28th Canadian Parliament

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28th Parliament of Canada
Majority parliament
September 12, 1968 (1968-09-12) – September 1, 1972 (1972-09-01)
Parliament leaders
Prime
Minister
Rt. Hon. Pierre Trudeau
(20th Canadian Ministry)
April 20, 1968 (1968-04-20)–June 4, 1979 (1979-06-04)
Leader of the
Opposition
Hon. Robert Stanfield
November 6, 1967 (1967-11-06)–November 21, 1976 (1976-11-21)
Party standings in the House
Government Liberal Party
Opposition Progressive Conservative Party
Third Party New Democratic Party
Fourth Party Ralliement créditiste
House of Commons
Chambre des Communes 1968.png
Seating arrangements of the House of Commons
Speaker of the
Commons
Hon. Lucien Lamoureux
January 18, 1966 (1966-01-18)–September 29, 1974 (1974-09-29)
Government
House Leader
Hon. Donald MacDonald
July 6, 1968 (1968-07-06)–September 23, 1970 (1970-09-23)
Hon. Allan MacEachen
September 24, 1970 (1970-09-24)–May 9, 1974 (1974-05-09)
Opposition
House Leader
Hon. Ged Baldwin
July 27, 1968 (1968-07-27)–September 20, 1973 (1973-09-20)
Members 264 MP seats
List of members
Senate
Speaker of the
Senate
Hon. Jean-Paul Deschatelets
September 5, 1968 (1968-09-05)–December 13, 1972 (1972-12-13)
Government
Senate Leader
Vacant
April 20, 1968 (1968-04-20)–March 31, 1969 (1969-03-31)
Hon. Paul Joseph James Martin
April 1, 1969 (1969-04-01)–August 7, 1974 (1974-08-07)
Opposition
Senate Leader
Hon. Jacques Flynn
October 31, 1967 (1967-10-31)–May 22, 1979 (1979-05-22)
Senators 102 senator seats
List of senators
Sessions
1st Session
September 12, 1968 (1968-09-12) – October 22, 1969 (1969-10-22)
2nd Session
October 23, 1969 (1969-10-23) – October 7, 1970 (1970-10-07)
3rd Session
October 8, 1970 (1970-10-08) – February 16, 1972 (1972-02-16)
4th Session
February 17, 1972 (1972-02-17) – September 1, 1972 (1972-09-01)
<27th 29th>

The 28th Canadian Parliament was in session from September 12, 1968 until September 1, 1972. The membership was set by the 1968 federal election on June 25, 1968, and it changed only somewhat due to resignations and by-elections until it was dissolved prior to the 1972 election.

It was controlled by a Liberal Party majority under Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and the 20th Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was the Progressive Conservative Party led by Robert Stanfield.

The Speaker was Lucien Lamoureux. See also List of Canadian electoral districts 1966-1976 for a list of the ridings in this parliament.

There were four sessions of the 28th Parliament:

Session Start End
1st September 12, 1968 October 22, 1969
2nd October 23, 1969 October 7, 1970
3rd October 8, 1970 February 16, 1972
4th February 17, 1972 September 1, 1972

Members of the House of Commons[edit]

Members of the House of Commons in the 28th parliament arranged by province.

Newfoundland[edit]

Riding Member Political Party
Bonavista—Trinity—Conception Frank Moores Progressive Conservative
Burin—Burgeo Donald Jamieson Liberal
Gander—Twillingate John Lundrigan Progressive Conservative
Grand Falls—White Bay—Labrador Ambrose Peddle Progressive Conservative
Humber—St. George's—St. Barbe Jack Marshall Progressive Conservative
St. John's East James McGrath Progressive Conservative
St. John's West Walter Carter Progressive Conservative

Prince Edward Island[edit]

Riding Member Political Party
Cardigan Melvin McQuaid Progressive Conservative
Egmont David MacDonald Progressive Conservative
Hillsborough Heath MacQuarrie Progressive Conservative
Malpeque John Angus MacLean Progressive Conservative

Nova Scotia[edit]

Riding Member Political Party
Annapolis Valley Pat Nowlan Progressive Conservative
Cape Breton Highlands—Canso Allan MacEachen Liberal
Cape Breton—East Richmond Donald MacInnis Progressive Conservative
Cape Breton—The Sydneys Robert Muir Progressive Conservative
Central Nova Howard Russell Macewan then Elmer MacKay* Both Progressive Conservative
Cumberland—Colchester North Robert Coates Progressive Conservative
Dartmouth—Halifax East Michael Forrestall Progressive Conservative
Halifax Robert Stanfield Progressive Conservative
Halifax—East Hants Robert Jardine McCleave Progressive Conservative
South Shore Lloyd Crouse Progressive Conservative
South Western Nova Louis-Roland Comeau Progressive Conservative
* Russell MacEwan resigned and was replaced by Elmer MacKay in a May 31, 1971 by-election.

New Brunswick[edit]

Riding Member Political Party
Carleton—Charlotte Hugh Flemming Progressive Conservative
Fundy—Royal Robert Fairweather Progressive Conservative
Gloucester Herb Breau Liberal
Madawaska—Victoria Eymard Corbin Liberal
Moncton Charlie Thomas Progressive Conservative
Northumberland—Miramichi Percy Smith Liberal
Restigouche Jean-Eudes Dubé Liberal
Saint John—Lancaster Thomas Miller Bell Progressive Conservative
Westmorland—Kent Guy F. Crossman Liberal
York—Sunbury John Chester MacRae Progressive Conservative

Quebec[edit]

Riding Member Political Party
Abitibi Gérard Laprise Ralliement Créditiste
Ahuntsic Jean-Léo Rochon Liberal
Argenteuil Robert Major Liberal
Beauce Romuald Rodrigue Ralliement Créditiste
Beauharnois Gérald Laniel Liberal
Bellechasse Joseph Lambert Ralliement Créditiste
Berthier Antonio Yanakis Liberal
Bonaventure Albert Béchard Liberal
Bourassa Jacques Trudel Liberal
Chambly Bernard Pilon then Yvon L'Heureux* Both Liberal
Champlain René Matte Ralliement Créditiste
Charlevoix Martial Asselin Progressive Conservative
Chicoutimi Paul Langlois Liberal
Compton Henry Latulippe Ralliement Créditiste
Dollard Jean-Pierre Goyer Liberal
Drummond Jean-Luc Pépin Liberal
Duvernay Eric Kierans Liberal
Frontenac Bernard Dumont then Léopold Corriveau** Ralliement Créditiste then Liberal
Gamelin Arthur Portelance Liberal
Gaspé Alexander Cyr Liberal
Gatineau Gaston Clermont Liberal
Hochelaga Gérard Pelletier Liberal
Hull Joseph Isabelle Liberal
Joliette Roch La Salle Progressive Conservative then independent***
Kamouraska Charles-Eugène Dionne Ralliement Créditiste
Labelle Léo Cadieux then Maurice Dupras Liberal
Lapointe Gilles Marceau Liberal
La Prairie Ian Watson Liberal
Lac-Saint-Jean Marcel Lessard Liberal
Lachine—Lac-Saint-Louis Raymond Rock Liberal then Progressive Conservative††
Lafontaine Georges-C. Lachance Liberal
Langelier Jean Marchand Liberal
Lasalle Pit Lessard Liberal
Laurier Fernand Leblanc Liberal
Laval Marcel-Claude Roy Liberal
Lévis Raynald Guay Liberal
Longueuil Jean-Pierre Côté Liberal
Lotbiniere André-Gilles Fortin Ralliement Créditiste
Louis-Hébert Jean-Charles Cantin Liberal
Maisonneuve J. Antonio Thomas Liberal
Manicouagan Gustave Blouin Liberal
Matane Pierre de Bané Liberal
Mercier Prosper Boulanger Liberal
Missisquoi Yves Forest Liberal
Montmorency Ovide Laflamme Liberal
Mount Royal Pierre Trudeau Liberal
Notre-Dame-de-Grâce Warren Allmand Liberal
Outremont Aurélien Noël Liberal
Papineau André Ouellet Liberal
Pontiac Thomas Lefebvre Liberal
Portneuf Roland Godin Ralliement Créditiste
Quebec East Gérard Duquet Liberal
Richelieu Florian Côté Liberal
Richmond Léonel Beaudoin Ralliement Créditiste
Rimouski Louis Guy LeBlanc Liberal
Roberval Charles-Arthur Gauthier Ralliement Créditiste
Saint-Denis Marcel Prud'homme Liberal
Saint-Henri Gérard Loiselle Liberal
Saint-Hyacinthe Théogène Ricard Progressive Conservative
Saint-Jacques Jacques Guilbault Liberal
Saint-Jean Walter Smith Liberal
Saint-Maurice Jean Chrétien Liberal
Saint-Michel Victor Forget Liberal
Sainte-Marie Georges Valade Progressive Conservative
Shefford Gilbert Rondeau Ralliement Créditiste
Sherbrooke Paul Mullins Gervais Liberal
Témiscamingue Réal Caouette Ralliement Créditiste
Témiscouata Rosaire Gendron Liberal
Terrebonne Joseph-Roland Comtois Liberal
Trois-Rivières Joseph-Alfred Mongrain then Claude G. Lajoie††† Liberal
Vaudreuil René Emard Liberal
Verdun Bryce Mackasey Liberal
Villeneuve Oza Tétrault Ralliement Créditiste
Westmount Bud Drury Liberal
* Bernard Pilon died in office on November 17, 1970. He was replaced by Yvon Heureux in a 1971 by-election
** Bernard Dumont resigned from parliament and was replaced by Léopold Corriveau in a 1970 by-election
*** Roch La Salle quit the Tory party on May 5, 1971 when leader Robert Stanfield rejected a proposal to recognize Canada as being made up of two nations
Léo Cadieux left parliament to become ambassador to France and was replaced by Maurice Dupras in a 1970 by-election
†† Raymond Rock crossed the floor on March 12, 1972 over protests that the government gave backbenchers too little influence
††† Joseph-Alfred Mongrain died in office on December 23, 1970 and was replaced by Claude G. Lajoie in a 1971 by-election

Ontario[edit]

Riding Member Political Party
Algoma Maurice Foster Liberal
Brant James E. Brown then Derek Blackburn* Liberal then NDP
Broadview John Gilbert New Democrat
Bruce Ross Whicher Liberal
Cochrane Ralph Stewart Liberal
Davenport Charles Caccia Liberal
Don Valley Bob Kaplan Liberal
Eglinton Mitchell Sharp Liberal
Elgin Harold Stafford Liberal
Essex Eugene Whelan Liberal
Etobicoke Alastair Gillespie Liberal
Fort William Hubert Badanai Liberal
Frontenac—Lennox and Addington Almonte Alkenbrack Progressive Conservative
Glengarry—Prescott Viateur Éthier Liberal
Greenwood Andrew Brewin New Democrat
Grenville—Carleton Duncan Blair Liberal
Grey—Simcoe Percy Noble Progressive Conservative
Halton Rutherford Lester Whiting Liberal
Halton—Wentworth John B. Morison Liberal
Hamilton East John Carr Munro Liberal
Hamilton Mountain Gordon J. Sullivan Liberal
Hamilton—Wentworth Colin Gibson Liberal
Hamilton West Lincoln Alexander Progressive Conservative
Hastings Lee Grills Progressive Conservative
High Park Walter Deakon Liberal
Huron Robert McKinley Progressive Conservative
Kenora—Rainy River John Mercer Reid Liberal-Labour
Kent—Essex Harold Danforth Progressive Conservative
Kingston and the Islands Edgar Benson Liberal
Kitchener Keith Hymmen Liberal
Lakeshore Ken Robinson Liberal
Lambton—Kent Mac McCutcheon Progressive Conservative
Lanark and Renfrew Murray McBride Liberal
Leeds Desmond Code Progressive Conservative
Lincoln H. Gordon Barrett Liberal
London East Charles Turner Liberal
London West Judd Buchanan Liberal
Middlesex Jim Lind Liberal
Niagara Falls Joe Greene Liberal
Nickel Belt Gaetan Serré Liberal
Nipissing Carl Legault Liberal
Norfolk—Haldimand William David Knowles Progressive Conservative
Northumberland—Durham Russell Honey Liberal
Ontario Norman Cafik Liberal
Oshawa—Whitby Ed Broadbent New Democrat
Ottawa—Carleton John Turner Liberal
Ottawa Centre George McIlraith Liberal
Ottawa East Jean-Thomas Richard Liberal
Ottawa West Cyril Lloyd Francis Liberal
Oxford Wally Nesbitt Progressive Conservative
Parkdale Stanley Haidasz Liberal
Parry Sound—Muskoka Gordon Aiken Progressive Conservative
Peel—Dufferin—Simcoe Bruce Beer Liberal
Peel South Hyliard Chappel Liberal
Perth Jay Monteith Progressive Conservative
Peterborough Hugh Faulkner Liberal
Port Arthur Robert Andras Liberal
Prince Edward—Hastings George Hees Progressive Conservative
Renfrew North Len Hopkins Liberal
Rosedale Donald Stovel Macdonald Liberal
Sarnia Bud Cullen Liberal
Sault Ste. Marie Terrence Murphy Liberal
Scarborough East Martin O'Connell Liberal
Scarborough West David Weatherhead Liberal
Simcoe North Philip Rynard Progressive Conservative
Spadina Perry Ryan Liberal
St. Catharines James McNulty Liberal
St. Paul's Ian Wahn Liberal
Stormont—Dundas Lucien Lamoureux Independent
Sudbury James Jerome Liberal
Thunder Bay Keith Penner Liberal
Timiskaming Arnold Peters New Democrat
Timmins Jean Roy Liberal
Trinity Paul Hellyer Liberal then Independent Liberal then Progressive Conservative**
Victoria—Haliburton William Scott Progressive Conservative
Waterloo Max Saltsman New Democrat
Welland Donald Tolmie Liberal
Wellington Alfred Hales Progressive Conservative
Wellington—Grey Marvin Howe Progressive Conservative
Windsor West Herb Gray Liberal
Windsor—Walkerville Mark MacGuigan Liberal
York Centre James E. Walker Liberal
York East Steven Otto Liberal
York North Barney Danson Liberal
York—Scarborough Robert Stanbury Liberal
York—Simcoe John Roberts Liberal
York South David Lewis New Democrat
York West Philip Givens Liberal
* James E. Brown was appointed ambassador and was replaced by Derek Blackburn in a 1971 by-election
** On May 21, 1971, Paul Hellyer left the Liberal Party to sit as an independent, protesting the government's economic policies. On July 25, 1972, he joined the Progressive Conservatives.

Manitoba[edit]

Riding Member Political Party
Brandon—Souris Walter Dinsdale Progressive Conservative
Churchill Robert Simpson Progressive Conservative
Dauphin William Gordon Ritchie Progressive Conservative
Lisgar George Muir then Jack Murta* Both Progressive Conservative
Marquette Craig Stewart Progressive Conservative
Portage Gerald Cobbe Liberal
Provencher Mark Smerchanski Liberal
Selkirk Edward Schreyer then Doug Rowland** Both New Democrat
St. Boniface Joseph-Philippe Guay Liberal
Winnipeg North David Orlikow New Democrat
Winnipeg North Centre Stanley Knowles New Democrat
Winnipeg South James Richardson Liberal
Winnipeg South Centre Edmund Boyd Osler Liberal
* George Muir died in office on August 26, 1970 and was replaced by Jack Murta in a by-election later that year.
** Edward Schreyer left parliament to become leader of the Manitoba NDP and then Premier of Manitoba he was replaced by Doug Rowland in a 1969 by-election.

Saskatchewan[edit]

Riding Member Political Party
Assiniboia A.B. Douglas then Bill Knight* Liberal then NDP
Battleford—Kindersley Rod Thomson New Democrat
Mackenzie Stanley Korchinski Progressive Conservative
Meadow Lake Bert Cadieu Progressive Conservative
Moose Jaw John Skoberg New Democrat
Prince Albert John Diefenbaker Progressive Conservative
Qu'Appelle—Moose Mountain Richard Southam Progressive Conservative
Regina East John Burton New Democrat
Regina—Lake Centre Les Benjamin New Democrat
Saskatoon—Biggar Alfred Gleave New Democrat
Saskatoon—Humboldt Otto Lang Liberal
Swift Current—Maple Creek Jack McIntosh Progressive Conservative
Yorkton—Melville Lorne Nystrom New Democrat
* A.B. Douglas died in office and was replaced by Bill Knight in a 1971 by-election

Alberta[edit]

Riding Member Political Party
Athabasca Paul Yewchuk Progressive Conservative
Battle River Cliff Downey Progressive Conservative
Calgary Centre Douglas Harkness Progressive Conservative
Calgary North Eldon Woolliams Progressive Conservative
Calgary South Patrick Mahoney Liberal
Crowfoot Jack Horner Progressive Conservative
Edmonton Centre Steve Paproski Progressive Conservative
Edmonton East William Skoreyko Progressive Conservative
Edmonton West Marcel Lambert Progressive Conservative
Edmonton—Strathcona Hu Harries Liberal
Lethbridge Deane Gundlock Progressive Conservative
Medicine Hat Bud Olson Liberal
Palliser Stanley Schumacher Progressive Conservative
Peace River Ged Baldwin Progressive Conservative
Pembina Jack Bigg Progressive Conservative
Red Deer Robert N. Thompson Progressive Conservative
Rocky Mountain Allen Sulatycky Liberal
Vegreville Don Mazankowski Progressive Conservative
Wetaskiwin Harry Andrew Moore Progressive Conservative

British Columbia[edit]

Riding Member Political Party
Burnaby—Richmond Tom Goode Liberal
Burnaby—Seymour Ray Perrault Liberal
Capilano Jack Davis Liberal
Coast Chilcotin Paul Saint Pierre Liberal
Comox—Alberni Richard Durante then Thomas Speakman Barnett* Liberal then NDP
Esquimalt—Saanich David Anderson Liberal
Fraser Valley East Ervin Pringle Liberal
Fraser Valley West Mark Rose New Democrat
Kamloops—Cariboo Leonard Marchand Liberal
Kootenay West Randolph Harding New Democrat
Nanaimo—Cowichan—The Islands Colin Cameron then Tommy Douglas** Both New Democrat
New Westminster (electoral district) Douglas Hogarth Liberal
Okanagan Boundary Bruce Howard Liberal
Okanagan—Kootenay William Douglas Stewart Liberal
Prince George—Peace River Robert Borrie Liberal
Skeena Frank Howard New Democrat
Surrey Barry Mather New Democrat
Vancouver Centre Ron Basford Liberal
Vancouver East Harold Winch New Democrat
Vancouver Kingsway Grace MacInnis New Democrat
Vancouver Quadra Grant Deachman Liberal
Vancouver South Arthur Laing Liberal
Victoria David Groos Liberal
* Richard Durante won in 1968 by only nine votes over Tom Barnett. After several irregularities were found the result was declared void and Tom Barnett won the subsequent redo held on March 8, 1969.
** Colin Cameron died in office and was replaced by Tommy Douglas in a February 10, 1969 by-election

Northern Territories[edit]

Riding Member Political Party
Northwest Territories Robert Orange Liberal
Yukon Erik Nielsen Progressive Conservative

By-elections[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Assiniboia November 8, 1971 Albert B. Douglas      Liberal Bill Knight      New Democratic Party Death No
Central Nova May 31, 1971 Russell MacEwan      Progressive Conservative Elmer M. MacKay      Progressive Conservative Resignation Yes
Brant May 31, 1971 James E. Brown      Liberal Derek Blackburn      New Democratic Party Appointed a judge No
Chambly May 31, 1971 Bernard Pilon      Liberal Yvon L'Heureux      Liberal Death Yes
Trois-Rivières May 31, 1971 Joseph-Alfred Mongrain      Liberal Claude Lajoie      Liberal Death Yes
Lisgar November 6, 1970 George Muir      Progressive Conservative Jack Murta      Progressive Conservative Death Yes
Frontenac November 6, 1970 Bernard Dumont      Ralliement Créditiste Léopold Corriveau      Liberal Resignation No
Labelle November 6, 1970 Léo Cadieux      Liberal Maurice Dupras      Liberal Appointed Ambassador to France Yes
Selkirk April 13, 1970 Edward Schreyer      New Democratic Party Doug Rowland      New Democratic Party Resignation Yes
Comox—Alberni April 8, 1969 Richard J. J. Durante      Liberal Thomas Speakman Barnett      New Democratic Party Election declared void No
Nanaimo—Cowichan—The Islands February 10, 1969 Colin Cameron      New Democratic Party Tommy C. Douglas      New Democratic Party Death Yes


References[edit]

Succession[edit]