22nd Canadian Parliament

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The initial seat distribution of the 22nd Canadian Parliament
Louis St. Laurent was Prime Minister during the 22nd Canadian Parliament.

The 22nd Canadian Parliament was in session from November 12, 1953 until April 12, 1957. The membership was set by the 1953 federal election on August 10, 1953, and it changed only somewhat due to resignations and by-elections until it was dissolved prior to the 1957 election.

It was controlled by a Liberal Party majority under Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent and the 17th Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was the Progressive Conservative Party, led first by George Drew, and then by William Earl Rowe, George Drew (again), William Earl Rowe, and John George Diefenbaker consecutively.

The Speaker was Louis-René Beaudoin. See also List of Canadian electoral districts 1952-1966 for a list of the ridings in this parliament.

There were five sessions of the 22nd Parliament:

Session Start End
1st November 12, 1953 November 20, 1954
2nd January 7, 1955 July 28, 1955
3rd January 10, 1956 August 14, 1956
4th November 26, 1956 January 8, 1957
5th January 8, 1957 April 12, 1957

List of members[edit]

Following is a full list of members of the twenty-second Parliament listed first by province, then by electoral district.

Electoral districts denoted by an asterisk (*) indicates that district was represented by two members.

Alberta[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Acadia Victor Quelch Social Credit
Athabaska Joseph Miville Dechene Liberal
Battle River—Camrose Robert Fair (died 11 November 1954) Social Credit
James Alexander Smith (by-election of 1955-06-20) Social Credit
Bow River Charles Edward Johnston Social Credit
Calgary North Douglas Harkness Progressive Conservative
Calgary South Carl Nickle Progressive Conservative
Edmonton East Ambrose A. Holowach Social Credit
Edmonton—Strathcona Richmond Francis Hanna Liberal
Edmonton West George Prudham Liberal
Jasper—Edson Charles Yuill Social Credit
Lethbridge John Horne Blackmore Social Credit
Macleod Ernest George Hansell Social Credit
Medicine Hat William Duncan Wylie Social Credit
Peace River Solon Earl Low Social Credit
Red Deer Frederick Davis Shaw Social Credit
Vegreville John Decore Liberal
Wetaskiwin Ray Thomas Social Credit

British Columbia[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Burnaby—Coquitlam Erhart Regier C.C.F.
Burnaby—Richmond Tom Goode Liberal
Cariboo Bert Leboe Social Credit
Coast—Capilano James Sinclair Liberal
Comox—Alberni Thomas Speakman Barnett C.C.F.
Esquimalt—Saanich George Pearkes Progressive Conservative
Fraser Valley Alexander Bell Patterson Social Credit
Kamloops Davie Fulton Progressive Conservative
Kootenay East James Allen Byrne Liberal
Kootenay West Herbert Wilfred Herridge C.C.F.
Nanaimo Colin Cameron C.C.F.
New Westminster George Hahn Social Credit
Okanagan Boundary Owen Jones C.C.F.
Okanagan—Revelstoke George McLeod Social Credit
Skeena Edward Applewhaite Liberal
Vancouver—Burrard Lorne MacDougall Liberal
Vancouver Centre Ralph Campney Liberal
Vancouver East Harold Edward Winch C.C.F.
Vancouver Kingsway Angus MacInnis C.C.F.
Vancouver Quadra Howard Charles Green Progressive Conservative
Vancouver South Elmore Philpott Liberal
Victoria Francis Fairey Liberal

Manitoba[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Brandon—Souris Walter Dinsdale Progressive Conservative
Churchill George Weaver Liberal
Dauphin Fred Zaplitny C.C.F.
Lisgar William Albert Pommer Liberal
Marquette Stuart Garson Liberal
Portage—Neepawa William Gilbert Weir Liberal-Progressive
Provencher René Jutras Liberal
Selkirk Robert James Wood (died 8 August 1954) Liberal
William Bryce (by-election of 1954-11-08) C.C.F.
Springfield Anton Weselak Liberal
St. Boniface Fernand Viau Liberal
Winnipeg North Alistair Stewart C.C.F.
Winnipeg North Centre Stanley Knowles C.C.F.
Winnipeg South Owen Trainor Progressive Conservative
Winnipeg South Centre Gordon Churchill Progressive Conservative

New Brunswick[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Charlotte A. Wesley Stuart Liberal
Gloucester Hédard Robichaud Liberal
Kent Hervé Michaud Liberal
Northumberland George Roy McWilliam Liberal
Restigouche—Madawaska Joseph Gaspard Boucher Liberal
Charles Van Horne (by-election of 1955-09-26) Progressive Conservative
Royal Alfred Johnson Brooks Progressive Conservative
St. John—Albert Thomas Miller Bell Progressive Conservative
Victoria—Carleton Gage Montgomery Progressive Conservative
Westmorland Henry Murphy Liberal
York—Sunbury Milton Fowler Gregg Liberal

Newfoundland[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Bonavista—Twillingate Jack Pickersgill Liberal
Burin—Burgeo Chesley William Carter Liberal
Grand Falls—White Bay—Labrador Thomas Gordon William Ashbourne Liberal
Humber—St. George's Herman Maxwell Batten Liberal
St. John's East Allan Fraser Liberal
St. John's West James Augustine Power Liberal
Trinity—Conception Leonard Stick Liberal

Northwest Territories[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Mackenzie River Mervyn Arthur Hardie Liberal

Nova Scotia[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Antigonish—Guysborough J. Ralph Kirk Liberal
Cape Breton North and Victoria William Murdoch Buchanan Liberal
Cape Breton South Clarence Gillis C.C.F.
Colchester—Hants Gordon Purdy Liberal
Cumberland Azel Randolph Lusby Liberal
Digby—Annapolis—Kings George Nowlan Progressive Conservative
Halifax* Samuel Rosborough Balcom Liberal
John Dickey Liberal
Inverness—Richmond Allan MacEachen Liberal
Pictou Henry Byron McCulloch Liberal
Queens—Lunenburg Robert Winters Liberal
Shelburne—Yarmouth—Clare Thomas Andrew Murray Kirk Liberal

Ontario[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Algoma East Lester B. Pearson Liberal
Algoma West George E. Nixon Liberal
Brantford James Elisha Brown Liberal
Brant—Haldimand John A. Charlton Progressive Conservative
Broadview George Hees Progressive Conservative
Bruce Andrew Ernest Robinson Progressive Conservative
Carleton George Drew Progressive Conservative
Cochrane Joseph-Anaclet Habel Liberal
Danforth Robert Hardy Small Progressive Conservative
Davenport Paul Hellyer Liberal
Dufferin—Simcoe William Earl Rowe Progressive Conservative
Durham John James Liberal
Eglinton Donald Fleming Progressive Conservative
Elgin Charles Delmer Coyle (died 19 January 1954) Progressive Conservative
James Alexander McBain (by-election of 22 March 1954) Progressive Conservative
Essex East Paul Joseph James Martin Liberal
Essex South Murray Clark Liberal
Essex West Donald Ferguson Brown Liberal
Fort William Dan McIvor Liberal
Glengarry—Prescott Raymond Bruneau Liberal
Greenwood James MacKerras Macdonnell Progressive Conservative
Grenville—Dundas Arza Clair Casselman Progressive Conservative
Grey—Bruce Walter Harris Liberal
Grey North Colin Emerson Bennett Liberal
Halton Sybil Bennett Progressive Conservative
Hamilton East Thomas Hambly Ross Liberal
Hamilton South Russell Reinke Liberal
Hamilton West Ellen Fairclough Progressive Conservative
Hastings—Frontenac George Stanley White Progressive Conservative
Hastings South Frank Follwell Liberal
High Park Pat Cameron Liberal
Huron Elston Cardiff Progressive Conservative
Kenora—Rainy River William Moore Benidickson Liberal-Labour
Kent Blake Huffman Liberal
Kingston William Henderson Liberal
Lambton—Kent Hugh MacKenzie Liberal
Lambton West Joseph Warner Murphy Progressive Conservative
Lanark William Gourlay Blair Progressive Conservative
Leeds Hayden Stanton Progressive Conservative
Lincoln Harry Cavers Liberal
London Robert Weld Mitchell Progressive Conservative
Middlesex East Harry Oliver White Progressive Conservative
Middlesex West Robert McCubbin Liberal
Niagara Falls William Houck Liberal
Nickel Belt Léoda Gauthier Liberal
Nipissing Jack Garland Liberal
Norfolk Raymond Elmer Anderson Liberal
Northumberland Frederick Robertson Liberal
Ontario Michael Starr Progressive Conservative
Ottawa East Jean-Thomas Richard Liberal
Ottawa West George McIlraith Liberal
Oxford Wally Nesbitt Progressive Conservative
Parkdale John Hunter Liberal
Parry Sound—Muskoka Wilfred McDonald Liberal
Peel Gordon Graydon (died in office) Progressive Conservative
John Pallett (by-election of 22 March 1954) Progressive Conservative
Perth Jay Monteith Progressive Conservative
Peterborough Gordon Fraser Progressive Conservative
Port Arthur Clarence Decatur Howe Liberal
Prince Edward—Lennox George Tustin Progressive Conservative
Renfrew North James Forgie Liberal
Renfrew South James Joseph McCann Liberal
Rosedale Charles Henry Liberal
Russell Joseph-Omer Gour Liberal
St. Paul's Roland Michener Progressive Conservative
Simcoe East William Alfred Robinson Liberal
Simcoe North Julian Ferguson Progressive Conservative
Spadina David Croll (until Senate appointment) Liberal
Charles Edward Rea (by-election of 24 October 1955) Progressive Conservative
Stormont Lionel Chevrier (until Saint Lawrence Seaway appointment) Liberal
Albert Lavigne (by-election of 8 November 1954) Liberal
Sudbury Rodger Mitchell Liberal
Timiskaming Ann Shipley Liberal
Timmins Karl Eyre Liberal
Trinity Lionel Conacher (died in office) Liberal
Donald Carrick (by-election of 8 November 1954) Liberal
Victoria Clayton Hodgson Progressive Conservative
Waterloo North Norman Schneider Liberal
Waterloo South Arthur White Liberal
Welland William Hector McMillan Liberal
Wellington—Huron Marvin Howe Progressive Conservative
Wellington South Henry Alfred Hosking Liberal
Wentworth Frank Lennard Progressive Conservative
York Centre Al Hollingworth Liberal
York East Robert Henry McGregor Progressive Conservative
York—Humber Margaret Aitken Progressive Conservative
York North Jack Smith Liberal
York—Scarborough Frank Enfield Liberal
York South Joseph W. Noseworthy C.C.F.
York West Agar Rodney Adamson Progressive Conservative
John Borden Hamilton (by-election of 8 November 1954) Progressive Conservative

Prince Edward Island[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
King's Thomas Joseph Kickham Liberal
Prince John Watson MacNaught Liberal
Queen's* Angus MacLean Progressive Conservative
Neil Matheson Liberal

Quebec[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Argenteuil—Deux-Montagnes Philippe Valois Liberal
Beauce Raoul Poulin Independent
Beauharnois—Salaberry Robert Cauchon Liberal
Bellechasse Louis-Philippe Picard (until resignation) Liberal
Ovide Laflamme (by-election of 26 September 1955) Liberal
Berthier—Maskinongé—delanaudière Joseph Langlois Liberal
Bonaventure Bona Arsenault Liberal
Brome—Missisquoi Joseph-Léon Deslières Liberal
Cartier Leon David Crestohl Liberal
Chambly—Rouville Roch Pinard Liberal
Champlain Joseph Irenée Rochefort Liberal
Chapleau David Gourd Liberal
Charlevoix Auguste Maltais Liberal
Châteauguay—Huntingdon—Laprairie Jean Boucher Liberal
Chicoutimi Paul-Edmond Gagnon Independent
Compton—Frontenac Joseph-Adéodat Blanchette Liberal
Dollard Guy Rouleau Liberal
Dorchester Robert Perron Progressive Conservative
Drummond—Arthabaska Armand Cloutier Liberal
Gaspé Léopold Langlois Liberal
Gatineau Joseph-Célestin Nadon (died 17 December 1953) Liberal
Rodolphe Leduc (by-election of 22 March 1954) Liberal
Hochelaga Raymond Eudes Liberal
Hull Alexis Caron Liberal
Îles-de-la-Madeleine Charles Cannon Liberal
Jacques-Cartier—Lasalle Edgar Leduc Liberal
Joliette—l'Assomption—Montcalm Maurice Breton Liberal
Kamouraska Arthur Massé Independent Liberal
Labelle Gustave Roy Liberal
Lac-Saint-Jean André Gauthier Liberal
Lafontaine J.-Georges Ratelle Liberal
Lapointe Fernand Girard Independent
Laurier J.-Eugène Lefrançois Liberal
Laval Léopold Demers Liberal
Lévis Maurice Bourget Liberal
Longueuil Auguste Vincent Liberal
Lotbinière Hugues Lapointe Liberal
Maisonneuve—Rosemont Jean-Paul Deschatelets Liberal
Matapédia—Matane Léandre Thibault Liberal
Mégantic Joseph Lafontaine Liberal
Mercier Marcel Monette Liberal
Montmagny—L'Islet Jean Lesage Liberal
Mount Royal Alan Macnaughton Liberal
Nicolet—Yamaska Maurice Boisvert Liberal
Notre-Dame-de-Grâce William McLean Hamilton Progressive Conservative
Outremont—St-Jean Romuald Bourque Liberal
Papineau Adrien Meunier Independent Liberal
Pontiac—Témiscamingue Hugh Proudfoot Liberal
Portneuf Pierre Gauthier Liberal
Québec—Montmorency Wilfrid Lacroix Liberal
Quebec East Louis St. Laurent Liberal
Quebec South Charles Gavan Power (until 28 July 1955 Senate appointment) Liberal
Francis (Frank) Gavan Power (by-election of 26 September 1955) Liberal
Quebec West J.-Wilfrid Dufresne Progressive Conservative
Richelieu—Verchères Lucien Cardin Liberal
Richmond—Wolfe Ernest-Omer Gingras Liberal
Rimouski Gérard Légaré Liberal
Roberval Georges Villeneuve Liberal
Saguenay Lomer Brisson Liberal
St. Ann Thomas Healy Liberal
Saint-Antoine—Westmount Douglas Abbott (until 1 July 1954 emoulment appointment) Liberal
George Carlyle Marler (by-election of 8 November 1954) Liberal
Saint-Denis Azellus Denis Liberal
Saint-Henri Joseph-Arsène Bonnier Liberal
Saint-Hyacinthe—Bagot Joseph Fontaine Liberal
Saint-Jacques Roland Beaudry Liberal
Saint-Jean—Iberville—Napierville Alcide Côté (died 7 August 1955) Liberal
J.-Armand Ménard (by-election of 19 December 1955) Liberal
St. Lawrence—St. George Brooke Claxton (resigned 31 July 1954) Liberal
Claude Richardson (by-election of 8 November 1954) Liberal
Sainte-Marie Hector Dupuis Liberal
Saint-Maurice—Laflèche Joseph-Adolphe Richard Liberal
Shefford Marcel Boivin Liberal
Sherbrooke Maurice Gingues Liberal
Stanstead Louis-Édouard Roberge Liberal
Témiscouata Jean-François Pouliot (until 28 July 1955 Senate appointment) Liberal
Jean-Paul St. Laurent (by-election of 26 September 1955) Liberal
Terrebonne Lionel Bertrand Liberal
Trois-Rivières Léon Balcer Progressive Conservative
Vaudreuil—Soulanges Louis-René Beaudoin Liberal
Verdun Paul-Émile Côté (until 1 January 1954 emoulment appointment) Liberal
Yves Leduc (by-election of 22 March 1954) Liberal
Villeneuve Armand Dumas Liberal

Saskatchewan[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Assiniboia Hazen Argue C.C.F.
Humboldt—Melfort Hugh Alexander Bryson C.C.F.
Kindersley Merv Johnson C.C.F.
Mackenzie Alexander Malcolm Nicholson C.C.F.
Meadow Lake John Harrison Liberal
Melville James Garfield Gardiner Liberal
Moose Jaw—Lake Centre W. Ross Thatcher C.C.F.
Moose Mountain Edward McCullough C.C.F.
Prince Albert John Diefenbaker Progressive Conservative
Qu'Appelle Henry Mang Liberal
Regina City Claude Ellis C.C.F.
Rosetown—Biggar Major James Coldwell C.C.F.
Rosthern Walter Tucker Liberal
Saskatoon Roy Knight C.C.F.
Swift Current—Maple Creek Irvin Studer Liberal
The Battlefords Max Campbell C.C.F.
Yorkton George Hugh Castleden C.C.F.

Yukon[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Yukon James Aubrey Simmons Liberal

By-elections[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Saint-Jean—Iberville—Napierville December 19, 1955 Alcide Côté      Liberal J.-Armand Ménard      Liberal Death Yes
Spadina October 24, 1955 David A. Croll      Liberal Charles E. Rea      Progressive Conservative Called to the Senate No
Restigouche—Madawaska September 26, 1955 Joseph-Gaspard Boucher      Liberal Joseph Charles Van Horne      Progressive Conservative Death No
Bellechasse September 26, 1955 L.-Philippe Picard      Liberal Ovide Laflamme      Liberal Resignation Yes
Quebec South September 26, 1955 Charles G. Power      Liberal Frank G. Power      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
Témiscouata September 26, 1955 Jean-François Pouliot      Liberal Jean-Paul St-Laurent      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
Battle River—Camrose June 20, 1955 Robert Fair      Social Credit James A. Smith      Social Credit Death Yes
Selkirk November 8, 1954 Robert James Wood      Liberal Scottie Bryce      C. C. F. Death No
Stormont November 8, 1954 Lionel Chevrier      Liberal Albert Peter Lavigne      Liberal Appointed President of the St. Lawrence Seaway Authority Yes
Trinity November 8, 1954 Lionel Conacher      Liberal Donald D. Carrick      Liberal Death Yes
York West November 8, 1954 Rodney Adamson      Progressive Conservative John B. Hamilton      Progressive Conservative Death Yes
Saint-Antoine—Westmount November 8, 1954 Douglas Charles Abbott      Liberal George C. Marler      Liberal Appointed a Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada Yes
St. Lawrence—St. George November 8, 1954 Brooke Claxton      Liberal Claude Richardson      Liberal Resignation Yes
Elgin March 22, 1954 Charles Delmer Coyle      Progressive Conservative James A. McBain      Progressive Conservative Death Yes
Peel March 22, 1954 Gordon Graydon      Progressive Conservative John Pallett      Progressive Conservative Death Yes
Gatineau March 22, 1954 Joseph-Célestin Nadon      Liberal Rodolphe Leduc      Liberal Death Yes
Verdun March 22, 1954 Paul-Émile Côté      Liberal Yves Leduc      Liberal Appointed a Superior Court Judge of Quebec Yes


References[edit]

Succession[edit]