22nd Air Base

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Marienburg Focke-Wulf factory
Part of Nazi Germany
Raid by the 8th Air Force.jpg
B-17s destroyed all but one of the buildings at the Marienburg Focke-Wulf factory on October 9, 1943.[1]:280
Site information
Site history
Battles/wars Operation Pointblank (WWII)

The 22nd Air Base (Polish: 22. Baza Lotnicza) is a Polish Air Force Air Force Base east of Malbork, Poland, near the village of Królewo Malborskie. It was officially constituted on 1 January 2001, replacing the disbanded 41st Fighter Aviation Regiment. The main unit based there is the 41st Air Tactical Squadron flying MiG-29 fighters.

History[edit]

A civilian airfield was established in 1929 at Königsdorf near Marienburg - as it was known then. It was acquired by the Luftwaffe in 1934.[2] Near the airfield was a 100-acre (0.40 km2) Focke-Wulf aircraft production plant that had been moved from Bremen[3] and which produced approximately half of all Focke-Wulf Fw 190s,[4] and the Stalag XX-B prisoner-of-war camp was nearby.[5] A US Eighth Air Force air raid on the "industrial area in Marienburg" on October 9, 1943, by 96 B-17 Flying Fortresses[6] was called the Marienburg raid by Life magazine.[7] The plant was attacked a second time by 98 B-17s on April 9, 1944.[6]

Post-war, Marienburg became Malbork, Poland; and Soviet Air force units were based there[specify] for a few years.[when?] In 1952 41st Fighter Aviation Regiment of the Air Force of the Polish Army was formed to be based there, initially equipped with MiG-15 fighters, later replaced with MiG-17s, and from 1964 MiG-21s.[8] In 2001 the regiment was dissolved and its ground and air components separated, to form the 22 Air Base[clarification needed] and 41st Air Tactical Squadron respectively. In 2003 the last MiG-21s were retired, and in 2004 the squadron was rearmed with refurbished MiG-29s obtained from Germany.

See also[edit]

For the FMPU film which includes footage of the Marienburg raid[7] in 1943, see Target for Today.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Coffey, Thomas M. (1977), Decision over Schweinfurt: The U.S. 8th Air Force Battle for Daylight Bombing, New York: David McKay Company, pp. 280, 465, "The Germans were caught by surprise at Marienburg … which was so far east they didn't realize it had to be defended … Only one building of the factory [was] not destroyed"  on October 9, 1943. (p. 465)
  2. ^ "Historia - Ryszard Rząd" (in Polish). Retrieved 2009-12-24. 
  3. ^ AAFRH-10 (pdf), p. 21 (page 27 in pdf) 
  4. ^ Gurney, Gene (Major, USAF) (1962), The War in the Air: a pictorial history of World War II Air Forces in combat, New York: Bonanza Books, p. 219 
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ a b McKillop, Jack. "Combat Chronology of the USAAF". Archived from the original on 10 June 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-25. 
  7. ^ a b "U.S. Bombing: Arnold calls the Marienburg raid the best example of precision bombing" (pdf). Life: 119. November 8, 1943. Retrieved 2009-12-24. 
  8. ^ 41st Air Tactical Squadron official page

Coordinates: 54°01′36″N 19°08′11″E / 54.02667°N 19.13639°E / 54.02667; 19.13639

External images
strike and recon images
Before 1943 bombing
After 1943 bombing
2009 photo gallery