30th United States Congress

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30th United States Congress
Capitol1846.jpg
United States Capitol (1846)

Duration: March 4, 1847 – March 4, 1849

Senate President: George M. Dallas
Senate Pres. pro tem: David R. Atchison
House Speaker: Robert C. Winthrop
Members: 60 Senators
230 Representatives
2 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic
House Majority: Whig

Sessions
1st: December 6, 1847 – August 14, 1848
2nd: December 4, 1848 – March 3, 1849
<29th 31st>

The Thirtieth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1847 to March 4, 1849, during the last two years of the administration of President James K. Polk. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Sixth Census of the United States in 1840. The Senate had a Democratic majority, and the House had a Whig majority. It was the only Congress in which Abraham Lincoln served.

Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

Treaty[edit]

States admitted and territories established[edit]

Party summary[edit]

Senate[edit]

During this congress, two Senate seats were added for the new state of Wisconsin.

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic
(D)
Independent
Democratic
(ID)
Whig
(W)
Other Vacant
End of previous Congress 31 0 24 1 56 2
Begin 34 1 20 0 55 3
End 36 23 60 0
Final voting share 60.0% 1.7% 38.3% 0.0%
Beginning of next Congress 32 0 25 2 59 1

House of Representatives[edit]

During this congress, two House seats were added for the new state of Wisconsin.

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates plurality caucus)
Total
American
(Know-nothing)
(A)
Democratic
(D)
Independent
Democratic
(ID)
Whig
(W)
Independent
(I)
Vacant
End of previous Congress 12 137 0 77 0 226 2
Begin 1 107 2 116 1 227 1
End 110 3 115 230 0
Final voting share 0.4% 47.8% 1.3% 50.0% 0.4%
Beginning of next Congress 1 113 0 107 0 230 1

Leadership[edit]

President of the Senate
George M. Dallas

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Members[edit]

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate[edit]

President pro tempore
David R. Atchison

House of Representatives[edit]

Speaker of the House
Robert C. Winthrop

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

  • Replacements: 11
  • Deaths: 5
  • Resignations: 6
  • Interim appointments: 2
  • Seats of newly admitted states: 4
  • Total seats with changes:


State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Tennessee
(2)
Vacant Failure to elect John Bell (W) Elected November 22, 1847
Iowa
(2)
Vacant Iowa admitted to the Union at end of previous congress George W. Jones (D) Elected December 7, 1848
Iowa
(3)
Vacant Iowa admitted to the Union at end of previous congress Augustus C. Dodge (D) Elected December 7, 1848
Mississippi
(1)
Jesse Speight (D) Died May 1, 1847 Jefferson Davis (D) Elected August 10, 1847
Connecticut
(1)
Jabez W. Huntington (W) Died November 1, 1847 Roger S. Baldwin (W) Elected November 11, 1847
Maine
(1)
John Fairfield (D) Died December 24, 1847 Wyman B. S. Moor (D) Appointed January 5, 1848
Georgia
(3)
Walter T. Colquitt (D) Resigned February 4, 1848 Herschel V. Johnson (D) Elected February 4, 1848
Arkansas
(3)
Ambrose H. Sevier (D) Resigned March 15, 1848 Solon Borland (D) Elected March 30, 1848
Arkansas
(2)
Chester Ashley (D) Died April 29, 1848 William K. Sebastian (D) Elected May 12, 1848
Wisconsin
(1)
Wisconsin admitted to the Union May 29, 1848 and remained vacant until June 8, 1848 Henry Dodge (D) Elected June 8, 1848
Wisconsin
(3)
Wisconsin admitted to the Union May 29, 1848 and remained vacant until June 8, 1848 Isaac P. Walker (D) Elected June 8, 1848
Michigan
(1)
Lewis Cass (D) Resigned May 29, 1848 to run for President of the United States Thomas Fitzgerald (D) Elected June 8, 1848
Maine
(1)
Wyman B. S. Moor (D) Successor elected June 7, 1848 Hannibal Hamlin (D) Elected June 7, 1848
Kentucky
(3)
John J. Crittenden (W) Resigned June 12, 1848 to run for Governor of Kentucky Thomas Metcalfe (W) Elected June 23, 1848
Alabama
(3)
Arthur P. Bagby (D) Resigned June 16, 1848 after being appointed Minister to Russia William R. King (D) Elected July 1, 1848
Alabama
(2)
Dixon H. Lewis (D) Died October 25, 1848 Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D) Elected November 25, 1848
Delaware
(1)
John M. Clayton (W) Resigned February 23, 1849 after being appointed United States Secretary of State John Wales (W) Elected February 23, 1849

House of Representatives[edit]

  • Replacements: 10
  • Deaths: 7
  • Resignations: 0
  • Contested election: 1
  • Seats of newly admitted states: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 12


District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
Illinois 5th Vacant Rep. Stephen A. Douglas resigned at end of previous congress William A. Richardson (D) Seated December 6, 1847
Virginia 2nd George Dromgoole (D) Died April 27, 1847 Richard K. Meade (D) Seated August 5, 1847
Michigan 2nd Edward Bradley (D) Died August 5, 1847 Charles E. Stuart (D) Seated December 6, 1847
Pennsylvania 6th John W. Hornbeck (W) Died January 16, 1848 Samuel A. Bridges (D) Seated March 6, 1848
Massachusetts 8th John Quincy Adams (W) Died February 23, 1848 Horace Mann (W) Seated April 3, 1848
New York 27th John M. Holley (W) Died March 8, 1848 Esbon Blackmar (W) Seated December 4, 1848
South Carolina 1st James A. Black (D) Died April 3, 1848 Daniel Wallace (D) Seated June 12, 1848
New York 6th David S. Jackson (D) James Monroe contested seat after which the House declared the seat vacant April 19, 1848 Horace Greeley (W) Seated December 4, 1848
Wisconsin 1st Wisconsin admitted into the Union May 29, 1848 and seat remained vacant until June 8, 1848 William P. Lynde (D) Seated June 8, 1848
Wisconsin 2nd Wisconsin admitted into the Union May 29, 1848 and seat remained vacant until June 8, 1848 Mason C. Darling (D) Seated June 8, 1848
Wisconsin Territory At-large John H. Tweedy (W) Was disqualified May 29, 1848 after the portion of territory he resided in achieved statehood Henry H. Sibley Seated October 30, 1848
South Carolina 4th Alexander D. Sims (D) Died November 22, 1848 John McQueen (D) Seated February 12, 1849

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

References[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]