31st Brigade (United Kingdom)
The 31st Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army, raised in the First World War in 1914 by volunteers from Kitchener's Army. During the First World War, it was assigned to the 10th (Irish) Division and served in the Middle Eastern theatre at Gallipoli, Salonika and Palestine.
Units in the First World War
- 5th Battalion, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers (August 1914 – May 1918, transferred to 66th (2nd East Lancashire) Division)
- 6th Battalion, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers (August 1914 – May 1918, transferred to 14th (Light) Division)
- 5th Battalion, Princess Victoria's (Royal Irish Fusiliers) (August 1914 – April 1918, transferred to 14th (Light) Division)
- 6th Battalion, Princess Victoria's (Royal Irish Fusiliers) (August 1914 – November 1916, absorbed by 5th Battalion)
- 2nd Battalion, Princess Victoria's (Royal Irish Fusiliers) (November 1916 – October 1918)
- 2nd Battalion, 42nd Deoli Regiment (July – October 1918)
- 74th Punjabis (April – October 1918)
- 2nd Battalion, 101st Grenadiers (May – October 1918)
- 38th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers (June – July 1918)
Second World War
The 31st Infantry Brigade was reformed in World War II as an independent Brigade group in the UK on 17 July 1940. On 26–27 September 1940 it was assigned to defend the Royal Military Canal, a few miles from Hythe and Dover on the south coast. There is a detailed description of this defence area in British archival survey sources. At this time it appears to have been part of IV Corps, in South East Command.
The brigade consisted of:
- 1st Battalion, Border Regiment
- 2nd Battalion, South Staffordshire Regiment
- 2nd Battalion, Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry
- 1st Battalion, Royal Ulster Rifles
- 75th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery
- 223th Anti-Tank Battery, Royal Artillery
- 237th Field Company, Royal Engineers
Under the command of Brigadier George F. Hopkinson, the brigade was redesignated the 1st Airlanding Brigade Group on 10 October 1941 (on 10 December 1941- IWM) and came under command of the 1st Airborne Division. 'It probably lost its unique badge at about this time although it did not lose its Group status until 10 March 1943.'
- "42nd (East Lancashire) Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
- Imperial War Museum,
- "31 Independent Brigade subordinates". Order of Battle. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
- Ferguson, p.6
- "31st Independent Brigade". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 14 December 2013.
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