2nd Virginia Cavalry

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2nd Virginia Volunteer Cavalry Regiment
Flag of Virginia (1861).png
Flag of Virginia, 1861
Active May 1861 – April 1865
Country Confederacy
Allegiance Confederate States of America Confederate States of America
Role Cavalry
Engagements American Civil War: First Manassas - Jackson's Valley Campaign - Seven Days' Battles - Second Manassas - Sharpsburg - Fredericksburg - Chancellorsville - Brandy Station - Gettysburg - Bristoe Campaign - Overland Campaign - Siege of Petersburg - Valley Campaigns of 1864 - Appomattox Campaign
Disbanded April 1865
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Colonel Thomas T. Munford

The 2nd Virginia Volunteer Cavalry Regiment was a cavalry regiment raised in Virginia for service in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. It fought mostly with the Army of Northern Virginia.

The unit was organized by Colonel Jubal Early in Lynchburg, Virginia, in May, 1861 as the 30th Virginia Volunteer Regiment under Col. Richard C.W. Radford (whence "Radford's Rangers"—not to be confused with Troop G's similar nickname). Its troops (the cavalry equivalent of infantry companies) were recruited across several counties of Central Virginia:

Troop: Nickname Captain Mustered
A: Bedford's "Clay Dragoons" William R. Terry 11 May 1861
B: Lynchburg's "Wise Troop"[1] John S. Langhorne 13 May 1861
C: "The Botetourt Dragoons" Andrew L. Pitzer 20 May 1861
D: "The Franklin Rangers" Giles W.B. Hale 22 May 1861
E: "The Amherst Mounted Rangers" Thomas Whitehead 29 May 1861
F: "The Bedford Southside Dragoons" James Wilson 31 May 1861
G: Bedford's "Radford Rangers" Edmund W. Radford 29 May 1861
H: "The Appomattox Rangers" Joel L. Flood 3 June 1861
I: "The Campbell Rangers" John D. Alexander 8 June 1861
K: "The Albemarle Light Horse" Eugene Davis 11 May 1861

At the end of October, 1861 the unit was re-designated the 2nd Virginia Cavalry Regiment.[2]

During the war it was brigaded under Generals B.H. Robertson, Fitzhugh Lee, W.C. Wickham, and Thomas Munford. The 2nd Cavalry saw action at First Bull Run, in Jackson's Valley Campaign, and at Second Bull Run, Mile Hill, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Kelly's Ford, Chancellorsville, Brandy Station, Aldie, Upperville, Gettysburg, and Shepherdstown. After the Bristoe and Mine Run campaigns, it was involved at The Wilderness, Todd's Tavern, Spotsylvania, Haw's Shop, and Cold Harbor. It fought in the Shenandoah Valley with Jubal Early and later in numerous conflicts around Petersburg and Appomattox.

The regiment contained 676 men in July, 1861, lost twenty-eight percent of the 163 engaged at Groveton Heights, and of the 385 at Gettysburg about four percent were disabled. At Appomattox it cut through the Federal lines and disbanded at Lynchburg on April 10, 1865. However, 19 men were included in the surrender.

The field officers were Colonels Thomas T. Munford and Richard C.W. Radford, Lieutenant Colonels Cary Breckinridge and James W. Watts, and Major William F. Graves.

Future Commonwealth's Attorney and Virginia Bar Association President Micajah Woods enlisted in the 2nd Virginia Cavalry. Woods was the prosecuting attorney in the trial of Charlottesville mayor J. Samuel McCue, the last man to be hanged in Virginia.

Thomas Whitehead, the future one-term Representative of Virginia's 6th Congressional District to the House of Representatives, was the captain of Company E.

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1], Southern Historical Society Papers
  2. ^ [2], 2nd Virginia Cavalry tribute page