3×3 Eyes

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3×3 Eyes
3x3 Eyes volume 1.jpg
Pai and Yakumo as they appear on 3×3 Eyes volume 1 published by Kodansha
サザンアイズ
(Sazan Aizu)
Genre Adventure, Fantasy
Manga
Written by Yuzo Takada
Published by Kodansha
English publisher
Demographic Seinen
Magazine Young Magazine
English magazine
Super Manga Blast
Original run December 1987October 2002
Volumes 40
Original video animation
Directed by Daisuke Nishio (ep. 1-2, 4)
Kazuhisa Takenouchi (ep. 3)
Studio Toei Animation
Licensed by
Released July 25, 1991March 19, 1992
Runtime 30 minutes each
Episodes 4
Original video animation
3×3 Eyes Seima Densetsu
Directed by Kazuhisa Takenouchi
Studio Studio Junio
Licensed by
Released July 25, 1995June 25, 1996
Runtime 45 minutes each
Episodes 3
Portal icon Anime and Manga portal

3×3 Eyes, pronounced Sazan Eyes (サザンアイズ?) in Japanese, is a manga written and illustrated by Yuzo Takada. The manga was serialized in Young Magazine from 1987 to 2002, spanning to a total of 40 volumes. In 1993, it won the Kodansha Manga Award for shōnen. The English-language translation was being published by Dark Horse Comics, but was discontinued before the release of volume 9 in 2005.

The manga has received two anime OVA series based on 3×3 Eyes and were first released in 1991 and 1995. The first consisted of four episodes averaging to half-hour of run time. The second consisted of three averaging out to 45-minutes of run time. They cover the storyline up to volume 5 of the manga. Originally published by Streamline in the US in 1995, the two OVAs were eventually re-dubbed and released in 2001 by Pioneer LDC in a collected set. The series has also received several companion books, Drama CDs, and video games only released in Japan.

Story[edit]

3×3 Eyes follows the adventures of Pai, the last remaining Sanjiyan Unkara (三只眼 吽迦羅 lit. triclops?), and her new Wu (Chinese reading of 无; an immortal companion), Yakumo, as they desperately try to find a way to make Pai human so that she can forget her troubled past. Pai travelled to Tokyo searching for the artifact, but shortly after she arrived, a thief snatched her backpack and cane from her. A teenage lad, Yakumo, tackled the crook and managed to get the pack back for her, though the thief escaped with the cane. Yakumo took her to his work, where Pai was able to get cleaned up, and where she discovered that he was the son of Professor Fujii, an archaeologist she had met in Tibet four years prior. The Professor had been researching the legends of the Sanjiyans and had befriended her and offered to help her find the Ningen, only to fall ill and die. Pai had his last letter to his son in her backpack, which asked Yakumo to help Pai with her quest. Although he didn't believe his father's tales of Pai being a monster, he agreed to assist her.

Their discussion was interrupted by news reports of a giant monster flying over the city. Pai recognised the creature as her pet Takuhi, who must have been released from his home in Pai's cane by the thief, and who was now looking for her. Pai set out to retrieve him, with Yakumo close behind. However when Yakumo saw Takuhi fly towards Pai, the lad mistook the beast's welcome for an attack, and shoved Pai out the way; immediately Takuhi ripped into the lad, fatally wounding him. Unwilling to lose the boy she had been hunting for and just located, Pai's third eye opened, and she absorbed his soul. This restored his body, but tied him to her as her undead servant. Linked to her, he can only become human again when she becomes human. In the way of this goal are hordes of monsters and demons from the Shadow World, some desiring Pai's powers, others who seek the Ningen for their own. Yakumo can again become mortal and end his constant need to protect Pai because if Pai dies, then so will he. Along the way, they encounter many followers of the now-dead demon god Kaiyanwang, all of whom wish to kill Pai or siphon off her power in order to resurrect their deity and/or gain immortality.

Characters[edit]

Protagonists[edit]

Pai (パイ Pai?) / Parvati IV (パールバティー四世 Pārubatī Yonsei?)
Voiced by: Megumi Hayashibara (Japanese), Rebecca Forstadt (Pai) /Alexandra Kenworthy (Sanjiyan) (Streamline), Brigitte Bako (Geneon) (English)
The last surviving Sanjiyan Unkara who was discovered by Yakumo's father in Tibet. Yuzo Takada sometimes calls her the three-eyed elf girl from China, but she wears traditional Tibetan clothes. As is typical with members of her race, she developed a split personality as she grew older to cope with the problems of an exceptionally long life. However, Pai is the only Sanjiyan ever shown that has true multiple personality disorder. Her first personality, called Pai in the series, has the appearance of a normal human and is that of a cheerful and naive girl. The second personality, that of Parvati IV, usually arises when Pai is defenseless, endangered, or emotionally overcome.
The presence of the Sanjiyan in Pai is distinguishable because the normally invisible third eye in her forehead opens when Parvati awakens. Most characters refer to her as Sanjiyan when she's in that state. Sanjiyan is more rigid and stoic than Pai and is able to use powerful magic, unlike her first personality. However, using those powers is draining to the Sanjiyan and requires them to rest, leaving them exposed to danger. Her split personality is a possible reference to the Hindu goddess Parvati, who had many identities, each with their own personalities. Volume 32 introduces a clone of hers, named Kali. In Hindu mythology, Kali was an immensely powerful and bloodthirsty battle goddess and one of Parvati's many identities.
Pai can absorb a human soul to do her bidding, transforming the person affected into a nearly invulnerable servant. She has other mystical powers usually manifested along with the appearance of her third eye, and used by her Parvati identity. Older Sanjiyans often become evil, decadent and uncaring; younger ones tend to have split personalities. Three-hundred-year-old Pai is an example of a younger Sanjiyan: her Pai personality is somewhat flaky, caring, and cheerful, while her Parvati personality is more arrogant and ruthless. The two personae are aware of one another and sometimes talk between themselves.
Believing herself to be the last of her kind, Pai seeks to become human through the use of the Ningen no Zō, the Statue of Humanity, which reputably has the power to turn a Sanjiyan into a mortal, by transferring the powers of two of the race into a third member. The Ningen, incidentally, is how the other members of her kind reputedly became human and thus died out. Pai has been shown to have feelings for Yakumo.
Yakumo Fujii (藤井 八雲 Fujii Yakumo?)
Voiced by: Kōji Tsujitani (Japanese), Eddie Frierson (Streamline), Christian Campbell (Geneon) (English)
The primary male protagonist, he became Pai's Wu and companion when a rampaging Takuhi, Pai's demon friend, fatally wounded him. Before he could die, Pai merged his soul with her own, transforming him into a Wu, which in turn made him immortal as long as Pai lives. He can feel pain but he won't die. He will regenerate from any wound, no matter how severe.
His father, Professor Fujii, was an archaeology professor and would-be monster hunter, who visited Tibet to research the legends of the immortal Sanjiyans. There he met Pai, a relatively youthful member of that mythical race, and he made a promise to help her become human. However, he fell ill while trying to depart the Chinese province of Yunnan and died shortly after completing a letter to his son, asking him to take over helping Pai with her quest. Yakumo tries to keep that promise. Yakumo has been shown to have feelings for Pai.
Takuhi (橐[非巴][n 1] or タクヒ?)
Parvati's pet bird that's responsible for the events that led Yakumo into becoming Parvati's undead Wu. He's killed by one of Kaiyanwang's followers while they're trying to find Steve Long and Mei Ling Ling.
Jake McDonald
Voiced by: Houchu Ohtsuka (Japanese), Steve Blum (Streamline), Gregg Rainwater (Geneon) (English)
A treasure hunter looking for the secret of immortality that Sanjiyans keep.
Haan Hazrat (ハズラット・ハーン Hazuratto Hān?)
A merchant who offers magic. He's a human of Pakistani descent and uses magic to defend himself against demons. He first appears in volume 7 of the manga to settle a debt with Yakumo Fujii. Ends up romantically involved with Yōko Ayanokōji.
Yōko Ayanokōji (綾小路 葉子 Ayanokōji Yōko?) / Hōashio (化蛇?)
The snake demon that was sealed within Parvati's body from volumes 3-5; she returns in volume 12 with a new body and identity. She's a water-based demon with the power to manipulate water at will, with deadly results. Ends up in love with Haan Hazrat.

Supporting[edit]

Chen Aguri (陳 亜栗?)
The chief editor and founder of Yougekisha. He's turned into stone after getting a little too close to the demon world, but is revived later. His main interest is to study the Sanjiyan Unkara so that he can write a great article for his magazine.
Lee Ling Ling (李 鈴鈴 Ri Rinrin?)
Voiced by: Ai Orikasa (Japanese), Joyce Kurtz (Streamline), Susan Chesler (Geneon) (English)
Yougekisha's editor in Chen Aguri's absence. At first, she's reluctant to believe in the occult, but traveling with Yakumo and Pai has led her to change her attitude. She's since become extremely interested in the subject—if only to make money off of publishing material for the magazine.
Meixing Long (龍 美星 Ron Meishin?)
Voiced by: Mayumi Tanaka (Japanese), Lia Sargent (Streamline), Erin Matthews (Geneon) (English)
The sister of Steve Long, she meets Pai and Yakumo when looking to save her brother from kidnappers. She's an excellent martial artist. Was to be a sacrifice in episode 3.
Steve Long (スティーブ 龍 Sutību Ron?)
Voiced by: Banjō Ginga (Japanese), Steve Bulen (Streamline), Bill Fagerbakke (Geneon) (English)
A Taoist and a regular human, he's quite skilled at using paper charms, and can sense demonic energy.

Antagonists[edit]

Kaiyanwang (鬼眼王 Kaiyanwan?) / Shiva
The strongest Sanjiyan. His ambitions drove him to wage war against the rest of the Sanjiyan Unkara, which ultimately led them to their fate. He was sealed away by Parvati IV after a bloody struggle. While the names Shiva and Kaiyanwan are normally used essentially interchangeably, more correctly, they represent two aspects of the same individual. The Shiva personality sacrificed itself to prevent Kaiyanwang from killing Parvati centuries prior to the main story.
Benares (ベナレス Benaresu?)
Voiced by: Akio Ōtsuka (Japanese), David Povall (Streamline), Earl Boen (Geneon) (English)
The Wu of Kaiyanwang. He assumed command of Kaiyanwang's demons after his master was sealed away by Parvati. He's spent the last 300 years searching for ways to revive Kaiyanwang from his sealed prison. Before becoming a Wu, Benares was a powerful dragon monster who consumed various holy demons. This allowed him to absorb enough intelligence to eventually transform himself into the humanoid being we see today. Even before the Wu transformation, he was tremendously powerful, with the added power he became virtually unstoppable. Benares is a highly powerful figure within the demon world physically, magically, and politically, and strikes fear into even the bravest of souls.
Chōkai (呪鬼?)
Voiced by: Yuusaku Yara (Japanese), Kirk Thornton (Streamline), Ralph Lister (Geneon) (English)
A servant of Benares that commands a sizable range of demons including Hong-nyang, to whom he refers as Ran Pao Pao. He knows how to fight using magic talismans enchanted with celestial calligraphy, demonstrating explosive attacks and imprisoning spells. Chōkai is also a skilled martial artist, despite his chunky size, and possesses two forms. The first is a normal Chinese human with a whisker-like moustache, donning a heavy trench coat with a fedora hat and round dark spectacles. His other form is a larger, muscular demon (though he still keeps his glasses and whiskers) with long teeth who can devour others by opening his body exposing the tentacles and negative space within. Because he has knowledge on using magic circles, Benares charges Chōkai with finding and destroying keys and entrances (named Konron) into the world that the Sanjiyan inhabited, the seichi (literally translates to "holy land"). In the anime, Choukai has a disturbing chuckle.
Ran Pao Pao (狼暴暴?)
Voiced by: Yuko Nagashima (Japanese), Dina Sherman (Geneon) (English)
A demon enforcer under Chōkai's command. Normally appears as an 8-foot (2.4 m) tall muscular and pale skinned woman with flared red hair, long teeth, and completely red eyes. She can also grow an extra limb from underneath each of her arms and can deceptively change form into a small child that resembles a super deformed version of her normal form. After Chōkai's death Ran Pao Pao becomes one of Pai's servants.

Media[edit]

Manga[edit]

3×3 Eyes is a manga written and illustrated by Yuzo Takada. In Japan, the manga is pronounced Sazan Eyes. "Sazan" is the Japanese word for 3×3, as in multiplication tables. It is also the nearest possible transliteration in Japanese kana of the English word "southern", and Takada's favorite music group happens to be Southern All Stars.[1] It was serialized in Young Magazine and spanned up to 40 volumes, beginning in 1987 and ending in 2002.[2][3] A limited edition of the final volume was released on the same day of the normal edition containing a video game for PC.[4] Kodansha also released four special edition volumes. The first two were released on April 25, 2002.[5][6] An additional box set was also released on the same day.[7] The remaining two limited edition volumes were released on May 23, 2002.[8][9] The manga was re-released into 24 volumes from August 12, 2009 to July 9, 2010.[10][11] A limited edition of the final 24th volume was released on the same day as the normal edition containing a commemorative art book.[12]

After the original manga series ended, several one-shots have been released in Young Magazine. These one-shots take place seven years after the original continuation and follow Yakumo and Pi's daily life. The first is a two-part one-shot titled 3×3 Eyes Gaiden Yugudorashiru no Yadorigi (3×3 EYES 外伝 ユグドラシルのヤドリギ前編?). The first part, subtitled Zenpen (前編?), was released in the January 2010 issue. The second part, subtitled Kōhen (後編?), was released in the February 2010 issue. The second one-shot, titled 3×3 Eyes Gaiden Ayanokōji-ka no Tsuitachi (3×3 EYES外伝 綾小路家の一日?), was released in the March 2010 issue. The third one-shot, titled 3×3 Eyes Mattari Nichijō-hen 3×3 Days (3×3 EYES まったり日常編 3×3 DAYS?), was released in the July 2011 issue. The fourth one-shot, titled 3×3 Eyes Tokubetsu-hen Yota Bangai (3×3 EYES特別編 与太番外?), was released in the February 2013 issue.

The English-language translation was being published by Dark Horse Comics, and serialized in Super Manga Blast! magazine.[13] This release altered art to remove several instances of a "penis-like tentacle" emerging from a character's mouth in volume 2, this censorship was done with the approval of Yuzo Takada.[14] A total of eight volumes were published between March 1, 1995 and May 5, 2004.[15][16] The manga was discontinued in 2005 before the release of the ninth volume.

OVA[edit]

Two OVAs were released by Toei Animation. The first shares the same name of the manga and released four episodes between July 25, 1991 and May 19, 1992.[17][18] The second OVA titled, 3×3 Eyes Seima Densetsu (3×3 EYES 聖魔伝説 3×3 Eyes: Legend of the Divine Demon?) is the sequel to the first with a total of three episodes released between July 25, 1995 to June 25, 1996.[19][20] A four-disc blu-ray box set was released on August 4, 2010. The first two discs contained episodes from the two OVAs respectively. The additional other two discs are soundtrack from the OVAs.[21]

The 2001 English dub localization was directed by Greg Weisman and featured Keith David, Brigitte Bako, Bill Fagerbakke, Thom Adcox-Hernandez and Ed Asner, all of whom had previously provided voice talents to the cast of Gargoyles. Homages to Gargoyles in the OVAs include a homeless man humming the Gargoyles theme and a character who wonders "What could make claw marks in solid stone?"[22] Unlike the Streamline dub, Pioneeer had released the new dub unedited and uncut from the original Japanese version.[23]

3×3 Eyes
No. Title Release date
1 "Transmigration"
"Tensei no shō" (転生の章) 
July 25, 1991 (1991-07-25)[17]
2 "Yakumo"
"Yakumo no shō" (八雲の章) 
September 26, 1991 (1991-09-26)[24]
3 "Sacrifice"
"To-sei no shō" (採生の章) 
January 23, 1992 (1992-01-23)[25]
4 "Straying"
"Meisō no shō" (迷走の章) 
March 19, 1992 (1992-03-19)[18]
3×3 Eyes Seima Densetsu
No. Title Release date
1 "Descent"
"Matsuei no shō" (末裔の章) 
July 25, 1995 (1995-07-25)[19]
2 "The Key"
"Kagi no shō" (鍵の章) 
December 18, 1995 (1995-12-18)[26]
3 "The Return"
"Kikan no shō" (帰還の章) 
June 25, 1996 (1996-06-25)[20]

Audio[edit]

Sample of Kaoru Wada's "Pai Longing" from 3×3 Eyes: Dai-ichi Shou (1991), the first soundtrack album of the anime series.

Problems playing this file? See media help.

Three Drama CDs have been released by King Records. The first is titled 3×3 Eyes Ten no Maki (3×3EYES 天之巻 3×3 Eyes Heaven Volume?) and was released in Japan on September 5, 1990.[27] The Drama CD titled, 3×3 Eyes Hito no Maki (3×3EYES 人之巻 3×3 Eyes Mankind Volume?) was released in Japan on November 21, 1990.[28] The third Drama CD titled, 3×3 Eyes Chi no Maki (3×3EYES 地之巻 3×3 Eyes Earth Volume?) was released in Japan on June 23, 1993.[29]

Music for both anime OVA series were composed by Kaoru Wada and primarily performed by a group known as Takada Band. All soundtracks were released under its Star Child label. For the original OVA, a total of four soundtracks were released. The soundtrack titled, 3×3 Eyes: Dai-ichi Shou (3×3EYES 第壱章 3×3 Eyes Chapter 1?) was released in Japan on August 21, 1991.[30] The second soundtrack titled, 3×3 Eyes: Dai-ni Shou (3×3 EYES第弐章 3×3 Eyes Chapter 2?) was released in Japan on November 21, 1991.[31] The third soundtrack titled, 3×3 Eyes: Dai-san Shou (3×3EYES 第参章 3×3 Eyes Chapter 3?) was released in Japan on April 22, 1992.[32] The fourth soundtrack titled 3×3 Eyes TAKADA BAND was released in Japan on June 24, 1992 and contains tracks primarily performed by Takada Band.[33]

For the second OVA, 3×3 Eyes Seima Densetsu, two soundtracks have been released. The first soundtrack titled, 3×3 Eyes Seima Densetsu Matsuei Fudanshi (3×3 EYES 聖魔伝説 末裔譜譚詩 3×3 Eyes Seima Densetsu: Descendant Musical Terminal?) was released in Japan on July 5, 1995.[34] The second soundtrack titled, 3×3 Eyes Seima Densetsu Matsuei Fudanshi II (3×3 EYES 聖魔伝説 末裔譜譚詩 II 3×3 Eyes Seima Densetsu: Descendant Musical Terminal II?) was released in Japan on June 5, 1996.[35]

Kaoru Wada's theme song "Pai Longing" appears on 3×3 Eyes: Dai-ichi Shou (1991). Several reviewers have noted its resemblance to James Horner's theme song to the later 1995 Hollywood film Braveheart.[36][37][38]

Video games[edit]

Various video games came out based on the 3×3 Eyes manga and OVA. Two video games were developed for the Super Famicom. The first titled, 3×3 Eyes Seima kōrin-den (3×3EYES 聖魔降臨伝?) was developed by Yutaka and released on July 28, 1992. The second titled, 3×3 Eyes Jūma hōkan (3×3EYES 獣魔奉還?) was developed by Banpresto and released on December 22, 1995. A video game for the Sega Mega-CD titled, Seima Densetsu 3×3 Eyes MCD (聖魔伝説3×3EYES MCD?) was developed by Sega and released on July 23, 1993.

Nihon Create had developed three games for the 3×3 Eyes and ported to several consoles. The first video game developed by Nihon Create titled, 3×3 Eyes Sanjiyan Henjyo (3×3 EYES 三只眼變成?) was released on PC-9801, FM Towns, PC-Engine, Windows 3.1, and Windows 95. The second video game developed by Nihon Create titled 3×3 Eyes Kyūsei kōshu (3×3 EYES 吸精公主?) was released on Windows 95, PlayStation, and Sega Saturn. The third video game developed by Nihon Create titled 3×3 Eyes Tenrin' ō Genmu (3×3 EYES 転輪王幻夢?) was released on Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 2000, Windows XP and PlayStation. The three games were collected in a 4-disc DVD box set titled 3×3 Eyes Memorial on December 13, 2002.[39]

Other[edit]

Several companion books have been released for 3×3 Eyes manga. The first is titled 3×3 Eyes: Yōma daizukan (3×3 EYES 妖魔大図鑑 3×3 Eyes Monster Encyclopedia?) and released on April 24, 1998. The book features character and monster encyclopedia, commentary, crossword, stickers, and a short story titled Hyōhaku suru Yōma (漂泊する妖魔 Wandering Monster?) by Endo Akinori.[40] A second book titled 3×3 Eyes Another World was released on April 1, 2001. It contains a special talk with Endo Akinori and interviews with the characters Pai and Yakumo.[41] An anthology book titled 3×3 Eyes Another Story was released on March 23, 2000 and contains short stories written by Endo Akinori, Katsumi Ishizuka, and Kusano Shinichi.[42] A papercraft book titled 3×3 Eyes: Yōma rittai zukan (3×3 EYES 妖魔立体図鑑 3×3 Eyes Monster 3D picture book?) was released on May 24, 2000.[43] A book titled 3×3 Eyes: Perfect Jiten (3×3 EYES パーフェクト事典 3×3 Perfect Encyclopedia?) was released on April 6, 2001.[44]

A TV series was being considered at around the time the manga ended in 2002. However, due to the then-recent Japanese censorship laws, it wasn't made.[citation needed]

Reception[edit]

In 1993, the manga won the Kodansha Manga Award for shōnen.[45]

The OVA adaptation had received mixed to positive reviews. Theron Martin of Anime News Network praised both OVAs stating "While not a spectacular series, 3×3 Eyes is nonetheless a very solid production which should entertain those who don't mind high levels of bloodshed and rampant mystical content."[46] Justin Sevakis also of Anime News Network, criticized the artstyle the animation quality of the series, however noting that the series is still entertaining.[47] Carlos Ross of THEM Anime Reviews praised the first OVA for its animation and characters, however criticized the story for its "disjunctive nature" and "anti-climactic" ending.[48] For the second OVA, Ross gave the plot a mix review noting that it is more coherent than the previous OVA, but also more confusing.[49] Stig Høgset also of THEM Anime Reviews,gave both the OVAs a more positive review, praising the characters and artwork, but criticizing the ending for it feeling unfinished.[50] Luis Cruz from Mania, gave the first OVA a mix review stating, "3×3 Eyes has the material to be a classic series [sic] However, the OVA format limits its potential by constraining the amount of time it can spend building the characters and their world."[51] He continued to state for the second OVA, " It only falls short by being hobbled with a story arc conclusion rather than a proper ending" and "the story stands well enough on its own and provides nearly two hours of action, humor, and intriguing mysteries."[52]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This kanji consists of 非 on the top and 巴 on the bottom. It does not exist in Unicode.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Young Magazine Editorial (1999-04-21). "高田裕三インタビュー". 3×3 Eyes Another World (in Japanese). Kodansha. ISBN 4-06-334058-9. 
  2. ^ "3×3 EYES (1)" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved 2014-05-20. 
  3. ^ "3×3 EYES (40)" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved 2014-05-20. 
  4. ^ "初回限定版 3×3 EYES (40)" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved 2014-05-20. 
  5. ^ "3×3 EYES 新装版(1)" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
  6. ^ "3×3 EYES 新装版(2)" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
  7. ^ "初回版 新装版 3×3 EYES(1)" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
  8. ^ "3×3 EYES 新装版(3)" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
  9. ^ "3×3 EYES 新装版(4)" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
  10. ^ "3×3 EYES(1)" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
  11. ^ "3×3 EYES(24)" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
  12. ^ "3×3 EYES(24) 特装版" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
  13. ^ "U.S. Manga News Briefs". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2014-07-15. 
  14. ^ "Toren Smith on Manga Censorship". sazan.net. Retrieved 2014-07-18. 
  15. ^ "3x3 Eyes Volume 1: House of Demons TPB". Dark Horse Comics. Retrieved 2014-07-15. 
  16. ^ "3x3 Eyes Volume 8: Descent of the Mystic City TPB". Dark Horse Comics. Retrieved 2014-07-15. 
  17. ^ a b "3×3 EYES ビデオ (1)" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved 2014-05-20. 
  18. ^ a b "3×3 EYES ビデオ (4)" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved 2014-05-20. 
  19. ^ a b "3×3 EYES 聖魔伝説 ビデオ (1)" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved 2014-05-20. 
  20. ^ a b "3×3 EYES 聖魔伝説 ビデオ (3)" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved 2014-05-20. 
  21. ^ 【Blu-ray】OVA 3×3EYES Blu-ray BOX 期間限定版, animate-onlineshop.jp, retrieved 2014-07-09 
  22. ^ 10 - Ask Greg Archives : Gargoyles : Station Eight
  23. ^ "New 3X3 Dub Coming". Anime News Network. 2002-02-25. Retrieved 2014-07-15. 
  24. ^ "3×3 EYES ビデオ (2)" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved 2014-05-20. 
  25. ^ "3×3 EYES ビデオ (3)" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved 2014-05-20. 
  26. ^ "3×3 EYES 聖魔伝説 ビデオ (2)" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved 2014-05-20. 
  27. ^ "3×3EYES 天之巻" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved 2014-07-01. 
  28. ^ "3×3EYES 人之巻" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved 2014-07-01. 
  29. ^ "3×3EYES 地之巻" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved 2014-07-01. 
  30. ^ "3×3EYES 第壱章" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved 2014-07-01. 
  31. ^ "3×3 EYES第弐章" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved 2014-07-01. 
  32. ^ "3×3EYES 第参章" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved 2014-07-01. 
  33. ^ "3×3 EYES: TAKADA BAND" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved 2014-07-01. 
  34. ^ "3×3 EYES 聖魔伝説 末裔譜譚詩" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved 2014-07-01. 
  35. ^ "3×3EYES 聖魔伝説 末裔譜譚詩 II" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved 2014-07-01. 
  36. ^ Martin, Theron. "3x3 Eyes (1991)". USA Anime. Retrieved 19 July 2012. 
  37. ^ Martin, Theron (September 14, 2007). "3x3 Eyes DVDs 1 and 2". Anime News Network. Retrieved 19 July 2012. 
  38. ^ "3X3 Eyes: Perfect Collection – from Streamline/Orion". Game Monkeys Magazine. 1999. Retrieved 19 July 2012. 
  39. ^ "3×3 EYES Memorial" (in Japanese). Nihon Create. Retrieved 2014-07-09. 
  40. ^ "3×3 EYES 妖魔大図鑑" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved 2014-05-20. 
  41. ^ "3×3 EYES Another World" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved 2014-05-20. 
  42. ^ "3×3 EYES Another Story" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved 2014-05-20. 
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