329th Armament Systems Group
|329th Armament Systems Group|
Emblem of the 329th Armament Systems Group
|Active||1942-1944, 1955–1959, 2005-|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Air Force Materiel Command
Air Armament Center
World War II
At first, the group was primarily a replacement training group training P-38 Lightning pilots in the final phases of fighter pilot training before shipping overseas. In November 1942, the 337th Fighter Squadron returned to the US from Iceland and was assigned to the wing. The group's squadrons were dispersed for most of this period, stationed at various locations in California and Washington. The group also provided cadres for fighter groups, starting in early 1943. During 1943, its 330th Fighter Squadron also served as an air defense unit. The group was disbanded in 1944 and its personnel and equipment transferred to the 442d AAF Base Unit (Replacement Training Unit, Fighter) as part of an Army Air Forces (AAF) reorganization in which units not programmed to deploy overseas were replaced by AAF Base Units in order to free up manpower for overseas assignment because standard military units, based on relatively inflexible tables of organization were proving less well adapted to the mission. Accordingly a more functional system was adopted in which each base was organized into a separate numbered unit.
The group was reconstituted in 1955 as the 329th Fighter Group (Air Defense) and activated by Air Defense Command (ADC) as part of Project Arrow, which was designed to bring back on the active list the fighter units which had compiled memorable records in the two world wars. The group replaced the 4700th Air Defense Group at Stewart AFB and absorbed the 4700th's personnel and equipment. The 330th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron (FIS) was reassigned to the 329th, and the 331st FIS replaced the 539th FIS, which moved to McGuire AFB, New Jersey, since another purpose of Project Arrow was to reunite fighter groups with their traditional squadrons. The group was tasked with air defense of upper Northeast United States (1955–1959) flying radar equipped and rocket armed F-86 Sabres. The group also served as the host organization for all USAF units stationed at Stewart and was assigned a number of support organizations to fulfil this mission.
In December 1956, both of the group's squadrons began to receive upgraded Sabres equipped with data link communications equipment to interface with the Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air defense system. The group was reduced to a single operational squadron in August 1958, when the 331st FIS moved and was reassigned. In July of the following year, its remaining operational squadron was inactivated and the group and its support squadrons followed the next month.
In 2006, the group was reactivated and consolidated with the Air Combat Support Systems Group, which had been established as a systems development group at Eglin AFB, Florida as part of the Air Force Materiel Command Transformation, which replaced traditional program offices with named wings, groups, and squadrons. Starting in 2006, these named units were consolidated with World War II groups and wings and assumed their numbers. The group was inactivated in 2007, when the Air Armament Center reduced and realigned its systems units and its subordinate squadrons transferred to other armament systems groups.
329th Fighter Group
- Constituted as 329th Fighter Group on 24 June 1942
- Activated on 10 July 1942
- Redesignated 329th Fighter Group (Twin Engine) on 17 September 1942
- Disbanded on 31 March 1944.
- Redesignated 329th Fighter Group (Air Defense), on 20 June 1955
- Activated on 18 August 1955
- Inactivated on 1 August 1959.
- Redesignated 329th Tactical Fighter Group on 31 July 1985 (remained inactive)
- Consolidated with Air Combat Support Systems Group as Air Combat Support Systems Group on 3 May 2006
Air Combat Support Systems Group
- Constituted as Air Combat Support Systems Group on 23 November 2004
- Activated on 27 January 2005
- Consolidated with 329th Fighter Group (Air Defense) on 3 May 2006
- Redesignated 329th Armament Systems Group on 15 May 2006
- Inactivated on 7 September 2007
- IV Fighter Command, 10 July 1942
- Los Angeles Air Defense Wing (later Los Angeles Fighter Wing), 12 April 1943
- Fourth Air Force, 1 March 1944 - 31 March 1944
- 4707th Air Defense Wing, 18 August 1955
- 4622d Air Defense Wing (later Boston Air Defense Sector), 18 October 1956 – 1 August 1959
- Air Armament Center, 27 January 2005 – present
- Hamilton Field, California, 10 July 1942
- Paine Field, Washington, 14 July 1942
- Grand Central Airport Glendale California,11 September 1942
- Ontario Army Airfield, California, 27 February – 31 March 1944
- Stewart AFB, New York, 18 August 1955 – 1 August 1959
- Eglin AFB, Florida, 27 January 2005 – present
- Agile Combat Support Systems Squadron (later 688th Armament Systems Squadron), 27 January 2005 - 7 September 2007
- Sensors, Data Link, & Ground Stations Systems Squadron (later 689th Armament Systems Squadron), 27 January 2005 - 7 September 2007
- P-38 Lightning, 1942-1944
- F-86D Sabre, 1955-1959
- F-86L Sabre, 1956-1959
Notes and References
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. p. 407. ISBN 0-405-12194-6.
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 408-409
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 410
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. p. 210. ISBN 0-912799-02-1.
- Abstract, History of 329th Fighter Group, Activation-Dec 1943 (accessed 30 May 2012)
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 417
- Abstract, History of 329th Fighter Group, 1942-1944 (accessed 30 May 2012)
- Goss, William A (1955). "The Organization and its Responsibilities, Chapter 2 The AAF". In Craven, Wesley F & Cate, James L. The Army Air Forces in World War II. Vol. VI, Men & Planes. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. p. 75. LCCN 48-3657.
- Buss, (ed), Sturm, Volan, & McMullen, History of Continental Air Defense Command and Air Defense Command July to December 1955, p.6
- Cornett, Lloyd H; Johnson, Mildred W (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946-1980. Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center. p. 88.
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 645-646
- AFHRA Factsheet, 329th Armament Systems Group (accessed 29 May 2012)
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 126
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 145
- Abstract, History of 329th USAF Infirmary, Jul-Dec 1955 (accessed 30 May 2012)
- Abstract, History of 329th Air Base Squadron, Jan 1958-Jun 1959 (accessed 30 May 2012)
- Abstract, History of 329th USAF Dispensary, Jan-Jul 1959 (accessed 30 May 2012)
- Cornett & Johnson, p.139
- AFHRA Factsheet, 337th Flight Test Squadron (retrieved May 30, 2012