2nd Tank Division (Imperial Japanese Army)

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2nd Tank Division
Japanese light tanks moving toward Manila.jpg
Japanese tanks moving toward Manila
Active 1942 - 1945
Country  Empire of Japan
Branch Imperial Japanese Army
Type Armored division
Garrison/HQ Tokyo, Japan
Nickname 撃 = Geki
Engagements Second Sino-Japanese War
World War II

The 2nd Tank Division (戦車第2師団 Sensha Dai-ni Shidan?), was one of four armored divisions of the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II.

History[edit]

The 2nd Tank Division was raised in Manchukuo on June 24, 1942.

Stationed in Mudanjiang in northeastern Manchukuo, it was tasked primarily with border patrol of Manchukuo's eastern frontier with the Soviet Union under the overall command of the Japanese First Area Army.

As the situation in the Pacific War against the Allies deteriorated for Japan, in July 1944, the remaining units of the 2nd Tank Division was reassigned to the Japanese Fourteenth Area Army, and sent to the Philippines, where it was annihilated at the subsequent Battle of the Philippines in various engagements on Luzon, Leyte and Mindanao from the battles by joint Filipino and American troops.

The 2nd Tank Division was reconstituted in Japan as a training unit after the disaster in the Philippines. In February 1945, its IJA 11th Armored Regiment was transferred to the control of the Japanese Fifth Area Army and redesignated the IJA 91st Division. It was stationed in the northern Kurile islands, where it was in combat against the Soviet Red Army at Paramushir during Invasion of the Kuril Islands at the end of World War II. It was officially demobilized in September 1945 with the rest of the Imperial Japanese Army.

Commanding officer[edit]

Name From To
1 Lieutenant General Tasuku Okada 20 September 1942 7 December 1943
2 Lieutenant General Yoshiharu Iwanaka 27 December 1943 30 September 1945

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Breuer, William B. (1986). Retaking The Philippines: America's Return to Corregidor & Bataan, 1944-1945. St Martin's Press. ASIN B000IN7D3Q. 
  • Morison, Samuel Eliot (2001). The Liberation of the Philippines: Luzon, Mindanao, the Visayas 1944-1945 (Reissue). History of United States Naval Operations in World War II 13. Castle Books. ISBN 0-7858-1314-4. 
  • Smith, Robert Ross (2005). Triumph in the Philippines: The War in the Pacific. University Press of the Pacific. ISBN 1-4102-2495-3. 
  • Frank, Richard B (1999). Downfall: The End of the Imperial Japanese Empire. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-679-41424-X. 
  • Jowett, Bernard (1999). The Japanese Army 1931-45 (Volume 2, 1942-45). Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-354-3. 
  • Madej, Victor (1981). Japanese Armed Forces Order of Battle, 1937-1945. Game Publishing Company. ASIN: B000L4CYWW. 

External links[edit]