28th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

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28th Infantry Brigade
Active 1914–1974
Country Great Britain
Branch British Army
Type Infantry

The 28th Infantry Brigade was a British Army formation which served during the First World War, the Second World War, and the Korean War.

History[edit]

First World War[edit]

The Brigade was part of 9th (Scottish) Division during the First World War. It comprised 7th Battalion, Black Watch, and 10th and 11th Battalions, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders.

Second World War[edit]

In 1939 the brigade was a second line Territorial Army formation and a duplicate of 154 Infantry Brigade. Initially the brigade belonged to the 9th (Highland) Infantry Division from 1939 to 1940. After the destruction of the 51st Highland Division during the Battle of France in 1940, the 9th Division was redesignated the 51st Highland Division and the 28th Brigade HQ was absorbed by HQ 154th Infantry Brigade.[1] The 28th Brigade came into being again when the 2nd Gibraltar Brigade was redesignated as the 28th Brigade at Gibraltar on 1 December 1943. It served with the 4th Infantry Division in the Italian Campaign and in Greece.[2]

Korean War[edit]

The Brigade arrived in Hong Kong from the UK in 1949, to join the 40th Infantry Division. It arrived in April 1951 in Korea, took the title '28 Commonwealth Brigade' and joined the 1st Commonwealth Division, and served right through the war until leaving in 1954. It comprised two British and one Australian infantry battalions and 16th Field Regiment, Royal New Zealand Artillery.

SEATO[edit]

The Brigade was reformed on 16 September 1955 in Malaya, formed from a combination of forces from Australia, New Zealand and Britain.[3] The formation was now air-portable and named the 28th Commonwealth Infantry Brigade Group. Its main elements were three infantry battalions from Australia, Britain and New Zealand and a British field artillery regiment with an Australian battery. The Brigade's operational role was as the 'Immediate Reaction Force' for the South East Asia Treaty Organisation.

It was stationed in a new camp at Terandak, near Malacca in Malaysia. On 31 October 1971 the Brigade ceased to exist. However, its demise was painless and involved a mere change of name and location. On 1 November 1971 the Brigade became 28 ANZUK Infantry Brigade and was located on the northern side of Singapore Island. The brigade disbanded in 1974.

The Brigade actually disbanded in January 1976 after a short period as 28 (UK) Infantry Brigade after the demise of ANZUK Force. HQ was at the old Admiralty Building near to HMS Terror and the naval base.

Structure[edit]

Under 9th (Scottish) Division
24 December 1943
Mid 1949
Korea

Commanders[edit]

  • Brig. B.A. Campbell (Commander 1939)
  • Brig. A.C.L. Stanley Clarke (Commander 1940)
  • Brig. A.J.L. Purves
  • Brig. C.A.M.D. Scott

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Joslen, Lt-Col H.F. (2003) [1st. pub. HMSO:1960]. Orders of Battle: Second World War, 1939–1945. Uckfield: Naval and Military Press. ISBN 9781843424741. OCLC 65152579. 

External links[edit]