27th Army (People's Republic of China)
|27th Group Army|
|Nickname||Unit No. 66267|
The 27th Group Army is a military formation of China's People's Liberation Army and one of three active group armies belonging to the Beijing Military Region. It is based in Shijiazhuang, Hebei and is composed of one armored brigade, two motorized infantry brigades, one artillery brigade, and an anti-aircraft artillery brigade. Its unit ID number is 66267.
Chinese Civil War
The 27th Group Army traces its lineage to the Second World War as part of the 8th Route Army. Sometime following the end of the war the unit was reassigned, redesignated and reorganized as the 9th Column of the Eastern China Field Army. It was initially organized with the 5th and 6th Division and the 3rd Reserve Brigade. The unit was reorganized in March 1947 with the 25th, 26th and 27th Division. Following its reorganization the unit participated in the Shandong campaign. The unit also took part in the Battle of Wei County, where the 29th Regiment, 25th Division earned the title "Wei County Regiment" for the unit's gallant service.
In September 1948 the unit took part in the battle for Jinan. The 9th Column then participated in the battle of Huaihai where it confronted and destroyed the KMT Huang Bo Tao Army Group.
In February 1949 the unit was redesignated and reorganized as the 27th Army. In 1949 the 27th Army was composed of the 79th, 80th and 81st Divisions. The unit took part in the assault on Shanghai.
The 27th Corps was part of the first contingent of Chinese forces to be deployed to Korea in October 1950 to fight against United Nations forces. It consisted of the 79th, 80th, 81st and 94th Divisions, though the 94th Division was attached to the 27th Army from its parent unit, the 30th Army. During the War, the 27th Army was commanded by Lieutenant General Nie Fengzhi.
In 1950 the 27th and its officers were considered some of the very best within the PLA. During the war roughly 80 percent of two "Hero Regiments" of the 27th Corps were lost to disease. The 27th returned to China in 1952.
Tiananmen Square Protests
- Main article: Activities of the PLA During Tiananmen Protests of 1989
- Stewart, Richard W. The Korean War: The Chinese Intervention. United States Army Center of Military History. p. 17. CMH Pub 19-8.
- Appleman, Roy E (1992) . "Chapter XXXIX, The Big Question". "South to the Naktong, North to the Yalu". The United States Army in the Korean War. p. 768. CMH Pub 20-2-1.
- Chinese Military Leaders During the Korean War, Chinese Lieutenant General Nie Fengzhi