220th Brigade (United Kingdom)

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220th Infantry Brigade
Active 9 November 1916–8 April 1918
1 November 1940-17 November 1944
Country  United Kingdom
Branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Type Infantry Brigade
Role Training and Home Defence

220th Brigade (220 Bde) was a Home Service formation of the British Army during World War I and World War II.

World War I[edit]

220 Bde was raised in late 1916 as part of 73rd Division, which had the dual role of training men for overseas drafts and providing forces for home defence.[1]

Composition[edit]

The following infantry battalions served in 220 Bde during World War I:[1]

On 21 December 1917 orders were issued to break up 73rd Division. Disbandment began in January 1918 and its last elements disappeared on 8 April 1918.[1]

World War II[edit]

A new brigade under the title of 220th Independent Infantry Brigade (Home) was formed for service in the United Kingdom on 1 November 1940, largely from battalions of East Anglian regiments.[5]

Composition[edit]

The following units served in 220 Bde: [5]

Commanders[edit]

The following officers commanded 220 Bde:[5]

  • Brig C.M. Clode
  • Brig G.F. Ellenberger (from 18 June 1941)
  • Brig A.C.T. Evanson (from 10 May 1943)

Service[edit]

After a brief spell attached to the East Anglian 18th Infantry Division, 220 Bde became part of Norfolk County Division on 24 December 1940.[6] On 18 November 1941 the Norfolk County Division became 76th Infantry Division and 220th Independent Infantry Brigade (Home) was retitled 220th Infantry Brigade. [7]

On 1 September 1944, the divisional headquarters was disbanded and 220 Bde became part of 47th (London) Infantry Division [8] On 27 October 1944 47th Division's 141st (5th London) Brigade was disbanded, and on 17 November 220 Bde was redesignated 141st Infantry Brigade, but with no London connection.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c http://www.1914-1918.net/73div.html
  2. ^ a b c http://www.1914-1918.net/yorks.htm
  3. ^ http://www.1914-1918.net/dli.htm
  4. ^ http://www.1914-1918.net/warwicks.htm
  5. ^ a b c Joslen, p. 383.
  6. ^ Joslen, pp. 99, 114, 383.
  7. ^ Joslen, pp. 99, 114, 383.
  8. ^ Joslen, pp. 99, 41–42, 383.

References[edit]

  • Lt-Col H.F. Joslen, Orders of Battle, United Kingdom and Colonial Formations and Units in the Second World War, 1939–1945, London: HM Stationery Office, 1960/Uckfield: Naval & Military, 2003, ISBN 1843424746.