238 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Centuries: 4th century BC3rd century BC2nd century BC
Decades: 260s BC  250s BC  240s BC  – 230s BC –  220s BC  210s BC  200s BC
Years: 241 BC 240 BC 239 BC238 BC237 BC 236 BC 235 BC
238 BC by topic
Politics
State leadersSovereign states
Birth and death categories
BirthsDeaths
Establishments and disestablishments categories
EstablishmentsDisestablishments
238 BC in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 238 BC
Ab urbe condita 516
Armenian calendar N/A
Assyrian calendar 4513
Bahá'í calendar −2081 – −2080
Bengali calendar −830
Berber calendar 713
English Regnal year N/A
Buddhist calendar 307
Burmese calendar −875
Byzantine calendar 5271–5272
Chinese calendar 壬戌(Water Dog)
2459 or 2399
    — to —
癸亥年 (Water Pig)
2460 or 2400
Coptic calendar −521 – −520
Discordian calendar 929
Ethiopian calendar −245 – −244
Hebrew calendar 3523–3524
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −181 – −180
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2864–2865
Holocene calendar 9763
Igbo calendar −1237 – −1236
Iranian calendar 859 BP – 858 BP
Islamic calendar 885 BH – 884 BH
Japanese calendar N/A
Juche calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 2096
Minguo calendar 2149 before ROC
民前2149年
Thai solar calendar 306

Year 238 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Gracchus and Falto (or, less frequently, year 516 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 238 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Events[edit]

By place[edit]

Carthage[edit]

  • Hamilcar Barca strikes at the supply lines of the mercenary army besieging Carthage, forcing them to cease the siege of the city. He then fights a series of running engagements with the mercenary armies, keeping them off balance. Hamilcar manages to force the mercenary armies into a box canyon in the Battle of "The Saw". The mercenaries are besieged in the canyon.
  • The mercenary army, under the leadership of Spendius, attempts to fight its way out of the siege but is totally defeated by the Carthaginian forces led by Hamilcar Barca. After the battle, Hamilcar executes some 40,000 rebel mercenaries.
  • Hamilcar's armies capture a number of rebel Libyan cities. The Libyan settlements that have rebelled surrender to Carthage, with the exception of Utica and Hippacritae.
  • Hamilcar and another Carthaginian general, Hannibal, besiege Mathos' mercenary army at Tunis and crucify the captured mercenary leaders in sight of the mercenary battlements.
  • Mathos exploits a weakness in Hannibal's defenses and launches an attack against his army, capturing Hannibal and several other high ranking Carthaginians. The mercenaries then crucify the captured Carthaginian leaders.
  • Carthaginian reinforcements led by Hanno the Great join the battle. They defeat Mathos' mercenary forces and Mathos is captured.
  • The Carthaginian armies besiege and capture Utica and Hippacritae. This ends the Carthaginian civil war.
  • The Romans declare war on the Carthaginians over which state controls Sardinia. However, Carthage defers to Rome rather than enter yet another war and gives up any claim to Sardinia.

Egypt[edit]

Persia[edit]


Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]