2nd arrondissement of Paris

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2nd arrondissement of Paris
French municipal arrondissement
The former Paris Bourse, located in the 2nd arrondissement.
The former Paris Bourse, located in the 2nd arrondissement.
Paris and its closest suburbs
Paris and its closest suburbs
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Paris
Commune Paris
Government
 • Mayor Jacques Boutault (The Greens)
Area
 • Total 0.99 km2 (0.38 sq mi)
Population (8 March 1999 census)[p]
 • Total 19,585
 • Estimate (2005) 20,700
 • Density 20,000/km2 (51,000/sq mi)
^[p] Population sans doubles comptes: single count of residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel).
Paris Coat of Arms
The
20 arrondissements
of Paris
17th 18th 19th
  8th 9th 10th 11th 20th
16th 2nd 3rd
1st 4th 12th
River Seine
  7th 6th 5th 13th
15th 14th

The 2nd arrondissement (2e arrondissement) is one of the 20 arrondissements of Paris, the capital city of France. Located on the right bank of the River Seine, the 2nd arrondissement, together with the adjacent 8th and 9th arrondissements, hosts an important business district, centred on the Paris Opéra, which houses the city's most dense concentration of business activities. The arondissement contains the former Paris Bourse (stock exchange) and a large number of banking headquarters, as well as a textile district, known as the Sentier, and the Opéra-Comique concert hall.

The 2nd arrondissement is also the home of most of Paris's surviving 19th-century glazed commercial arcades. At the beginning of the 19th century most of the streets of Paris were dark and muddy and lacked sidewalks. A few entrepreneurs copied the success of the Passage des Panoramas and its well-lit, dry and paved pedestrian passageways. By the middle of the 19th century there were about two dozen of these commercial malls, but most of them disappeared as the Paris authorities paved the main streets, added sidewalks and gas street lighting. The commercial survivors are – in addition to the Passage des Panoramas – the Galerie Vivienne, the Passage Choiseul, the Galerie Colbert, the Passage des Princes, the Passage du Grand Cerf, the Passage du Caire, the Passage Lemoine, the Passage Jouffroy, the Passage Basfour, the Passage du Bourg-L'abbé, and the Passage du Ponceau.

Geography[edit]

The 2nd arrondissement is Paris's smallest arrondissement, with a land area of just 0.992 km2 (0.383 sq. miles, or 245 acres)

Demographics[edit]

The 2nd arrondissement reached its peak of settlement in the years before 1861, although it has only existed in its current shape since the re-organization of Paris in 1860. As of the last census (in 1999), the population was 19,585, while the number of jobs provided there was 61,672 – this despite a land area of only 0.992 km2, making it the arrondissement with the densest concentration of commercial activity in the capital, with an average of 62,695 jobs per km2.

Historical population[edit]

Year
(of French censuses)
Population Density
(inh. per km2)
1861 (peak of population)¹ 81,609 82,267
1872 73,578 74,321
1954 41,780 44,300
1962 40,864 41,194
1968 35,357 35,642
1975 26,328 26,540
1982 21,203 21,374
1990 20,738 20,905
1999 19,585 19,743
2009 22,400 22,626

¹The peak of population actually occurred before 1861, but the
arrondissement was created in 1860, so we do not have figures before 1861.

Immigration[edit]

Place of birth of residents of the 2nd arrondissement in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
71.4% 28.6%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth¹ EU-15 immigrants² Non-EU-15 immigrants
0.8% 3.8% 6.1% 17.9%
¹This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
²An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Economy[edit]

Bourbon has its head office in the arrondissement.[1] All Nippon Airways has its Paris Office in the arrondissement.[2] China Airlines also has its France office in the arrondissement.[3]

Aigle Azur's registered office is in the arrondissement.[4]

Education[edit]

In terms of state-operated schools, the second arrondissement has three nursery schools (écoles maternelles), five primary schools (écoles élémentaires), and one high school (collège).[5]

The nursery schools are École Maternelle Dussoubs, École Maternelle Saint Denis, and École Maternelle Vivienne.[5] The primary schools are École Élémentaire Beauregard, École Élémentaire Dussoubs, École Élémentaire Etienne Marcel, École Élémentaire Jussienne, and École Élémentaire Louvois.[5] Collège César Franck is the sole state-operated high school in the arrondissement.[6]

École Élémentaire Privée Saint-Sauveur is the sole private primary school institution in the second arrondissement. Private secondary school institutions include École du 2nd Degré Général Privée Rene Reaumur, École Générale et Technologique Privée Lafayette, École du 2nd degré professionnel privée CTRE PRI ENS SOINS ESTHETIQUES, École du 2nd degré professionnel privée EC INTERNATIONALE DE COIFFURE, École du 2nd degré professionnel privée ECOLE DE BIJOUTERIE-JOAILLERIE, and École technologique privée ITECOM INST TECHN COMMUNIC.[5]


Map[edit]

Map of the 2nd arrondissement

Cityscape[edit]

Places of interest in the arrondissement[edit]

Rotunda of the Galerie Colbert, built in 1826 as a rival to the next and then very popular "Galerie Vivienne" covered passageway

Former buildings in the arrondissement[edit]

Main streets and squares[edit]

Mairie, 8 rue de la Banque

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Contacts." Bourbon. Retrieved on 2 February 2011. "Head Office 33, rue du Louvre – 75002 Paris FRANCE."
  2. ^ "ANA City Offices/Ticketing Offices Europe." All Nippon Airways. Retrieved on 13 August 2011. "Paris Office 29-31 Rue St. Augustin 75002 Paris "
  3. ^ "Europe and Middle East." China Airlines. Retrieved on August 30, 2011. "France 17 Rue du Quatre Septembre,75002 Paris, France."
  4. ^ "Contactez-nous." Aigle Azur. Retrieved on 6 January 2011. "Siège Social 36 rue des Jeûneurs 75002 - France" and "Services Administratifs 4 avenue Marcel Paul 93297 Tremblay en France - France"
  5. ^ a b c d "Rechercher un établissement." Académie Paris. Retrieved on 25 October 2011.
  6. ^ "Accueil." Collège César Franck. Retrieved on 25 October 2011. "Infos Collège COLLEGE CESAR FRANCK 7 RUE DE LA JUSSIENNE 75002"
  • Le Guide du routard 2006: Paris.
  • 54 Promenades en Famille. A Paris et en Île-de-France.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°52′09″N 2°20′26″E / 48.86917°N 2.34056°E / 48.86917; 2.34056