2nd Congress of the Philippines

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The Second Congress of the Philippines (Filipino: Ikalawang Kongreso ng Pilipinas) was the meeting of the legislature of the Republic of the Philippines, composed of the Philippine Senate and House of Representatives from December 30, 1949 until December 8, 1953.

Sessions[edit]

    • First Special Session: December 30, 1949 – January 5, 1950
  • First Regular Session: January 23 – May 18, 1950
    • Second Special Session: August 1–25, 1950
    • Third Special Session: December 4, 1950 – January 6, 1951
    • Fourth Special Session: January 8–19, 1951
  • Second Regular Session: January 22 – May 17, 1951
    • Fifth Special Session: May 21–29, 1951
  • Third Regular Session: January 28 – May 22, 1952
    • Sixth Special Session: June 23 – July 15, 1952
    • Seventh Special Session: November 4–8, 1952
  • Fourth Regular Session: January 26, 1953 – May 21, 1953
    • Joint Session: December 8, 1953

Legislation[edit]

The Second Congress passed a total of 551 laws.

Leadership[edit]

Composition of the Senate during the 3rd Congress' 1st and 2nd (left), and 3rd & 4th (right) sessions.
Composition of the House of Representatives during the 2nd Congress.

Senate[edit]

  • President of the Senate:
Mariano Jesús L. Cuenco (LP)
Quintin B. Paredes (LP), elected March 5, 1952
Camilo O. Osías (NP), elected April 17, 1952
Eulogio A. Rodriguez, Sr. (NP), elected April 30, 1952
Camilo O. Osías (NP), elected April 17, 1953
Jose C. Zulueta (NP), elected April 30, 1953
Eulogio A. Rodriguez, Sr. (NP), elected May 20, 1953
  • Senate President Pro-Tempore:
Quintin B. Paredes (LP)
Esteban R. Abada (LP), elected March 5, 1952
Manuel C. Briones (LP), elected May 7, 1952
Jose C. Zulueta (NP), elected April 17, 1953
Manuel C. Briones (LP), elected April 30, 1953
  • Majority Floor Leader:
Tomas L. Cabili (LP)
  • Minority Floor Leader:
Carlos P. Garcia (NP)

House of Representatives[edit]

  • Speaker:
Eugenio Pérez (LP, 2nd District Pangasinan)
  • Speaker Pro-Tempore:
Domingo Veloso (LP, 2nd District Leyte)
  • Majority Floor Leader:
Raúl Leuterio (LP, Lone District Oriental Mindoro)
  • Minority Floor Leader:
José B. Laurel, Jr. (NP, 3rd District Batangas)

Members[edit]

Senate[edit]

First Session to Second Session
Senator Partya Term Start Term End
  Esteban R. Abada
LP
1949
1955
  Melecio Arranz
LP
1946
1951
  José D. Avelino
LP
1946
1951
  Tomas L. Cabili
LP
1949
1955
  Tomas V. Confesor2
NP
1946
1951
  Mariano Jesús L. Cuenco
LP
1946
1951
  Pablo A. David
LP
1947
1953
  Teodoro de Vera
LP
1949
1955
  Vicente J. Francisco
LP
1946
1951
  Carlos P. Garcia
NP
1946
1951
  Vicente Madrigal
LP
1947
1953
  Enrique B. Magalona
LP
1949
1955
  Justiniano S. Montano
LP
1949
1955
  Camilo O. Osías
NP
1947
1953
  Quintin B. Paredes
LP
1949
1955
  Geronima T. Pecson
LP
1947
1953
  Macario Peralta, Jr.
LP
1949
1955
  Eulogio A. Rodriguez, Sr.
NP
1947
1953
  Vicente Y. Sotto1
PF
1946
1951
  Lorenzo M. Sumulong
LP
1949
1955
  Lorenzo M. Tañada
LP
1947
1953
  Emiliano Tria Tirona
LP
1947
1953
  Ramon Torres
LP
1946
1951
Vacant3
1947
1953
^a Party affiliation at the time of their election.
LP – Liberal Party
NP – Nacionalista Party
PF – Popular Front
^1 Died on July 16, 1950
^2 Died on June 5, 1951.
^3 Vacant after election of Fernando Lopez as Vice President in 1949.
Third Session to Fourth Session
Senator Partya Term Start Term End
  Esteban R. Abada
LP
1949
1955
  Manuel C. Briones
NP
1951
1957
  Tomas L. Cabili
LP
1949
1955
  Pablo A. David
LP
1947
1953
  Francisco A. Delgado
NP
1951
1957
  Carlos P. Garcia
NP
1951
1957
  José P. Laurel
NP
1951
1957
  Jose C. Locsin
NP
1951
1957
  Vicente Madrigal
LP
1947
1953
  Enrique B. Magalona
LP
1949
1955
  Justiniano S. Montano
LP
1949
1955
  Camilo O. Osías
NP
1947
1953
  Quintin B. Paredes
LP
1949
1955
  Geronima T. Pecson
LP
1947
1953
  Macario Peralta, Jr.
LP
1949
1955
  Cipriano P. Primicias, Sr.
NP
1951
1957
  Gil J. Puyat
NP
1951
1957
  Claro M. Recto1
NP
1949
1955
  Eulogio A. Rodriguez, Sr.
NP
1947
1953
  Lorenzo M. Sumulong
LP
1949
1955
  Lorenzo M. Tañada
LP
1947
1953
  Emiliano T. Tirona2
LP
1947
1953
  Felixberto Verano3
NP
1951
1953
  Jose C. Zulueta
NP
1951
1957
^a Party affiliation at the time of their election.
^1 Assumed seat only on April 3, 1953, after winning protest before the Senate Electoral Tribunal replacing Teodoro de Vera.
^2 Died on April 8, 1952.
^3 Elected on November 13, 1951 to complete the unexpired term of Fernando Lopez.

House of Representatives[edit]

Second Congress representation map of the Philippines
Province/City District Representative
Abra
Lone
Virgilio Valera
Agusan
Lone
Marcos M. Calo
Albay
1st
Lorenzo P. Ziga
2nd
Justino Nuyda
3rd
Pio Duran
Antique
Lone
Tobias Fornier
Bataan
Lone
Medina Lacson De Leon
Batanes
Lone
Jorge A. Abad
Batangas
1st
Apolinario R. Apacible
2nd
Numeriano U. Babao
3rd
José B. Laurel, Jr.
Bohol
1st
Luis T. Clarin
2nd
Simeon G. Toribio
3rd
Esteban Bernido
Bukidnon
Lone
Cesar M. Fortich
Bulacan
1st
Florante C. Roque1
Erasmo Cruz
2nd
Alejo S. Santos
Cagayan
1st
Domingo S. Siazon
2nd
Paulino A. Alonzo
Camarines Norte
Lone
Esmeraldo Eco
Camarines Sur
1st
Emilio M. Tible
2nd
Edmundo B. Cea
Capiz
1st
Ramon A. Arnaldo
2nd
Cornelio T. Villareal
3rd
Godofredo P. Ramos
Catanduanes
Lone
Severiano P. De Leon
Cavite
Lone
Manuel S. Rojas
Cebu
1st
Ramon M. Durano
2nd
Leandro A. Tojong2
Vicente Logarta
3rd
Primitivo Sato3
4th
Filomeno C. Kintanar
5th
Miguel Cuenco
6th
Manuel A. Zosa
7th
Nicolas G. Escario
Cotabato
Lone
Datu Blah T. Sinsuat
Davao
Lone
Ismael L. Veloso
Ilocos Norte
1st
Antonio V. Raquiza
2nd
Ferdinand E. Marcos
Ilocos Sur
1st
Floro Crisologo
2nd
Ricardo Gacula
Iloilo
1st
Jose C. Zulueta4
2nd
Pascual Espinosa
3rd
Patricio V. Confesor
4th
Ricardo Yap Ladrido
5th
Jose M. Aldeguer
Isabela
Lone
Samuel Formoso Reyes
La Union
1st
Miguel Rilloraza, Jr.
2nd
Manuel T. Cases
Laguna
1st
Manuel Concordia
2nd
Juan A. Baes5
Estanislao A. Fernandez, Jr.
Lanao
Lone
Mohamad Ali B. Dimaporo
Leyte
1st
Mateo Canonoy
2nd
Domingo Veloso
3rd
Francisco M. Pajao
4th
Daniel Z. Romualdez
5th
Atilano R. Cinco
Manila
1st
Engracio Clemeña
2nd
Arsenio H. Lacson
3rd
Arturo M. Tolentino
4th
Hermenegildo Atienza6
Gavino Viola Fernando
Marinduque
Lone
Panfilo M. Manguera
Masbate
Lone
Emilio B. Espinosa
Misamis Occidental
Lone
Porfirio G. Villarin
Misamis Oriental
Lone
Emmanuel N. Pelaez
Mountain Province
1st
Antonio Canao
2nd
Dennis Molintas7
Ramon P. Mitra
3rd
Gabriel Dunuan
Negros Occidental
1st
Francisco Ferrer
2nd
Carlos Hilado
3rd
Augurio M. Abeto8
Negros Oriental
1st
Pedro A. Bandoquillo
2nd
Enrique Medina
Nueva Ecija
1st
Jose O. Corpus
2nd
Jesus Ilagan
Nueva Vizcaya
Lone
Leon Cabarroguis
Occidental Mindoro9
Lone
Jesus V. Abeleda10
Oriental Mindoro9
Lone
Raúl T. Leuterio11
Palawan
Lone
Gaudencio E. Abordo12
Sofronio Española
Pampanga
1st
Diosdado Macapagal
2nd
Artemio Macalino
Pangasinan
1st
Sulpicio R. Soriano
2nd
Eugenio Pérez
3rd
Jose L. De Guzman
4th
Amadeo J. Perez
5th
Cipriano S. Allas
Quezon
1st
Narciso H. Umali
2nd
Gaudencio V. Vera
Rizal
1st
Eulogio Rodriguez, Jr.
2nd
Emilio de la Paz13
Isaias R. Salonga14
Romblon
Lone
Florencio Moreno
Samar
1st
Agripino Escareal
2nd
Tito V. Tizon
3rd
Gregorio B. Abogado
Sorsogon
1st
Modesto Galias
2nd
Tomas Clemente
Sulu
Lone
H. Gulamu Rasul15
Ombra Amilbangsa
Surigao
Lone
Felixberto Verano4
Tarlac
1st
Jose J. Roy
2nd
Jose Y. Feliciano
Zambales
Lone
Ramon Magsaysay16
14
Zamboanga
Lone
Roseller T. Lim
^1 Replaced by Erasmo Cruz as per House Electoral Tribunal decision on May 4, 1953.
^2 Replaced by Vicente Logarta as per House Electoral Tribunal decision on December 6, 1952.
^3 Unseated by House Electoral Tribunal on November 22, 1952.
^4 Elected to the Senate on November 13, 1951.
^5 Replaced by Estanislao A. Fernandez, Jr. as per House Electoral Tribunal decision on December 27, 1951.
^6 Replaced by Gavino Viola Fernando as per House Electoral Tribunal decision on .
^7 Replaced by Ramon P. Mitra as per House Electoral Tribunal decision on September 25, 1951.
^8 Unseated by House Electoral Tribunal on March 6, 1953.
^9 Mindoro Province divided into Occidental Mindoro and Oriental Mindoro on June 13, 1950.
^10 Elected as in a special election on November 13, 1951.
^11 Elected as representative of Mindoro Province in the 1949 Elections, automatically became representative of Oriental Mindoro as per Sec. 6 of RA No. 505.
^12 Replaced by Sofronio Española as per House Electoral Tribunal decision on March 6, 1953.
^13 Died in office.
^14 Elected as in a special election on November 13, 1951, to complete unexpired term of predecessor.
^15 Replaced by Ombra Amilbangsa as per House Electoral Tribunal decision on May 5, 1951.
^16 Appointed Secretary of National Defense on September 1, 1950.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Philippine House of Representatives Congressional Library
  • The Presidents of the Senate of the Republic of the Philippines. ISBN 971-8832-24-6. 
  • Pobre, Cesar P. Philippine Legislature 100 Years. ISBN 971-92245-0-9.