In enzymology, a 3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase (EC22.214.171.124) also known as β-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase or 3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase, mitochondrial (HIBADH) is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the HIBADHgene.
This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on the CH-OH group of donor with NAD+ or NADP+ as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is 3-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoate:NAD+ oxidoreductase. This enzyme participates in valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation.
3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase is a tetrameric mitochondrial enzyme that catalyzes the NAD+-dependent, reversible oxidation of 3-hydroxyisobutyrate, an intermediate of valine catabolism, to methylmalonate semialdehyde.
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Rougraff PM, Zhang B, Kuntz MJ et al. (1989). "Cloning and sequence analysis of a cDNA for 3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase. Evidence for its evolutionary relationship to other pyridine nucleotide-dependent dehydrogenases.". J. Biol. Chem.264 (10): 5899–903. PMID2647728.