974-10)
Official website dff.nic.in
Highlights
Best Feature Film Nirmalyam
Most awards Ashani Sanket and Kaadu (3)
 < 20th National Film Awards 22nd > 

The 21st National Film Awards, presented by Directorate of Film Festivals, the organization set up by Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, India to felicitate the best of Indian Cinema released in the year 1973.[1][2]Ceremony took place in October, 1974 and awards were given by then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi.

Juries[edit]

Prior to 21st National Film Awards, there used to be regional committees at Bombay (Mumbai), Calcutta (Kolkata) and Madras (Chennai), the recommendations of which were then considered by central committee. To avoid this long-winded process, regional committees were discarded.

Two different committees were formed for feature films and short films, headed by Romesh Thapar and S. K. Kooka respectively.[1][2]

Awards[edit]

Awards were divided into feature films and non-feature films.

President's Gold Medal for the All India Best Feature Film is now better known as National Film Award for Best Feature Film, whereas President's Gold Medal for the Best Documentary Film is analogous to today's National Film Award for Best Non-Feature Film. For children's films, Prime Minister's Gold Medal is now given as National Film Award for Best Children's Film. At the regional level, President's Silver Medal for Best Feature Film is now given as National Film Award for Best Feature Film in a particular language. Certificate of Merit in all the categories is discontinued over the years.

Lifetime Achievement Award[edit]

Name of Award Awardee(s) Awarded As Awards
Dadasaheb Phalke Award Ruby Myers (Sulochana) Actress INR20,000, a Gold medal and a shawl

Feature films[edit]

Feature films were awarded at All India as well as regional level. For 21st National Film Awards, a Malayalam film Nirmalyam won the President's Gold Medal for the All India Best Feature Film; whereas a Bengali film Ashani Sanket and a Kannada film Kaadu won the maximum number of awards (three). Following were the awards given in each category:[1][2]

All India Award[edit]

Following were the awards given:[1][2]

Name of Award Name of Film Language Awardee(s) Awards
Best Feature Film Nirmalyam Malayalam Producer and Director: M. T. Vasudevan Nair Gold Medal and INR40,000
Actress: Sumithra
Actor: P. J. Antony
Souvenir
Second Best Feature Film Kaadu Kannada Producer: K. N. Narayan and G. K. Lakshmipathy Silver Medal and INR15,000
Director: Girish Karnad Silver Medal and INR10,000
Actress: Nandini Bhaktavatsala
Actor: Amrish Puri
Souvenir
Best Feature Film on National Integration Garm Hava Hindi Producer: M/s Unit 3 MM A Medal and INR30,000
Director: M. S. Sathyu A Medal and INR20,000
Actress: Geeta Siddharth Souvenir
Best Cinematography (Black and White) 27 Down Hindi Apurba Kishore Bir Silver Medal and INR5,000
Best Cinematography (Color) Ashani Sanket Bengali Soumendu Roy Silver Medal and INR5,000
Best Direction Duvidha Hindi Mani Kaul Silver Medal and INR20,000
Best Actor (Bharat Award) Nirmalyam Malayalam P. J. Antony A figurine
Best Actress (Urvashi Award) Kaadu Kannada Nandini Bhaktavatsala A figurine
Best Child Artist Kaadu Kannada G. S. Nataraj Silver Medal
Best Male Playback Singer Gayathri Malayalam K. J. Yesudas Silver Medal
Best Music Direction Ashani Sanket Bengali Satyajit Ray Silver Medal and INR10,000
Best Screenplay Padatik Bengali Mrinal Sen and Ashish Burman Silver Medal and INR10,000
Best Story Garm Hava Hindi Ismat Chughtai and Kaifi Azmi Silver Medal and INR10,000

Regional Award[edit]

The awards were given to the best films made in the regional languages of India. For feature films in English, Gujarati, Kashmiri, Manipuri, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi and Telugu language, President's Silver Medal for Best Feature Film was not given.[1][2]

Name of Award Name of Film Awardee(s) Awards
Best Feature Film in Assamese Mamta Producer: Nalin Dowerah, Prafulla Dutta and Shiba Thakur Silver Medal and INR10,000
Director: Nalin Dowerah Silver Medal and INR5,000
Actress: Eva Achow and Actor: Rudra Baruah Souvenir
Best Feature Film in Bengali Ashani Sanket Producer: Sarbeni Bhattacharya Silver Medal and INR10,000
Director: Satyajit Ray Silver Medal and INR5,000
Actress: Bobita and Actor: Soumitra Chatterjee Souvenir
Best Feature Film in Hindi 27 Down Producer and Director: (Late) Awatar Krishna Kaul Silver Medal and INR10,000
Actress: Raakhee and Actor: M. K. Raina Souvenir
Best Feature Film in Kannada Abachurine Post Office Producer: Patre C. Vinayak Silver Medal and INR10,000
Director: N. Lakshminarayan Silver Medal and INR5,000
Actress: Girija and Actor: B. N. Narayan Souvenir
Best Feature Film in Malayalam Gayathri Producer: A. R. Shreedharan Elayidom and P. B. Ashram Silver Medal and INR10,000
Director: P. N. Menon Silver Medal and INR5,000
Actress: Jayabharathi and Actor: V. Raghavan Souvenir
Best Feature Film in Tamil Dikkatra Parvathi Producer: M/s Navatarang Silver Medal and INR10,000
Director: Singeetam Srinivasa Rao INR5,000 and Silver Medal
Actress: Lakshmi and Actor: Sreekanth Souvenir

Non-Feature films[edit]

Following were the awards given:[1][2]

Short films and Documentaries[edit]

Name of Award Name of Film Language Awardee(s) Awards
Best Information Film (Documentary) The Flame Burns Bright English Producer and Director: Ashish Mukherjee Silver Medal and INR5,000
Best Educational / Instructional Film Sath Kutch Na Jayega Hindi Producer and Director: Dhiru Mistry and Sureshwar Singh Silver Medal and INR5,000
Best Film on Social Documentation Land of Krishna English Producer and Director: G. L. Bhardwaj Silver Medal and INR5,000
Best Promotional Film (Commercial) Delhi the City Beautiful English Producer and Director: Jagdish Banerjee Silver Medal
Best Promotional Film (Non-Commercial) Fibre The Fabric of Life English Producer: Khadi and Village Industries Commission
Director: G. L. Bhardwaj
Silver Medal
Best Experimental Film Homi Bhabha - A Scientist in Action English Producer: Jagat Murari Silver Medal and INR5,000
Director: K. Vishwanath Silver Medal and INR4,000

Awards not given[edit]

Following were the awards not given as no film was found to be suitable for the award:[1][2]

References[edit]

External links[edit]