2nd National Film Awards

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2nd National Film Awards
Awarded for Best of Indian cinema in 1954
Awarded by President of India
(Dr. Rajendra Prasad)
Presented by Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
Presented on December 21, 1955 (1955-12-21)
Site Vigyan Bhavan, New Delhi
Official website dff.nic.in
Highlights
Best Feature Film Mirza Ghalib
Most awards Mirza Ghalib and Neelakuyil (2)
 < 1st National Film Awards 3rd > 

The 2nd National Film Awards, then known as State Awards for Films, presented by Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, India to felicitate the best of Indian Cinema released in the year 1954.[1][2] Ceremony took place at Vigyan Bhavan, New Delhi on December 21, 1955 and awards were given by then President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad.

With the increasing number of films made in India, couple of new awards were introduced. Starting with 2nd National Film Awards, awards were divided into feature film and non-feature film awards. Feature films were, again, awarded at All India and Regional level. Awards were given to seven regional language films which are in Bengali, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Tamil and Telugu.

At All India level, Children's films were awarded with its own category where awards were categorized as Prime Minister's Gold Medal and Certificate of Merit. For all other categories, awards were given as President's Gold Medal and Certificate of Merit. Regional films were awarded with President's Silver Medal for Best Feature Film and Certificate of Merit. Non-feature film awards were awarded for documentaries made in the country.

Juries[edit]

Three different committees were formed based on the film making sectors in India, mainly based in Bombay, Calcutta and Madras. Another committee for all India level was also formed which included some of the members from regional committee. For 2nd National Film Awards, central committee was headed by R. R. Diwakar.[1][2]

  • Jury Regional: Calcutta
  • Jury Regional: Madras

Awards[edit]

Awards were divided into feature films and non-feature films.

President's Gold Medal for the All India Best Feature Film is now better known as National Film Award for Best Feature Film, whereas President's Gold Medal for the Best Documentary Film is analogous to today's National Film Award for Best Non-Feature Film. For children's films, Prime Minister's Gold Medal is now given as National Film Award for Best Children's Film. At the regional level, President's Silver Medal for Best Feature Film is now given as National Film Award for Best Feature Film in a particular language. Certificate of Merit in all the categories is discontinued over the years.

Feature films[edit]

Feature films were awarded at All India as well as regional level. For the 2nd National Film Awards, in this category, Mirza Ghalib, a biographical Hindi / Urdu film, based on the life of well-known poet Mirza Ghalib, along with a Malayalam film, Neelakuyil won the maximum number of awards (two), with former also winning the President's Gold Medal for the All India Best Feature Film. Following were the awards given:[1][2]

All India Award[edit]

For 2nd National Film Awards, none of the films were awarded from Children's films category as no film was found to be suitable.

Name of Award Name of Film Language Awardee(s)
President's Gold Medal for the All India Best Feature Film Mirza Ghalib Hindi Producer: Minerva Moviestone
Director: Sohrab Modi
All India Certificate of Merit Neelakuyil Malayalam Producer: Chandrathara Productions
Director: P. Bhaskaran and Ramu Kariat
Biraj Bahu Hindi Producer: Hiten Chaudhary Productions
Director: Bimal Roy

Regional Award[edit]

The awards were given to the best films made in the regional languages of India. For 2nd National Film Awards, awards were given in seven regional language films which are in Bengali, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Tamil and Telugu.

For 2nd National Film Awards, no Kannada film was awarded with President's Silver Medal for Best Feature Film in Kannada, instead Certificate of Merit was awarded.[1][2]

Name of Award Name of Film Awardee(s)
Feature Films in Bengali
President's Silver Medal for Best Feature Film Chheley Kaar Producer: Charan Chitra
Director: Chitta Bose
Certificate of Merit Jadu Bhatta Producer: Sunrise Film Distributors
Director: Niren Lahiri
Annapurnar Mandir Producer: Chitra Mandir
Director: Naresh Mitra
Feature Films in Hindi
President's Silver Medal for Best Feature Film Mirza Ghalib Producer: Minerva Moviestone
Director: Sohrab Modi
Certificate of Merit Jagriti Producer: Filmistan Ltd.
Director: Satyen Bose
Feature Films in Kannada
Certificate of Merit Bedara Kannappa Producer: Gubbi Karnataka Productions
Director: H. L. N. Simha
Feature Films in Malayalam
President's Silver Medal for Best Feature Film Neelakuyil Producer: Chandrathara Productions
Director: P. Bhaskaran and Ramu Kariat
Certificate of Merit Snehaseema Producer: Associate Pictures
Director: Dakshina Murthy
Feature Films in Marathi
President's Silver Medal for Best Feature Film Mahatma Phule Producer: Atre Pictures
Director: Pralhad Keshav Atre
Feature Films in Tamil
President's Silver Medal for Best Feature Film Malaikkallan Producer: Pakshiraja Studios
Director: S. M. Sriramulu Naidu
Certificate of Merit Andha Naal Producer: AVM Productions
Director: Sundaram Balachander
Edhir Paradhathu Producer: Saravanabhava and Unity Pictures
Director: C. H. Narayana Moorthy
Feature Films in Telugu
President's Silver Medal for Best Feature Film Peddamanushulu Producer: Vauhini Productions
Director: Kadri Venkata Reddy
Certificate of Merit Thodu Dongalu Producer: National Art Theatres
Director: Dasari Yoganand
Vipra Narayana Producer: Bharani Pictures
Director: P. S. Ramakrishna Rao

Non-Feature films[edit]

Non-feature film awards were given for the documentaries made in the country. Following wee the awards given:[1][2]

Documentaries[edit]

Name of Award Name of Film Language Awardee(s)
President's Gold Medal for the Best Documentary Film Spirit of the Loom English Producer: Films Division
Director: V. R. Sarma
Certificate of Merit Darjeeling English Producer: Films Division
Director: K. L. Khandpur
Golden River English Producer: Films Division
Director: P. V. Pathy

Awards not given[edit]

Following awards were not given as no film was found to be suitable for the award:[1][2]

References[edit]

External links[edit]