326th Air Division

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326th Air Division
Pacific Air Forces.png
OV-10As 22nd TASS at Wheeler AFB 1984.JPEG
Active 1957–1989
Country  United States
Branch United States Air Force
Role Air Defense
Part of Pacific Air Forces
Insignia
326th Air Division emblem (approved 30 September 1958)[1] 326ad-emblem.jpg

The 326th Air Division (326th AD) is an inactive United States Air Force organization. It was assigned to Pacific Air Forces at Wheeler Air Force Base, Hawaii, from 1957 until 1989. It was responsible for the air defense of Hawaii for the entire period. In the 1970s the division added a tactical air control mission, and in the 1980s was responsible for air defense of the Mariana Islands as well.

History[edit]

The 326th Air Division was activated in the summer of 1957 at Wheeler Air Force Base, Hawaii and assigned to Pacific Air Forces. The division was responsible for the air defense of the Pacific Islands Air Defense Region.[1] After 24 July, the division was also known as the Hawaiian Air Defense Division.[2] Its only subordinate unit was the 12th Communications Squadron, Air Force, which was inactivated six months after the division activated.[1] Until April 1967, the commander of the 6486th Air Base Wing (Pacific Air Forces Base Command) also commanded the division.[3]

199th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron North American F-86L Sabre 52-4270

The division was programmed to be assigned the 39th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, which was to move to Hawaii from Komaki Air Base, Japan.[4] However, this move was cancelled and the 39th was inactivated.[5] Therefore, to perform its assigned mission, it relied on the radar equipped and HVAR rocket armed North American F-86L Sabres of the Hawaii Air National Guard's 199th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron at Hickam Air Force Base. The division had operational control of 199th aircraft on alert.[6] The 199th upgraded to Convair F-102 Delta Daggers in 1960.

199th Fighter Interceptor Squadron TF-102A 55-4041 in 1964

Its detection and control mission was carried out through another Guard unit, the 169th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron, located at Koko Crater Air Force Station. The 169th was joined by the 150th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron at Kokee Air Force Station in October 1961. Earlier that year, the division had moved to Wheeler's Kunia Annex, a facility that was hardened against air attack. In 1965 a third radar squadron joined the network of warning and control stations when the 169th moved to Mount Kaala, while the 109th Aircraft Control and Warning Station took its place at Koko Crater.

F-4C of the Hawaii ANG in 1979

In 1976, the division mission shifted. It returned to Wheeler, where the 6010th Air Defense Flight and the 6491st Air Defense Flight were activated to operate its defense systems. The Hawaiian Guard fighter unit converted from the F-102 to the McDonnell F-4 Phantom II and became the 199th Tactical Fighter Squadron, with a broader mission than air defense. The division partially converted its air defense systems into mobile tactical air control systems.[7] Working in conjunction with the Hawaii Air National Guard, it conducted and participated in numerous tactical air operations and training exercises. Four years later, the division expanded its tactical mission when the 22d Tactical Air Support Squadron was assigned.[1]

In 1983 the division's air defense responsibility was expanded to include the air defense of the Mariana Islands, including Guam.[8] The following year, the division's air defense system was upgraded from a manual to an automated system as its Regional Operational Control Center came online.[9]

In 1989 the division was inactivated and its air defense mission was transferred to the 6010th, which was expanded to become the 6010th Aerospace Defense Group,[10] and its tactical air operations mission and other resources were transferred to the 15th Air Base Wing, which was redesignated the 15th Composite Win.[11][12]

Lineage[edit]

  • Constituted as the 326 Air Division on 22 June 1957
Activated on 1 July 1957
Inactivated on 15 February 1989[1]

Assignments[edit]

  • Pacific Air Forces, 1 July 1957 – 15 February 1989[1]

Stations[edit]

  • Wheeler Air Force Base, Hawaii, 1 July 1957
  • Kunia Communications Annex, Hawaii, 1 June 1961
  • Wheeler Air Force Base, Hawaii, 12 October 1976 – 15 February 1989[1]

Components[edit]

Squadrons

  • 12th Communications Squadron, Air Force: 1 July 1957 – 18 December 1957
  • 22d Tactical Air Support Squadron: 4 April 1980 – 22 September 1988[1]

Flights

  • 7th Direct Air Support Flight: 8 October 1964 – 15 September 1968
  • 6010th Aerospace Defense Flight: 15 October 1976 – 15 February 1989
  • 6491st Air Defense Flight: 15 October 1976 – 15 February 1989[1]

Aircraft[edit]

Commanders[edit]

Brig Gen Kurt M. Landon, 1 Aug 1957; Col Clayton B. Claassen, 29 May 1958; Brig Gen Paul T. Preuss, 1 Sep 1958; Brig Gen Edwin S. Chickering, 6 Aug 1959; Col Noel T. Cumbaa, 28 Jun 1961; Brig Gen John A. Rouse, 27 Jul 1961; Col Philip A. Sykes, 3 Aug 1965; Col Harold F. Layhee, 1 Aug 1967; Col Edward C. Unger, 19 Jul 1968; Col Ernest W. Pate, 6 Jan 1970; Col William B. Colgan, c. Jan 1971; Col James R. Hopkins, 2 Jul 1972; Col Robert A. Preciado, 19 Jun 1973; Col Paul J. Gilmore, 23 Aug 1974; Col Robert S. Johnson, 3 Feb 1977; Col Frederick B. Hoenniger, 1 Aug 1979; Col Martin H. Mahrt, 19 Jun 1981; Col Barrett V. Johnson, 11 Jul 1983; Col Robert R. Bartlett, 30 Jun 1986-15 Feb 1989[1]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Factsheet 326 Air Division". Air Force Historical Research Agency. October 12, 2007. Archived from the original on 30 October 2012. Retrieved 22 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "Abstract, History 326 Air Division Jan-Jun 1958". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Abstract, Volume 1 History 6486 Air Base Wing Jan-Jun 1967". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  4. ^ "Abstract, History 326 Air Division Jul-Dec 1957". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  5. ^ Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 183–184. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556. 
  6. ^ "Abstract, Final History 326 Air Division". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  7. ^ "Abstract, History 326 Air Division, Jul 1974-Jun 1975". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  8. ^ "Abstract, Volume 3 History 13 Air Force, CY 1983". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  9. ^ "Abstract, Volume 1 History 326 Air Division, CY 1984". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  10. ^ "Abstract, Volume 1 History 15 Air Base Wing CY 1989". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  11. ^ "Abstract, Volume 2 History 15 Air Base Wing, CY 1988". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  12. ^ "Abstract, History 6010 Aerospace Defense Group, Dec 1989". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links[edit]