2B9 Vasilek

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2B9 Vasilek
2B9 Vasilek mortar-4058.JPG
82 mm 2B9 Vasilek Gun-mortar
Type Gun-mortar
Place of origin Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1970–present[1]
Wars Soviet war in Afghanistan
Syrian Civil War
War in Donbass[2]
Production history
Manufacturer Bolshevik Plant
Specifications
Weight combat: 632 kg (1,393 lb)

Shell 3.23 kg (7 lb 2 oz) bomb
Caliber 82 mm (3.2 in)
Breech muzzle or breech loaded
Elevation −1° to 85°
Traverse 60°
Rate of fire 100-120 rpm[1]
Muzzle velocity 270 m/s (890 ft/s)
Maximum firing range 4,270 meters[1]
Sights PAM-1 2.5X or 3X

The 2B9 Vasilek (Cornflower) is an automatic 82 mm gun-mortar developed in the Soviet Union in 1967.[1] It was based on the F-82 automatic mortar and subsequently fielded in 1970 to the Soviet Army.[1] Unlike conventional mortars, the 2B9 can fire in single and automatic mode using four-round clips. Rounds can be loaded from either the muzzle or the breech. Because of its wheeled carriage, the 2B9 resembles a light artillery piece more than a conventional mortar.

The 2B9 was used in Afghanistan by Soviet units and is still found in Russian airmobile infantry units. In the fighting in Afghanistan, Soviet units found the 2B9 a versatile and useful weapon.[3] The 2B9 can fire high-explosive, armor -piercing, smoke, and flares. The armor-piercing projectile, which weighs 3.1 kg and has a 75 g warhead that can penetrate 100mm of armor.[4] Upon blast, the shell produces 400 to 600 fragments.[1]

By 1988, the 2B9 was also deployed as a self-propelled weapon by mounting the gun-mortar in the rear of an MT-LB armored personnel carrier.[5]

During the Syrian Civil War, the 2B9M Vasilek is used by the Syrian Armed Forces and the Islamist group Ansar al-Sham. The militants used a 2B9M automatic mortar near Mount Chalma, Kesab district.[6]

In 2014, the 2B9 Vasilek was used by Novorossiyan rebels in the War in Donbass.[1]

Variants[edit]

  • 2B9 Vasilek - Basic model
    • 2B9M Vasilek - Modernised version introduced in 1982, and adopted in 1983.[6]

Operators[edit]

Former Operators[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h How the "Cornflower" fires 13/11/14. Novorossia TV. 13 November 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  2. ^ vídeo of DPR militia using 2B9 Vasilek
  3. ^ fmso.leavenworth.army.mil
  4. ^ Leland Ness (ed.), Jane's Infantry Weapons 2007-2008, pp. 556-557, Surrey: Jane's Information Group, 2007
  5. ^ sill-www.army.mil
  6. ^ a b c http://www.armamentresearch.com/2b9m-vasilek-automatic-mortar-in-service-with-ansar-al-sham-in-syria/

External links[edit]