27th Guards Rocket Army

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27th Guards Vitebsk Red Banner Rocket Army
RVSN-emblem.jpg
Active April 1970
Country  Soviet Union (1970—1991)
 Russia (1991-present)
Branch Strategic Rocket Forces
Type Rocket army
Headquarters Vladimir, Vladimir Oblast
Decorations Order of the Red Banner

27th Guards Vitebsk Red Banner Rocket Army (Russian: 27-я Гвардейская Витебская Краснознамённая ракетная армия) is one of the 3 rocket armies within Russian Strategic Rocket Forces headquartered at Vladimir, Vladimir Oblast in Western Russia.

In August 1959, based on the headquarters of the disbanded 10th Artillery Breakthrough Division 'Gumbinnenskoy Orders of Suvorov and Kutuzov' of the Reserve of the Supreme High Command (Russian acronym RVGK), the formation of an organizational group 46 Training Artillery Range (Military Unit No. 43176) temporarily located in Mozyr, Gomel Oblast, Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, was begun. It was subsequently relocated to the city of Krasnoyarsk.

In June 1960, in accordance with a directive of the General Staff dated 5 May 1960, an organizing group of the 46 Training Artillery Range relocated to the city of Vladimir, on the territory of the 7th Red Banner Vitebsk Guards Cannon Artillery Division of the RVGK. RVGK pad was turned on staffing organizational group of 46 Training Artillery Range, the rest of the staff - on staffing three rocket engineering brigades: the 165th (Kostroma), 197th (Vladimir Teykovo), 198th (Kozelsk, became 28th Guards Rocket Division).[1] At the same time began the study of new missile technology.

On 10 March 1961 based on the 46th ALM HQ 3rd Separate Vitebsk Rocket Corps was formed. Appointed corps commander of the Guards, Major General AD Melekhin.

The 27th Army was formed in April 1970 on the base of the 3rd Separate Guards Vitebsk Rocket Corps and the 5th Separate Rocket Corps. The 27th Army is equipped with UR-100, RT-2PM Topol and RT-2UTTH Topol M intercontinental ballistic missiles.

Commanders[edit]

  • 1970—1976: Lieutenant General (since 27 April 1975 Colonel General) V.V. Vishenkov
  • 1976—1985: Lieutenant General (since 16 December 1982 Colonel General) V.P. Shilovsky
  • 1985—1988: Lieutenant General G.A. Kolesnikov
  • 1989—1994: Lieutenant General I.V. Vershkov
  • 1994—1996: Colonel General Vladimir Yakovlev
  • 1996—2001: Lieutenant General Yuri F. Kirillov
  • 2001—2002: Lieutenant General V. Alekseev
  • 2002—2008: Lieutenant General Vladimir G. Gagarin
  • 2008—2010: Major General of the Guards Vladimir V. Antsiferov
  • Since 2010: Major General of the Guards Sergey. V. Siver

Composition[edit]

In 1993, the army consisted of the:[2]

  • 7th Guards Rocket Division (Vypolzovo, Tver Oblast)
  • 8th Rocket Division (Yurya, Kirov Oblast) - Activated 20.7.60 in Yurya, Kirov Oblast, as the 25th Missile Brigade, from parts of the 24th Artillery Range Administration. Awards and honours from the 91st Motor Rifle Division.[3]
  • 10th Guards Rocket Division (Kostroma, Kostroma Oblast)
  • 28th Guards Rocket Division (Kozelsk, Kaluga Oblast)
  • 32nd Rocket Division (Postavy, Vitebsk Oblast; disbanded 1.12.93)
  • 33rd Guards Rocket Division (Mozyr, Gomel Oblast)
  • 49th Guards Rocket Division (Lida, Grodno Region)
  • 54th Guards Rocket Division (Teykovo, Ivanovo Oblast)
  • 60th Rocket Division (Tatischevo, Saratov Oblast).

The 33rd and 49th Rocket Divisions were disbanded in 1997, and the 10th Guards Rocket Division in 2005.

Organisation 2006:[4]

  • 7th Guards Rocket Division (Vypolzovo, Tver Oblast)
  • 8th Rocket Division (Yurya, Kirov Oblast)
  • 14th Rocket Division (Yoshkar-Ola, Mari-El Republic)
  • 28th Guards Rocket Division (Kozelsk, Kaluga Oblast)
  • 54th Guards Rocket Division (Teykovo, Ivanovo Oblast)
  • 60th Missile Division (Tatischevo, Saratov Oblast)
  • 98th independent Mixed Aviation Squadron
  • 65th Communications Center

There are 5 rocket divisions that are currently under command of the 27th Army:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michael Holmes, http://www.ww2.dk/new/rvsn/28gvmd.htm
  2. ^ Michael Holm, http://www.ww2.dk/new/rvsn/27gvma.htm - 27th Guards Vitebskaya Rocket Army
  3. ^ Michael Holm, 8th Missile Division, accessed January 2013.
  4. ^ http://www.ww2.dk/new/rvsn/27gvma.htm