82 mm 2B9 Vasilek Gun-mortar
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
|Wars||Soviet war in Afghanistan
Syrian Civil War
War in Donbass
|Weight||combat: 632 kg (1,393 lb)|
|Shell||3.23 kg (7 lb 2 oz) bomb|
|Caliber||82 mm (3.2 in)|
|Breech||muzzle or breech loaded|
|Elevation||−1° to 85°|
|Rate of fire||100-120 rpm|
|Muzzle velocity||270 m/s (890 ft/s)|
|Maximum firing range||4,270 meters|
|Sights||PAM-1 2.5X or 3X|
The 2B9 Vasilek (Cornflower) is an automatic 82 mm gun-mortar developed in the Soviet Union in 1967. It was based on the F-82 automatic mortar and subsequently fielded in 1970 to the Soviet Army. Unlike conventional mortars, the 2B9 can fire in single and automatic mode using four-round clips. Rounds can be loaded from either the muzzle or the breech. Because of its wheeled carriage, the 2B9 resembles a light artillery piece more than a conventional mortar.
The 2B9 was used in Afghanistan by Soviet units and is still found in Russian airmobile infantry units. In the fighting in Afghanistan, Soviet units found the 2B9 a versatile and useful weapon. The 2B9 can fire high-explosive, armor -piercing, smoke, and flares. The armor-piercing projectile, which weighs 3.1 kg and has a 75 g warhead that can penetrate 100mm of armor. Upon blast, the shell produces 400 to 600 fragments.
- 2B9 Vasilek - Basic model
- 2B9M Vasilek - Modernised version introduced in 1982, and adopted in 1983.
- Syria - Used by both government and rebel forces in the Syrian Civil War.
- Ukraine - Used by both government and rebel forces in the War in Donbass
- Soviet Union - Passed down to successor states.
- How the "Cornflower" fires 13/11/14. Novorossia TV. 13 November 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
- vídeo of DPR militia using 2B9 Vasilek
- Leland Ness (ed.), Jane's Infantry Weapons 2007-2008, pp. 556-557, Surrey: Jane's Information Group, 2007
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