82 mm 2B9 Vasilek Gun-mortar
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
|Wars||Soviet war in Afghanistan|
|Weight||combat: 632 kg (1,393 lb)|
|Shell||3.23 kg (7 lb 2 oz) bomb|
|Caliber||82 mm (3.2 in)|
|Breech||muzzle or breech loaded|
|Elevation||−1° to 85°|
|Rate of fire||20-30 rpm effective|
|Muzzle velocity||270 m/s (890 ft/s)|
|Effective firing range||4,720 m (5,160 yd)|
|Sights||PAM-1 2.5X or 3X|
The 2B9 Vasilek (Cornflower) is an automatic 82 mm gun-mortar developed in the Soviet Union in the 1970s and subsequently fielded in the Soviet Army. Unlike conventional mortars, the 2B9 can fire in automatic mode using four-round clips, and rounds can be loaded from either the muzzle or the breech. Because of its wheeled carriage, the 2B9 resembles a light artillery piece more than a conventional mortar.
The 2B9 was used in Afghanistan by Soviet units and is still found in Russian airmobile infantry units. In the fighting in Afghanistan, Soviet units found the 2B9 a versatile and useful weapon. The 2B9 can fire an antitank projectile, which weighs 3.1 kg and has a 75 g warhead that can penetrate 100mm of armor.
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