301st Airlift Squadron

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301st Airlift Squadron
301st Airlift Squadron - C-17 Globemaster.jpg
Active 1943-1946; 1949-1951; 1969-Present
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Role Airlift
Part of Air Force Reserve Command
4th Air Force
349th Air Mobility Wing
349th Operations Group
Garrison/HQ Travis Air Force Base, California
Engagements Operation Overlord
Operation Market Garden
Battle of Bastogne
Operation Plunder
Decorations Distinguished Unit Citation
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm
Insignia
301st Airlift Squadron emblem (Approved 1973) 301st Airlift Squadron.png

The 301st Airlift Squadron is a United States Air Force Reserve squadron, assigned to the 349th Operations Group, stationed at Travis Air Force Base, California. It is a associate unit of the active duty 21st Airlift Squadron of the 60th Air Mobility Wing.

Mission[edit]

301st Airlift Squadron - C-5 Galaxy

The mission of the 301st Airlift Squadron is to train and provide qualified C-17 Globemaster III aircrews to fly worldwide airlift missions and augment the active duty forces under readiness conditions up to and including full mobilization.

History[edit]

The squadron was first activated as the 301st Troop Carrier Squadron in August 1943 at Sedalia Army Air Field, Missouri as a I Troop Carrier Command Douglas C-47 Skytrain squadron. After training in Missouri and later North Carolina, it was sent to Baer Field, Indiana for final equipping with aircraft and personnel. The 301st deployed to Ninth Air Force in England, and was assigned to IX Troop Carrier Command in March 1944 during the build-up prior to the invasion of France.

The squadron participated in the D-Day operation, dropping 101st Airborne Division paratroops near Cherbourg, then carried out re-supply and glider delivery missions the following day.

The squadron's aircraft flew supplies into Normandy as soon as suitable landing strips were available and evacuated casualties to England. On 17 July the air echelon flew to Grosseto Airfield in Italy to prepare for operations connected with Operation Dragoon, the invasion of southern France, returning to England on 24 August.

The squadron moved to France in September 1944 and for the balance of the Northern France Campaign and the Western Allied invasion of Germany, it was engaged in combat resupply of ground forces, operating from advanced landing grounds in northern France. It delivered supplies to rough resupply and evacuation airfields near the front lines, returning combat casualties to field hospitals in rear areas.

After V-E Day, the squadron was based in the Leipzig area, then when Leipzig was turned over to the Soviet Union as part of its occupation zone, it was moved to the American Zone of Berlin where it was the first American air unit to occupy Tempelhof Airdrome on 4 July 1945.

The squadron returned to the United States in March 1946 and was inactivated at Bolling Field, District of Columbia.

The 301st was reactivated as a Curtiss C-46 Commando transport squadron in the Air Force Reserve in 1949. It was called to active duty as part of the Korean War mobilization in 1951. Unit personnel and aircraft were assigned as fillers to active-duty units and the squadron was quickly inactivated.

Since 1969 the 301st has trained in the Air Force Reserve to fly global strategic airlift missions, performing routine channel flights, contingency and humanitarian relief operations, and joint training exercises.

Operations and Decorations[edit]

  • Combat Operations. The squadron dropped paratroopers in preparation for Normandy invasion on 6 June 1944. It transported cargo and mail in France and England and evacuated wounded troops from the continent. It took part in airborne attacks in Netherlands in September 1944. It dropped supplies to the 101st Airborne Division when it was surrounded at Bastogne, Belgium, during the Battle of the Bulge. it participated in airborne crossings of Rhine River into Germany on 24 March 1945. The squadron supported operations Enduring Freedom and Noble Eagle after the 11 September 2001 terrorist attack on the United States.
  • Campaigns. World War II: Normandy; Northern France; Rhineland; Ardennes-Alsace; Central Europe; Panama, 1989-1990.

Lineage[edit]

  • Constituted as the 301st Troop Carrier Squadron on 25 May 1943
Activated on 1 August 1943
Inactivated on 27 May 1946
  • Redesignated 301st Troop Carrier Squadron, Medium on 10 May 1949
Activated in the Reserve on 27 June 1949
Ordered to active service on 10 March 1951
Inactivated on 14 March 1951
  • Redesignated 301st Military Airlift Squadron (Associate) on 18 March 1969
Activated on 25 July 1969
Redesignated 301st Airlift Squadron (Associate) on 1 February 1992
Redesignated 301st Airlift Squadron on 1 October 1994.

Assignments[edit]

Attached to 442d Troop Carrier Group, 18 May 1945 - 16 July 1945
  • 442d Troop Carrier Group, 16 July 1945
  • 302d Transport Wing, 8 August 1945
  • 441st Troop Carrier Group, 8 August 1945
Attached to 473d Air Service Group, 18 September 1945

Stations[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links[edit]