The 301 Military Hospital (Chinese: 三〇一医院) or "PLA General Hospital" (Chinese: 解放军总医院), which constitutes simultaneously the PLA Postgraduate Medical School, located in Beijing, China, is the largest general hospital under the auspices of the People's Liberation Army. Its mission includes assuring the health of PLA and China's leaders.
The China PLA General Hospital was formerly the second clinical institute affiliated to Peking Union Medical College, which was changed in October, 1953 into “Hospital directly affiliated to the military commission of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. In July 1954, it was renamed as the 301 Hospital of the PLA. In June 1957, the Department of Defense mandated to cancel the appellation of “301 Hospital”, while appointing the name of “the China PLA General Hospital”. PLA Postgraduate Medical School was constructed with support from the China PLA General Hospital. It was founded in November 1958 and closed down in 1962, and in June 1979, it was restored with approval from the military commission. In September 1986, it was formally listed among the universities and colleges of the whole army, with an authorization number. In 2004, the 304 Hospital and 309 Hospital of the PLA were renamed respectively as the 304 and 309 Clinical Branches, and publicly referred to as the First and the Second Hospitals affiliated to the China PLA General Hospital, meanwhile listed into the compilation sequence of the China PLA General Hospital.
The PLA Postgraduate medical School, whose name was changed to "Medical school of Chinese PLA" in 2012, is one of the first institutions authorized by the Academic Degree Committee of the State Council to confer doctoral and master's degrees and a teaching hospital of Qinghua University. It has 122 doctoral program supervisors and 212 master's program supervisors, 2 post-doctoral research centers, 35 disciplines offering doctoral programs and 39 disciplines offering master's programs. Each year the hospital enrolls over 300 graduate students and 1,000 students or so for continuous training. It has turned out a large number of top-notch medical graduates.