29th United States Congress

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29th United States Congress
Capitol1846.jpg
United States Capitol (1846)

Duration: March 4, 1845 – March 4, 1847

Senate President: George M. Dallas
Senate Pres. pro tem: Willie P. Mangum
Ambrose H. Sevier
David R. Atchison
House Speaker: John W. Davis
Members: 58 Senators
228 Representatives
2 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic
House Majority: Democratic

Sessions
1st: December 1, 1845 – August 10, 1846
2nd: December 7, 1846 – March 3, 1847
<28th 30th>

The Twenty-ninth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1845 to March 4, 1847, during the first two years of the administration of James Polk's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Sixth Census of the United States in 1840. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

Treaties[edit]

States admitted[edit]

  • December 29, 1845: Texas admitted as the 28th state
  • December 28, 1846: Iowa admitted as the 29th state

Party summary[edit]

Senate[edit]

During this congress, two Senate seats were added for each of the new states of Texas and Iowa.

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Liberty
(L)
Whig
(W)
Other
End of the previous congress 23 0 27 1 51 3
Begin 26 0 24 0 50 4
End 31 1 56 2
Final voting share 55.4% 1.8% 42.9% 0.0%
Beginning of the next congress 34 0 20 1 55 3

House of Representatives[edit]

During this congress, two House seats were added for each of the new states of Texas and Iowa.

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
American
(A)
Democratic
(D)
Whig
(W)
Other
End of the previous congress 0 141 78 4 223 1
Begin 6 138 79 0 223 2
End 143 78 227
Final voting share 2.6% 63.0% 34.4% 0.0%
Beginning of the next congress 1 107 116 3 227 1

Leadership[edit]

President of the Senate
George M. Dallas
President pro tempore
Ambrose H. Sevier
President pro tempore
David R. Atchison

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Members[edit]

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate[edit]

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1850; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1846; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1848.

House of Representatives[edit]

Speaker John W: Davis

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

  • replacements: 8
  • deaths: 3
  • resignations: 6
  • interim appointments: 1
  • seats of newly admitted states: 4
  • Total seats with changes: 14


State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Florida
(1)
Vacant Florida admitted to the Union at end of previous congress David L. Yulee (D) Elected July 1, 1845
Florida
(3)
Vacant Florida admitted to the Union at end of previous congress James Westcott (D) Elected July 1, 1845
South Carolina
(3)
Vacant Senator Daniel E. Huger resigned in previous congress John C. Calhoun (D) Elected November 26, 1845
Virginia
(1)
Vacant Failure to elect Isaac S. Pennybacker (D) Elected December 3, 1845
Mississippi
(2)
Robert J. Walker (D) Resigned March 5, 1845 after being appointed United States Secretary of the Treasury Joseph W. Chalmers (D) Elected November 3, 1845
Pennsylvania
(3)
James Buchanan (D) Resigned March 5, 1845 after being appointed United States Secretary of State Simon Cameron (D) Elected March 13, 1845
Massachusetts
(2)
Isaac C. Bates (W) Died March 16, 1845 John Davis (W) Elected March 24, 1845
Georgia
(2)
John Macpherson Berrien (W) Resigned May, 1845; appointed to the Georgia Supreme Court John Macpherson Berrien (W) Elected November 13, 1845
New Hampshire
(2)
Levi Woodbury (D) Resigned November 20, 1845 after being appointed Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States Benning W. Jenness (D) Appointed December 1, 1845
Texas
(1)
Texas admitted to the Union December 29, 1845 and remained vacant until February 21, 1846 Thomas J. Rusk (D) Elected February 21, 1846
Texas
(2)
Texas admitted to the Union December 29, 1845 and remained vacant until February 21, 1846 Sam Houston (D) Elected February 21, 1846
New Hampshire
(2)
Benning W. Jenness (D) Resigned June 13, 1846 after successor elected Joseph Cilley (D) Elected June 13, 1846
North Carolina
(3)
William H. Haywood, Jr. (D) Resigned July 25, 1846 after having refused to be instructed by the North Carolina state legislature on a tariff question George E. Badger (W) Elected November 25, 1846
South Carolina
(3)
George McDuffie (D) Resigned August 17, 1846 Andrew Butler (D) Elected December 4, 1846
Iowa
(2)
Iowa admitted to the Union December 28, 1846 Vacant Not filled this term
Iowa
(3)
Iowa admitted to the Union December 28, 1846 Vacant Not filled this term
Louisiana
(2)
Alexander Barrow (W) Died December 29, 1846 Pierre Soulé (D) Elected January 21, 1847
Virginia
(1)
Isaac S. Pennybacker (D) Died January 12, 1847 James M. Mason (D) Elected January 21, 1847

House of Representatives[edit]

  • replacements: 12
  • deaths: 5
  • resignations: 6
  • contested election: 1
  • seats of newly admitted states: 4
  • Total seats with changes: 17


District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
Florida At-large Vacant Florida admitted to the Union at end of previous congress Edward C. Cabell (W) Seated October 6, 1845
Georgia 3rd Vacant Rep-elect Washington Poe declined the seat George W. Towns (D) Seated January 5, 1846
Texas 1st Texas admitted into the Union December 29, 1845 and seat remained vacant until March 30, 1846 David S. Kaufman (D) Seated March 30, 1846
Texas 2nd Texas admitted into the Union December 29, 1845 and seat remained vacant until March 30, 1846 Timothy Pilsbury (D) Seated March 30, 1846
New Jersey 2nd Samuel G. Wright (W) Died July 30, 1845 George Sykes (D) Seated November 4, 1845
Louisiana 1st John Slidell (D) Resigned November 10, 1845 afer being appointed Minister to Mexico, but government refused to accept him Emile La Sére (D) Seated January 29, 1846
Tennessee 8th Joseph H. Peyton (W) Died November 11, 1845 Edwin H. Ewing (W) Seated ??????
Virginia 11th William Taylor (D) Died January 17, 1846 James McDowell (D) Seated March 6, 1846
Florida At-large Edward C. Cabell (W) Lost contested election January 24, 1846 William H. Brockenbrough (D) Seated January 24, 1846
Mississippi At-large Jefferson Davis (D) Resigned some time in June, 1846 in order to take part in the Mexican War Henry T. Ellett (D) Seated January 26, 1847
New York 12th Richard P. Herrick (W) Died June 20, 1846 Thomas C. Ripley (W) Seated December 17, 1846
Arkansas At-large Archibald Yell (D) Resigned July 1, 1846 in order to take part in the Mexican War Thomas W. Newton (W) Seated February 6, 1847
Missouri At-large Sterling Price (D) Resigned August 12, 1846 in order to take part in the Mexican War William McDaniel (D) Seated December 7, 1846
Alabama 3rd William L. Yancey (D) Resigned September 1, 1846 James L. Cottrell (D) Seated December 7, 1846
Alabama 7th Felix G. McConnell (D) Died September 10, 1846 Franklin W. Bowdon (D) Seated December 7, 1846
Iowa Territory At-large Augustus C. Dodge (D) Territory was dissolved after Iowa was admitted to the Union December 28, 1846
Iowa At-large Iowa admitted into the Union December 28, 1846 S. Clinton Hastings (D) Seated December 28, 1846
Iowa At-large Iowa admitted into the Union December 28, 1846 Shepherd Leffler (D) Seated December 28, 1846
Illinois 7th Edward D. Baker (W) Resigned January 15, 1847 in order to take part in the Mexican War John Henry (W) Seated February 5, 1847
Illinois 5th Stephen A. Douglas (D) Resigned March 3, 1847 at close of congress after being elected to the US Senate Vacant Not filled this term

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

References[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]