27th Infantry Regiment (United States)

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For other uses, see 27th Regiment.
27th Infantry Regiment
27InfRegtCOA.jpg
Coat of arms
Active 1901–present
Country  United States
Branch Army
Type Infantry
Nickname "Wolfhounds" (special designation)[1]
Motto Nec aspera torrent (No Fear on Earth)
March Wolfhound March
Mascot "Kolchak" A pure bred Russian wolfhound
Anniversaries Organization Day (Victory at the Battle of Bayan) 2 May
Engagements

Philippine-American War
Banana Wars
Russian Civil War

World War II

Korean War

Vietnam War

Operation Golden Pheasant
Operation Just Cause
Gulf War
Iraq War

Afghanistan War
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Lewis Millett
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia 27 INF DUI.gif
U.S. Infantry Regiments
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26th Infantry Regiment 28th Infantry Regiment

The 27th Infantry Regiment, nicknamed the "Wolfhounds",[1] is a unit of the United States Army established in 1901, that served in the Philippine-American War, in the Siberian Intervention after World War I, and as part of the 25th Infantry Division ("Tropic Lightning") during World War II, the Korean War, and later the Vietnam War. More recently the regiment is currently deployed to Afghanistan for the second time, following two deployments to Iraq. The regimental march is the Wolfhound March.

Service history[edit]

27th Infantry "Wolfhoundans" on parade in Vladivostock, August 1918

The 27th Infantry Regiment was established by act of Congress on 2 February 1901 and saw its first combat action while serving as part of the American force sent to quell the Philippine Insurrection on the island of Mindanao.

During the Russian Civil War, the 27th Infantry served in the American Expeditionary Force sent to Siberia in 1918. This campaign has become an integral part of unit's history. The tenacious pursuit tactics of the regiment won the respect of the Bolsheviks, who gave them the name "Wolfhounds." This emblem continues to serve as the symbol of the 27th Infantry Regiment.

On 1 March 1921, the 27th Infantry Regiment was assigned to the Hawaiian Division. It served in the Hawaiian Division for over twenty years until it was relieved on 26 August 1941, and assigned to the 25th Infantry Division.

Stationed in Hawaii, they were some of first to fire back at attacking Japanese war planes during Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor. The film and book by James Jones From Here to Eternity was based on some of the Wolfhound regimental life. After seeing extensive action in the Pacific theater during World War II, especially on the island of Guadalcanal during the Battle of Mount Austen, the Galloping Horse, and the Sea Horse, it fought in the last days of the New Georgia Campaign on the right flank on the advance on Munda, Solomon Islands, later during the Battle of Luzon and the ensuing occupation of Japan, the 27th Infantry Regiment earned the nickname "Gentle Wolfhounds" for their support of the Holy Family Orphanage.

Occupation duties were cut short in July, 1950, when the 27th Infantry Regiment departed for Pusan, Korea, to assist in holding the Pusan perimeter at the onset of the Korean War. The unit saw heavy action throughout the war, where they were considered the "fire brigade" for the 25th Infantry Division – in essence, making first combat contact with enemy forces.[citation needed] They saw significant fighting at Sandbag Castle. The commander of the 27th Infantry Regiment offered David Hackworth command of a new volunteer raider unit; Hackworth created the 27th Wolfhound Raiders and led them from August to November 1951. The 27th earned ten campaign streamers and three Presidential Unit Citations. Upon conclusion of hostilities in Korea, the unit returned to Schofield Barracks.

The 2nd Battalion, 27th Infantry Regiment, entered the Vietnam War in January, 1966. During their five-year stay in Vietnam, the unit earned two valorous unit citations, and proved to be one of the last 25th Infantry Division units to return home. The regiment participated in Operation Junction City and fought during the Tet Offensive. The regiment finally returned to Hawaii in April, 1971.

On 10 June 1987, the 2nd Battalion was relieved from their assignment to the 25th Infantry Division, and assigned to the 7th Infantry Division at Fort Ord, California. During their tour at Fort Ord the 2nd and 3rd Battalions were deployed to Honduras in 1988 in support of "Operation Golden Pheasant" and in 1989 they were deployed to Panama in support of "Operation Just Cause." On 15 September 1993, the battalion was inactivated and relieved from assignment to the 7th Infantry Division.

The 2nd Battalion, 27th Infantry Regiment, was again activated on 31 August 1995, and this unit again carries its thirty battle streamers and twelve unit citations on its colors. The motto "Nec Aspera Terrent" translates to "Frightened by no Difficulties," as "Aspera" is Latin for "Work" or "Difficulty" and "Terrent" is Latin for "Fear," the same root as "Terror." It is often stated as "No Fear on Earth."

The 4th Battalion, 27th Infantry Regiment, was active in the 3rd Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (L) at Schofield Barracks on the island of Oahu in Hawaii during the late 1980s and early 1990s. Also assigned to the 3rd Brigade was the 1st Battalion, 27th Infantry Regiment. Elements of 4th Battalion were deployed during Operation Desert Storm and served as guards for Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf during their deployment. They also participated in clearing operations in Kuwait and a security element for later peace talks.

Medal of Honor recipients[edit]

World War II Medal of Honor recipients include:

Korean War Medal of Honor recipients include:

Vietnam War Medal of Honor recipients include:

Clayton r. Wireman staff sergeant[citation needed]

Regimental distinctive insignia[edit]

The 27th Infantry Regiment consists of two battalions; the 1/27 and 2/27. Although some believe that there are actually two separate distinctive unit insignia (DUI) which are issued in pairs, the wolfhound crests: one for the 1st Battalion wolfhound unit crest which has the wolfhound facing to the left and 2nd Battalion wolfhound crest has the wolfhound facing to the right on the crest. While in a Class A uniform there are two different crests worn, one on each shoulder with the motto toward the shoulder seam and the head of the wolfhound facing forward.

Charitable activities[edit]

Both battalions of the 27th Infantry have entered the 50th year of the regiment's relationship with the children and staff of the Holy Family Home Orphanage, Osaka, Japan. During Christmas 1949, Wolfhounds visited the orphanage to deliver gifts and hold a Christmas party for the children. Recognizing the needs of the children, and the then-limited capacity for self-help in postwar Japan, the regiment turned what was to have been a one-time occurrence into flow of supplies, food, building materials, and medical assistance from American soldiers and their families to the orphans. Soldiers from 1st and 2nd Battalions return to Japan every Christmas, and two children from the orphanage have visited Schofield Barracks annually since 1957. The relationship was recognized by Hollywood in 1956 when members of the regiment were profiled in the 1955 film, Three Stripes In The Sun, starring Aldo Ray.

Battalion commanders[edit]

  • 1st Battalion
    • 2013-Present LTC Charles Bergman
    • 2011-2013 LTC Todd Fox
    • 2009-2011 LTC Brown
    • 2006-2009 LTC Rich "Flip" Wilson (Strykers)
    • 2002-2005 LTC C. Scott Leith
    • 1998-2000 LTC William B. Garrett III
    • 1981-1982 LTC William Peterson
    • 1982-1985 LTC Howard Thacher Linke
    • 1985-1987 LTC William Crittinden
  • 2nd Battalion
    • 2012–Present LTC Barrett M. Bernard
    • 2010–2012 LTC Daniel Wilson
    • 2008–2010 LTC Raul E. Gonzalez
    • 2005-2008 LTC Drew Meyerowich
    • 2003-2005 LTC Walter E. Piatt
    • 2001-2003 LTC Tom Guthrie
    • 1999-2001 LTC Lee Rudacille
    • 1997-1999 LTC Jon Smart
    • 1995- 1997 LTC Greg Lynch
    • 1991-1993 LTC Randy Glass
    • 1988-1991 LTC Alan J. Rock
    • 1986-1988 LTC Joe Trez
  • 3rd Battalion
    • 1989-1991 LTC Scott Hutchison
    • 1989-1990 Col Lynwood Burney (Cold Steel) Note - Col Burney was 2nd Brigade Cdr 7th ID which consisted of 2/27, 3/27, and 5/21
    • 1987-1989 LTC Joseph Hunt
  • 4th Battalion (inactive)

Campaign credits[edit]

27th Infantry "Wolfhounds" advance past dead Chinese soldier, south of Seoul during Task Force 'Punch', February 1951

Philippine Insurrection: Mindanao

World War I: Siberia 1918; Siberia 1919

World War II: Central Pacific; Guadalcanal; Northern Solomons (with arrowhead); Luzon

Korean War: UN Defensive; UN Offensive; CCF Intervention; First UN Counteroffensive; CCF Spring Offensive; UN Summer-Fall Offensive; Second Korean Winter; Korea, Summer-Fall 1952; Third Korean Winter; Korea, Summer 1953

Vietnam: Counteroffensive; Counteroffensive, Phase II; Counteroffensive, Phase III; Tet Counteroffensive; Counteroffensive, Phase IV; Counteroffensive, Phase V; Counteroffensive, Phase VI; Tet 69/Counteroffensive; Summer-Fall 1969; Winter-Spring 1970; Sanctuary Counteroffensive; Counteroffensive, Phase VII

Armed Forces Expeditions: Panama

Decorations[edit]

  • Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for SANGNYONG-NI
  • Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for TAEGU
  • Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for HAN RIVER
  • Valorous Unit Award for CU CHI DISTRICT
  • Valorous Unit Award for SAIGON
  • Philippine Presidential Unit Citation for 17 OCTOBER 1944 TO 4 JULY 1945
  • Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation for MASAN-CHINJU
  • Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation for MUNSAN-NI
  • Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation for KOREA
  • Meritorious Unit Award Operation Iraqi Freedom 2007-2009
  • Valorous Unit Award Operation Enduring Freedom 2011-2012

Depictions in media[edit]

James Jones wrote From Here to Eternity and The Thin Red Line based on his experiences in Schofield Barracks, Hawaii during the Attack of Pearl Harbor and Guadalcanal during the Battle of Mount Austen, the Galloping Horse, and the Sea Horse as a member of the 27th Infantry Regiment.

The movie Three Stripes in the Sun (1955) is based on the New Yorker Magazine article The Gentle Wolfhound by Ely Jacques Kahn, Jr.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Special Unit Designations". United States Army Center of Military History. 21 April 2010. Archived from the original on 9 June 2010. Retrieved 24 June 2010. 

External links[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Army Center of Military History document "27th Infantry Lineage and Honors".