233rd Brigade (United Kingdom)

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233rd Infantry Brigade
Active 25 May 1917–16 March 1920
27 July 1941-1945
Country  United Kingdom
Branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Type Infantry Brigade
Part of 75th Division (World War I)
Malta Command (World War II)
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Brig-Gen the Hon Edward Colston
Brigadier Ivan de la Bere

233rd Brigade was an infantry formation of the British Army in World War I and World War II

World War I[edit]

233rd Brigade was formed at Zeitun, near Cairo, on 25 May 1917, as part of 75th Division, which was being organised by the British Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) from Territorial Force battalions arriving as reinforcements from India. The War Office ordered that Indian Army battalions should also be included in order to speed up the formation of the Division, and 233 Bde was formed on this basis.[1][2]

Order of Battle[edit]

The following units served in 233 Bde during World War I:[1]

and joined from Mesopotamia 25 July 1918)

Commanders[edit]

The following officers commanded 233 Bde during this period:[1]

Service[edit]

233 Bde took over the Rafa defences in Sinai in June 1917, and only joined 75th Division on 18 August that year. It took part in the EEF's invasion of Palestine beginning with the Third Battle of Gaza on 27 October 1917, culminating in the Capture of Gaza (6–7 November) and Junction Station (13–14 November), and the Battle of Nebi Samwil (20–24 November). In the Spring of 1918 233 Bde was involved in the actions at Tell 'Asur (11–12 March) and Berukin (9–11 April). During General Allenby's final offensive (the Battles of Megiddo, 233 Bde took part in the Battle of Sharon (19 September).[1] At the end of the fighting on 19 September, 75 Division went into reserve until the Armistice with the Turks was signed on 31 October. Demobilisation began early in 1919, but the 75th Division was selected for the Army of Occupation of Palestine. The reduced division formed one composite brigade under the command of Brig-Gen Colston of 233 Bde. In March 1919 it returned to garrison duty in Egypt, and other units were attached for this work. Finally, 233 Bde was disbanded on 16 March 1920.[1]

World War II[edit]

On 27 July 1941, Malta Command created Central Infantry Brigade from among reinforcements that had reached the island from Egypt during the ongoing siege; brigade HQ was provided by HQ 'D' Infantry Brigade, which had come out from the United Kingdom. Central Infantry Brigade was commanded by Brigadier Ivan de la Bere, and was renamed 3rd (Malta) Infantry Brigade on 14 July 1942. It was renamed again as 233rd Infantry Brigade on 1 April 1943.[4]

Order of Battle[edit]

The following units served in 3rd (Malta)/233 Bde during World War II:[4]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Maj A.F. Becke,History of the Great War: Order of Battle of Divisions, Part 2b: the 2nd-Line Territorial Force Divisions (57th–69th), with the Home Service Divisions (71st–73rd) and 74th and 75th Divisions, London: HM Stationery Office, 1937/Uckfield: Naval & Military Press, 2007, ISBN 1-847347-39-8.
  • Lt-Col H.F. Joslen, Orders of Battle, United Kingdom and Colonial Formations and Units in the Second World War, 1939–1945, London: HM Stationery Office, 1960/Uckfield: Naval & Military, 2003, ISBN 1843424746.
  • Chris Kempton, British Empire & Commonwealth Museum Research Paper No 1: A Register of the Titles of the Unites of the H.E.I.C. & Indian Armies 1666–1947', Bristol: British Empire & Commonwealth Museum, 1997, ISBN 0 9530174 0 0.