29th National Film Awards

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29th National Film Awards
Awarded for Best of Indian cinema in 1981
Presented by Directorate of Film Festivals
Presented on April 1982 (1982-04)
Official website dff.nic.in
Highlights
Best Feature Film Dakhal
Most awards Umrao Jaan (4)
 < 28th National Film Awards 30th > 

The 29th National Film Awards, presented by Directorate of Film Festivals, the organization set up by Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, India to felicitate the best of Indian Cinema released in the year 1981.[1][2] Ceremony took place in April 1982.

With 29th National Film Awards, new category for books on Indian cinema was introduced. The awards aim at the encouraging the study and appreciation of cinema as an art form and dissemination of information and critical appreciation of this art-form through publication of books, articles reviews etc.

Juries[edit]

Three different committees were formed for feature films, short films and books on cinema, headed by veteran actor Ashok Kumar, Vasant Joglekar and Asok Mitra respectively.[1][2]

  • Jury Members: Short Films
    • Vasant Joglekar (Chairperson) • Hari Sadhan Dasgupta • Jagat Murari • Ramesh Sharma

Awards[edit]

Awards were divided into feature films, non-feature films and books written on Indian cinema.

Lifetime Achievement Award[edit]

Name of Award Awardee(s) Awarded As Awards
Dadasaheb Phalke Award Naushad Ali Music director Swarna Kamal, INR40,000 and a Shawl

Feature films[edit]

Feature films were awarded at All India as well as regional level. For 29th National Film Awards, a Bengali film, Dakhal won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film whereas a Hindi film, Umrao Jaan won the maximum number of awards (four). In the honor of veteran actress Nargis Dutt who died in 1981, award for best feature film on national integration was renamed as Nargis Dutt Award for Best Feature Film on National Integration. Following were the awards given in each category:[1][2]

All India Award[edit]

Following were the awards given:[1][2]

Name of Award Name of Film Language Awardee(s) Cash Prize
Best Feature Film Dakhal Bengali Producer: Government of West Bengal Swarna Kamal and INR50,000/-
Director: Gautam Ghose Swarna Kamal and INR25,000/-
Citation: For the visual eloquence with which it portrays the travails of a daughter of a soil courageously fighting for a social justice in the face of all odds and for the remarkable ability of its young director who writes the screenplay, handles the camera, scores the music and directs the film in a poetic manner.
Second Best Feature Film Pokkuveyil Malayalam Producer: K. Ravindranathan Nair Rajat Kamal and INR30,000/-
Director: G. Aravindan Rajat Kamal and INR15,000/-
Citation: For visualizing in a sustained, poetic manner the gnawing agony of the human mind dangerously hovering on the edge of insanity; for marrying the images superbly with haunting classical music on the sound track and creating an unorthodox, sensitive, deeply moving work of exquisite beauty.
Best Feature Film on National Integration Sapthapadhi Telugu Producer: Bheemavarapu Buchhireddy Rajat Kamal and INR30,000/-
Director: Kasinadhuni Viswanath Rajat Kamal and INR15,000/-
Citation: For focusing on the problems of the society whose orthodoxy inflicts grave injustice on the under-privileged, for the dilemma faced by a Brahmin disciplinarian in confronting his grand-daughter's love for Harijan, for resolving the problem in a rational manner, worthy of the country's best secular traditions.
Best Debut Film of A Director Aadharshila Hindi Director: Ashok Ahuja Rajat Kamal and INR10,000/-
Citation: For making a bold statement on the aspirations and frustrations of the young generation of film-makers he himself represents and for a very sensitive treatment of the relationship between an idealist director and an inscrutable story-write.
Best Direction 36 Chowringhee Lane English Aparna Sen Rajat Kamal and INR20,000/-
Citation: For effectively orchestrating the creative and technical elements in her first film, for a poignant portrayal of loneliness in old age and for bringing to the screen a true-to-life situation in post-independence India.
Best Screenplay Thanneer Thanneer Tamil K. Balachander Rajat Kamal and INR10,000/-
Citation: For translating the suffering of the people in drought-affected areas into a gripping visual narrative.
Best Actor Arohan Hindi Om Puri Rajat Kamal and INR10,000/-
Citation: For a very convincing portrayal of a harassed farmer courageously fighting vested interests who seek to block the implementation of land reforms.
Best Actress Umrao Jaan Hindi Rekha Rajat Kamal and INR10,000/-
Citation: For appealing portrayal of Umrao Jaan, a real life courtesan and poetess of the 19th century.
Best Child Artist Imagi Ningtham Manipuri Leikhendra Singh Rajat Kamal and INR5,000/-
Citation: For an endearing portrayal of a child and his yearning for a mother's love.
Best Cinematography (Color) 36 Chowringhee Lane English Ashok Mehta Rajat Kamal and INR10,000/-
Citation: For the technical excellence, for highlighting the tonality, texture and nuances of the story and for an outstanding work as a cameraman.
Best Cinematography (Black and White) Mooru Darigulu Kannada Shripati R. Bhat Rajat Kamal and INR10,000/-
Citation: For projecting the mood of the film in a vivid manner.
Best Audiography Elippathayam Malayalam P. Devadas Rajat Kamal and INR10,000/-
Citation: For a brilliantly mixed soundtrack and impressive use of silences to underline the dramatic moments of the film.
Best Editing Arohan Hindi Bhanudas Divakar Rajat Kamal and INR10,000/-
Citation: For precision in timing, for excellent juxtaposition of images, for sustained tempo and rhythm and a masterful creation of the deluge sequence.
Best Art Direction Umrao Jaan Hindi Manzoor Rajat Kamal and INR7,500/-
Citation: For re-creating the sets of the Lucknow Kothas and aristocratic homes with an unerring sense of the historical period portrayed.
Best Music Direction Umrao Jaan Hindi Khayyam Rajat Kamal and INR10,000/-
Citation: For a finely turned score which invokes the spirit of the period and for a felicitous use of music to enrich the central character of the film.
Best Male Playback Singer Ek Duuje Ke Liye Hindi S. P. Balasubrahmanyam Rajat Kamal and INR10,000/-
Citation: For great feeling and sense of rhythm which he brings to his vocal rendering.
Best Female Playback Singer Umrao Jaan Hindi Asha Bhosle Rajat Kamal and INR10,000/-
Citation: For the style with which she invests the rendering of the ghazals that form a part of the texture of the film.
Special Jury Award Sadgati Hindi Satyajit Ray Rajat Kamal and INR5,000/-
Citation: For making the strongest of comments in the simplest of languages on the caste system and for probing the complex relationship between a downtrodden tanner and a callous Brahmin priest in a village.

Regional Award[edit]

The awards were given to the best films made in the regional languages of India. For feature films in Assamese, Gujarati, Kashmiri and Punjabi language, award for Best Feature Film was not given.[1][2]

Name of Award Name of Film Awardee(s) Awards
Best Feature Film in Bengali Adalat O Ekti Meye Producer: Dhiresh Kumar Chakraborty Rajat Kamal and INR15,000/-
Director: Tapan Sinha Rajat Kamal and INR7,500/-
Citation: For its powerful presentation of the problems of rape and its shattering after-effects in the life of a woman.
Best Feature Film in English 36 Chowringhee Lane Producer: Shashi Kapoor Rajat Kamal and INR15,000/-
Director: Aparna Sen Rajat Kamal and INR7,500/-
Citation: For eloquently portraying the tragedy of a lonely woman belonging to the Anglo-Indian community in contemporary India.
Best Feature Film in Hindi Arohan Producer: Government of West Bengal Rajat Kamal and INR15,000/-
Director: Shyam Benegal Rajat Kamal and INR7,500/-
Citation: For hard-hitting treatment of contemporary reality, especially as it is reflected in the continuing predicament of the West Bengal peasantry.
Best Feature Film in Kannada Bara Producer: M. S. Sathyu Rajat Kamal and INR15,000/-
Director: M. S. Sathyu Rajat Kamal and INR7,500/-
Citation: For an incisive analysis of the socio-political situation in a drought affected district.
Best Feature Film in Malayalam Elippathayam Producer: K. Ravindranathan Nair Rajat Kamal and INR15,000/-
Director: Adoor Gopalakrishnan Rajat Kamal and INR7,500/-
Citation: For presenting the total decadence of the feudal system with unusual sensitivity and realism and for perceptively portraying the personal tragedy of those caught up in it.
Best Feature Film in Manipuri Imagi Ningtham Producer: K. Ibohal Sharma Rajat Kamal and INR15,000/-
Director: Aribam Syam Sharma Rajat Kamal and INR7,500/-
Citation: For its charm, simplicity and freshness of approach.
Best Feature Film in Marathi Umbartha Producer: D. V. Rao and Jabbar Patel Rajat Kamal and INR15,000/-
Director: Jabbar Patel Rajat Kamal and INR7,500/-
Citation: For a sincere cinematic statement on the theme of a woman seeking to establish her identity by pursuing a career, even at the risk of alienation from her family.
Best Feature Film in Oriya Seeta Raati Producer: Balram Misra Rajat Kamal and INR15,000/-
Director: Manmohan Mahapatra Rajat Kamal and INR7,500/-
Citation: For a commendable work on the theme of a woman who faces life courageously despite the orthodox forces aligned against her.
Best Feature Film in Tamil Thanneer Thanneer Producer: P. R. Govindarajan Rajat Kamal and INR15,000/-
Director: K. Balachander Rajat Kamal and INR7,500/-
Citation: For powerfully projecting the helplessness of a village community living in a drought-affected area and its valiant efforts to solve its problem through self-help being thwarted by an insensitive administrative system.
Best Feature Film in Telugu Seethakoka Chiluka Producer: Edida Nageshwara Rao Rajat Kamal and INR15,000/-
Director: P. Bharathiraja Rajat Kamal and INR7,500/-
Citation: For skillfully handling the theme of inter-communal marriage and making an impassioned stand against bigotry.

Non-Feature films[edit]

Following were the awards given:[1][2]

Name of Award Name of Film Language Awardee(s) Cash Prize
Best Information Film Faces After The Storm Hindi Producer: Yash Chaudhary for Films Division
Director: Prakash Jha
Rajat Kamal and INR5,000/- Each
Citation: For a hard-hitting comment on a social problem capturing the anguish and horror of communal violence, made without compromise but with humanism and sincerity.
Best Educational / Instructional Film The Four Minutes English Producer: Vijay B. Chandra for Films Division
Director: B. G. Devare
Rajat Kamal and INR5,000/- Each
Citation: For a effective and purposeful film made with imagination and skill which may save precious lives.
Best Promotional Film Hydrum English Producer: Omprakash Sharma for Films Division
Director: Mahmood Quereshi
Rajat Kamal and INR5,000/- Each
Citation: For putting across innovative techniques of lifting water which will revolutionize the concept and practice of agriculture in hilly areas.
Best Animation Film The Thinker? English Producer: B. R. Shendge for Films Division
Director: A. R. Sen
Animator: M. Paralkar
Rajat Kamal and INR5,000/- Each
Citation: For well done animation and for focusing on the problems of man and his environment.
Best News Review News Magazine No. 12 English Vijay B. Chandra for Films Division Rajat Kamal and INR5,000/-
Citation: For its overall technical competence.

Best Writing on Cinema[edit]

With 29th National Film Awards, new category for books on Indian cinema was introduced. The awards aim at the encouraging the study and appreciation of cinema as an art form and dissemination of information and critical appreciation of this art-form through publication of books, articles reviews etc. Following were the awards given:[1][2]

Name of Award Name of Book Language Awardee(s) Cash Prize
Best Book on Cinema Thamizh Cinemavin Kathai Tamil Author: Aranthai Narayanan INR5,000/-
Citation: For being the first systematic full length account of the Tamil cinema from its inception, with pertinent observation on the art of film making, for the likelihood of it enduring as a standard reference work, for lucid, systematic writing with appropriate illustrations, for being based more on original and personal perceptions than on derived or second-hand sources.

Awards not given[edit]

Following were the awards not given as no film was found to be suitable for the award:[1][2]

References[edit]

External links[edit]