24th United States Congress

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24th United States Congress
USCapitol1827A.gif
United States Capitol (1827)

Duration: March 4, 1835 – March 4, 1837

Senate President: Martin Van Buren
Senate Pres. pro tem: William R. King
House Speaker: James K. Polk
Members: 52 Senators
242 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Jacksonian
House Majority: Jacksonian

Sessions
1st: December 7, 1835 – July 4, 1836
2nd: December 5, 1836 – March 3, 1837
<23rd 25th>

The Twenty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1835 to March 4, 1837, during the seventh and eighth years of Andrew Jackson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fifth Census of the United States in 1830. Both chambers had a Jacksonian majority.

Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

Treaties[edit]

States admitted and territories formed[edit]

Party summary[edit]

Senate[edit]

During this congress two Senate seats were added for each of the new states of Arkansas and Michigan.

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Anti-
Jacksonian

(AJ)
Jacksonian
(J)
Nullifier
(N)
End of the previous congress 26 20 2 48 0
Begin 24 21 2 47 1
End 19 31 52 0
Final voting share 36.5% 59.6% 3.8%
Beginning of the next congress (Whig)
19
(Democratic)
33
0 52 0

House of Representatives[edit]

During this congress one House seat was added for each of the new states of Arkansas and Michigan.

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Anti-
Jacksonian

(AJ)
Anti-
Masonic

(AM)
Jacksonian
(J)
Nullifier
(N)
End of the previous congress 64 26 141 8 239 1
Begin 75 16 140 7 238 2
End 80 15 139 241 1
Final voting share 33.2% 6.2% 57.7% 2.9%
Beginning of the next congress (Whig)
101
7 (Democratic)
128
6 242 0

Leadership[edit]

President of the Senate
Martin Van Buren

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Members[edit]

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate[edit]

President pro tempore
William R. King

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1838; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1840; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1836.

House of Representatives[edit]

Speaker of the House
James K. Polk

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

  • Replacements: 11
    • Anti-Jacksonians: 5-seat net loss
    • Jacksonians: 10-seat net gain
  • Deaths: 3
  • Resignations: 8
  • Interim appointments: 0
  • Seats of newly admitted states: 4
  • Total seats with changes: 16


State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Louisiana
(2)
Vacant Elected to fill vacancy of Senator-elect Charles E.A. Gayarre, who resigned on account of ill-health Robert C. Nicholas (J) January 13, 1836
Connecticut
(1)
Nathan Smith (AJ) Died December 6, 1835 John M. Niles (J) Appointed December 21, 1835, subsequently elected.
Illinois
(3)
Elias Kane (J) Died December 12, 1835 William Lee D. Ewing (J) Appointed December 30, 1835
Virginia
(1)
John Tyler (AJ) Resigned February 29, 1836 William C. Rives (J) Elected March 4, 1836
Maine
(1)
Ether Shepley (J) Resigned March 3, 1836 Judah Dana (J) Appointed December 7, 1836
New Hampshire
(3)
Isaac Hill (J) Resigned May 30, 1836 to become Governor of New Hampshire John Page (J) Elected June 8, 1836
Delaware
(1)
Arnold Naudain (AJ) Resigned June 16, 1836 Richard H. Bayard (AJ) Elected June 17, 1836
Virginia
(2)
Benjamin W. Leigh (AJ) Resigned July 4, 1836 Richard E. Parker (J) Elected December 12, 1836
Arkansas
(2)
New seats Arkansas was admitted to the Union. William S. Fulton (J) Elected September 18, 1836
Arkansas
(3)
Ambrose H. Sevier (J)
Maryland
(3)
Robert H. Goldsborough (AJ) Died October 5, 1836 John S. Spence (AJ) Elected December 31, 1836
North Carolina
(3)
Willie P. Mangum (AJ) Resigned November 26, 1836 Robert Strange (J) Elected December 5, 1836
Delaware
(2)
John M. Clayton (AJ) Resigned December 29, 1836 Thomas Clayton (AJ) Elected January 9, 1837
Louisiana
(3)
Alexander Porter (AJ) Resigned January 5, 1837 due to ill health Alexandre Mouton (J) Elected January 12, 1837
Michigan
(1)
New seats Michigan was admitted to the Union. Lucius Lyon (J) Elected January 26, 1837
Michigan
(2)
John Norvell (J)

House of Representatives[edit]

  • Replacements: 17
    • Anti-Jacksonians: 5-seat net gain
    • Anti-Masonics: 1-seat net loss
    • Jacksonians: 2-seat net loss
    • Nullifiers: No net change
  • Deaths: 5
  • Resignations: 12
  • Contested election: 0
  • Seats of newly admitted states: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 24


District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
South Carolina 6th Vacant Rep. Warren R. Davis died during previous congress Waddy Thompson, Jr. (AJ) Seated September 10, 1835
Georgia At-large Vacant Rep. James M. Wayne resigned in previous congress Jabez Y. Jackson (J) Seated October 5, 1835
New York 3rd Vacant Rep. Campbell P. White resigned in previous congress Gideon Lee (J) Seated November 4, 1835
Georgia At-large William Schley (J) Resigned July 1, 1835 after being nominated for Governor of Georgia Jesse F. Cleveland (J) Seated October 5, 1835
Georgia At-large James C. Terrell (J) Resigned July 8, 1835 due to ill health Hopkins Holsey (J) Seated October 5, 1835
Georgia At-large John W. A. Sanford (J) Resigned July 25, 1835 to assist in the Cherokee Indian removal Thomas Glascock (J) Seated October 5, 1835
Connecticut At-large Zalmon Wildman (J) Died December 10, 1835 Thomas T. Whittlesey (J) Seated April 29, 1836
Pennsylvania 24th John Banks (AM) Resigned sometime in 1836 John J. Pearson (AJ) Seated December 5, 1836
South Carolina 4th James H. Hammond (N) Resigned February 26, 1836 because of ill health Franklin H. Elmore (N) Seated December 10, 1836
New York 17th Samuel Beardsley (J) Resigned March 29, 1836 Rutger B. Miller (J) Seated November 9, 1836
North Carolina 12th James Graham (AJ) Seat declared vacant March 29, 1836 James Graham (AJ Seated December 5, 1836
South Carolina 8th Richard I. Manning (J) Died May 1, 1836 John P. Richardson (J) Seated December 19, 1836
Arkansas Territory
At-large
Ambrose H. Sevier (J) Seat was eliminated when Arkansas achieved statehood June 15, 1836
Connecticut At-large Andrew T. Judson (J) Resigned July 4, 1836 after being appointed to seat on the United States District Court for the District of Connecticut Orrin Holt (J) Seated December 5, 1836
Mississippi At-large David Dickson (AJ) Died July 31, 1836 Samuel J. Gholson (J) Seated December 1, 1836
Arkansas
At-large
Vacant Arkansas was admitted to the Union on June 15, 1836 Archibald Yell (J) Seated August 1, 1836
Georgia At-large George W. Towns (J) Resigned September 1, 1836 Julius C. Alford (AJ) Seated January 2, 1837
New York 30th Philo C. Fuller (AJ) Resigned September 2, 1836 John Young (AJ) Seated November 9, 1836
Georgia At-large John E. Coffee (J) Died September 25, 1836 William C. Dawson (AJ) Seated November 7, 1836
Pennsylvania 13th Jesse Miller (J) Resigned October 30, 1836 James Black (J) Seated December 5, 1836
New Jersey At-large Philemon Dickerson (J) Resigned November 3, 1836 after being chosen Governor of New Jersey William Chetwood (AJ) Seated December 5, 1836
Indiana 6th George L. Kinnard (J) Died November 26, 1836 William Herod (AJ) Seated January 25, 1837
Virginia 2nd John Y. Mason (J) Resigned January 11, 1837 Vacant Not filled this congress
Michigan Territory
At-large
George W. Jones (J) Seat was eliminated when Michigan achieved statehood January 26, 1837
Michigan
At-large
Vacant Michigan was admitted to the Union on January 26, 1837 Isaac E. Crary (J) Seated January 26, 1837
Wisconsin Territory
At-large
Vacant Wisconsin Territory was organized on April 3, 1836 George W. Jones (J) Seated January 26, 1837

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

References[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]