26th United States Congress

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26th Congress redirects here, for the Soviet congress, see 26th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
26th United States Congress
Capitol1846.jpg
United States Capitol (1846)

Duration: March 4, 1839 – March 4, 1841

Senate President: Richard M. Johnson
Senate Pres. pro tem: William R. King
House Speaker: Robert M.T. Hunter
Members: 52 Senators
242 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic
House Majority: Democratic

Sessions
1st: December 2, 1839 – July 21, 1840
2nd: December 7, 1840 – March 3, 1841
<25th 27th>

The Twenty-sixth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1839 to March 4, 1841, during the third and fourth years of Martin Van Buren's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fifth Census of the United States in 1830. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

Party summary[edit]

Senate[edit]

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Whig
(W)
End of the previous congress 33 19 52 0
Begin 29 21 50 2
End 23 52 0
Final voting share 55.8% 44.2%
Beginning of the next congress 22 29 51 1

House of Representatives[edit]

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Anti-
Masonic

(AM)
Conservative
(C)
Democratic
(D)
Whig
(W)
Other
End of the previous congress 7 0 122 106 (Nullifer)
6
241 1
Begin 6 2 124 109 0 241 1
End 5 111 242 0
Final voting share 2.1% 0.8% 51.2% 45.9% 0.0%
Beginning of the next congress 0 2 97 142 0 241 1

Leadership[edit]

President of the Senate
Richard M. Johnson

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Members[edit]

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate[edit]

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1844; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1840; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1842.

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

  • Replacements: 8
    • Democrats: 0-seat net loss
    • Whigs: 0-seat net gain
  • Deaths: 3
  • Resignations: 7
  • Interim appointments: 0
  • Total seats with changes: 11


State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Pennsylvania
(1)
Vacant after previous Congress Daniel Sturgeon (D) Elected January 14, 1840
Michigan
(1)
Vacant after previous Congress Augustus S. Porter (W) Elected January 20, 1840
Tennessee
(1)
Ephraim H. Foster (W) Resigned March 4, 1839 because he could not obey instructions given to him by the Tennessee General Assembly Felix Grundy (D) Elected November 19, 1839
Delaware
(1)
Richard H. Bayard (W) Resigned September 19, 1839 to become Chief Justice of the Delaware Supreme Court Richard H. Bayard (W) Elected January 12, 1841 to his former position
Tennessee
(2)
Hugh Lawson White (W) Resigned January 13, 1840 because he could not conscientiously obey the intentions of his constituents Alexander O. Anderson (D) Elected February 26, 1840
Connecticut
(1)
Thaddeus Betts (W) Died April 7, 1840 Jabez W. Huntington (W) Elected May 4, 1840
Maryland
(3)
John S. Spence (W) Died October 24, 1840 John L. Kerr (W) Elected January 5, 1841
North Carolina
(2)
Bedford Brown (D) Resigned November 16, 1840 because he could not obey instructions of the North Carolina General Assembly Willie P. Mangum (W) Elected November 25, 1840
North Carolina
(3)
Robert Strange (D) Resigned November 16, 1840 William A. Graham (W) Elected November 25, 1840
Tennessee
(1)
Felix Grundy (D) Died December 19, 1840 Alfred O. P. Nicholson (D) Elected December 25, 1840
Massachusetts
(2)
John Davis (W) Resigned January 5, 1841 after being elected Governor of Massachusetts Isaac C. Bates (W) Elected January 13, 1841
Massachusetts
(1)
Daniel Webster (W) Resigned February 22, 1841 Rufus Choate (W) Elected February 23, 1841

House of Representatives[edit]

  • Replacements: 15
    • Democrats: 2-seat net loss
    • Whigs: 3-seat net gain
    • Anti-Masonic: 1-seat net loss
  • Deaths: 6
  • Resignations: 10
  • Contested election: 0
  • Total seats with changes: 17


District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
Indiana 7th Vacant Rep-elect Howard presented credentials August 5, 1839 Tilghman Howard (D) Seated August 5, 1839
Missouri At-large Albert G. Harrison (D) Died September 7, 1839 John Jameson (D) Seated December 12, 1839
Massachusetts 6th James C. Alvord (W) Died September 27, 1839 Osmyn Baker (W) Seated January 14, 1840
Pennsylvania 14th William W. Potter (D) Died October 28, 1839 George McCulloch (D) Seated November 20, 1839
Virginia 14th Charles F. Mercer (W) Resigned December 26, 1839 William M. McCarty (W) Seated January 25, 1840
Pennsylvania 22nd Richard Biddle (AM) Resigned some time in 1840 Henry M. Brackenridge (W) Seated October 13, 1840
Virginia 1st Joel Holleman (D) Resigned some time in 1840 Francis Mallory (W) Seated December 28, 1840
Ohio 4th Thomas Corwin (W) Resigned May 30, 1840 having become a candidate for Governor of Ohio Jeremiah Morrow (W) Seated October 13, 1840
Connecticut 2nd William L. Storrs (W) Resigned some time in June, 1840 William W. Boardman (W) Seated December 7, 1840
New York 11th Anson Brown (W) Died June 14, 1840 Nicholas B. Doe (W) Seated December 7, 1840
Indiana 7th Tilghman Howard (D) Resigned July 1, 1840 Henry S. Lane (W) Seated August 3, 1840
Georgia At-large Walter T. Colquitt (W) Resigned July 21, 1840 Hines Holt (W) Seated February 1, 1841
Louisiana 3rd Rice Garland (W) Resigned July 21, 1840 to accept appointment as judge of Louisiana Supreme Court John Moore (W) Seated December 17, 1840
Kentucky 5th Simeon H. Anderson (W) Died August 11, 1840 John B. Thompson (W) Seated December 7, 1840
Massachusetts 1st Abbott Lawrence (W) Resigned September 18, 1840 Robert C. Winthrop (W) Seated November 9, 1840
Pennsylvania 13th William S. Ramsey (D) Died October 17, 1840 Charles McClure (D) Seated December 7, 1840
Iowa Territory At-large William W. Chapman (D) Term expired by law October 27, 1840 Augustus C. Dodge (D) Seated October 28, 1840
Maine 4th George Evans (W) Resigned March 3, 1841 after being elected to the US Senate Vacant Not filled this term

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

References[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]