25 August 2003 Mumbai bombings
|Gateway of India and Zaveri Bazaar twin blasts|
|Date||25 August 2003|
|Perpetrators||Mohammed Haneef Sayed, his wife Fahmeeda Sayed and Ashrat Ansari — operatives of Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT)|
The 25 August 2003 Mumbai bombings were twin car bombings in the Indian city of Mumbai that killed 54, and injured 244 people. It is considered to be a retaliation to the 2002 Gujarat violence where 790 Muslims were killed by Hindu rioters. One of the bomb explosions took place at the Gateway of India, which is a major tourist attraction. The other bomb went off in a jewellery market Zaveri Bazaar near the Mumba Devi temple in central Mumbai. Both the bombs were planted in parked taxis and exploded during the lunch hour. No group initially claimed responsibility for the attack, but Kashmir rebel group and Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Toiba was blamed for it.
On 31 August 2003, three suspects — Ashrat Ansari, Haneef Sayyed and his wife Fahmeeda were arrested. All three were convicted and sentenced to death in August, 2009 by a special POTA court in Mumbai. Later, the death sentence was upheld by Bombay High Court in February 2012. Haneef was recruited in Dubai, UAE by Pakistani nationals to avenge anti-Muslim riots in India. His wife assisted and chose targets, while Ansari planted the bomb at Zaveri Bazar.
Chronology of events
As per rediff.com
- 25 August 2003: Twin blasts occur at Zaveri Bazaar and Gateway of India in south Mumbai. Around 52 people are killed and over 100 injured.
- 31 August 2003: Mumbai Police arrests three accused Ashrat Ansari (age 32), Hanif Sayed (age 46) and his wife Fehmida Sayed (age 43).
- 1 October 2003: Two more accused, Mohammed Ansari Ladoowala and Mohammed Hasan Batterywala are held.
- 5 February 2004: Police files chargesheet against six accused in the case as per Prevention of Terrorist Activities Act in court. Accused also alleged to have been involved in placing an unexploded bomb in a bus at SEEPZ in suburban Andheri in 2 December 2002 and placing bomb in bus at Ghatkopar in 8 July 2003 in which two persons were killed.
- 20 June 2004: Charges are framed against five accused. One is left off.
- 2 September 2004: Trial begins officially in court.
- December 2008—Ladoowala and Batterywala are discharged from the case by POTA court. Later Supreme Court of India also upholds POTA review committee report stating no charges hold ground against them.
- 27 July 2009: Three accused Ashrat Ansari, Hanif Sayed and his wife Fehmida Sayed are convicted by special POTA court under sections of IPC, POTA, Explosives Act, Explosive Substances Act.
- 6 August 2009: Three convicts sentenced to death by special POTA court. Other two acquitted. In the proceedings of the case, accused said that they had acted "emotionally" in response to the Gujarat communal riots, had pleaded to be spared the death sentence. However, public prosecutor showed the court that they had, in fact, acted in cold blood and planned their attacks well. ``When a gelatin blast at Ghatkopar in 28 July 2003, claimed just two lives, they decided to use RDX to take a heavier toll in the twin blasts a month later,`` he said. ``They enjoyed the act of killing and deserve no mercy.`` The Pota court rejected all pleas of leniency and held that the brazen terror attack fell under the ``rarest of rare`` category of cases where the death sentence was well deserved.
- 12 February 2012: Bombay High Court upheld the death sentence awarded by special POTA court to Mohammed Haneef Sayed, his wife Fahmeeda and aide Ashrat Ansari. However, HC quashed the order of the POTA court of acquitting two other accused, Mohammed Ansari Ladoowala and Mohammed Hasan Batterywala. They will now have to face trial under IPC charges that had been levelled against them and not under POTA.
- "Death for three in 2003 Mumbai bomb blasts case". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 7 August 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2009.
- "HC upholds death for LeT men in twin blasts case". 10 February 2012. Retrieved 10 February 2012.
- "2003: Bombay rocked by twin car bombs". BBC. 25 August 2003. Retrieved 7 August 2009.
- "Death sentence upheld in Mumbai blasts case". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 10 February 2012. Retrieved 10 February 2012.
- "Three get death for Gateway, Zaveri Bazar blasts". The Times of India. 7 August 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2009.
- "A chronology of the 2003 Mumbai twin blasts case". rediff.com. 27 July 2009. Retrieved 6 August 2009.