2nd South Western Mounted Brigade
|2nd South Western Mounted Brigade|
The 2nd South Western Mounted Brigade was a formation of the Territorial Force of the British Army, organised in 1908. After service in the Gallipoli Campaign and in the defence of Egypt, it was absorbed into the 2nd Dismounted Brigade in February 1916.
Under the terms of the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907 (7 Edw.7, c.9), the brigade was formed in 1908 as part of the Territorial Force. It consisted of three yeomanry regiments, a horse artillery battery and ammunition column, a transport and supply column and a field ambulance.
World War I
The brigade was mobilised on 4 August 1914 at the outbreak of the First World War and moved to the Colchester area of Essex in August 1914 where it remained (under Third Army of Central Force) until September 1915. It was then dismounted, with the horses being taken over by its 2nd Line 2/2nd South Western Mounted Brigade which replaced it in the Home Defence role.
In September 1915 the brigade left Essex for Liverpool. On 24 September it boarded RMS Olympic and sailed the next day. It arrived at Mudros on 1 October and on to Suvla Bay. The Brigade landed in Gallipoli on 9 October and was attached to the 11th (Northern) Division (digging trenches). In November it was in the firing line, attached to the 2nd Mounted Division and 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division. On 19 December it was evacuated to Imbros. In this period, the brigade consisted of the three yeomanry regiments, a signal troop and a field ambulance under the command of Br.-Gen. R. Hoare.
In February 1916, 2nd South Western Mounted Brigade was absorbed into the 2nd Dismounted Brigade (along with the Highland Mounted Brigade). 2nd Dismounted Brigade was later renamed as 229th Brigade in the 74th (Yeomanry) Division.
The 2nd South Western Mounted Brigade was commanded from 1 April 1912 by Colonel R. Hoare . He was promoted to Brigadier General on 5 August 1914 and remained in command until the brigade was absorbed into 2nd Dismounted Brigade. He took command of 2nd Dismounted Brigade on formation, and remained in command when the brigade was converted to 229th Brigade.
- 2/2nd South Western Mounted Brigade for the 2nd Line formation
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