329th Infantry Regiment (United States)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
329th Infantry Regiment
329InfRegtCOA.jpg
Coat of arms
Active 1917
Country  United States
Branch U.S. Army Reserve
Motto "Nous Gardons" (We Guard)
Engagements World War I
World War II
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia 329 Inf Rgt DUI.jpg
U.S. Infantry Regiments
Previous Next
327th Infantry Regiment 332nd Infantry Regiment

The 329th Infantry Regiment was a unit of the United States Army during World War II. It was part of the 83rd Infantry Division.

History[edit]

During World War II, Lt. Sam Magill facilitated the mass surrender of 20,000 German troops on the banks of the Loire River on September 17, 1944.

Brigadier General John Mauldin was the regimental surgeon during World War II. He took more than 400 photographs between the time the unit landed in England eight days after D-Day until Germany was liberated in 1945.

General George Patton reviewed the 329th and concluded “That’s the finest body of soldiers I have ever seen in the field.”[citation needed]

The 329th Infantry Regiment was the closest US unit to Berlin at the end of World War II, being ordered to stop some 30 miles short of the city.

Lineage[edit]

Constituted 5 August 1917 in the National Army (USA) as the 329th Infantry and assigned to the 83d Division

Organized 30 August 1917 at Camp Sherman, Ohio

Demobilized 15 February 1919 at Camp Sherman, Ohio

Reconstituted 24 June 1921 in the Organized Reserves as the 329th Infantry and assigned to the 83d Division (later redesignated as the 83d Infantry Division)

Organized in December 1921 with Headquarters at Dayton, Ohio

Ordered into active military service 15 August 1942 and reorganized at Camp Atterbury, Indiana

Inactivated 6 April 1946 at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey

Activated 1 October 1946 with Headquarters at Indianapolis, Indiana

(Organized Reserves redesignated 25 March 1948 as the Organized Reserve Corps; redesignated 9 July 1952 as the Army Reserve)

Relieved 1 March 1952 from assignment to the 83d Infantry Division and assigned to the 70th Infantry Division (United States)

Reorganized and redesignated 1 May 1959 as the 329th Regiment, an element of the 70th Division (Training), with Headquarters at Detroit, Michigan

(Location of Headquarters changed 7 April 1966 to Fraser, Michigan)

Reorganized 31 January 1968 to consist of the 1st and 3d Battalions, elements of the 70th Division (Training)

Reorganized 1 September 1971 to consist of the 1st, 2d, and 3d Battalions, elements of the 70th Division (Training)

Reorganized 1 October 1994 to consist of the 1st, 2d, and 3d Battalions, elements of the 70th Division (Institutional Training)

Reorganized 13 January 1995 to consist of the 1st and 2d Battalions, elements of the 70th Division (Institutional Training)

Reorganized 16 October - 16 November 1996 to consist of the 1st and 2d Battalions, elements of the 84th Division (Institutional Training)

Reorganized 1 October 2004 to consist of the 1st and 2d Battalions, elements of the 100th Division (Institutional Training)

Distinctive unit insignia[edit]

  • Description

A Gold color metal and enamel device 1 18 inches (2.9 cm) in height consisting of a shield blazoned: Argent, on a pile Sable a fleur-de-lis Or. Attached around the bottom and sides of the shield a Gold scroll inscribed “NOUS GARDONS” in Black letters.

  • Symbolism

White is the old Infantry color; the black pile is the background of the shoulder sleeve insignia of the 83d Division and the gold fleur-de-lis indicates the organization’s service in France. The motto translates to “We Guard.”

  • Background

The distinctive unit insignia was originally approved for the 329th Infantry Regiment on 7 May 1927. It was redesignated for the 329th Regiment on 22 August 1960.

Coat of arms[edit]

  • Blazon
    • Shield- Argent, on a pile Sable a fleur-de-lis Or.
    • Crest- That for the regiments and separate battalions of the Army Reserve: On a wreath of the colors Argent and Sable the Lexington Minute Man Proper. The statue of the Minute Man, Captain John Parker (H.H. Kitson, sculptor), stands on the Common in Lexington, Massachusetts.
    • Motto NOUS GARDONS (We Guard).
  • Symbolism
    • Shield- White is the old Infantry color; the black pile is the background of the shoulder sleeve insignia of the 83d Division and the gold fleur-de-lis indicates the organization’s service in France.
    • Crest- The crest is that of the United States Army Reserve.
  • Background- The coat of arms was originally approved for the 329th Infantry Regiment on 27 June 1925. It was redesignated for the 329th Regiment on 22 August 1960.

Current configuration[edit]

Campaign participation credit[edit]

  • World War I: Streamer without inscription
  • World War II: Normandy; Northern France; Rhineland; Ardennes-Alsace; Central Europe

Decorations[edit]

  • 2d Battalion entitled to:

Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for GURZENICH

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Army Institute of Heraldry document "329th Infantry Regiment".

  • Historical register and dictionary of the United States Army, from ..., Volume 1 By Francis Bernard Heitman [1]
  • Official U. S. bulletin, Volume 1 By United States (1917). Committee on Public Information [2]
  • Encyclopedia of United States Army insignia and uniforms By William K. Emerson (page 51).[3]

External links[edit]