309th Airlift Squadron

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309th Airlift Squadron
309th Airlift Squadron.jpg
309th Airlift Squadron Patch
Active 25 May 1943 - 31 July 1945
27 June 1949 - 1 February 1953
8 October 1954 - 9 July 1956
18 March 1963 - 31 July 1970
12 March 2002 - Present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Type Airlift
Part of United States Air Forces in Europe
3rd Air Force
86th Airlift Wing
86th Operations Group
Garrison/HQ Chièvres Air Base
Engagements Operation Overlord
Operation Market Garden
Operation Plunder
Decorations Distinguished Unit Citation
Presidential Unit Citation
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm

The 309th Airlift Squadron (309 AS) is part of the 86th Airlift Wing at Chièvres Air Base, Belgium. It operates C-37 aircraft providing executive airlfit for NATO.

History[edit]

Established in early 1942 as a C-47 Skytrain transport squadron under First Air Force, later trained under I Troop Carrier Command in the eastern United States. Deployed to England in December 1942, being assigned to VIII Air Support Command, Eighth Air Force to provide transport and resupply support to the buildup of the heavy bomber force in England.

Was detached to Twelfth Air Force in Algeria in May 1943 to provide air resupply and transport during the North African Campaign in Algeria and Tunisia. Also performed combat casualty evacuation of wounded personnel to rear areas. Remained under jurisdiction of VIII ASC while in North Africa, providing transport between England and North Africa from its base in Algeria. Returned to England in early 1944 to participate in the buildup of forces prior to the Allied landings in France during D-Day in June 1944.

Engaged in combat operations by dropping paratroops into Normandy on D-Day (6 June 1944) and releasing gliders with reinforcements on the following day. The unit received a Distinguished Unit Citation and a French citation for these missions.

After the Normandy invasion the squadron ferried supplies in the United Kingdom. The squadron also hauled food, clothing, medicine, gasoline, ordnance equipment, and other supplies to the front lines and evacuated patients to rear zone hospitals. It dropped paratroops near Nijmegen and towed gliders carrying reinforcements during the airborne attack on the Netherlands. In December, it participated in the Battle of the Bulge by releasing gliders with supplies for the 101st Airborne Division near Bastogne.

Moved to Belgium in early 1945, and participated in the Western Allied invasion of Germany, participating in the air assault across the Rhine River in March 1945, each aircraft towed two gliders with troops of the 17th Airborne Division and released them near Wesel.

In late May 1945, after V-E Day, the squadron was moved to Waller Field, Trinidad and attached to Air Transport Command. From Trinidad, the squadron ferried returning military personnel to Morrison Field, Florida, where they were sent on to other bases or prepared for separation after the war. Inactivated at the end of July 1945.

Reactivated in 1949 as a reserve troop carrier squadron as part of Tactical Air Command. Equipped with C-46 Commandoes. activated during the Korean War and became a training unit for crews flying C-119 Flying Boxcarassault transports in South Korea. Inactivated in 1953 after federalized activation period ended. Reactivated a year later operating variety of rotary wing helicopters. Provided helicopter support for atomic weapons tests on Bikini in the Eniwetok Atoll, February–June 1956. Inactivated when the helicopter mission was transferred to the United States Army.

Reactivated again in 1963 at Pope AFB as a C-123 Provider combat resupply squadron, used in remote combat airfield resupply and casualty evacuation of ground forces. Deployed to South Vietnam after training and operated under 2d Air Division, Pacific Air Forces to support advisory units, primarily in Mule Train combat cargo missions in South Vietnam to support special forces (Air Commandos) in the early stages of US Involvement in the Vietnam War. Re-designated an Air Commando squadron in 1965 under Seventh Air Force, engaged in special operations and tactical airlift during 1965-1970 based at Phan Rang AB flying intratheater combat cargo and troop carrier missions. Inactivated as part of the Vietnamization withdrawal process in 1970.

Reactivated in 2002 as a support transport squadron providing executive airlift support for Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR), Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE), and Commander United States Air Forces in Europe (COMUSAFE).

Operations and Decorations[edit]

  • Combat Operations. Aerial transportation in European Theater of Operations (ETO) of materiel, equipment, and troops, including airborne assaults on Normandy, the Netherlands, and Germany, 6 Jun 1944-May 1945. Flew intratheater combat cargo and troop carrier missions in Southeast Asia, 1 Jul 1963-26 Jun 1970.
  • Campaigns. World War II: Normandy; Northern France; Rhineland; Central Europe. Vietnam: Vietnam Advisory; Vietnam Defensive; Vietnam Air; Vietnam Air Offensive; Vietnam Air Offensive, Phase II; Vietnam Air Offensive, Phase III; Vietnam Air/Ground; Vietnam Air Offensive, Phase IV; TET 69/Counteroffensive; Vietnam Summer-Fall; Vietnam Winter-Spring; Sanctuary Counteroffensive.

Lineage[edit]

  • Constituted as 309th Troop Carrier Squadron on 25 May 1943
Activated on 1 Oct 1943
Inactivated on 31 Jul 1945
  • Re-designated as: 309th Troop Carrier Squadron, Medium on 10 May 1949
Activated in the Reserve on 27 Jun 1949
Ordered to active service on 1 May 1951
Inactivated on 1 Feb 1953
  • Re-designated as: 309th Troop Carrier Squadron, Assault, Rotary Wing on 12 Aug 1954
Activated on 8 Oct 1954
Inactivated on 9 Jul 1956
  • Re-designated as: 309th Troop Carrier Squadron, Assault, and activated, on 18 Mar 1963
Organized on 1 Apr 1963
Re-designated as: 309th Air Commando Squadron, Troop Carrier on 8 Mar 1965
Re-designated as: 309th Air Commando Squadron, Tactical Airlift on 1 Aug 1967
Re-designated as: 309th Special Operations Squadron on 1 Aug 1968
Re-designated as: 309th Tactical Airlift Squadron on 1 Jan 1970
Inactivated on 31 Jul 1970
  • Re-designated as: 309th Airlift Squadron on 10 Feb 2002
Activated on 12 Mar 2002.

Assignments[edit]

Attached to 63d Troop Carrier Wing, 8 Oct 1954-9 Jul 1956
Attached to 464th Troop Carrier Wing, 1 Apr 1963

Stations[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links[edit]