307th Fighter Squadron

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307th Fighter Squadron
307th Fighter Squadron Emblem.png
307th Fighter Squadron Patch
Active 30 January 1942 – 7 November 1945
20 August 1946 – 1 July 1989
30 September 1991 – 31 August 1995
1 August 2003 – present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Type Fighter
Part of Air Force Reserve Command
Tenth Air Force
Garrison/HQ Seymour Johnson Air Force Base
Decorations Presidential Unit Citation ribbon.svg DUC
Outstanding Unit ribbon.svg AFOUA
Vietnam gallantry cross unit award-3d.svg RVGC w/ Palm
Homestead AFB after Hurricane Andrew serverly damaged the base on 27 August 1992. The damage to the base was extensive and the USAF reassigned the 31st Fighter wing, the base being placed in repair status for the next two years before it was placed back on operational status. Closest aircraft is 307th Fighter Squadron F-16C #89-2146 and the F-16C in the background is 88-0465 which was repaired and returned to flying status. 89-2146 was repaired afterwards but not to flying status, becoming a GF-16C ground trainer at Sheppard AFB, Texas
McDonnell F-4D-32-MC Phantom Serial 66-8768 of the 307 TFS. This aircraft is now on permanent display in front of VFW post in Pastro, Texas. (Photo taken at Ramstein Air Base, West Germany

The 307th Fighter Squadron (307 FS) is an F-15E Strike Eagle unit and is part of the Air Force Reserve Command's 414th Fighter Group (414 FG) stationed at Seymour Johnson Air Force Base, North Carolina.

Mission[edit]

The mission of the 307 FS is to assist the 4th Fighter Wing at Seymour Johnson to produce qualified F-15E aircrew. The squadron became operational in September 2011.

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

Initially established under Third Air Force in early 1942 as a fighter squadron at Baer Field, Indiana, flying some antisubmarine patrols in the Gulf of Mexico.

Deployed to the European Theater of Operations (ETO) in June 1942 without aircraft as its P-40s and P-39s were deemed unsuitable for use against German aircraft in long range bomber escort duties. Was re-equipped with RAF Spitfire Vs and its pilots and technicians spent a two-month period undergoing intensive training in flying and fighting with RAF pilots in the British aircraft from airfields in southeast England. The squadron flew its first combat mission on 18 August 1942, when it attacked enemy positions in occupied France.

Assigned to the new Twelfth Air Force and deployed to Gibraltar in November 1942 as part of the Operation Torch invasion forces, initially operating from former Vichy French airfields in Algeria. Advanced east across Algeria and Tunisia during the North African Campaign, supporting the Fifth United States Army which halted Field Marshal Rommel's advance on allied positions.

Spitfires from the squadron provided support for Allied Forces as the Invasion of Italy began with the capture of Sicily, and later the landings by Allied forces in Fascist Italy, moving north supporting the Fifth Army during the Italian Campaign. As Allied bomber forces operating from Italy began the strategic bombing of Axis petroleum and communications facilities in central Europe and the Balkans, the squadron was re-equipped with the North American P-51 Mustang to replace the shorter-ranged Spitfire. In August 1944, the P-51's were involved in the invasion of Southern France. In December 1944, the first destruction of a German jet fighter by a 308th P-51 occurred, eventually operating from the Po Valley in Northern Italy at the end of the European War in May 1945.

By war's end, the squadron had earned two Distinguished Unit Citations and was involved in eight campaigns The squadron was largely demobilized during the summer of 1945 in Europe, a skeleton force returned to Drew Field, Florida in August, inactivating largely as an administrative unit in November.[1]

Reactivated from elements of several inactivating organizations in Germany in August 1946, Performed occupation duty and operating early-model P-80A Shooting Star jets from former Luftwaffe jet-capable airfields at Giebelstadt and Kitzingen. Returned to the United States in June 1947 without personnel or equipment which remained in Germany.

Cold War[edit]

Assigned to Strategic Air Command at Langley AFB, Virginia as a fighter-escort squadron, equipped with straight-winged F-84E Thunderjets. Assigned to Turner AFB, Georgia with mission of long-range escort of B-29 Superfortress bombers, later B-50 and B-36 Peacemakers as newer aircraft came into operation by SAC. Inactivated 1958 with phaseout of B-36 and end of SAC escort fighter concept.

Reactivated in 1959 as Tactical Air Command F-100 Super Sabre fighter-bomber squadron at George AFB, California. Trained in tactical air support of ground forces, deploying to NATO bases for operational exercises. Reassigned to Homestead AFB, Florida after the Cuban Missile Crisis, late 1962 to provide air defense of South Florida. Was deployed to Southeast Asia, 1964 as part of advisory forces operating against North Vietnamese and National Liberation Front forces in South Vietnam.

Reassigned to NATO, becoming permanently based at Torrejon AB, Spain in 1966 when SAC turned Spanish bases over to USAFE. Initially equipped with F-100s, in 1970 received F-4E Phantom IIs. Reassigned back to TAC at Homestead AFB in 1971, as part of re-establishment of 31st TFW upon its return from duty in Southeast Asia. Was deployed to Thailand, July 1972, engaging North Vietnamese forces in northern South Vietnam in response to the communist spring offensive. Returned to the United States in the late fall, 1972.

For the next 20 years, performed routine training and tactical deployments from Homestead AFB, upgraded to the F-16A Fighting Falcon in 1988. At the end of 1986 the squadron and wing changed tail codes from ZF to HS which better matched the squadrons location in Homestead. Upgraded to the F-16A Fighting Falcon in 1988, upgrading to receive Shaw AFB block 25s in August 1990. With the Gulf War build up and the 363rd TFW at Shaw AFB deploying to Saudi Arabia meant no more block 25s were available. With some F-16A/B block 15s still in service for the 307th TFS, it continued to operate both types.

When Desert Storm ended it was decided to convert the 31st TFW to block 40 F-16s instead. Up to this point about ten block 25s had reached the 307th FS and had been pained in 'Emerald Knight' markings. They were all sent to other units. Neither of the 31st TFWs other sister squadrons flew the block 25. In March 1991 the 307th began conversion to the block 40 version of the F-16. On 1 October 1991 the word 'Tactical' was dropped and unit became the 307th Fighter Squadron. By early 1992 the conversion to block 40 F-16s with the general purpose role was complete.

Moved to Moody AFB, Georgia in late August 1992 when Hurricane Andrew threatened South Florida. It was to be a temporary move to Moody, but Homestead AFB was so heavily damaged it was never re-opened for any of the 31st FW squadrons and was eventually turned over to the Air Force Reserve Command's 482nd Fighter Wing and renamed Homestead ARB. After the destruction of Homestead AFB, the 307th FS was reassigned permanently to the 347th Operations Group at Moody. At this point the 'HS' tail code began to be replaced with a 'MY' tail code, with some block 40 F-16s were delivered right from the factory to the 307th Fighter Squadron's new home base. It deployed to Saudi Arabia from, March–June 1995 in support of Operation Southern Watch.[2] Inactivated in 1995 when Air Combat Command temporarily closed down ACC operations at the base, temporarily turning Moody AFB over to Air Education and Training Command as a training base.

Modern era[edit]

Reactivated in 2003 as an Air Force Reserve Command F-15 Eagle training squadron. Trained Air Force Reserve pilots in F-15 Eagles at Langley AFB, Virginia as an adjunct for the 1st Fighter Wing. The unit was moved from Langley AFB to Seymour Johnson AFB in 2010 in realignment with the phaseout of the F-15C at Langely pending the arrival of the F-22 Raptor and the need for an "Associate" Air Force Reserve F-15E Strike Eagle unit at Seymour Johnson.

Lineage[edit]

  • Constituted 307th Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) on 21 Jan 1942
Activated on 30 Jan 1942
Re-designated 307th Fighter Squadron on 15 May 1942
Re-designated 307th Fighter Squadron, Single Engine on 20 Aug 1943
Inactivated on 7 Nov 1945
  • Activated on 20 Aug 1946
Re-designated 307th Fighter Squadron, Jet Propelled on 19 Feb 1947
Re-designated 307th Fighter Squadron, Single Engine on 3 Nov 1947
Re-designated 307th Fighter Squadron, Jet on 15 Jun 1948
Re-designated 307th Fighter-Bomber Squadron on 20 Jan 1950
Re-designated 307th Fighter-Escort Squadron on 16 Jul 1950
Re-designated 307th Strategic Fighter Squadron on 20 Jan 1953
Re-designated 307th Fighter-Bomber Squadron on 1 Apr 1957
Re-designated 307th Tactical Fighter Squadron on 1 Jul 1958
Re-designated 307th Tactical Fighter Training Squadron on 1 Jul 1983
Re-designated 307th Tactical Fighter Squadron on 1 Apr 1988
Inactivated on 1 Jul 1989
  • Activated on 30 Sep 1991
Re-designated 307th Fighter Squadron on 1 Nov 1991
Inactivated on 31 Aug 1995
  • Activated in the Air Force Reserve Command on 1 Aug 2003

[2]

Assignments[edit]

Attached to 31st Fighter-Escort Wing, 27 Jul 1951 – 15 Jun 1952
Attached to: Alaskan Air Command, 7 Nov – 7 Dec 1956
Attached to: 48th Fighter-Bomber Wing, 27 Feb – 9 Aug 1958
Attached to: Unknown, 15 Mar – 19 Jul 1959; 8 Nov 1960 – 9 Mar 1961, and 18-28 Feb 1962
Attached to: 18th Tactical Fighter Wing, 17 Dec 1962 – 16 Mar 1963
Attached to: Unknown, 27 Dec 1963 – 5 Mar 1964
Attached to: 7231st Combat Support Group, 23 Nov 1964 – 14 Mar 1965
Attached to: 34th Tactical Group, 24 Jun – 7 Jul 1965
Attached to: 6251st Tactical Fighter Wing, 8 Jul – 20 Nov 1965
Attached to: 3d Tactical Fighter Wing, 21 Nov – 6 Dec 1965 (a/c and personnel transferred to 531st Tactical Fighter Squadron)
Attached to: 432d Tactical Reconnaissance Wing, 29 Jul – 31 Oct 1972
Attached to: 347th Operations Group, c. 11 Sep – 19 Nov 1992

[2]

Stations[edit]

[2]

Aircraft[edit]

[2]

Operations[edit]

[2]

Emblems[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

See also[edit]