||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (September 2007)|
|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||138.14 g/mol|
|Melting point||114 °C (237 °F; 387 K)|
|Boiling point||306 °C (583 °F; 579 K)|
|Solubility in water||0.1 g/100 ml (20°C)|
|Related compounds||2-Nitroaniline, 4-Nitroaniline|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)|
|(what is: / ?)|
3-Nitroaniline, also known as 'meta'-nitroaniline and m-nitroaniline, is a non-volatile stable solid commonly used as a raw material for dyes. 3-Nitroaniline is an aniline carrying a nitro functional group in position 3. It is stable in neutral, acidic or alkaline solutions and is classified as "not readily biodegradable" with "low bioaccumulation potential" .
It is used as a chemical intermediate for azo coupling component 17 and the dyes disperse yellow 5 and acid blue 29. The chemical is changed to other substances (dyestuffs and m-nitrophenol) during the dyeing process.
It can be synthesised by nitration of benzamide followed by the Hofmann rearrangement of the 3-Nitrobenzamide previously formed. It consist in treating the 3-Nitrobenzamide with sodium hypobromite or sodium hypochlorite to transform the amide group into an amine.
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