26th Ohio Infantry

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26th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry
Active June 8, 1861 to October 21, 1865
Country United States
Allegiance Union
Branch Infantry
Engagements Battle of Shiloh
Siege of Corinth
Battle of Perryville
Battle of Stones River
Tullahoma Campaign
Battle of Chickamauga
Siege of Chattanooga
Battle of Missionary Ridge
Atlanta Campaign
Battle of Resaca
Battle of Kennesaw Mountain
Battle of Peachtree Creek
Siege of Atlanta
Battle of Jonesboro
Second Battle of Franklin
Battle of Nashville

The 26th Ohio Volunteer Infantry (or 26th OVI) was an infantry regiment in the Union Army during the American Civil War. It was often referred to by its members as "The Groundhog Regiment".

Service[edit]

The 26th Ohio Infantry was organized at Camp Chase in Columbus, Ohio beginning June 8, 1861 and mustered in for three years service on July 24, 1861 under the command of Colonel Edward P. Fyffe. The regiment was recruited in Butler, Champaign, Crawford, Delaware, Guernsey, Logan, Madison, Mahoning, Morgan, Morrow, Richland, Ross, Scioto, and Trumbull counties.

The regiment was attached to Cox's Kanawha Brigade, West Virginia, to October 1861. District of the Kanawha, West Virginia, to January 1862. 15th Brigade, 4th Division, Army of the Ohio, to March 1862. 15th Brigade, 6th Division, Army of the Ohio, to September 1862. 15th Brigade, 6th Division, II Corps, Army of the Ohio, to November 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Left Wing, XIV Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to January 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, XXI Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to October 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, IV Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to June 1865. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, IV Corps, to August 1865. Department of Texas to October 1865.

The 26th Ohio Infantry mustered out of service at Victoria, Texas on October 21, 1865.

Detailed service[edit]

Ordered to the Kanawha Valley, W. Va., July 25. and duty there August 1861 to January 1862. Action at Boone Court House, Va., September 1, 1861. Operations in the Kanawha Valley and New River Region October 19-November 16, 1861. Ordered to Kentucky January 1, 1862. Advance on Nashville, Tenn., February 14–25. Occupation of Nashville February 25-March 18. March to Savannah, Tenn., March 18-April 6. Lawrenceburg April 4. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6–7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Pursuit to Booneville May 31-June 6. Buell's Campaign in northern Alabama and middle Tennessee June to August. Little Pond, near McMinnville, August 20. March to Louisville, Ky., in pursuit of Bragg August 30-September 26. Pursuit of Bragg into Kentucky October 1–15. Battle of Perryville October 8 (reserve). March to Nashville, Tenn., October 16-November 7, and duty there until December 26. Advance on Murfreesboro December 26–30. Lavergne December 26–27. Battle of Stones River December 30–31, 1862 and January 1–3, 1863. Duty at Murfreesboro until June. Tullahoma Campaign June 23-July 7. Passage of Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River, and Chickamauga Campaign August 16-September 22. Expedition from Tracy City to Tennessee River August 22–24 (detachment). Reconnaissance toward Chattanooga November 7. Lookout Valley November 7–8. Occupation of Chattanooga September 9. Lee and Gordon's Mills September 17–18. Battle of Chickamauga September 19–20. Siege of Chattanooga September 24-November 23. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23–27. Orchard Knob November 23–24. Missionary Ridge November 25. Pursuit to Graysville November 26–27. March to relief of Knoxville November 28-December 8. Regiment reenlisted January 1, 1864. Atlanta Campaign May 1-September 8, 1864. Demonstrations on Rocky Faced Ridge and Dalton May 8–13. Buzzard's Roost Gap or Mill Creek May 8. Battle of Resaca May 14–15. Adairsville May 17. Near Kingston May 18–19. Cassville May 19. Advance on Dallas May 22–25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kennesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Hill June 11–14. Lost Mountain June 15–17. Assault on Kennesaw June 27. Ruff's Station July 4. Chattahoochie River July 6–17. Buckhead, Nancy's Creek, July 18. Peachtree Creek July 19–20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25–30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy's Station September 2–6. Operations against Hood in northern Georgia and northern Alabama September 29-November 3. Nashville Campaign November-December. Columbia, Duck River, November 24–27. Battle of Franklin November 30. Battle of Nashville December 15–16. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17–28. Moved to Huntsville, Ala., and duty there until March 1865. Operations in eastern Tennessee March 15-April 22. Duty at Nashville until June. Moved to New Orleans June 16, thence to Texas. Duty at San Antonio and Victoria until October.

Casualties[edit]

The regiment lost a total of 238 men during service; 6 officers and 116 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 116 enlisted men died of disease.

Commanders[edit]

  • Colonel Edward P. Fyffe
  • Colonel William H. Young - commanded at the battle of Chickamauga as lieutenant colonel
  • Major Christopher M. Degenfeld - commanded at the battle of Perryville
  • Captain William H. Squires - commanded at the battle of Stones River
  • Captain William Clark commanded at the battle of Nashville

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Cole, Elias. Journal of Three Years' Service with the Twenty-Sixth Ohio Volunteer Infantry in the Great Rebellion 1861-1864 (S.l.: s.n.), ca. 1890.
  • Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion (Des Moines, IA: Dyer Pub. Co.), 1908.
  • Kelly, Walden. A Historic Sketch: Lest We Forget Company "E," 26th Ohio Infantry in the War for the Union, 1861-1865 (Osborn, MO: s.n.), 1909.
  • Newlin, W. H. An Account of the Escape of Six Federal Soldiers from Prison at Danville, Va. (Cincinnati: Western Methodist Book Concern Printing), 1889. [includes the account of Private J. F. Wood]
  • Ohio Roster Commission. Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War on the Rebellion, 1861–1865, Compiled Under the Direction of the Roster Commission (Akron, OH: Werner Co.), 1886-1895.
  • Reid, Whitelaw. Ohio in the War: Her Statesmen, Her Generals, and Soldiers (Cincinnati, OH: Moore, Wilstach, & Baldwin), 1868. ISBN 9781154801965
Attribution
  • This article contains text from a text now in the public domain: Dyer, Frederick H. (1908). A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. Des Moines, IA: Dyer Publishing Co.

External links[edit]