24 (TV series)
24 is an American television series produced for the Fox network created by Joel Surnow and Robert Cochran, and starring Kiefer Sutherland as Counter Terrorist Unit (CTU) agent Jack Bauer. Each 24-episode season covers 24 hours in the life of Bauer, using the real time method of narration. Premiering on November 6, 2001, the show spanned 192 episodes over eight seasons, with the series finale broadcast on May 24, 2010. In addition, a television film, 24: Redemption, was broadcast between seasons six and seven. Fox announced in May 2013 that 24 would return as a 12-episode series titled 24: Live Another Day which aired from May 5 to July 14, 2014.
Bauer is the only character to have appeared in every episode of the series. The series begins with his working for the Los Angeles–based Counter Terrorist Unit, in which he is a highly proficient agent with an "ends justify the means" approach, regardless of the perceived morality of some of his actions. Throughout the series most of the main plot elements unfold like a political thriller. A typical plot has Bauer racing against the clock as he attempts to thwart multiple terrorist plots, including presidential assassination attempts, weapons of mass destruction detonations, cyber attacks, as well as conspiracies which deal with government and corporate corruption.
24 garnered critical acclaim, winning numerous awards over its eight seasons, including Best Drama Series at the 2003 Golden Globe Awards and Outstanding Drama Series at the 2006 Primetime Emmy Awards. Nevertheless, the series has been criticized for its depictions of torture as effective and its negative depictions of Muslims. At the conclusion of its eighth season, 24 became the longest-running U.S. espionage-themed television drama ever, surpassing both Mission: Impossible and The Avengers.
- 1 Synopsis
- 2 Production
- 3 Cast and characters
- 4 Impact and reception
- 5 Distribution
- 6 Indian adaptation
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 Further reading
- 10 External links
24 is a serial drama which stars Kiefer Sutherland as Jack Bauer, focusing on the efforts of the fictional Counter Terrorist Unit, and their efforts to protect America from terrorism plots. Each episode typically follows Bauer, officials in the U.S. government, and the conspirators behind the events of the day, often simultaneously. The episodes take place over the course of one hour, depicting events as they happen, in real time. To emphasize the real-world flow of events, a clock is prominently displayed on-screen during the show, and there is a regular use of split screens, a technique used to depict multiple scenes occurring at the same time.
Season one begins at 12:00 am on the day of the California presidential primary. Jack Bauer's protocol is to protect Senator David Palmer from an assassination plot, and rescue his own family from those responsible for the plot, who seek retribution for Jack's and Palmer's involvement with a covert American mission in the Balkans.
Season two, set 18 months later, begins at 8:00 am. Jack must succeed in stopping a nuclear bomb from detonating in Los Angeles, then assist President David Palmer in proving who is responsible for the threat. This is necessary to avoid an unfounded war between the U.S. and three Middle Eastern countries.
Season three, set three years later, begins at 1:00 pm. Jack must re-infiltrate a Mexican drug cartel in order to seize a deadly virus being marketed underground. Meanwhile, Palmer attempts to be devoid of further political scandal which could cost him his presidency. Later, Jack and Palmer must cooperate with terrorist Stephen Saunders, who eventually gains possession of the virus, and stop him from releasing it in several American cities.
Season four, set 18 months later, begins at 7:00 am. Jack must save the lives of his new boss Secretary of Defense James Heller and Heller's daughter Audrey Raines (with whom Jack is romantically involved) when they are kidnapped by terrorists. However, Habib Marwan uses this as a disguise to launch further attacks against America, and Jack is forced to use unorthodox methods to stop him, which results in long-term consequences for both Jack and the United States.
Season five, set 18 months after, begins at 7:00 am. Jack is believed to be dead by everyone except a few of his closest friends. He is forced to resurface when some of those friends are murdered and he is framed by terrorists with connections to the American government. The acquisition of nerve gas in order to protect U.S. oil interests in Asia backfires, and Jack discovers an insidious conspiracy while trying to stop those responsible.
Season six, set 20 months later, begins at 6:00 am. Jack is released after being detained in a Chinese prison following the events of season five. Terrorists who hold a vendetta against Jack plot to set off suitcase nuclear devices in America and he must secure them. Later, Jack is forced to choose between those he loves and national security when the Chinese set their sights on sensitive circuitry that could trigger a war between the U.S. and Russia.
Redemption, set three-and-a-half years later, begins at 3:00 pm. Jack finds himself caught up in a military coup in the fictional African nation of Sangala. Militants are being provided assistance from officials within the United States, where Allison Taylor is being sworn into office as president. Due to the 2007–08 Writers' Strike, season seven was delayed one year. To bridge the one-and-a-half-year gap between seasons, Redemption was produced. This television film aired on November 23, 2008.
Season seven, set 65 days after the end of Redemption, begins at 8:00 am. Jack is assisted by the FBI and covert operatives when the firewall for America's federal computer infrastructure is breached by the same people responsible for a conflict in Sangala. Jack must uncover who is corrupted within President Taylor's administration, which has allowed for the Sangalans to raid the White House and capture Taylor. She is later blackmailed by a fictional private military company in an attempt to release biological weapons on U.S. soil. Jack must thwart these attacks so the conspirators will fail to cement their power at a government level.
Season eight, set 18 months later, begins at 4:00 pm. Jack is brought in by CTU to uncover a Russian plot to assassinate Islamic leader Omar Hassan during peace negotiations with U.S. President Taylor. Russia's contingency plan involves engineering a dirty bomb, which Islamic extremists threaten to detonate unless Hassan is handed over. Jack seeks retribution for personal losses suffered after Charles Logan convinces Taylor to cover up these crimes in order to protect the peace agreement. Jack becomes a fugitive from Russian and American governments and disappears.
The idea for the series first came from executive producer Joel Surnow, who initially had the idea of a TV show with 24 episodes in a season. Each episode would be an hour long, taking place over the course of a single day. He discussed the idea over the phone with producer Robert Cochran, whose initial response was "Forget it, that's the worst idea I've ever heard, it will never work and it's too hard". They met the next day at the International House of Pancakes in Woodland Hills, Los Angeles, to discuss the idea of this action-espionage series that used the format of real time to create dramatic tension with a race against the clock.
The pilot for 24 was pitched to Fox who immediately bought it, saying they felt that the idea for the series was one that would "move the form of television forward". The episode had a $4 million budget with filming in March 2001. The set of CTU was initially done in a Fox Sports office, with the set reproduced once the series was picked up for the season. The series was supposed to be filmed in Toronto, but due to the variability of Canadian weather, Los Angeles was chosen as a filming location.
The pilot of the series was well received by critics, and was signed on for an initial thirteen episodes. Production began in July 2001, and the premiere was planned for October 30, but because of the September 11 attacks, delayed until November 6. After the first three episodes, Fox greenlit the remaining filmed 11 episodes and following Kiefer Sutherland's Golden Globe win, Fox ordered the second half of the season.
Although not the first to do so, 24 embraced the concept of real time. This idea started when producer Joel Surnow thought of the idea of doing "24 episodes in a season, with each episode lasting an hour". They decided that the idea of real time had to make the show a "race against the clock". Each episode takes place over the course of one hour, with time continuing to elapse during the commercial breaks. The exact time is denoted by the digital clock display at the beginning and end of each segment. The protocol is that mundane events, such as travel, sometimes occur during commercial breaks and thus these events are largely unseen. The story time correlates with elapsed viewing time if episodes are broadcast with commercial breaks of set duration inserted at the points prescribed by the episode. In line with the depiction of events in real time, 24 does not use slow motion techniques. The series also does not use flashbacks, except once during the first season finale. Watched continuously without advertisements, each season would run approximately 17 hours. As a result of the timing nature of the series, a number of visual cues were projected onto the screen.
Another idea was the use of split screens, which was born out of the number of phone calls there were, and because of the element of real time, was used to trace parallel adventures of different characters, and aid in the connecting of characters. It was used by producers to point the audience to where to pay attention, as secondary stories often take place outside of the main plot. The idea of using boxes came later which made shooting more flexible, as the shot could be cropped and reshaped inside the box. It was from here that the idea of using split screens as an artistic element came into the series.
A major concept used in the series was the idea of a running clock. This initially came from Joel Surnow, who wanted the audience to always know what time it was in the show's fictional timeline. This was done by an on-screen digital clock which appears before and after commercial breaks, and a smaller clock also appears at other points in the narrative. The time shown is the in-universe time of the story. When the running clock is shown full screen, an alternating beeping noise for each second can usually be heard. On rare occasions, a silent clock is used. This usually follows the death of a major character or a disastrous event.
The first six seasons of the show were mostly based in Los Angeles and nearby California locations—both real and fictional. Other locations have also been featured, such as Washington, D.C., for parts of the fourth, sixth, and seventh seasons. The eighth season took place in New York City, and the TV film Redemption, filmed in South Africa, was set mainly in the fictional African nation of Sangala.
The main setting of the show is the fictional Counter Terrorist Unit. Its office consists of two main departments: Field Operations, which involves confronting and apprehending suspects, and Communications, which gathers intelligence and assists those that work in Field Operations. CTU offices are established in various cities with these units reporting to "Divisions", and Divisions reporting to the "District". While CTU itself is a fictional agency, several entities with similar names or duties, like the National Counterterrorism Center, have emerged since the show's debut on television.
The set of CTU was initially filmed in a Fox Sports office, with the set recreated in an old pencil factory in Chatsworth. The same set was used for the first three seasons, but was redesigned before the start of the fourth season, and again before the start of the eighth season. Other sets were also constructed here, such as Charles Logan's presidential retreat shown in seasons five and six, and the White House bunker shown in season six.
|“||This has been the role of a lifetime, and I will never be able to fully express my appreciation to everyone who made it possible. While the end of the series is bittersweet, we always wanted 24 to finish on a high note, so the decision to make the eighth season our last was one we all agreed upon. This feels like the culmination of all our efforts from the writers to the actors to our fantastic crew and everyone at Fox. Looking ahead to the future, Howard Gordon and I are excited about the opportunity to create the feature film version of 24. But when all is said and done, it is the loyal worldwide fan base that made it possible for me to have the experience of playing the role of Jack Bauer, and for that I am eternally grateful.||”|
Executive producer and showrunner Howard Gordon was also a part of the decision. He was quoted saying:
|“||Kiefer and I have loved every minute of making 24, but we all believe that now is the right time to call it a day. I echo his sentiments of gratitude toward the show's amazing creative team, as well as the studio and network who have always believed in us and shown us unbelievable support.||”|
Peter Rice, Chairman of Entertainment at Fox Networks Group said, "24 is so much more than just a TV show – it has redefined the drama genre and created one of the most admired action icons in television history." Kevin Reilly, President of Entertainment at Fox Broadcasting Company added, "We are extremely proud of this groundbreaking series and will be forever thankful to Kiefer, the producers, the cast and crew for everything they've put into 24 over the years. It's truly been an amazing and unforgettable eight days.
Relation to other productions
Immediately prior to 24, series co-creators Joel Surnow and Robert Cochran executive-produced La Femme Nikita for its entire five-year run on USA Network. Both series deal with anti-terrorist operations, and the lead characters of both series are placed in situations where they must make a tragic choice in order to serve the greater good. There are numerous on- and off-screen creative connections between 24 and La Femme Nikita. Several actors from La Femme Nikita have portrayed similar roles on 24, a number of story concepts from La Femme Nikita have been revisited on 24, and many of the creative personnel from La Femme Nikita worked on 24 in their same role.
Similar to the 1997 film, Air Force One, 24 featured the president's personal jumbo-jet (Air Force One). Air Force One was featured in 24 seasons 2 and 4. Air Force Two (carrying the Vice President but not the President) was featured in season 6. Several actors featured in 24, such as Xander Berkeley, Glenn Morshower, Wendy Crewson, Timothy Carhart, Jürgen Prochnow, Tom Everett and Spencer Garrett also appeared in the film Air Force One. The 25th amendment, which deals with succession to the Presidency and establishes procedures for filling a vacancy in the office of the Vice President and responding to Presidential disabilities, was also a shared theme between the film and the television series. 24 used the same Air Force One set from another television series, The West Wing.
Feature film development
A feature film adaptation of 24 was originally planned for the hiatus between the sixth and seventh seasons. Series co-creators Joel Surnow and Robert Cochran were set to write the script with showrunner Howard Gordon working on story. Filming was going to take place in London, Prague, and Morocco. Plans for the film were later put on hold. Kiefer Sutherland explained, "It's impossible to ask writers to work on the show and then come up with an amazing film we can shoot in the break between seasons."
It was later decided that the film would begin after the conclusion of the eighth and final season. It was to be set and shot on-location in Europe. Joel Surnow, Robert Cochran, Howard Gordon, and Kiefer Sutherland were going to be executive producers on the film, and Billy Ray was going to write the screenplay. Shooting was planned to start in late 2010 or early 2011.
In April 2010, Kiefer Sutherland said in an interview at a BAFTA event in London that the script was finished and he would be reading it upon his return to the United States. He also said that the film will be a two-hour representation of a twenty-four-hour time frame. Sutherland described the film production as "exciting" because, "It's going to be a two-hour representation of a 24 hour day, so we were not going to be restrained by the real time aspect of the TV show."
In June 2010, it was reported that plans were made to create a film titled Die Hard 24/7, which would serve as a crossover between 24 and the Die Hard franchise, with Kiefer Sutherland to reprise his role as Jack Bauer alongside Bruce Willis' John McClane. However these plans never came to fruition, with the studio instead opting to create the film A Good Day to Die Hard.
In November 2010, executive producer Howard Gordon revealed that a "work in progress" screenplay was being read by Fox, but that the film did not yet have a green light or fixed schedule. In December 2010, Howard Gordon revealed that Fox turned down the script by Billy Ray, saying, "It wasn't strong enough or compelling enough". By that time, Gordon was no longer involved with the project, but stated that director Tony Scott would pitch an idea to Sutherland, an involvement ending with Scott's death in August 2012.
Executive producer Brian Grazer tweeted in April 2011 that the film was planned for a 2012 release. At the 2011 Television Critics Association press tour, former showrunner Howard Gordon stated that "conversations are definitely happening" about the film, and that they are just looking for the right script before moving forward. In September 2011, Sutherland indicated the script was almost complete. After some small script alterations by screenwriter Mark Bomback, filming was announced to begin in spring 2012, after Sutherland became available in April.
In March 2012, 20th Century Fox stopped production before filming could begin. Budgetary issues remained unresolved and Sutherland's narrow time frame for filming were cited as reasons for halting production. However, in July 2012, Sutherland assured the film was still in plans and that they would begin filming in summer 2013. The film was eventually suspended in May 2013 after the announcement that the show would return as a limited series.
Sutherland said in January 2014 that "the film is an ongoing situation." After Live Another Day received highly positive reception, a new idea for the feature film surfaced, spearheaded by producer Brian Grazer. Further development is contingent upon the renewal of the existing television series.
Live Another Day
In May 2013, Deadline.com first reported that Fox was considering a limited-run "event series" for 24 based on a concept by Howard Gordon, after failed efforts to produce the 24 feature film and the cancellation of Kiefer Sutherland's series Touch. The following week, Fox officially announced 24: Live Another Day, a limited-run series of twelve episodes that would feature the return of Jack Bauer. Fox CEO Kevin Reilly said that the series would essentially represent the twelve "most important" hours of a typical 24 season, with jumps forward between hours as needed. As with the rest of Fox's push into event programming, the production was said to have "a big scope and top talent and top marketing budgets."
In June 2013, it was announced that Jon Cassar was signed to executive produce and direct multiple episodes of Live Another Day, including the first two. Executive producers and writers Robert Cochran, Manny Coto and Evan Katz were also announced to return with Sean Callery returning as the music composer for the series.
Mary Lynn Rajskub was announced as the second official cast member in August 2013, reprising her role as Chloe O'Brian. In October 2013, it was confirmed that Kim Raver and William Devane would reprise their roles as Audrey Raines and James Heller, respectively. New actors joining the cast included Michael Wincott as Adrian, an infamous hacker; Gbenga Akinnagbe and Giles Matthey as CIA agents Erik Ritter and Jordan Reed, respectively; Benjamin Bratt as Steve Navarro, the head of CIA operations tracking Jack Bauer in London; Yvonne Strahovski as Kate Morgan, a “brilliant but impulsive CIA field operative in London”; and Stephen Fry as Alistair Davies, the British Prime Minister. In October 2013, it was confirmed the series would be set and filmed in London, England.
24: Live Another Day premiered on May 5, 2014, on Fox. The series is set four years after the events of season 8, and it completely adheres to the original real time concept: The main plot is set between 11:00 and 22:50, with each episode corresponding to an hour, however the concluding episode's final part features a 12 hour time jump enabling the show to join up the full 24 hour period back to 11:00 am.
A significant amount of additional media relating to the series has been created, including Internet-distributed spin-off series such as The Rookie and 24: Conspiracy, as well as a video game. Other media includes action figures of some of the main characters, soundtracks from both the series and the video game, and a number of novels covering different events not covered in the series. Additionally, a number of in-universe books were created, as well as behind the scenes books containing information on how the series was created.
Cast and characters
24 makes major changes to its main cast every season, with the only regular cast member of all seasons being Kiefer Sutherland. He is the only actor to appear in all of the show's 204 episodes and the television film, 24: Redemption. Glenn Morshower, who plays Aaron Pierce, made appearances in the first seven seasons.
|Actor||Character||Episode count||Main cast seasons||Recurring cast seasons|
|Sutherland, KieferKiefer Sutherland||Bauer, JackJack Bauer||204||1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, R, 7, 8, 9||N/A|
|Hope, LeslieLeslie Hope||Bauer, TeriTeri Bauer||24||1||N/A|
|Clarke, SarahSarah Clarke||Myers, NinaNina Myers||36||1||2, 3|
|Cuthbert, ElishaElisha Cuthbert||Bauer, KimKim Bauer||79||1, 2, 3||5, 7, 8|
|Haysbert, DennisDennis Haysbert||Palmer, DavidDavid Palmer||80||1, 2, 3||4, 5|
|Wynter, SarahSarah Wynter||Warner, KateKate Warner||25||2||3|
|Berkeley, XanderXander Berkeley||Mason, GeorgeGeorge Mason||27||2||1|
|Jerald, Penny JohnsonPenny Johnson Jerald||Palmer, SherrySherry Palmer||45||2||1, 3|
|Bernard, CarlosCarlos Bernard||Almeida, TonyTony Almeida||115||2, 3, 5, 7||1, 4|
|Aylesworth, ReikoReiko Aylesworth||Dessler, MichelleMichelle Dessler||62||3||2, 4, 5|
|Dale, James BadgeJames Badge Dale||Edmunds, ChaseChase Edmunds||24||3||N/A|
|Raver, KimKim Raver||Raines, AudreyAudrey Raines||64||4, 5, 9||6|
|Watson, AlbertaAlberta Watson||Driscoll, ErinErin Driscoll||12||4||N/A|
|Parrilla, LanaLana Parrilla[*]||Gavin, SarahSarah Gavin||12||4||4|
|Cross, RogerRoger Cross[*]||Manning, CurtisCurtis Manning||44||4, 5||4, 6|
|Devane, WilliamWilliam Devane||Heller, JamesJames Heller||32||4, 9||5, 6|
|Rajskub, Mary LynnMary Lynn Rajskub||O'Brian, ChloeChloe O'Brian||137||5, 6, 7, 8, 9||3, 4|
|Itzin, GregoryGregory Itzin||Logan, CharlesCharles Logan||44||5||4, 6, 8|
|Morrison, JamesJames Morrison||Buchanan, BillBill Buchanan||64||5, 6, 7||4|
|Lombardi, LouisLouis Lombardi||Stiles, EdgarEdgar Stiles||37||5||4|
|Smart, JeanJean Smart||Logan, MarthaMartha Logan||24||5||6|
|Woodside, D. B.D. B. Woodside||Palmer, WayneWayne Palmer||48||6||3, 5|
|MacNicol, PeterPeter MacNicol||Lennox, TomTom Lennox||24||6||R|
|Atkinson, JayneJayne Atkinson||Hayes, KarenKaren Hayes||30||6||5|
|Rota, CarloCarlo Rota||O'Brian, MorrisMorris O'Brian||29||6||5, 7, 8|
|Balfour, EricEric Balfour||Pressman, MiloMilo Pressman||28||6||1|
|Nichols, MarisolMarisol Nichols||Yassir, NadiaNadia Yassir||24||6||N/A|
|King, ReginaRegina King||Palmer, SandraSandra Palmer||9||6||N/A|
|Jones, CherryCherry Jones||Taylor, AllisonAllison Taylor||43||R, 7, 8||N/A|
|Wersching, AnnieAnnie Wersching||Walker, ReneeRenee Walker||37||7, 8||N/A|
|Feore, ColmColm Feore||Taylor, HenryHenry Taylor||12||R, 7||N/A|
|Gunton, BobBob Gunton||Kanin, EthanEthan Kanin||31||R, 7||6, 8|
|Nordling, JeffreyJeffrey Nordling||Moss, LarryLarry Moss||19||7||N/A|
|Coiro, RhysRhys Coiro||Hillinger, SeanSean Hillinger||10||7||N/A|
|Garofalo, JaneaneJaneane Garofalo||Gold, JanisJanis Gold||21||7||N/A|
|Kapoor, AnilAnil Kapoor||Hassan, OmarOmar Hassan||15||8||N/A|
|Williamson, MykeltiMykelti Williamson||Hastings, BrianBrian Hastings||17||8||N/A|
|Sackhoff, KateeKatee Sackhoff||Walsh, DanaDana Walsh||20||8||N/A|
|Diamantopoulos, ChrisChris Diamantopoulos||Weiss, RobRob Weiss||12||8||N/A|
|Boyd, JohnJohn Boyd||Glass, ArloArlo Glass||24||8||N/A|
|Prinze, Jr., FreddieFreddie Prinze, Jr.||Ortiz, ColeCole Ortiz||24||8||N/A|
|Strahovski, YvonneYvonne Strahovski||Morgan, KateKate Morgan||12||9||N/A|
|Donovan, TateTate Donovan||Boudreau, MarkMark Boudreau||12||9||N/A|
|Akinnagbe, GbengaGbenga Akinnagbe||Ritter, ErikErik Ritter||11||9||N/A|
|Matthey, GilesGiles Matthey||Reed, JordanJordan Reed||9||9||N/A|
|Wincott, MichaelMichael Wincott||Cross, AdrianAdrian Cross||10||9||N/A|
|Bratt, BenjaminBenjamin Bratt||Navarro, SteveSteve Navarro||10||9||N/A|
- 1.^ Was moved from guest star to main cast member mid-season.
Notable recurring characters
24 features a number of recurring characters every season. Below, in order of appearance, are the recurring characters who have appeared in at least 5 episodes.
|Wright, TanyaTanya Wright||Brooks, PattyPatty Brooks||1||9|
|Arroyave, KarinaKarina Arroyave||Farrell, JameyJamey Farrell||1||10|
|Maxwell, JacquiJacqui Maxwell||York, JanetJanet York||1||6|
|Carey, MatthewMatthew Carey||Mounts, DanDan Mounts||1||6|
|Bess, DanielDaniel Bess||Allen, RickRick Allen||1||18|
|Kirshner, MiaMia Kirshner||Mandy||1, 2, 4||7|
|Burgi, RichardRichard Burgi||Carroll, KevinKevin Carroll||1||11|
|Massee, MichaelMichael Massee||Gaines, IraIra Gaines||1||12|
|Shannon, VicellousVicellous Shannon||Palmer, KeithKeith Palmer||1, 2||13|
|Echikunwoke, MegalynMegalyn Echikunwoke||Palmer, NicoleNicole Palmer||1||6|
|Morshower, GlennGlenn Morshower||Pierce, AaronAaron Pierce||1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7||49|
|Grenier, ZachZach Grenier||Webb, CarlCarl Webb||1||9|
|Ciccolella, JudeJude Ciccolella||Novick, MikeMike Novick||1, 2, 4, 5||58|
|Mitchell, Silas WeirSilas Weir Mitchell||Stram, EliEli Stram||1||6|
|Ivanek, ŽeljkoŽeljko Ivanek||Drazen, AndreAndre Drazen||1||14|
|Tunie, TamaraTamara Tunie||Green, AlbertaAlberta Green||1||6|
|Collins, MishaMisha Collins||Drazen, AlexisAlexis Drazen||1||7|
|Schulze, PaulPaul Schulze||Chappelle, RyanRyan Chappelle||1, 2, 3||23|
|Rawat, NaviNavi Rawat||Melanie||1||6|
|Hopper, DennisDennis Hopper||Drazen, VictorVictor Drazen||1||5|
|Bartusiak, Skye McColeSkye McCole Bartusiak||Matheson, MeganMegan Matheson||2||8|
|Burke, BillyBilly Burke||Matheson, GaryGary Matheson||2||7|
|Tomita, TamlynTamlyn Tomita||Dodge, JennyJenny Dodge||2||5|
|Gilbert, SaraSara Gilbert||Schaeffer, PaulaPaula Schaeffer||2||5|
|Forbes, MichelleMichelle Forbes||Kresge, LynneLynne Kresge||2||18|
|Rhys, PhillipPhillip Rhys||Naiyeer, RezaReza Naiyeer||2||10|
|Harris, LauraLaura Harris||Warner, MarieMarie Warner||2||14|
|Terry, JohnJohn Terry||Warner, BobBob Warner||2||12|
|Casabani, MarcMarc Casabani||Omar||2||6|
|Eddins, JohnJohn Eddins||Richards||2||5|
|Casey, InnisInnis Casey||Miguel||2||7|
|Yulin, HarrisHarris Yulin||Stanton, RogerRoger Stanton||2||9|
|Quinn, FrancescoFrancesco Quinn||Ali, SyedSyed Ali||2||5|
|Kim, Daniel DaeDaniel Dae Kim||Baker, TomTom Baker||2, 3||11|
|Mell, RandleRandle Mell||Hammond, BradBrad Hammond||2, 3||5|
|Benedicto, LourdesLourdes Benedicto||Turner, CarrieCarrie Turner||2||10|
|Keshawarz, DonnieDonnie Keshawarz||Auda, YusufYusuf Auda||2||6|
|Dale, AlanAlan Dale||Prescott, JamesJames Prescott||2, 3||8|
|de Almeida, JoaquimJoaquim de Almeida||Salazar, RamonRamon Salazar||3||12|
|Chang, ChristinaChristina Chang||Macer, SunnySunny Macer||3, 7||11|
|Quinto, ZacharyZachary Quinto||Kaufman, AdamAdam Kaufman||3||23|
|Laresca, VincentVincent Laresca||Salazar, HectorHector Salazar||3||12|
|Ferlito, VanessaVanessa Ferlito||Hernandez, ClaudiaClaudia Hernandez||3||11|
|Borrego, JesseJesse Borrego||Ortega, GaelGael Ortega||3||14|
|Smith, RileyRiley Smith||Singer, KyleKyle Singer||3||6|
|Crewson, WendyWendy Crewson||Packard, AnneAnne Packard||3||8|
|Bruckner, AgnesAgnes Bruckner||Linda||3||5|
|Pierson, GeoffGeoff Pierson||Keeler, JohnJohn Keeler||3, 4||19|
|Thompson, AndreaAndrea Thompson||Duncan, NicoleNicole Duncan||3||5|
|McShane, JamieJamie McShane||Whitehorn, GerryGerry Whitehorn||3||6|
|Ellis, GregGreg Ellis||Amador, MichaelMichael Amador||3||9|
|Torres, GinaGina Torres||Milliken, JuliaJulia Milliken||3||7|
|Bluteau, LothaireLothaire Bluteau||Alvers, MarcusMarcus Alvers||3||5|
|Klein, ButchButch Klein||Richards, EricEric Richards||3, 4||5|
|Blackthorne, PaulPaul Blackthorne||Saunders, StephenStephen Saunders||3||10|
|Lydon, AlexandraAlexandra Lydon||Saunders, JaneJane Saunders||3||5|
|Serrano, NestorNestor Serrano||Araz, NaviNavi Araz||4||10|
|Aghdashloo, ShohrehShohreh Aghdashloo||Araz, DinaDina Araz||4||12|
|Ahdout, JonathanJonathan Ahdout||Araz, BehroozBehrooz Araz||4||12|
|Marshall-Green, LoganLogan Marshall-Green||Heller, RichardRichard Heller||4||6|
|Kumar, AnilAnil Kumar||Hasan, KalilKalil Hasan||4||5|
|Frain, JamesJames Frain||Raines, PaulPaul Raines||4||10|
|Plana, TonyTony Plana||Omar||4||5|
|Meester, LeightonLeighton Meester||Pendleton, DebbieDebbie Pendleton||4||5|
|Tyler, AishaAisha Tyler||Taylor, MarianneMarianne Taylor||4||8|
|Goethals, AngelaAngela Goethals||Driscoll, MayaMaya Driscoll||4||5|
|Dean, RobertsonRobertson Dean||Powell, HenryHenry Powell||4||6|
|Vosloo, ArnoldArnold Vosloo||Marwan, HabibHabib Marwan||4||17|
|Kelly, Thomas VincentThomas Vincent Kelly||Besson, MarcMarc Besson||4, 5||8|
|Nelson, John AllenJohn Allen Nelson||Cummings, WaltWalt Cummings||4, 5||12|
|Ma, TziTzi Ma||Cheng Zhi||4, 5, 6, 9||15|
|Lotan, JonahJonah Lotan||Wolff, SpenserSpenser Wolff||5||6|
|Britton, ConnieConnie Britton||Huxley, DianeDiane Huxley||5||6|
|Corbet, BradyBrady Corbet||Huxley, DerekDerek Huxley||5||6|
|Holt, SandrineSandrine Holt||Martin, EvelynEvelyn Martin||5||10|
|Davies, Geraint WynGeraint Wyn Davies||Nathanson, JamesJames Nathanson||5||6|
|Jameson, NickNick Jameson||Suvarov, YuriYuri Suvarov||5, 6, 8||15|
|Gati, KathleenKathleen Gati||Suvarov, AnyaAnya Suvarov||5, 6||6|
|Sheppard, MarkMark Sheppard||Erwich, IvanIvan Erwich||5||6|
|Maffia, RobertRobert Maffia||Andrei||5||6|
|Astin, SeanSean Astin||McGill, LynnLynn McGill||5||10|
|Sands, JulianJulian Sands||Bierko, VladimirVladimir Bierko||5||11|
|Weller, PeterPeter Weller||Henderson, ChristopherChristopher Henderson||5||11|
|Wise, RayRay Wise||Gardner, HalHal Gardner||5||6|
|Mara, KateKate Mara||Rothenberg, ShariShari Rothenberg||5||5|
|McCrane, PaulPaul McCrane||Bauer, GraemGraem Bauer||5, 6||8|
|Spinella, StephenStephen Spinella||Papazian, MilesMiles Papazian||5||10|
|Maropis, AdoniAdoni Maropis||Fayed, AbuAbu Fayed||6||15|
|Siddig, AlexanderAlexander Siddig||Al-Assad, HamriHamri Al-Assad||6||7|
|Lennix, HarryHarry Lennix||Al-Rezani, WalidWalid Al-Rezani||6||6|
|Cutrona, RyanRyan Cutrona||Smith, JohnJohn Smith||6, 7, 8||12|
|Sofer, RenaRena Sofer||Bauer, MarilynMarilyn Bauer||6||12|
|Ellingson, EvanEvan Ellingson||Bauer, JoshJosh Bauer||6||10|
|Lowe, ChadChad Lowe||Pollock, ReedReed Pollock||6||8|
|Cromwell, JamesJames Cromwell||Bauer, PhillipPhillip Bauer||6||8|
|Boothe, PowersPowers Boothe||Daniels, NoahNoah Daniels||6, R||14|
|Cassar, LexLex Cassar||Ryan||6||11|
|Serbedzija, RadeRade Serbedzija||Gredenko, DmitriDmitri Gredenko||6||8|
|Kenin, DylanDylan Kenin||Victor||6||5|
|Matchett, KariKari Matchett||Miller, LisaLisa Miller||6||10|
|Schroder, RickyRicky Schroder||Doyle, MikeMike Doyle||6||12|
|Kae-Kazim, HakeemHakeem Kae-Kazim||Dubaku, IkeIke Dubaku||R, 7||9|
|Voight, JonJon Voight||Hodges, JonasJonas Hodges||R, 7||10|
|Aiken, MarkMark Aiken||Nichols||R, 7||5|
|de Bankolé, IsaachIsaach de Bankolé||Matobo, UleUle Matobo||R, 7||6|
|Pope, CarlyCarly Pope||Roth, SamanthaSamantha Roth||R, 7||6|
|Smith, KurtwoodKurtwood Smith||Mayer, BlaineBlaine Mayer||7||7|
|Kole, WarrenWarren Kole||Gedge, BrianBrian Gedge||7||7|
|Hughes, Frank JohnFrank John Hughes||Woods, TimTim Woods||7, 8||24|
|Fera, LesleyLesley Fera||Nelson, AngelaAngela Nelson||7, 8||6|
|Wingfield, PeterPeter Wingfield||Emerson, DavidDavid Emerson||7||5|
|Carradine, EverEver Carradine||Erika||7||5|
|Grayden, SpragueSprague Grayden||Taylor, OliviaOlivia Taylor||7||14|
|Cochrane, RoryRory Cochrane||Seaton, GregGreg Seaton||7||7|
|Price-Francis, AmyAmy Price-Francis||Bowden, CaraCara Bowden||7||6|
|Patton, WillWill Patton||Wilson, AlanAlan Wilson||7||5|
|Kurtha, AkbarAkbar Kurtha||Hassan, FarhadFarhad Hassan||8||8|
|Westfeldt, JenniferJennifer Westfeldt||Meredith Reed||8||6|
|Zadegan, NecarNecar Zadegan||Hassan, DaliaDalia Hassan||8||20|
|Contractor, NazneenNazneen Contractor||Hassan, KaylaKayla Hassan||8||21|
|Crawford, ClayneClayne Crawford||Wade, KevinKevin Wade||8||9|
|Ramini, TJTJ Ramini||Faroush, TarinTarin Faroush||8||11|
|Prochnow, JürgenJürgen Prochnow||Bazhaev, SergeiSergei Bazhaev||8||7|
|Anders, DavidDavid Anders||Bazhaev, JosefJosef Bazhaev||8||6|
|Filipowich, MichaelMichael Filipowich||Coughlin, NickNick Coughlin||8||6|
|Negahban, NavidNavid Negahban||Jamot||8||8|
|Titizian, HrachHrach Titizian||Nabeel||8||6|
|Hamada, MidoMido Hamada||Mehran, SamirSamir Mehran||8||10|
|Morris, JulianJulian Morris||Owen||8||6|
|Hollis, SarahSarah Hollis||Susan||8||10|
|McTavish, GrahamGraham McTavish||Novakovich, MikhailMikhail Novakovich||8||7|
|Diamond, ReedReed Diamond||Pillar, JasonJason Pillar||8||8|
|Claire, JulieJulie Claire||Eden Linley||8||5|
|Chong, ChristinaChristina Chong||Mariana||9||5|
|Salmon, ColinColin Salmon||Coburn, GeneralGeneral Coburn||9||7|
|McCall, RossRoss McCall||Clark, RonRon Clark||9||9|
|Tomović, BrankoBranko Tomović||Belcheck||9||9|
|Allenby-Kirk, JamesJames Allenby-Kirk||Stosh||9||7|
|Dhillon, MandeepMandeep Dhillon||Chell||9||7|
|Furness, CharlesCharles Furness||Pete||9||6|
|Berrington, EmilyEmily Berrington||Al-Harazi, SimoneSimone Al-Harazi||9||7|
|Fairley, MichelleMichelle Fairley||Al-Harazi, MargotMargot Al-Harazi||9||8|
|Fry, StephenStephen Fry||Davies, AlastairAlastair Davies||9||8|
|Garrigan, LiamLiam Garrigan||Al-Harazi, IanIan Al-Harazi||9||7|
|Raison, MirandaMiranda Raison||Fowlds, CarolineCaroline Fowlds||9||6|
|Townsend, StanleyStanley Townsend||Stolnavich, AnatolAnatol Stolnavich||9||5|
|Sinclair, AdamAdam Sinclair||Leonard, GavinGavin Leonard||9||6|
Impact and reception
Throughout its run, 24 was frequently cited by critics as one of the best shows on television. Its fifth season was its most critically acclaimed season, scoring universally positive reviews from critics, with the last three seasons each receiving generally favorable reviews. 24 has been called groundbreaking and innovative with Time stating that the show took "the trend of serial story 'arcs', which began with '80s dramas like Hill Street Blues and Wiseguy and which continues on The West Wing and The Sopranos" to the "next level" and another critic saying that it "feels like no TV show you've ever seen". The production and quality of the series has been frequently called "filmlike" and better than most films. The series has been compared to old-fashioned film serials, like The Perils of Pauline.
The quality of the acting was particularly celebrated by critics. Robert Bianco of USA Today described Kiefer Sutherland as indispensable to the series, and that he had a "great, under-sung performance". Dennis Haysbert's "commanding" performance as David Palmer was hailed by critics, with some believing the character helped the campaign of Barack Obama. David Leonhart of The New York Times praised Gregory Itzin's portrayal of President Charles Logan, comparing his character to former U.S. President Richard Nixon. The New York Times characterized Logan's administration as "a projection of our very worst fears" of the government. Jean Smart's portrayal of Martha Logan in the fifth season was equally acclaimed. The character's opening scene (in which she, unsatisfied with her hairdo, dunks her head into a sink) was called "the most memorable character debut in 24 history".
Critics were often disappointed by the series' reliance on poor subplots, specifically Teri's amnesia in season one, Kim Bauer's storyline in season two, and Dana Walsh's storyline in season eight. Later seasons were criticized for increasingly outlandish or repetitive plotlines and the deaths of key cast members. The finale of season one is seen by many critics as one of the best episodes of the series and is frequently cited as one of the best television season finales of all-time. Teri Bauer's death at the end of the finale was voted by TV Guide as the second most shocking death in television history.
Towards the middle of 24's run, the series attracted significant criticism for its depictions of torture, as well as its negative portrayal of Muslims. The frequent use of ticking time bomb scenarios in storylines, as well as the main character, Jack Bauer portraying torture as normal, effective, acceptable and glamorous, was criticized by human rights activists, military officials, and experts in questioning and interrogation, with concerns raised that junior U.S. soldiers were imitating techniques shown on the series. In response to these concerns, members of the U.S. military met with the creators of the show. Partly as a result of these discussions, and the military's appeal to the creators of the show to tone down the scenes of torture since it was having an impact on U.S. troops, there was a reduction in torture in subsequent seasons of the series.
The issue of torture on the series was discussed by President Bill Clinton who stated that he does not feel there is a place in U.S. policy for torture, but "If you're the Jack Bauer person, you'll do whatever you do and you should be prepared to take the consequences." Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia, during a discussion about terrorism, torture and the law, took offense at a Canadian judge's remark that Canada, "thankfully", did not consider what Jack Bauer would do when setting policy. He reportedly responded with a defense of Bauer, arguing that law enforcement officials deserve latitude in times of great crisis, and that no jury would convict Bauer in those types of situations.
The use of torture and the negative portrayal of Muslims affected the decisions of some actors who intended to join the series. Janeane Garofalo, who portrayed Janis Gold on the series, initially turned down the role because of the way the series depicted torture, but later took up the role, saying that "being unemployed and being flattered that someone wanted to work with me outweighed my stance." Shohreh Aghdashloo, who portrayed Dina Araz, initially had reservations about taking on the role, as she initially felt that taking on the role of a Muslim terrorist would alienate people who support her as an activist, as she had spent many years in Iran advocating for women's rights and fought against the stereotyping of Muslim-Americans. However, she took on the role as she felt that people would understand that the show was fiction.
|“||24 was absolutely stunning. Everyone from Rush Limbaugh to Bill Clinton would talk about it, and we knew they were among our fans. I guess when people used it as propaganda for their own ideas—you know, when Justice Scalia mentioned Jack Bauer—that would make me feel uncomfortable.||”|
On the topic of torture and Islamophobia within the series, Gordon said:
|“||I think the one thing that we all felt very confident about—although we had a vigorous behind-the-scenes debate—was at what point are we loyal and beholden to good storytelling, and at what level do you hold yourself accountable for things like stoking Islamophobia or promoting torture as a policy? There were just certain things that we needed to portray in order to make it feel thrilling—and real, even.||”|
When asked of any regrets, Gordon responded:
|“||I actually do have regrets about one particular moment, which had more to do with the promotion of the show. In season two, the story involved a Muslim American family, and the father and the mother—and the son—were party to a terror plot. It was sort of a purple conceit in a way. But it was maybe a year and a half after 9/11, and on the 405 freeway there's this giant electronic billboard, and I think the line was: "They could be next door." The writers and the producers were not party to that campaign, but we quickly put an end to it, and realized how dangerous and potentially incendiary this show could be. And I think our awareness of that changed the way we approached the series. So I guess you could call it a regret, but it was really an epiphany.||”|
After the series finale, the Los Angeles Times characterized the series as "an epic poem, with Jack Bauer in the role of Odysseus or Beowulf. Which means he needed to be fighting monsters, not essentially decent people who have made one very bad decision." The critic went on to say that villain Charles Logan encapsulated all that "Jack and 24 fought against for so long: political corruption and cowardice, narcissism and megalomania, ruthlessness and stupidity." One reviewer for BuddyTV said that "I'll remember the legacy of 24 as an action drama that redefined what serialized television can do and provided many shocking twists and turns along the way—the biggest one being the very real impact the show had on American foreign policy." The New York Times said "24 will live on, possibly as a feature film, and surely in classrooms and in textbooks. The series enlivened the country's political discourse in a way few others have, partly because it brought to life the ticking time-bomb threat that haunted the Cheney faction of the American government in the years after 9/11." The show was declared the sixth highest rated show for the first ten years of IMDb.com Pro (2002–2012).
Seasonal rankings were based on average total viewers per episode of 24 on Fox. Most U.S. network television seasons start in mid-September and end in late May, which coincides with the completion of May sweeps. 24 aired during both February and May sweeps periods in all of its seasons, and during the November sweeps period in its first three seasons. Beginning with its fourth season, 24 began its season in January and aired new episodes non-stop until May.
|Season||Episodes||Timeslot (ET)||Season premiere||Season finale||Rank||Viewers
|1||2001–02||24||Tuesday 9:00 pm||November 6, 2001||May 21, 2002||#76||8.60|
|2||2002–03||24||October 29, 2002||May 20, 2003||#36||11.73|
|3||2003–04||24||October 28, 2003||May 25, 2004||#42||10.30|
|4||2005||24||Monday 9:00 pm||January 9, 2005||May 23, 2005||#29||11.90|
|5||2006||24||January 15, 2006||May 22, 2006||#24||13.78|
|6||2007||24||January 14, 2007||May 21, 2007||#27||13.00|
|Redemption||2008||2 (TV film)||Sunday 8:00 pm||November 23, 2008||#17||12.12|
|7||2009||24||Monday 9:00 pm||January 11, 2009||May 18, 2009||#20||12.62|
|8||2010||24||January 17, 2010||May 24, 2010||#39||9.31|
|Live Another Day||2014||12||May 5, 2014||July 14, 2014|
Awards and nominations
24 was nominated for and won several other television awards including the Emmy Awards, Golden Globe Awards, and Screen Actors Guild Awards. It is one of only four TV series (along with NYPD Blue, The West Wing and Breaking Bad) ever to have won the Emmy Award, the Golden Globe and the Satellite Award for Best Drama Series.
24 was nominated in categories for acting, directing, writing, editing, sound, music score, and stunt coordination. The American Film Institute included 24 in its 2005 list of 10 Television Programs of the Year.
The series received 68 Emmy nominations, with 20 wins. It received nominations for Outstanding Drama Series at the Primetime Emmys in 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, and won the award in 2006. Kiefer Sutherland received nominations in 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, and 2009 (for 24: Redemption) and won in 2006. Joel Surnow and Robert Cochran won for Outstanding Writing for a Drama Series in 2002 for the pilot episode. Composer Sean Callery received nine nominations for Outstanding Music Composition for a Series, nominated for every season and 24: Redemption; he won in 2003, 2006, and 2010.
The series' fifth season was its most successful for awards, earning twelve Emmy nominations and five wins, including Outstanding Drama Series and Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama for Kiefer Sutherland (after being nominated every year previous). Jon Cassar won for Outstanding Directing in a Drama Series, and Gregory Itzin and Jean Smart received Best Supporting Actor/Actress in a Drama Series nominations. In 2009, Cherry Jones won for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama.
The series received twelve Golden Globe nominations with two wins. It received nominations for Best Drama Series at the Golden Globes in 2001, 2002, 2004, and 2006, winning in 2003, and Kiefer Sutherland received nominations at the Golden Globes in 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, and 2008 (for 24: Redemption), winning in 2001. Dennis Haysbert received a nomination for Best Supporting Role in 2002.
The series received ten Screen Actors Guild nominations with four wins. It was nominated for Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Drama Series in 2003, 2005, and 2007 at the Screen Actors Guild Awards. Kiefer Sutherland was nominated in 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007, winning in 2004 and 2006. The series won for Outstanding Performance by a Stunt Ensemble in a TV Series in 2008 and 2010. In 2008, Empire magazine ranked 24 as the sixth greatest television show of all-time. In 2013, the series was listed as #71 in the Writers Guild of America's list of the 101 Best Written TV Series.
24 was distributed across the globe. Kiefer Sutherland attributed the show's strong support from Fox to its early success in the UK. Its viewership in the UK decreased significantly when the BBC lost the rights to subscription channel Sky1 after the second season.
The release of 24 on DVD had a significant impact on the success of the television series. In an interview with IGN in 2002, Sutherland revealed, "[24's] success in [the UK] was phenomenal. It was the biggest show the BBC has ever had. It was the number one DVD there, knocking off Lord of the Rings, which is unheard of for a television show DVD to actually knock-out every feature DVD available. And that's because they showed it without commercials." The U.S. sales of the season one DVDs increased the audience size of season two by 25%.
A special edition of the first season was released on May 20, 2008. The new set includes a seventh disc of bonus features, while discs 1–6 contain all 24 episodes with deleted scenes, audio commentaries, and 5 extended episodes. The set was packaged in a steel box.
The television film 24: Redemption was released on DVD in Region 1 on November 25, 2008, and in Region 2 on December 1, 2008. The DVD contains the broadcast version as well as an extended version with optional audio commentary, a making-of featurette, child soldiers in Africa featurette, a season 6 recap, and the first 17 minutes of the season 7 premiere episode.
|DVD release||Episodes||Originally aired||Release date|
|Region 1||Region 2||Region 4|
|Season One||24||2001–02||September 17, 2002||October 14, 2002||December 2002|
|Season Two||24||2002–03||September 9, 2003||August 11, 2003||September 2003|
|Season Three||24||2003–04||December 7, 2004||August 9, 2004||September 2004|
|Season Four||24||2005||December 6, 2005||August 8, 2005||November 2005|
|Season Five||24||2006||December 5, 2006||November 6, 2006||December 6, 2006|
|Season Six||24||2007||December 4, 2007||October 1, 2007||September 19, 2007|
|24: Redemption||1 (Two hours)||2008||November 25, 2008||December 1, 2008||February 11, 2009|
|Season Seven||24||2009||May 19, 2009||October 19, 2009||November 11, 2009|
|Season Eight||24||2010||December 14, 2010||November 8, 2010||December 1, 2010|
|24: Live Another Day||12||2014||September 30, 2014||October 6, 2014||October 1, 2014|
In November 2011, Anil Kapoor purchased the rights to 24 to make an Indian adaptation of the series. Kapoor, who played Omar Hassan in season eight of the original series, is playing the lead role in the adaptation which is based on Jack Bauer, as well as producing the series. The series debuted in India on the television channel Colors on October 4, 2013.
- Tobey, Matthew. "24 (TV Series)". AllMovie. Retrieved November 23, 2012.
- Rice, Lynette (May 13, 2013). "Official: '24' returns May 2014". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Ausiello, Michael (January 13, 2014). "Fox Announces Spring Premiere Dates for 24: Live Another Day, Surviving Jack and More". TVLine. Retrieved January 13, 2014.
- Smith, Patrick (January 21, 2010). "24: five ways Jack Bauer has changed television". The Telegraph. Retrieved April 7, 2012.
- Gray, Ellen (January 8, 2009). "On TV: Hoping for change? Then don't watch '24'". The Providence Journal. Philadelphia Daily News. Retrieved May 23, 2011.
- Lundegaard, Erik (January 8, 2006). "The Manchurian movie — Who took the politics out of the political thriller?". MSNBC.com. Archived from the original on June 23, 2011. Retrieved May 23, 2011.
- Krug, Kurt Anthony (May 27, 2010). "The final hours: '24' counts down to explosive series finale on Monday". Press and Guide. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Deggans, Eric (November 6, 2001). "The real new TV season starts tonight". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved May 23, 2011.
- Carter, Bill (February 11, 2008). "After Strike, TV Shows Hurry Up and Wait". The New York Times. Retrieved May 31, 2011.
- Owen, Rob (August 7, 2009). "PRESS TOUR JOURNAL: '24' plans ahead". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved May 31, 2011.
- Deerwester, Jayme (October 3, 2013). "Jack Bauer surfaces for '24: Live Another Day'". USA Today. Retrieved October 5, 2013.
- Heard, Christopher (2009). Timothy Niedermann, ed. Kiefer Sutherland — Living Dangerously (1 ed.). Transit Publishing Inc. p. 14. ISBN 978-1-926745-55-8.
- Joel Surnow and Robert Cochran (co-creators) (May 20, 2008). 24: The Complete First Season (Special Edition) – "The Genesis of 24" (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
- Heard, Christopher (2009). Timothy Niedermann, ed. Kiefer Sutherland — Living Dangerously (1 ed.). Transit Publishing Inc. p. 15. ISBN 978-1-926745-55-8.
- Heard, Christopher (2009). Timothy Niedermann, ed. Kiefer Sutherland — Living Dangerously (1 ed.). Transit Publishing Inc. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-926745-55-8.
- Barnhart, Aaron (February 9, 2007). "Behind the scenes at "24″ (aka Fort Ticonderoga ... I'll explain)". TV Barn. Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved July 3, 2011.
- Heard, Christopher (2009). Timothy Niedermann, ed. Kiefer Sutherland — Living Dangerously (1 ed.). Transit Publishing Inc. p. 156. ISBN 978-1-926745-55-8.
- "Photo Flash: Arrivals at Fox's 24 Series Finale Party". Broadway World. May 1, 2010. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Gallagher, Brian (March 26, 2010). "24 has come to an end". Movie Web. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Heard, Christopher (2009). Timothy Niedermann, ed. Kiefer Sutherland — Living Dangerously (1 ed.). Transit Publishing Inc. p. 160. ISBN 978-1-926745-55-8.
- Heard, Christopher (2009). Timothy Niedermann, ed. Kiefer Sutherland — Living Dangerously (1 ed.). Transit Publishing Inc. p. 170. ISBN 978-1-926745-55-8.
- Hanks, Robert (November 21, 2008). "Jack's back: The clock ticks for 24's antihero". Independent News & Media Limited. Retrieved July 31, 2009.
- "On the Record, On the Set of 24". November 1, 2006. Fox News.
- Stanley, Alessandra (January 15, 2010). "Another Terrorist Plot, Another Very Long Day". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 5, 2010. Retrieved March 27, 2010.
- Goldman, Eric (September 19, 2007). "IGN: 24: The Dead Rise". IGN. Retrieved April 23, 2008.
- "24 ups the ante in Washington, D.C.". MSNBC.com. June 1, 2009. Retrieved July 3, 2011.
- ""24: Day Eight" Will Be the Award-Winning Series' Final Season" (Press release). Fox Broadcasting Company. March 26, 2010. Retrieved March 27, 2010.
- Brioux, Bill (May 22, 2010). "Goodbye, Mr. Bauer". The Star. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- McDowell, Jeane (November 12, 2001). "Television: The Time Of Their Lives". Time. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- Krug, Kurt Anthony (March 5, 2007). ""24"/ 7 Seattle-area TV writer always has Jack Bauer on his mind". The Seattle Times. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- "Most Popular People Credited in "24 (2001 TV Series)" And Credited in "Air Force One (1997)"". IMDb. Retrieved May 30, 2011.
- Spicer, Bryan (director); Vosloo, Arnold (actor) (December 6, 2005). 24: Season Four: Commentary track (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
- Adalian, Josef (June 7, 2006). "Fox counting down to '24' pic". Variety. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- Franklin, Garth (May 5, 2006). "Sutherland Talks "24" Movie Filming". Dark Horizons. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- Rawson-Jones, Ben (April 1, 2007). "Report: '24' movie delayed indefinitely". Digital Spy. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- Reynolds, Simon (February 9, 2010). "Fox confirms Europe-set '24' movie". Digital Spy. Retrieved June 5, 2010.
- Tilly, Chris (April 19, 2010). "24 Movie Script Ready". IGN. Retrieved June 5, 2010.
- "Kiefer Sutherland Dishes on the 24 Movie!". Sky1. June 1, 2010. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- "You'll Never Believe How DIE HARD 24/7 Got Its Name ...". Ain't It Cool News. June 9, 2010. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- McClintock, Pamela (October 12, 2011). "Fox Moves Ahead With New 'Die Hard' and 'Percy Jackson' Films". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- Wightman, Catriona (November 11, 2010). "Q&A: The executive producer of '24'!". Digital Spy. Archived from the original on November 12, 2010. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
- Ferrante, A.C. (December 14, 2010). "Exclusive Interview: 24's Howard Gordon reveals the scoop on the 24 movie (it's on hold) and talks about his novel GIDEON'S WAR arriving in January – Part 2". Assignment X. Retrieved December 15, 2010.
- Rice, Lynette (April 12, 2011). "'24' movie: Brian Grazer's on board for 2012 premiere". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 12, 2011.
- Jicha, Tom (March 27, 2010). "Clock stops for 24, movie next". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Goldberg, Lesley (August 4, 2011). "'24' Movie: There's An 'Institutional Desire' To Do It". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 21, 2011.
- Lipworth, Elaine (September 25, 2011). "Kiefer Sutherland: from '24' to the end of days". The Telegraph. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- Sacks, Ethan (December 6, 2011). "'24' movie slated to begin filming in spring 2012 with Kiefer Sutherland reprising Jack Bauer role". New York Daily News. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
- Waxman, Sharon (March 14, 2012). "Kiefer Sutherland Furious as Fox Pulls Plug on '24' Movie". The Wrap. Retrieved March 15, 2012.
- Weingus, Leigh (July 24, 2012). "Kiefer Sutherland On '24' Movie, 'Touch'". The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 2, 2012.
- "Kiefer Sutherland Returning for New 24 Series". Sky News. May 14, 2013. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
- "Kiefer Sutherland says '24' movie is an ongoing situation". NME. January 17, 2014. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
- Ausiello, Michael (September 1, 2014). "24 Movie Talks Heat Up (Again): Is Jack Finally Headed to the Big Screen?". TVLine. Retrieved September 2, 2014.
- Andreeva, Nellie (May 9, 2013). "’24′ Eyes Return As Limited Series On Fox, Howard Gordon To EP, Kiefer Sutherland In Talks To Star". Deadline.com. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
- Feinberg, Daniel (May 13, 2013). "Jack's Back: FOX confirms '24: Live Another Day' for Summer 2014". HitFix. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Andreeva, Nellie (June 12, 2013). "Jon Cassar to executive produce and direct '24: Live Another Day'". Deadline.com. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
- Andreeva, Nellie (August 1, 2013). "It’s Official: Mary Lynn Rajskub Joins Fox’s ’24: Live Another Day’". Deadline.com. Retrieved August 2, 2013.
- "Sean Callery to Return for ’24: Live Another Day’". Film Music Reporter. June 25, 2013. Retrieved June 25, 2013.
- Highfill, Samantha (October 4, 2013). "Kim Raver, William Devane to return for '24: Live Another Day'". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 4, 2013.
- Hibberd, James (November 19, 2013). "24 return casts infamous hacker character". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved November 26, 2013.
- Andreeva, Nellie (December 20, 2013). "’24: Live Another Day’ Adds 2 New Regulars". Deadline.com. Retrieved December 24, 2013.
- Kondolojy, Amanda (January 15, 2014). "'24: Live Another Day' Books Benjamin Bratt". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
- Hibberd, James (January 13, 2014). "'Yvonne Strahovski joins Fox's '24' as CIA agent". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 10, 2014.
- Ausiello, Michael (January 24, 2014). "TVLine Items: 24 Snags Stephen Fry, Nashville Signs Charlotte Ross, Bates Is Back and More". TVLine. Retrieved January 24, 2014.
- Ausiello, Michael (October 3, 2013). "24: Live Another Day to Shoot in London". TVLine. Retrieved October 3, 2013.
- Ausiello, Michael (January 13, 2014). "Fox Announces Spring Premiere Dates for 24: Live Another Day, Surviving Jack and More". TVLine. Retrieved January 13, 2014.
- Cassar, John (October 24, 2006). 24: Behind the Scenes. Insight Editions. ISBN 1933784075.
- Rawson-Jones, Ben (January 20, 2010). "Is Glenn Morshower the new Alan Dale?". Digital Spy. Retrieved July 4, 2011.
- Poniewozik, James (September 6, 2007). "All-TIME 100 TV Shows". TIME. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
- Staley, Alessandra (October 28, 2003). "TELEVISION REVIEW; Countering Terrorists, And a Dense Daughter". The New York Times. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- Herc (May 23, 2010). "Herc Gives Fox's 24 *****!". Ain't It Cool News. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- "24: Season 5". Metacritic. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- "24: Season 6". Metacritic. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- "24: Season 7". Metacritic. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- "24: Season 8". Metacritic. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- Levin, Gary (May 19, 2010). "Groundbreaking Fox Series '24' Finally Runs Out of Time". USA Today. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
- Stanley, Alessandra (January 14, 2010). "Another Terrorist Plot, Another Very Long Day". The New York Times. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- Poniewozik, James (November 12, 2001). "Television: The Time Of Our Lives". Time. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- Elfman, Doug (January 13, 2006). "Critic Reviews for 24 Season 5 at Metacritic". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- Schorn, Peter (December 5, 2005). "24 - Season Four". IGN. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- Stanley, Alessandra (January 13, 2006). "Back From the Dead, a Secret Agent Is Ready to Save the World Again". The New York Times. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- Bianco, Robert (January 13, 2006). "Opener doesn't waste a second". USA Today. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- Reynolds, Simon (July 2, 2008). "Haysbert: '24' president helped Obama". Digital Spy. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- Leonhart, David (May 17, 2006). "Bar the Door. TV Ads Want Your TiVo.". The New York Times. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- McGrath, Charles (May 14, 2006). "Forget the Time, Agent Bauer. What Year Is It?". The New York Times. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- Rhodes, Joe (February 19, 2006). "The First Lady Is Seriously Off Her Rocker". The New York Times. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- Sepinwall, Alan (April 16, 2007). "Fox Monday dramas: Reversals of fortune". What's Alan Watching?. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- Hansen, Gretchen (May 15, 2008). "TV's Best Season Finales Ever". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- Fitzpatrick, Kevin (May 27, 2011). "TV's Best Season Finales Ever". UGO. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- Hanso (April 20, 2010). "10 Best Cliffhanging TV Season Finales". Mania. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- Bryant, Adam (May 2, 2009). "The 13 Most Shocking TV Deaths". TV Guide. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- Häntzschel, Jörg (March 25, 2007). "US-Fernsehserie "24" - Folter als Teil einer nationalen Mythologie" [U.S. television series "24" - torture as part of a national mythology] (in German). Sueddeutsche.de. Retrieved April 2, 2011.
- Arnold, Judith (October 29, 2007). "Folterszenen im Schweizer Fernsehen — Kontroverse um die US-Serie "24 - Twenty Four"" [Torture scenes in the Swiss TV — Controversy over the U.S. series "24 - Twenty Four"] (in German). Medienheft.ch. Retrieved April 2, 2011.
- Green, Adam (May 22, 2005). "Normalizing Torture on '24'". The New York Times. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Macintyre, Ben (April 23, 2009). "'24' is fictional. So is the idea that torture works". The Times. Archived from the original on May 12, 2011. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Wardrop, Murray (November 28, 2008). "Kiefer Sutherland character Jack Bauer in 24 accused of 'glamorising torture'". The Telegraph. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Nissim, Mayer (February 2, 2009). "Sutherland denies '24' army influence". Digital Spy. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Smith, George (February 23, 2007). "Torture and '24' - because it hurts us less than the real thing?". The Register. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- "Is 24's Jack Bauer Teaching Torture to U.S. Soldiers?". CNN.
- Buncombe, Andrew (February 13, 2007). "US military tells Jack Bauer: Cut out the torture scenes ... or else!". The Independent. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Danzig, David (January 14, 2009). "24: A Thriller With Few Surprises". The Huffington Post. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- James, Clive (March 30, 2007). "The clock's ticking on torture". BBC News. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- "24 May Cut Down on Torture Scenes; Writers Claim it's Their Own Idea". BuddyTV. February 20, 2007. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Wilson, Benji (January 15, 2009). "The new Jack Bauer: tough on torture, sweet on Obama". The Telegraph. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- McAuliff, Michael (October 1, 2007). "Torture like Jack Bauer's would be OK, Bill Clinton says". New York Daily News. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Lattman, Peter (June 20, 2007). "Justice Scalia Hearts Jack Bauer". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- "24: It's A Chloe-Janis Rivalry--Or Not, As It Seems". BuddyTV. February 2, 2009. Retrieved July 21, 2011.
- Itzkoff, Dave (February 15, 2009). "Deep Inside the Grim '24,' Two Comics' Inside Joke". The New York Times. Retrieved July 21, 2011.
- Rhodes, Joe (January 23, 2005). "Playing Against (Stereo)type". The New York Times. Retrieved July 22, 2011.
- "24 Inside - Shohreh Aghdashloo and executive producer Peter Lenkov". 24. January 31, 2005. Fox.
- Aleaziz, Hamed (November 4, 2011). "Interrogating the Creators of Homeland". Mother Jones. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- MacNamara, Mary (May 25, 2010). "Television review: The '24' finale". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
- Kubicek, John (May 24, 2010). "'24' Series Finale Review: The Legacy of Jack Bauer". BuddyTV. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
- Stelter, Brian (March 26, 2010). "For '24,' Terror Fight (and Series) Nears End". The New York Times. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- Schillaci, Sophie A. (January 25, 2012). "Johnny Depp, 'The Dark Knight,' 'Lost' Named to IMDb's Top 10 of the Last Decade". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 10, 2012.
- "'24' makes its triumphant return on FOX". The Michigan Daily. October 29, 2002. Archived from the original on June 10, 2008. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- "US-Jahrescharts 2002/2003" [U.S. charts of the year 2002/2003] (in German). Quotenmeter.de. June 1, 2003. Retrieved July 4, 2008.
- Ryan, Suzanne C. (January 16, 2005). "TV producers have to be agile to deal with ratings, say experts". The Boston Globe. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- Snierson, Dan (January 9, 2006). "The Worst Day Ever". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- "Viewership numbers of prime-time programs during the 2005–06 television season". ABC Medianet. Archived from the original on March 10, 2007.
- "Give Me My Remote: 2006–07 prime-time ratings". Give Me My Remote. May 29, 2007. Archived from the original on July 9, 2011. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- Seidman, Robert (November 24, 2008). "Dancing With the Stars, CSI and NCIS lead weekly broadcast viewing". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved February 22, 2010.
- "ABC Ratings: 2008–09 season ratings to date". ABC Medianet. May 31, 2009. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- Gorman, Bill (June 16, 2010). "Final 2009–10 Broadcast Primetime Show Average Viewership". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved June 19, 2010.
- "AFI TV Programs of the Year-Official Selections". American Film Institute. 2005. Archived from the original on June 5, 2011. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
- "TV series 24 axed by FOX". Daily Star. March 28, 2010. Retrieved May 24, 2011.
- "24". Academy of Television Arts & Science. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- "The Emmy Awards presentation". The Sydney Morning Herald. August 28, 2006. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- McDaniel, Mike (July 6, 2006). "24 leads Emmy list, followed by Grey's, but Lost AWOL". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- "2009 Emmys: Mad Men, 30 Rock Winners and Still Champs". E! Online. September 20, 2009. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- "HFPA Awards Search". The Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Archived from the original on July 5, 2011. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- "The 50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time". Empire. April 30, 2008. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- "101 Best Written TV Series - 24". Writers Guild of America. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
- "24 movie 'may be set in London'". BBC Newsbeat. January 23, 2009. Archived from the original on January 26, 2009. Retrieved January 23, 2009.
- Sherwin, Adam (December 19, 2003). "Sky One outbids BBC for thriller". The Times. Retrieved January 23, 2009.
- Head, Steve (October 28, 2002). "A Conversation with Kiefer Sutherland". IGN. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- Lambert, David (October 22, 2003). "24's TV-on-DVD success leads to new DVD concepts". TVShowsOnDVD. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- "24 – Season 1 – Special Edition DVD Information". TVShowsOnDVD. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- Lambert, David (February 23, 2009). "24 DVD news: Release Date for 24 – Season 7 (DVD and Blu-ray Disc)". TVShowsOnDVD. Retrieved November 13, 2009.
- Lambert, David (May 25, 2010). "Fox Press Brief Confirms December Season 8 DVD and Blu-ray and The Complete Series DVD". TVShowsOnDVD. Archived from the original on May 28, 2010. Retrieved June 5, 2010.
- Welte, Jim (May 9, 2006). "iTunes grabs 24, others from Fox". TV.com. Retrieved November 4, 2011.
- Spangler, Todd (March 24, 2014). "Netflix Dropping Fox’s ‘24’ From Streaming Queue". Variety. Retrieved April 1, 2014.
- Jeffrey, Morgan (March 26, 2014). "24 pulled by Netflix US from April, will remain on Netflix UK". Digital Spy. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
- "24 (2001)". TVShowsOnDVD. Retrieved July 22, 2011.
- "24: Live Another Day Blu-ray". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
- "24: Live Another Day". JB Hi-Fi. Retrieved September 14, 2014.
- "Anil Kapoor to remake US TV series 24". Hindustan Times. November 10, 2011. Retrieved June 22, 2012.
- Gondhalekar, Anuja (September 20, 2013). "Twenty four to start on October 4!". Colors. Retrieved December 1, 2013.
- Slavoj Žižek, The depraved heroes of 24 are the Himmlers of Hollywood The Guardian, January 10, 2006.
- Steven Keslowitz, The Tao of Jack Bauer: What Our Favorite Terrorist Buster Says About Life, Love, Torture, and Saving the World 24 Times in 24 Hours With No Lunch Break (2009). ISBN 1-4401-2062-5
- Steven Keslowitz, The Simpsons, 24, and the Law: How Homer Simpson and Jack Bauer Influence Congressional Lawmaking and Judicial Reasoning, 29:6 Cardozo Law Review 2787–822 (May 2008). (PDF)
- Jepson, Rich (2009). 24 Terrorism Through Television. ISBN 978-0-9561504-0-0.
- Hart Weed, Jennifer; Richard Davis, Ronald Weed (November 2007). 24 and Philosophy: The World According to Jack. The Blackwell Philosophy and Pop Culture Series (1 ed.). Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 1-4051-7104-9. Archived from the original on May 27, 2011. Retrieved February 7, 2008.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 24.|