325th Operations Group

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325th Operations Group
F-15 and F-22.JPG
Active 1942–1945, 1947-1952, 1955-1960, 1991–present
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Type Fighter
Part of Air Combat Command
Ninth Air Force
325th Fighter Wing
Garrison/HQ Tyndall Air Force Base
Motto Locare et Liquidare Latin Locate and Liquidate
Engagements World War II Mediterranean Theater of Operations
Decorations Distinguished Unit Citation
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
Insignia
325th Operations Group emblem (Approved 1 October 1951)[1] USAF - 325th Operations Group.png

The 325th Operations Group is the flying component of the 325th Fighter Wing, assigned to Air Combat Command of the United States Air Force . The group is stationed at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida. The group conducts training on the Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor and battle management and commands one operational Raptor squadron.

The group was first activated in August 1942 as the 325th Fighter Group at Mitchel Field. After training at Hillsgrove Army Air Field, Rhode Island

Overview[edit]

The 325th Operations Group is responsible for directing the flying and support operations two Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor fighter squadrons and an operations support squadron.

Assigned units[edit]

The 325th Operations Group commands three flying squadrons and two support squadrons.

The 2d Fighter Training Squadron was reactivated in August 2014 to operate Northrop T-38 Talons and conduct adversary training for F-22 Raptor pilots flying air superiority missions.[2]
The 43d Fighter Squadron was the first squadron to receive the Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor and is the only Raptor training squadron.[3]
The 95th Fighter Squadron activated in October 2013 as an operational F-22A Raptor Squadron.[4]
  • 325th Training Support Squadron "Black Bears"
The 325th Training Support Squadron manages training resources and conducts academic and simulator training for F-22 pilots, air battle managers and intelligence officers.[5]
  • 325th Operations Support Squadron
The 325th Operations Support Squadron supports F-22 Raptor pilots. The squadron controls all air traffic at Tyndall, manages the airfield complex, and provides weather observation and forecasting. The squadron also provides operations, weapons and tactics, life support and water survival training and scheduling.[6]

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

Media related to United States Army Air Forces 325th Fighter Group at Wikimedia Commons

P-47 Thunderbolt of the 325th Fighter Group, visiting an RAF base in England
P-51D Mustang of the 325th Fighter Group

The 325th was activated in 1942 with the 317th,[7] 318th,[8] and 319th Fighter Squadrons[9] assigned. It trained in the U.S. with Curtiss P-40 Warhawk aircraft[10] before moving to North Africa by ship and transport planes, January–February 1943. It entered combat in April 1943 and began escorting medium bombers, flying strafing missions, and conducting sea sweeps from bases in Algeria and Tunisia.[10] The group participated in the defeat of Axis forces in Tunisia, the reduction of Pantelleria, and the conquest of Sicily.[10] The 325th received a Distinguished Unit Citation (DUC) for action over Sardinia on 30 July 1943 when the group, using diversionary tactics, forced a superior number of enemy planes into the air and destroyed more than half of them.[10] The group did not fly combat missions from the end of September to mid-December 1943 as the 325th converted to Republic P-47 Thunderbolt aircraft and moved to Italy.[10]

The 325th began operations with Fifteenth Air Force in December 1943, and primarily engaged in bomber escort operations.[10] It received a second DUC for a mission on 30 January 1944 when the group flew more than 300 miles at very low altitude to surprise the enemy fighters that were defending German airfields near Villaorba, Italy; by severely damaging the enemy's force, the 325th enabled heavy bombers to strike vital targets in the area without encountering serious opposition.[10] The group converted to North American P-51 Mustang aircraft in May 1944 and provided the fighter escort on the first shuttle bombing mission from Italy to Russia in early June 1944, and became the first American group to score a victory while flying from a Russian base.[11] It escorted heavy bombers during long-range missions to attack the Messerschmitt factory at Regensburg, the Daimler-Benz tank factory at Berlin, oil refineries at Vienna, and other targets, such as airfields, marshalling yards, and communications targets in Italy, France, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Romania, and Yugoslavia. It also covered operations of reconnaissance aircraft and strafed such targets as trains, vehicles, and airfields. The group continued combat operations until May 1945.[10] The group moved back to the U.S. and was inactivated after V-E Day.[10]

325th Ftr Gp

Aerial Victories Number Note
Group Hq 19 [12]
317th Fighter Squadron 209 [13]
318th Fighter Squadron 173 [14]
319th Fighter Squadron 119 [15]
Group Total 520

Cold War[edit]

Two F-94 Starfires and a F-82 Twin Mustang, 325th Fighter Group, 1950

The group was inactive from 1945 until 1947, when it was activated as an all weather fighter group equipped with Northrop P-61 Black Widows.[10] In 1948, the group converted to North American F-82 Twin Mustang aircraft[10] and moved to Washington, to provide air defense for the Atomic Energy Commission Hanford Plant.[16] In 1948, the US Air Force unified operational and support organizations under a single wing under what is called the Hobson Plan. As a result, the 325th Fighter Wing became the parent for the 325th Group and three other supporting groups[17]

Beginning in Spring 1949, it conducted the All Weather Combat Crew Training School, while participating in air defense operations exercises and training.[1] In 1951, as ADC expanded its mission, the Federalized 123d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, flying World War II era F-51Ds, was attached to the group.[18] Although the 123d FIS received some day fighter F-86 Sabres in July, it continued to fly Mustangs while attached to the 325th.[18] Meanwhile, the other three squadrons of the 325th converted from their Twin Mustangs to early model Lockheed F-94 Starfires in June and December 1951.[19]

In December 1951, Fifth Air Force, engaged in the Korean War, indicated to Headquarters, USAF that it needed all weather interceptors to defend the Seoul area. In response, ADC dispatched the group's 319th FIS to Suwon Air Base, although the squadron remained assigned to the 325th group.[20] The 325th group and wing inactivated in February 1952[10] as part of a major Air Defense Command (ADC) reorganization that replaced its fighter wings with regional air defense wings, responding to ADC's difficulty under the existing wing base organizational structure in deploying fighter squadrons to best advantage.[21] Its operational squadrons were transferred to the 4704th Defense Wing at McChord AFB and the 4703d Defense Wing at Larson AFB, WA.

F-102s of the group's 318th FIS in 1958

In 1955 the personnel and equipment of the inactivating 567th Air Defense Group,[22] including the 317th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron (FIS)[7] were transferred to the newly designated 325th Fighter Group (Air Defense),[10] which activated once again at McChord as result of ADC's Project Arrow, which was designed to bring back on the active list the fighter units which had compiled memorable records in the two world wars.[23] Because one purpose of Project Arrow was to reunite fighter squadrons with their traditional groups,[23] the 318th FIS was moved from Presque Isle AFB.[8] to assume the personnel and equipment of the 567th's 465th FIS.[24] Both of the group's squadrons flew the radar equipped and rocket armed F-86D version of the Sabre.[19] The 325th served as the USAF "host" group at McChord AFB until October 1956, when the 325th Fighter Wing was reactivated[1] and was assigned several support organizations to fulfill its duties.[25][26][27] At the same time it conducted air defense operations.[1]

The group became subordinate to the 325th Fighter Wing again in October 1956 and was non-operational as all group headquarters personnel were used to man the wing headquarters until about June 1957.[1] The squadrons upgraded to Convair F-102 Delta Daggers, the 317th FIS in December 1956 and the 318th FIS in March 1957.[19] In August 1957, the 317th FIS moved to Alaska and was reassigned from the group,[7] while the 64th FIS simultaneously moved from Alaska to McChord.[28] The group regained control over its tactical squadrons in June 1957 and continued air defense operations of the wing, with annual squadron deployments to Tyndall AFB, FL, for firing practice.[1] Just before the group was discontinued, the 64th FIS moved to Paine Field, WA, where it was reassigned to the 326th Fighter Group.[28] The group was in the process of converting to Convair F-106 Delta Darts[19] when it was discontinued in March 1960, with its remaining tactical squadron being transferred directly to the 325th Fighter Wing control.[1]

Reactivation[edit]

McDonnell Douglas F-15D Eagle, 325th Operations Group

On 1 September 1991, the group was redesignated the 325th Operations Group and activated when the 325th Fighter Wing implementied the USAF Objective Wing organization.[1] The 325 Group was assigned control of the wing's tactical units.[1] The group was originally part of Tactical Air Command, but in an Air Force realignment of advanced crew training responsibilities, it transferred to Air Education and Training Command in June 1992. The group mission was to train McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle pilots. It continued this mission until 2010, adding F-22 Raptor training in 2003. When F-15 training ended, the group was reduced to a single flying squadron.[1]

In 2012, the Air Force combined both combat and training F-22 Raptor squadrons into a single group, and realigned the group under Air Combat Command.[29]

Lineage[edit]

  • Constituted as 325th Fighter Group on 24 June 1942
Activated on 3 August 1942
Inactivated on 28 October 1945
  • Redesignated 325th Fighter Group (All Weather) on 2 May 1947
Activated on 21 May 1947
Redesignated: 325th Fighter Group, All Weather, on 10 May 1948
Redesignated: 325th Fighter-All Weather Group on 20 January 1950
Redesignated: 325th Fighter-Interceptor Group on 1 May 1951
Inactivated on 6 February 1952
  • Redesignated 325th Fighter Group (Air Defense) on 20 June 1955
Activated on 18 August 1955
Discontinued on 25 March 1960[note 2]
  • Redesignated 325th Tactical Training Group on 31 July 1985 (remained inactive)
  • Redesignated 325th Operations Group on 1 September 1991
Activated on 1 September 1991.[30]

Assignments[edit]

Components[edit]

Stations[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

Awards and campaigns[edit]

Award streamer Award Dates Notes
Streamer PUC Army.PNG Distinguished Unit Citation 30 July 1943 Sardinia, 325th Fighter Group[10]
Streamer PUC Army.PNG Distinguished Unit Citation 30 January 1944 Italy, 325th Fighter Group[10]
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Streamer.jpg Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 1 July 1993–30 June 1995 355th Operations Group[1]
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Streamer.jpg Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 1 July 1995–30 June 1996 355th Operations Group[1]
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Streamer.jpg Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 1 July 1996–30 June 1997 355th Operations Group[1]
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Streamer.jpg Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 1 July 1997–30 June 1999 355th Operations Group[1]
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Streamer.jpg Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 1 July 1999–30 June 2001 355th Operations Group[1]
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Streamer.jpg Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 1 July 2001–30 June 2002 355th Operations Group[1]
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Streamer.jpg Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 1 July 2002–30 June 2004 355th Operations Group[1]
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Streamer.jpg Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 1 July 2004–30 June 2005 355th Operations Group[1]
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Streamer.jpg Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 1 July 2005–30 June 2006 355th Operations Group[1]
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Streamer.jpg Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 1 July 2006–30 June 2007 355th Operations Group[1]
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Streamer.jpg Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 1 July 2008–30 June 2009 355th Operations Group[1]
Campaign Streamer Campaign Dates Notes
World War II - American Campaign Streamer (Plain).png American Theater without inscription 3 August 1942-7 February 1946 325th Fighter Group
Streamer EAMEC.PNG Tunisia 28 February 1943-13 May 1943 325th Fighter Group[10]
Streamer EAMEC.PNG Sicily 14 May 1943-17 August 1943 325th Fighter Group[10]
Streamer EAMEC.PNG Naples-Foggia 18 August 1943-21 January 1944 325th Fighter Group[10]
Streamer EAMEC.PNG Rome-Arno 22 January 1944-9 September 1944 325th Fighter Group[10]
Streamer EAMEC.PNG Southern France 15 August 1944-14 September 1944 325th Fighter Group[10]
Streamer EAMEC.PNG North Apennines 10 September 1944-4 April 1945 325th Fighter Group[10]
Streamer EAMEC.PNG Central Europe 22 March 1944-21 May 1945 325th Fighter Group[10]
Streamer EAMEC.PNG Po Valley 3 April 1945-8 May 1945 325th Fighter Group[10]
Streamer EAMEC.PNG Air Combat, EAME Theater 28 February 1943-11 May 1945 325th Fighter Group[10]
Streamer EAMEC.PNG Normandy 6 June 1944-24 July 1944 325th Fighter Group[10]
Streamer EAMEC.PNG Northern France 25 July 1944-14 September 1944 325th Fighter Group[10]
Streamer EAMEC.PNG Rhineland 15 September 1944-21 March 1945 325th Fighter Group[10]
Streamer EAMEC.PNG Air Offensive, Europe 28 February 1943-5 June 1944 325th Fighter Group[10]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Aircraft in foreground is Lockheed Martin F/A-22A LRIP Lot 2 Block 10 Raptor 02-2029.
  2. ^ The group is not related to a 325th Fighter Group (Air Defense), Provisional that was organized at McChord on 1 November 1960 and discontinued on 1 February 1961. see Cornett & Johnson, p. 78.

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Kane, Robert B. (January 14, 2011). "Factsheet 325 Operations Group (AETC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved May 23, 2012. 
  2. ^ Olwell, Chris (August 21, 2014). "'Beagles' to be reactivated". Panama City News Herald. Retrieved April 30, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Factsheet 43rd Fighter Squadron". Tyndall AFB Public Affairs. December 17, 2013. Retrieved April 29, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Factsheet 325th Training Support Squadron". Tyndall AFB Public Affairs. November 26, 2014. Retrieved April 29, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Factsheet 325th Training Support Squadron". Tyndall AFB Public Affairs. December 4, 2014. Retrieved April 29, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Factsheet 325th Operations Support Squadron". Tyndall AFB Public Affairs. July 26, 2013. Retrieved April 29, 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c d Maurer, pp. 386–387
  8. ^ a b c Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 388-389
  9. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 390-391
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab Maurer, Combat Units, pp. 206–208
  11. ^ Abstract, History of 325th Fighter Group, June 1944. Retrieved May 24, 2012
  12. ^ Newton & Senning, p. 599
  13. ^ Newton & Senning, pp. 594-596
  14. ^ Newton & Senning, pp. 597-598
  15. ^ Newton & Senning, pp. 598-599
  16. ^ History, 325th Fighter Group(AW), Jul-Dec 1948. Retrieved May 24, 2012
  17. ^ Ravenstein, p. 10
  18. ^ a b Cornett & Johnson, p. 122
  19. ^ a b c d Cornett & Johnson, p. 125
  20. ^ Endicott, p. 65
  21. ^ Grant, p. 33
  22. ^ Cornett & Johnson, p. 85
  23. ^ a b Buss, et al., p.6
  24. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 571-572
  25. ^ a b c d e Cornett & Johnson, p. 138
  26. ^ a b Cornett & Johnson, p. 151
  27. ^ a b Abstract, History of 325th USAF Hospital, Jul-Dec 1955. Retrieved May 23, 2012
  28. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 244
  29. ^ Elsea, SSG Rachelle (October 4, 2012). "325th FW reassigned to ACC in ceremony". 325th Fighter Wing Public Affairs. Retrieved May 1, 2015. 
  30. ^ a b c d Lineage, including assignments, components, stations and aircraft in Kane, AFHRA Factsheet 325 Operations Group, except as noted.
  31. ^ Kane, Robert B. (January 14, 2011). "Factsheet 325 Fighter Wing (AETC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved May 23, 2012. 
  32. ^ "Factsheet 1 Fighter Squadron". Air Force Historical Research Agency. January 2, 2008. Retrieved May 23, 2012. 
  33. ^ Bailey, Carl E. (March 17, 2015). "Factsheet 2 Fighter Squadron". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved April 28, 2015. 
  34. ^ Bailey, Carl E. (March 16, 2015). "Factsheet 43 Fighter Squadron (AETC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved April 28, 2015. 
  35. ^ Robertson, Patsy (January 30, 2009). "Factsheet 64 Aggressor Squadron (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved May 23, 2012. 
  36. ^ Robertson, Patsy (February 20, 2015). "Factsheet 96 Fighter Squadron". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved April 28, 2015. 
  37. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 390-391. The online copy includes a handwritten notation of the detachment of the squadron to the 101st Fighter-Interceptor Wing.
  38. ^ Warnock, A. Timothy (July 7, 2009). "Factsheet 325 Air Control Squadron (AETC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved May 25, 2012. 
  39. ^ Cornett & Johnson, p. 142

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

Further Reading

  • Green, Hershel H. (2000). Herky! The Memoirs of a Checkertail Ace. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing, Ltd. ISBN 0-7643-0073-3. 
  • McDowell, Ernest R. (1994). Checkertails: The 325th Fighter Group in the Second World War. Carrollton, TX: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-89747-316-7. 
  • McDowell, Ernest R.; Hess, William N. (1969). Checkertail Clan: The 325th Fighter Group in North Africa and Italy. Fallbrook, CA: Aero Publishers, Inc. ISBN 978-0-81689-750-6. 
  • Rogers, Brian. (2005). United States Air Force Unit Designations Since 1978. Hinkley, UK: Midland Publications. ISBN 1-85780-197-0. 

External links[edit]