2S19 Msta-S of the Ukrainian Army
|Place of origin||Soviet Union/Russia|
|In service||1989 – present|
|Used by||see Operators|
|Wars||Second Chechen War|
|Weight||42 tonnes (92,593 lbs)|
|Length||7.15 m (23 ft 5 in)|
|Width||3.38 m (11 ft 1 in)|
|Height||2.99 m (9 ft 10 in)|
|Elevation||-4° to +68°|
|Rate of fire||6-8 rounds per minute|
|Maximum firing range||Base bleed: 29km (18 mi)
RAP: 36 km (22 mi)
|152 mm howitzer 2A65|
|12.7 mm NSVT anti-aircraft machine gun|
840 hp (626.39 kW)
|500 km (311 mi)|
|Speed||60 km/h (37 mph)|
The 2S19 "Msta-S" (Russian: Мста, after the Msta River) is a self-propelled 152 mm howitzer designed by Russia/Soviet Union, which entered service in 1989 as the successor to the SO-152. The vehicle is based on the T-80 tank hull, but is powered by the T-72's diesel engine.
The Msta is a modern howitzer designed for deployment either as an unarmored towed gun, or to be fitted in armored self-propelled artillery mountings. Current production of the towed model is designated Msta-B, while the self-propelled model is the Msta-S (also known by the GRAU index 2S19).
Development of the 2S19 started in 1980 under the project name Ferma. The prototype was known as Ob'yekt 317. The 2S19's standard equipment consists of a semi-automatic laying system 1P22, an automatic loader, an NBC protection system, passive night vision device for the driver, a wading kit, a dozer blade, a smoke generator and 81mm smoke grenade launchers, 1V116 intercom system and a 16 kW generator AP-18D. In 2008 the Russian armed forces ordered an improved model with an automated fire control system.
The 2A64 ordnance of the 2S19 can fire the following types of ammunition, among others: HE (24.7 km), HEAT-FS, HE-BB (28.9 km), HERA (36 km), smoke, chemical, tactical nuclear, illumination and cargo (ICM).[original research?] The laser-guided round “Krasnopol” (of the 9K25 system) can also be launched, as well as the shorter "Krasnopol-M” which fits into the automatic loader.
Msta-S howitzers have also seen action in the 2014 insurgency in Eastern Ukraine by the Ukrainian Army against pro-Russian rebels. At least 1 was captured by pro-Russian rebels in Starobeshevo, in the south of Donetsk.
- Azerbaijan - 18 
- Belarus - 13 
- Ethiopia - 12 
- Georgia- 3
- Russia - 550 2S19 and 2S19M1, 108 2S19M2 since 2014.
- Ukraine - 40 
- Venezuela - Received a number of Msta-S.
- Morocco - Received an undisclosed number of Msta-S.
Msta-S specifications provided by manufacturer
- 29 km (18 mi) base-bleed
- 36 km (22 mi) rocket-assisted
- Rate of fire: 6-8 rounds per minute
- Weapon elevation: -4° to +68°
- Weapon traverse: 360°
- Deployment time: 22 minutes
- Unit of fire: 50 rounds
- 152 mm howitzer 2A65 - a towed version of the same gun.
- 1K17 Szhatie - a "laser tank" armed with a battery of lasers meant to disable optoelectronic systems; uses Msta-S chassis and turret.
- 2S19M1 (2000) - Improved version with automatic laying system and Glonass.
- 2S19M2 (2013) - Improved version equipped with a new automatic fire control system which increases the rate of fire. Digital electronic maps are now available which significantly speeds up the terrain orientation in difficult geographical conditions and allows performing faster and more efficiently firing missions.
- 2S19M1-155 (2006) - 155mm export version of the 2S19M1, fitted with an L/52 gun with a range of 40+ km.
- 2S27 "Msta-K" - Wheeled variant (K = kolyosnij), based on a 8x8 truck chassis. There were several different prototypes, including one based on a KrAZ-ChR-3130 and two based on the Ural-5323 (with and without turret).
- 2S30 "Iset" - Improved version, prototype only.
- 2S33 "Msta-SM" - Improved version. No details available.
- 2S35 "Koalitsiya-SV" - Project for a new artillery system for the Russian land forces (SV = sukhoputniye vojska). The prototype consists of a 2S19 chassis with modified turret, fitted with an over-and-under dual autoloaded 152mm howitzer.
- Archer Artillery System
- AHS Krab
- Panzerhaubitze 2000
- Type 99 155 mm self-propelled howitzer
- K-9 Thunder
- T-155 Fırtına
- Pashin, Alexander. "Russian Army Operations and Weaponry During Second Military Campaign in Chechnya". Moscow Defense Review. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
- ВЕДОМОСТИ - Россия вооружает Азербайджан Archived 18 June 2013 at WebCite
- Belarus Army Equipment
- "SIPRI Arms Transfers Database". sipri.org. Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Retrieved 2013-03-23.
- Russian Army Equipment
- "Firsts modernized self-propelled artillery howitzer 2S19M2 enter in service with the Russian army". June 28, 2013.
- Ground Forces Equipment - Ukraine
- Recently, Russia has delivered to Morocco a batch of Msta-S self-propelled howitzers, he said. Russia might offer non-nuclear submarine to Morocco | U.S. News Las Vegas
- Russia has delivered to Morocco a batch of Msta-S self-propelled howitzers ITAR-TASS: Russia - Russia might offer non-nuclear submarine to Morocco
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