242nd Training Centre
|242nd Training Centre (1987-present)
44th Training Airborne Division (c.1961-1987)
4th Training Airborne Division (1960-c.1961)
|Active||September 1960 – present|
|Country||Soviet Union/Russian Federation|
|Branch||Soviet, later Russian Airborne Troops|
|Part of||Russian Airborne Troops|
|Engagements||(has inherited battle honours of 4th Guards Airborne Division, World War II)|
To prepare sergeants and junior specialists for airborne units in accordance with a directive of the Commander Soviet Ground Forces, the 4th Training Airborne Division was formed in July–October 1960 in Ostrov and Cheryokha, in Pskov Oblast. Division personally formed while Deputy Commander of Airborne Troops, Lieutenant-General VF Margelov. The formation's birthday is 17 September.
The vast majority of officers had experience in training units of the liquidated at the same time, the regimental schools, 131 officers - from the participants of the Great Patriotic War.
The division consisted of three training Airborne Regiments; 301st and 304th Training Airborne Regiments - Ostrov, 302 - Cheryokha/Череха, a training artillery regiment (1120th, Ostrov) and other units.
The division's regiments were the heirs of the regiments with the corresponding WWII numbers: 301st and 304th were part of the 100th Guards Airborne Division/Rifle Division, аnd the 302nd had been part of the 98th Guards Airborne Division/Rifle Division. However, for unclear reasons, the division was soon renamed the 44th. Also the regiment numbering changed: instead of, respectively, the 302nd and 304th, the 226th and 285th regiments appeared (no longer associated historically with the VDV).
While it was not clear whether the division was formed as a Guards formation, when it became the 44th, it was not just not a Guards formation, but the only non-Guards formation in the Soviet Airborne Forces. The regiments were not Guards units either.
In September 1961, available stocks, weapons, military equipment, and the bulk of the division were moved to the Lithuanian SSR. The Divisional Headquarters and the 301st Regiment were established at Gaižiūnai, the 304th Regiment at Rukla (8 km south-east of Jonava), and the 1120th Training Artillery Regiment in the city of Prienai (28 km south of Kaunas). Apparently, after the relocation, the division and its regiments were renumbered. The division thus became the 44th Airborne Ovruch Red Banner Order of Suvorov and Bogdan Khmelnitsky Division (44 воздушно-десантная Овручская Краснознаменная орденов Суворова и Богдана Хмельницкого дивизия). This apparently meant the division had inherited the honours of the wartime 4th Guards Airborne Division, which was given the title 'Ovruch' in November 1943. The 4th Guards Airborne Division, formed from the 1st Airborne Corps at Moscow in December 1942, fought at Kursk, Orel, Zhitomir, Korsun, Targul Frumos, Debrecen, and Budapest. Of the old airborne division in Cheryokha remained only the 226th Training Airborne Regiment which stayed there until 1969, when it was also transferred to Lithuania.
On 1 December 1987 in accordance with the order of the Ministry of Defence of the Soviet Union of 18 August 1987, the 44th Training Airborne Division was renamed the 242nd Airborne Training Centre. In accordance with the directive of the Defense Ministry on 13.11.92, the Airborne Training Centre was removed from the Republic of Lithuania to Omsk in Russian territory. Shortly after the relocation, the 301st Training Airborne Regiment was disbanded, and the 1120th Training Artillery Regiment was moved to Ishim in Tyumen Oblast. The training centre headquarters is currently located in the village of Svetloe ('Bright') in the Omsk Oblast. In the years since its relocation to Omsk the formerly division-sized formation has shrunk to the size of a brigade.
Michael Holm reports the Centre disbanded on 30 November 2009.
- Keith E. Bonn, Slaughterhouse: The Handbook of the Eastern Front, Aberjona Press, Bedford, PA, 2005, p.389
- Michael Holm, 242nd Training Centre of the Airborne Forces, accessed February 2013.