3,000 hit club

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A middle-aged white male wearing a white cap.
Pete Rose is the all-time MLB hits leader with 4,256 hits

In Major League Baseball (MLB), the 3,000 hit club is the group of batters who have collected 3,000 or more regular-season hits in their careers. Cap Anson was the first to join the club on July 18, 1897, although his precise career hit total is unclear.[a] Two players—Nap Lajoie and Honus Wagner—reached 3,000 hits during the 1914 season. Ty Cobb became the club's fourth member in 1921 and became the first player in MLB history to reach 4,000 hits in 1927, ultimately finishing his career with more than 4,100.[6][b] Cobb, also MLB's all-time career batting average leader, remained the MLB hit leader until September 11, 1985 when Pete Rose collected his 4,192nd hit.[10] Rose, the current record holder, finished his career with 4,256 hits, an achievement that on its own would have qualified him for the Hall of Fame had Major League Baseball not banned him for life due to Rose's having gambled on games. Roberto Clemente's career ended with precisely 3,000 hits, reaching the mark in the last at bat of his career.[11][12][c] Derek Jeter is the most recent player to reach the milestone, achieving the feat on July 9, 2011.[15]

In total, 28 players have reached the 3,000 hit mark in MLB history. Of these, 14 were right-handed batters, 12 were left-handed, and 2 were switch hitters, meaning they could bat from either side of the plate. Ten of these players (and the only active member of the 3,000 hit club) have played for only one major league team. The Cleveland Indians are the only franchise to see three players reach the milestone while on their roster: Lajoie (while the franchise was known as the "Naps"), Tris Speaker, and Eddie Murray. Four players—Hank Aaron, Willie Mays, Murray, and Rafael Palmeiro—are also members of the 500 home run club. At .367, Cobb holds the highest career batting average among club members, while Cal Ripken, Jr. holds the lowest at .276. Jeter and Wade Boggs are the only players to hit a home run for their 3,000th hit and Paul Molitor is the only player to hit a triple for his 3,000th; all others hit a single or double. Craig Biggio was thrown out at second base attempting to stretch his 3,000th hit, a single, into a double.[16] Biggio and Jeter are the only players to join the club in a game where they had five hits; Jeter reached base safely in all of his at bats.[17]

Baseball writer Josh Pahigian wrote that the club has been "long considered the greatest measure of superior bat handling."[18] Reaching 3,000 hits is often described as a guarantee of eventual entry into the Baseball Hall of Fame.[19][20][21] All eligible club members, with the exception of Palmeiro and Biggio (who was 0.2% shy of election on a crowded ballot in 2014), have been elected to the Hall, and since 1962 all club members who have been inducted were elected on the first ballot. Rose was declared permanently ineligible for the Hall of Fame when he was banned from baseball.[22][23] Palmeiro failed to reach the threshold for further Hall of Fame consideration by the BBWAA in 2014.[24]

Key[edit]

Portrait of a man wearing a high collar, held closed with a safety pin.
Ty Cobb reached 4,000 hits during the 1928 season and was the only player to reach this mark until Rose joined him in 1985.
A man in a navy blue baseball jersey with "Twins" written across the chest holding a navy blue cap and smiling.
Paul Molitor is the only player to hit a triple for his 3,000th hit.
A man in a navy blue and grey windbreaker with the word "New" visible stands on the left facing a man in a navy blue polo shirt who is looking away.
Derek Jeter (left) and Dave Winfield (right) are both members of the club
Player Name of the player
Hits Career hits
Average Career batting average
Date Date of the player's 3,000th hit
Team The batter's team for his 3,000th hit
Seasons The seasons this player played in the major leagues
3,000th hit The type of hit the batter recorded for his 3,000th hit
dagger Elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame
double-dagger Player is active

Members[edit]

The statistics are updated into the 2014 season.
Player Hits Average Date Team Seasons 3,000th hit Ref
Rose, PetePete Rose 4,256 .303 May 5, 1978 Cincinnati Reds 1963–1986 Single [25]
Cobb, TyTy Cobbdagger 4,191[b] .367 August 19, 1921 Detroit Tigers 1905–1928 Single [9]
Aaron, HankHank Aarondagger 3,771 .305 May 17, 1970 Atlanta Braves 1954–1976 Single [26]
Musial, StanStan Musialdagger 3,630 .331 May 13, 1958 St. Louis Cardinals 1941–1944
1946–1963
Double [27]
Speaker, TrisTris Speakerdagger 3,515 .345 May 17, 1925 Cleveland Indians 1907–1928 Single [28]
Wagner, HonusHonus Wagnerdagger 3,430 .328 June 9, 1914 Pittsburgh Pirates 1897–1917 Double [29]
Yastrzemski, CarlCarl Yastrzemskidagger 3,419 .285 September 12, 1979 Boston Red Sox 1961–1983 Single [30]
Jeter, DerekDerek Jeterdouble-dagger 3,329 .313 July 9, 2011 New York Yankees 1995–present Home run [31]
Molitor, PaulPaul Molitordagger 3,319 .306 September 16, 1996 Minnesota Twins 1978–1998 Triple [32]
Collins, EddieEddie Collinsdagger 3,314 .333 June 3, 1925 Chicago White Sox 1906–1930 Single [33]
Mays, WillieWillie Maysdagger 3,283 .302 July 18, 1970 San Francisco Giants 1951–1952
1954–1973
Single [34]
Murray, EddieEddie Murraydagger 3,255 .287 June 30, 1995 Cleveland Indians 1977–1997 Single [35]
Lajoie, NapNap Lajoiedagger 3,242[d] .338 September 27, 1914 Cleveland Naps 1896–1916 Double [37]
Ripken, Jr., CalCal Ripken, Jr.dagger 3,184 .276 April 15, 2000 Baltimore Orioles 1981–2001 Single [39]
Brett, GeorgeGeorge Brettdagger 3,154 .305 September 30, 1992 Kansas City Royals 1973–1993 Single [40]
Waner, PaulPaul Wanerdagger 3,152 .333 June 19, 1942 Boston Braves 1926–1945 Single [41]
Yount, RobinRobin Yountdagger 3,142 .285 September 9, 1992 Milwaukee Brewers 1974–1993 Single [42]
Gwynn, TonyTony Gwynndagger 3,141 .338 August 6, 1999 San Diego Padres 1982–2001 Single [43]
Winfield, DaveDave Winfielddagger 3,110 .283 September 16, 1993 Minnesota Twins 1973–1995 Single [44]
Anson, CapCap Ansondagger 3,081[a] .334 July 18, 1897[a] Chicago Colts 1871–1897 Single [45]
Biggio, CraigCraig Biggio 3,060 .281 June 28, 2007 Houston Astros 1988–2007 Single [46]
Henderson, RickeyRickey Hendersondagger 3,055 .279 October 7, 2001 San Diego Padres 1979–2003 Double [47]
Carew, RodRod Carewdagger 3,053 .328 August 4, 1985 California Angels 1967–1985 Single [48]
Brock, LouLou Brockdagger 3,023 .293 August 13, 1979 St. Louis Cardinals 1961–1979 Single [49]
Palmeiro, RafaelRafael Palmeiro 3,020 .288 July 15, 2005 Baltimore Orioles 1986–2005 Double [50]
Boggs, WadeWade Boggsdagger 3,010 .328 August 7, 1999 Tampa Bay Devil Rays 1982–1999 Home run [51]
Kaline, AlAl Kalinedagger 3,007 .297 September 24, 1974 Detroit Tigers 1953–1974 Double [52]
Clemente, RobertoRoberto Clementedagger 3,000 .317 September 30, 1972 Pittsburgh Pirates 1955–1972 Double [53]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Two major factors have confused Anson's precise hit total. First, a rule which existed for only the 1887 MLB season counted walks as hits.[1] Additionally, Anson played five seasons in the National Association (NA), which is not always recognized as an official "major league".[1][2] MLB.com credits Anson with 3,011 career hits, not including his time in the NA or his walks in 1887.[3] Baseball-Reference credits him with 3,435 hits, including his time in the NA, not including his walks in 1887, and differing with MLB.com over his hit total in 1894.[4] The Hall of Fame shows 3,081 hits for Anson, including his walks in 1887 (for a total of 224 hits that season) but not including NA playing time.[5] The date listed comes from MLB.com, using their hit totals for Anson.
  2. ^ a b MLB.com and the Hall of Fame credit Cobb with 4,191 hits,[7][8] while Baseball-Reference lists 4,189.[9]
  3. ^ This was not Clemente's last game, however, as he entered his next and final game as a defensive substitution and did not bat.[11][13] Clemente died in a plane crash on December 31, 1972.[14]
  4. ^ MLB.com credits Lajoie with 3,252 hits,[36] while Baseball-Reference and the 3,000 hit club page on MLB.com both list 3,242.[37][38]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ a b Fleitz, David L. (2005). Cap Anson: The Grand Old Man of Baseball. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. p. 346. ISBN 0-7864-2238-6. 
  2. ^ "Complete Baseball Team and Baseball Team Encyclopedias". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Archived from the original on August 8, 2010. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  3. ^ "Cap Anson – Historical Player Stats". MLB.com. Major League Baseball. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  4. ^ "Cap Anson Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  5. ^ "Anson, Cap". baseballhall.org. Baseball Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 22 June 2010. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  6. ^ "Progressive Leaders & Records for Hits". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  7. ^ "Ty Cobb Stats, Bio, Photos, Highlights". MLB.com. Major League Baseball. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  8. ^ "Cobb, Ty". baseballhall.org. Baseball Hall of Fame. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  9. ^ a b "Ty Cobb Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  10. ^ Boswell, Thomas (September 12, 1985). "'Charlie Hustle' gets hit 4,192 to surpass Cobb, then another". The Washington Post. 
  11. ^ a b "Roberto Clemente 1972 Batting Gamelogs". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  12. ^ "September 30, 1972 New York Mets at Pittsburgh Pirates Play by Play and Box Score". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  13. ^ "October 3, 1972 St. Louis Cardinals at Pittsburgh Pirates Play by Play and Box Score". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  14. ^ Schwartz, Larry. "Clemente quietly grew in stature". ESPN.com. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  15. ^ Hoch, Bryan (July 9, 2011). "With homer, Jeter joins 3,000-hit club". MLB.com. Retrieved July 11, 2011. 
  16. ^ "Houston's Biggio lashes 3,000th: 'Tonight is the best'". USA Today. Associated Press. June 29, 2007. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  17. ^ Marchand, Andrew (July 9, 2011). "Derek Jeter gets 3,000th hit". ESPN.com. Retrieved July 9, 2011. 
  18. ^ Pahigian, Josh (2010). The Seventh Inning Stretch: Baseball's Most Essential and Inane Debates. Guilford, Connecticut: Globe Pequot Press. p. 80. ISBN 978-1-59921-805-2. 
  19. ^ Bloom, Barry M. (April 27, 2005). "Hoffman definitely Hall of Fame caliber". MLB.com (MLB Advanced Media, L.P.). Archived from the original on April 21, 2011. "There are milestones in other areas that always have been instant Hall of Fame qualifiers: 3,000 hits, 500 homers and 300 wins." 
  20. ^ Haudricourt, Tom (November 1999). "Hall of Fame File". Baseball Digest: 75. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  21. ^ Chass, Murray (April 16, 2000). "Baseball; Ripken Gets One More Big Number: 3,000 hits". The New York Times. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  22. ^ "Rules for Election". National Baseball Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on May 30, 2010. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  23. ^ Erardi, John (August 23, 2009). "What is Pete Rose's true legacy?". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  24. ^ "2014 Hall of Fame voting". Retrieved February 17, 2014. 
  25. ^ "Pete Rose Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  26. ^ "Hank Aaron Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  27. ^ "Stan Musial Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  28. ^ "Tris Speaker Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 14, 2010. 
  29. ^ "Honus Wagner Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  30. ^ "Carl Yastrzemski Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  31. ^ "Derek Jeter Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved July 9, 2011. 
  32. ^ "Paul Molitor Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  33. ^ "Eddie Collins Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  34. ^ "Willie Mays Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  35. ^ "Eddie Murray Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  36. ^ "Nap Lajoie Stats, Bio, Photos, Highlights". MLB.com. Major League Baseball. Retrieved August 23, 2012. 
  37. ^ a b "Nap Lajoie Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  38. ^ "3,000 Hits Club – Milestones". MLB.com. Major League Baseball. Archived from the original on June 24, 2010. Retrieved October 5, 2012. 
  39. ^ "Cal Ripken Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  40. ^ "George Brett Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  41. ^ "Paul Waner Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  42. ^ "Robin Yount Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  43. ^ "Tony Gwynn Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  44. ^ "Dave Winfield Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  45. ^ "The 3,000 Hit Club - Cap Anson". National Baseball Hall of Fame. 
  46. ^ "Craig Biggio Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  47. ^ "Rickey Henderson Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  48. ^ "Rod Carew Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  49. ^ "Lou Brock Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  50. ^ "Rafael Palmeiro Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  51. ^ "Wade Boggs Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  52. ^ "Al Kaline Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  53. ^ "Roberto Clemente Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2010.