Squadron continued to operate from Achiet, France during 1945, performing transportation of personnel and supplies within Europe; demobilized in place during August, and inactivated as a paper unit in September 1945.
Reactivated as part of the United States Air Forces in Europe, 1946. Assigned to transport duties as part of the European Air Transport Service, 1946–1947 as part of the army of occupation. Inactivated in Austria in June 1947. Immediately reactivated as a Tactical Air Command troop carrier squadron in 1947; being assigned to Texas and equipped with C-46s. Deployed to Germany in 1948 to support Berlin Airlift; operated from British Zone of Occupation, with C-54s. Inactivated in West Germany in September 1949.
Reactivated under Eighteenth Air Force in 1953 as a Tactical Air CommandC-119 Flying Boxcar troop carrier squadron. Performed routine airlift of supplies and personnel; including Army Airborne parachute drops until being inactivated due to funding restrictions in 1955; Reactivated as a C-130 Hercules Troop Carrier (later Tactical Airlift) squadron under TAC in 1964. Deployed to Pacific Air Forces in 1966 to join the 463rd Troop Carrier Wing to perform theater airlift in Southeast Asia as part of 315th Air Division; provided aircraft and crews for combat airlift operations in South Vietnam. From 1966 to early 1969, the 29th supported the C-130 operating location at Tan Son Nhut outside Saigon. In May 1969, after the 463rd TAW assumed the COMMANDO VAULT bombing mission, the wing and squadron supported Detachment 2, 834th Air Division at Cam Ranh Bay. The squadron inactivated in 1970 during the drawdown of U.S. forces in the Pacific and its aircraft and crews were distributed among the 463rd's other three squadrons. A squadron at Langley AFB, Virginia was given the 29th designation. Performed theater airlift at Langley AFB, Virginia 1971 and inactivated. The 29th's lineage was bestowed on the 29th Weapons Squadron at Little Rock AFB, Arkansas.