22nd United States Congress

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22nd Congress redirects here, for the Soviet congress, see 22nd Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
22nd United States Congress
21st ← → 23rd
USCapitol1827A.gif
United States Capitol (1827)

Duration: March 4, 1831 – March 4, 1833

Senate President: John C. Calhoun (1831–1832)
Vacant (1832–1833)
Senate Pres. pro tem: Samuel Smith
Littleton Tazewell
Hugh L. White
House Speaker: Andrew Stevenson
Members: 48 Senators
213 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Jacksonian
House Majority: Jacksonian

Sessions
1st: December 5, 1831 – July 16, 1832
2nd: December 3, 1832 – March 2, 1833

The Twenty-second United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1831 to March 4, 1833, during the third and fourth years of Andrew Jackson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fourth Census of the United States in 1820. Both chambers had a Jacksonian majority.

Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

Party summary[edit]

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this congress. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate[edit]

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Anti-
Jacksonian

(Anti-J)
Jacksonian
(J)
Nullifier
(N)
End of the previous congress 22 25 0 47 1
Begin 21 24 2 47 1
End 23 23 1
Final voting share 48.9% 48.9% 2.1%
Beginning of the next congress 25 20 1 46 2

House of Representatives[edit]

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Anti-
Jacksonian

(Anti-J)
Anti-
Masonic

(Anti-M)
Jacksonian
(J)
Nullifier
(N)
End of the previous congress 72 6 134 0 212 1
Begin 69 17 121 4 211 2
End 68 123 212 1
Final voting share 32.1% 8.0% 58.0% 1.9%
Beginning of the next congress 62 25 144 9 240 0

Leadership[edit]

President of the Senate
John C. Calhoun

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Members[edit]

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate[edit]

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1832; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1834; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1836.

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

  • replacements: 7
    • Jacksonians: no net change
    • Anti-Jacksonians: no net change
  • deaths: 0
  • resignations: 7
  • interim appointments: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 9


State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Indiana
(1)
Vacant James Noble died in previous Congress Robert Hanna (AJ) Installed August 19, 1831
Kentucky
(3)
Vacant Vacancy in term Henry Clay (AJ) Installed November 10, 1831
Louisiana
(2)
Edward Livingston (J) Resigned May 24, 1831 after being appointed U.S. Secretary of State George A. Waggaman (AJ) Installed November 15, 1831
Pennsylvania
(1)
Isaac D. Barnard (J) Resigned December 6, 1831 due to ill health George M. Dallas (J) Installed December 13, 1831
Indiana
(1)
Robert Hanna (AJ) Successor elected January 3, 1832 John Tipton (J) Installed January 3, 1832
Mississippi
(1)
Powhatan Ellis (J) Resigned July 16, 1832 after being appointed U.S. District Judge John Black (J) Installed November 12, 1832
Virginia
(2)
Littleton Waller Tazewell (J) Resigned July 16, 1832 William C. Rives (J) Installed December 10, 1832
South Carolina
(2)
Robert Y. Hayne (N) Resigned December 13, 1832 to become Governor of South Carolina John C. Calhoun (N) Installed December 29, 1832
New York
(3)
William L. Marcy (J) Resigned January 1, 1833 after becoming Governor of New York Silas Wright (J) Installed January 4, 1833
South Carolina
(3)
Stephen D. Miller (N) Resigned March 2, 1833 due to ill health Vacant Not filled this term

House of Representatives[edit]

  • replacements: 9
    • Jacksonians: 1-seat net gain
    • Anti-Jacksonians: 2-seat net loss
    • Anti-Masonics: 1-seat net gain
  • deaths: 8
  • resignations: 2
  • contested election: 0
  • Total seats with changes: 11


District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
North Carolina
2nd
Vacant Vacancy in term John Branch (J) Seated May 12, 1831
Georgia
At-large
Wilson Lumpkin (J) Resigned some time in 1831 before the convening of Congress Augustin S. Clayton (J) Seated January 21, 1832
Vermont
2nd
Rollin C. Mallary (AJ) Died April 15, 1831 William Slade (AM) Seated November 1, 1831
Missouri
AL
Spencer D. Pettis (AJ) Died August 28, 1831 William H. Ashley (AJ) Seated October 31, 1831
Pennsylvania
11th
William Ramsey (J) Died September 29, 1831 Robert McCoy (J) Seated November 22, 1831
North Carolina
6th
Robert Potter (J) Resigned November ????, 1831 Micajah T. Hawkins (J) Seated December 15, 1831
Vermont
1st
Jonathan Hunt (AJ) Died May 15, 1832 Hiland Hall (AJ) Seated January 1, 1833
Virginia
22nd
Charles C. Johnston (J) Died June 17, 1832 Joseph Draper (J) Seated December 6, 1832
Maryland
6th
George E. Mitchell (J) Died June 28, 1832 Charles S. Sewall (J) Seated October 1, 1832
Virginia
18th
Philip Doddridge (AJ) Died November 19, 1832 Joseph Johnson (J) Seated January 21, 1833
New York
1st
James Lent (J) Died February 22, 1833 Vacant Not filled this Congress

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

References[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]