In enzymology, a 3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase (EC220.127.116.11) also known as β-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase or 3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase, mitochondrial (HIBADH) is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the HIBADHgene.
This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on the CH-OH group of donor with NAD+ or NADP+ as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is 3-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoate:NAD+ oxidoreductase. This enzyme participates in valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation.
3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase is a tetrameric mitochondrial enzyme that catalyzes the NAD+-dependent, reversible oxidation of 3-hydroxyisobutyrate, an intermediate of valine catabolism, to methylmalonate semialdehyde.
Rougraff PM, Paxton R, Kuntz MJ, et al. (1988). "Purification and characterization of 3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase from rabbit liver.". J. Biol. Chem.263 (1): 327–31. PMID3335502.
Rougraff PM, Zhang B, Kuntz MJ, et al. (1989). "Cloning and sequence analysis of a cDNA for 3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase. Evidence for its evolutionary relationship to other pyridine nucleotide-dependent dehydrogenases.". J. Biol. Chem.264 (10): 5899–903. PMID2647728.