22nd New Zealand Parliament

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The 22nd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. Its composition was determined by the 1925 election, and it sat until the 1928 election.[1]

Historical context[edit]

The 22nd Parliament saw the Reform Party's Gordon Coates continue his rule as Prime Minister, in the continuing Reform Government.

The 22nd Parliament consisted of 80 representatives chosen by geographical electorates: 46 from North Island electorates, 30 from South Island electorates, and four Māori electorates.[2] The Parliament was elected using the First Past the Post electoral voting system.

In 1926, the Reform candidate Sir James Gunson was expected to "romp home" in the Eden by-election. Reform had 55 seats. But with National (Liberal) having 11 seats plus two Liberal-leaning independents and Labour 12, Labour realised their chance to be the official Opposition, "threw their all" into the contest, and became the official Opposition; helped by Ellen Melville standing as Independent Reform. In 1927 a Labour farmer Lee Martin won the Raglan by-election against a weak Reform candidate plus Country Party, Liberal and Independent Reform candidates. [3]

Parliamentary sessions[edit]

The Parliament sat for three sessions:[4]

Session from to
First 16 Jun 1926 11 Sep 1926
Second 23 Jun 1927 5 Dec 1927
Third 28 Jun 1928 9 Oct 1928

Initial composition of the 22nd Parliament[edit]

The results of the 1925 election were as follows:

Key

 Liberal    Reform    Labour    Country Party    Independent  

Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1925[5]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Ashburton William Nosworthy J N Harle (Labour)
Bay of Plenty Kenneth Williams (uncontested)
Lyttelton James McCombs Melville Lyons 6 James McCombs[nb 1] (Labour)
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Sir Apirana Ngata Hone Mokena (Labour)
Northern Maori Taurekareka Henare Hone Wi Kaitaia (Independent)
Southern Maori Henare Uru Tuiti MacDonald (Independent)
Western Maori Maui Pomare Ngarangi Katitia (Independent)

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ Melville Lyons was elected for the Reform Party, originally the votes were equal (4900), then a recount found for Lyons. But on appeal his election was declared void on 13 March 1926, and the previous holder, James McCombs, was restored as the electorate representative.
Electorate Incumbent Winner Second Place
Auckland Central Bill Parry Bill Parry C A Wilson
Auckland East John A. Lee John A. Lee J Stewart
Auckland West Michael Joseph Savage Michael Joseph Savage S Oldfield
Avon Dan Sullivan Dan Sullivan W E Leadley
Awarua Philip De La Perrelle John Ronald Hamilton Philip De La Perrelle
Bay of Islands Allen Bell Allen Bell H J Sweeney
Buller Harry Holland Harry Holland C S Bielby
Chalmers James McColl Dickson James McColl Dickson Michael Connelly
Christchurch East Tim Armstrong Tim Armstrong D F Dennehy
Christchurch North Leonard Isitt Henry Holland Henry Thacker
Christchurch South Ted Howard Ted Howard Harry Ell
Clutha John Edie Fred Waite John Edie
Dunedin Central Charles Statham Charles Statham John Gilchrist
Dunedin North James Wright Munro Harold Livingstone Tapley James Wright Munro
Dunedin South Thomas Sidey Thomas Sidey John McManus
Dunedin West William Downie Stewart William Downie Stewart R Harrison
Eastern Maori Apirana Ngata Apirana Ngata Hone Mokena
Eden James Parr James Parr Rex Mason
Egmont Oswald Hawken Oswald Hawken W C G Green
Ellesmere Heaton Rhodes David Jones Jeremiah Connolly
Franklin Ewen McLennan Ewen McLennan D McClymont
Gisborne Douglas Lysnar Douglas Lysnar David William Coleman
Grey Lynn Fred Bartram Fred Bartram Ellen Melville
Hamilton Alexander Young Alexander Young Lee Martin
Hawke's Bay Gilbert McKay Hugh Campbell Gilbert McKay
Hurunui George Forbes George Forbes J G Armstrong
Hutt Thomas Wilford Thomas Wilford Walter Nash
Invercargill Josiah Hanan Joseph Ward James Hargest
Kaiapoi David Buddo David Buddo W Brock
Kaipara Gordon Coates Gordon Coates Bill Barnard
Manawatu Joseph Linklater Joseph Linklater Benjamin Roberts
Manukau William Jordan William Jordan Jack Massey
Marsden Alfred Murdoch William Jones Alfred Murdoch
Masterton George Sykes George Sykes J W Andrews
Mataura George Anderson George Anderson W Hinchey
Motueka Richard Hudson Richard Hudson Mark Fagan
Napier Lewis McIlvride John Mason Lewis McIlvride
Nelson Harry Atmore Harry Atmore A Gilbert
Northern Maori Taurekareka Henare Taurekareka Henare Hone Wi Kaitaia
Oamaru John MacPherson Ernest Lee John MacPherson
Ohinemuri Hugh Poland Albert Samuel Hugh Poland
Oroua David Guthrie John Gordon Eliott John Cobbe
Otaki William Hughes Field William Hughes Field Bob Semple
Pahiatua Alfred Ransom Alfred Ransom Archibald McNicol
Palmerston Jimmy Nash Jimmy Nash W Bromley
Parnell James Samuel Dickson James Samuel Dickson R F Way
Patea James Randall Corrigan Harold Dickie James Randall Corrigan
Raglan Richard Bollard Richard Bollard E Piggott
Rangitikei William Spiers Glenn William Spiers Glenn C J Duggan
Riccarton George Witty Herbert Kyle W Cole
Roskill Vivian Potter Vivian Potter Alfred Hall-Skelton
Rotorua Frank Hockly Frank Hockly Cecil Clinkard
Southern Maori Henare Uru Henare Uru Tuiti MacDonald
Stratford Robert Masters Edward Walter Robert Masters
Taranaki Sydney George Smith Charles Bellringer Sydney George Smith
Tauranga Charles MacMillan Charles MacMillan Robert Coulter
Temuka Thomas Burnett Thomas Burnett Charles John Talbot
Thames Thomas William Rhodes Thomas William Rhodes W E G Willy
Timaru Frank Rolleston Frank Rolleston Percy Vinnell
Waikato Frederick Lye Stewart Reid Frederick Lye
Waimarino Frank Langstone Robert William Smith Frank Langstone
Waipawa George Hunter George Hunter W A Chambers
Wairarapa Alexander Donald McLeod Alexander Donald McLeod F T Arkle
Wairau William Girling William Girling Richard McCallum
Waitaki John Bitchener John Bitchener G Barclay
Waitemata Alexander Harris Alexander Harris Arthur Osborne
Waitomo John Rolleston John Rolleston Walter Broadfoot
Wakatipu James Horn James Horn J Ritchie
Wallace John Charles Thomson Adam Hamilton J M MacKenzie
Wanganui Bill Veitch Bill Veitch J Coull
Wellington Central Peter Fraser Peter Fraser A D Sloane
Wellington East Alec Monteith Thomas Forsyth Alec Monteith
Wellington North John Luke John Luke Henry Ernest Combs
Wellington South Robert McKeen Robert McKeen A B Sievwright
Wellington Suburbs Robert Wright Robert Wright Charles Chapman
Western Maori Maui Pomare Maui Pomare Rangi Mawhete
Westland James O'Brien Tom Seddon James O'Brien

By-elections during 22nd Parliament[edit]

There were a number of changes during the term of the 22nd Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Eden 1926 15 April[6] James Parr Appointed High Commissioner, UK Rex Mason
Raglan 1927 30 September[6] Richard Bollard Death Lee Martin

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 138.
  2. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 173.
  3. ^ Bassett 1982, p. 36-37.
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 141.
  5. ^ The New Zealand Official Year-Book. Government Printer. 1926. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 125.

References[edit]

  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
  • Bassett, Michael (1982). Three Party Politics in New Zealand 1911-1931. Auckland: Historical Publications. ISBN 0-86870-006-1.